Topic Guide to Sugarcane Industry

The information and links below include search tips and a selection of articles covering this topic in the digitized Louisiana newspapers. The dates and suggested search terms can help to further explore this topic on Chronicling America. For the most search results, try the search terms in different combinations, in proximity, and as phrases.

Significant Dates

1834 - Norbert Rillieux, a free man of color from New Orleans, invents first triple-effect evaporator, which significantly reduces fuel consumption in manufacture of sugarcane
1860 - Sugarcane is a major industry in Louisiana, bolstered by an enslaved labor force of 300,000
1861-1865 - Louisiana sugar production plummets during US Civil War
1864 - There are only 175 sugar plantations, reduced from the 1,200 sugar plantations in existence in 1861
1877 - Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association (LSPA) is founded for the purposes of research and technological innovation
1880s & 1990s - Louisiana sugarcane industry faces increasing competition from Cuba, Hawaii and Philippines; Plantation culture declines as sugarcane cultivation and processing become separate enterprises
1885 - Sugar Experiment Station at Kenner is founded by LSPA with William Carter Stubbs as director
1890 - Sugar Experiment Station moves to Audobon Park
1891 - Audubon Sugar School is founded at the Sugar Experiment Station offering two-year curriculum in chemistry, agriculture, and mechanical engineering
1896 - Audubon Sugar School Closes due to financial difficulties
1897 - Audubon Sugar School is incorporated into a degree program at Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical College
1900s - Louisiana sugar production suffers due to sugarcane mosaic virus, which is not fully remedied until the late 1920s
1922 - The Louisiana Sugar Planters’ Association merges with the American Cane Growers’ Association and the Producers’ and Manufacturers’ Protective Association

Suggested Search Terms

sugar cane, cane, sugar experiment station, W.C. Stubbs, sugar mills, sugar refinery, sugar factory, sugar trusts, mosaic disease, mosaic virus

Sample Articles