Manuscript Resources on Baton Rouge History

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, was first discovered and named by the French explorer Iberville in 1699, almost three centuries ago. In the eighteenth century, it was ruled successively by the French, British, and Spanish. Incorporated in 1817, Baton Rouge became the state capital in 1849, though it lost that status during the Civil War and would not regain it until 1882.

This guide to manuscript resources on Baton Rouge and East Baton Rouge Parish, of which it is a part, includes a wide variety of materials on the history of the area, among them the papers of Baton Rouge families; the records of businesses and organizations; photographs; newspapers; maps; and oral histories. Although Louisiana State University has been a major part of Baton Rouge for many years, collections relating to LSU are included only if they also relate explicitly to Baton Rouge--for example, the papers of an LSU professor who was also active in community organizations and whose papers documented those organizations. Similarly, the papers of individuals in state government are not included unless they also relate explicitly to Baton Rouge.

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Heroman, George M., 1808-1861. Family Papers, 1816-1904 (bulk 1833-1865). 35 items, 3 vols., [on microfilm]. Location: Mss.Mf:H, Misc:H, OS:H. German immigrant and merchant in Baton Rouge. Papers include Civil War letters of Fred W. H. Heroman, one of George Heroman's sons and a private in the 3rd Louisiana Infantry. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1882

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business, Baton Rouge

Herron, A. S. Letter, 1843 August 25. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Resident of Baton Rouge. Printed notice to Capt. Andrew S. Herron to attend a washing of the Washington Fire Engine, No. 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge

Hicky, Daniel and Philip. Papers, 1667, 1762-1846 (bulk 1814-1815). 33 items, 1 microfilm reel. Location: U:103, OS:H, Vault:1, Vault:8, MSS.MF:H. Planters of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Papers of Daniel Hicky include a land grant, a deed, and a passport. Papers of Philip Hicky mostly pertain to his involvement in the West Florida Rebellion and the Battle of New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 720.

Hicky, Daniel. Letter, 1793 April 10. 1 item. Location: MISC:H. Planter of District of Manchac, West Florida, Louisiana. Letter sent from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and addressed to his son, Philip Hicky, in New Orleans. Daniel Hicky mentions his painful gout, tells of the destruction wrought to levees and land by a Mississippi River flood, and remarks how the indigo crop was hurt by bad weather. He also gives an affectionate reminder to Philip to conduct himself properly. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3430.

Hicky, Daniel. Letter, 1867. 1 letter. Location: MISC:H. Letter from Daniel Hicky, Baton Rouge, La., to Judge D.D. Avery, requests a payment be made to R. Walsh from the estate of Philip Hicky and discusses plantation matters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Baton Rouge

Hicky, Philip and Family. Papers, 1769-1901 (bulk 1769-1835). 20 items, 1 letter file book, 1 microfilm reel. Location: VAULT:8, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. Planter and colonel of East Baton Rouge Parish. Unbound and bound (in a letter file book) personal and official papers of Philip Hicky and the Hicky family. Papers pertain chiefly to the West Florida controversy and the Battle of New Orleans but also pertain to family matters and family history of the Hicky family. Some items pertain to the Walsh and Morgan families. Mss. 2007, 2035.

Hicky, Philip. Letter, 1815 February 28. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: MISC:H. Planter of Hope Estate Plantation, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Letter from Hicky to Major Charles Tessier concerning the latter's appointment to the office of East Baton Rouge Parish judge. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2704.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Baton Rouge

Philip, Hicky. Letter to Fulwar Skipwith, 1810 Dec. 3. 1 item. Location: MISC:H. Letter written to Fulwar Skipwith from Philip Hicky in Baton Rouge, La. on December 3, 1810. In the letter, Philip Hicky writes to Fulwar Skipwith declining the nomination as Supreme Court judge. Hicky also mentions awaiting the arrival of Mrs. Skipwith and family, extending an invitation for them to stay with the Hicky family. He concludes the letter by stating that "the militia of this neighbourhood will be in readiness to march in a day or two." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4949.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge

Hillin, James. Document, 1791. 1 item. Location: Misc. Planter in the District of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Will of James Hillin, planter in the District of Baton Rouge, La., and the attestation.. In Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 179.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Plantations, Baton Rouge

Historical Society of East and West Baton Rouge Parish. Papers, 1776-1919 (bulk 1915-1919). 451 items. Location: UU:127, OS:H, 98. Records consist of administrative files (1915-1919), clippings related to WWI and the Baton Rouge Municipal Centenary, and the papers of Philemon Thomas and Colonel George Morgan. Papers of Philemon Thomas concern the construction of a memorial tablet. Papers of Col. Morgan [photocopies] include his commission as Agent of Indian affairs (Apr 10, 1776), letter from the Marquis de Lafayette to George Washington, and a letter by Thomas Jefferson commenting on Colonel Morgan's loyalty in the Burr Conspiracy (1822). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 131, 893, 1227.

Holdrege, Henry R. Diary, 1865. 1 vol. Location: H:16. U.S. sailor aboard the U.S.S. Nymph. Civil War entries pertain to patrols, and infractions and crimes committed by him and other sailors, drunkenness, interaction with female civilians, witnessing a baptism of African-Americans in the Mississippi River, and recreational activities in Baton Rouge. Post-war entries record his trip home to Menekaune, Wisconsin. For further information, see the online catalog. Mss. 4874.

Holloman, Mary. Document, 1820 August 8. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Depositions given to a justice of the peace at Baton Rouge, La., refuting that Mary Holloman was ever the lawful wife of Moore Kennedy although he had purported her to be so. Nancy Roy and Charles Evrard (?) also supported her claim. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1702.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Baton Rouge

Howell family genealogical records, circa 1834-1976. 16 items. Location: Misc.:H. Residents of Baton Rouge. Genealogical records include birth, baptismal and burial records, and listings of family members. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3040.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge

Huguet, Adolphe H. (Adolphe Hiram), 1837-1928, Family Papers, 1850-1973. 13 items; 1 microfilm reel. Location: UU:255, OS:H, Mss. Mf.:H. Related families of Adolphe H. Huguet and William S. Pike were influential in the economy and politics of Baton Rouge and New Orleans. Papers include scrapbooks, correspondence, death notices, photographs, legal papers, and other materials relating to the Huguet and Pike families in Louisiana, as well as to their relatives living in Spain and France. Some items in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3805.

Hummel, Richard J., Sr. Papers, 1861, 1875, 1894-1896, 1929. 250 items. Location: UU:63, OS:H. Baton Rouge postmaster. Papers of Richard J. Hummel Sr., Baton Rouge, La., postmaster, include an acknowledgment from Governor Huey P. Long of a letter from Hummel concerning a proposed plan for additional financial aid from the state for public schools (1929), a Louisiana state bond (1875), 246 hand-stamped mail covers (1894-1896), and a Louisiana militia commission (1861). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2044.

Humphrey, Hubert H. Papers, 1939-1942, undated. 24 letters, 1 application, 1 transcript. Location: MISC:H. Papers consist chiefly of correspondence regarding Hubert H. Humphrey's graduate studies at Louisiana State University (LSU) in Baton Rouge. Many letters are letters of recommendation from faculty at the University of Minnesota recommending Humphrey for a graduate fellowship/scholarship at LSU. Mss. 5334.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Baton Rouge, LSU

Hunt, William King. Genealogy, circa 1955-1967. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Resident of Baton Rouge. Printed card tracing the descent of William King Hunt. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2264.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge

International Sugar Cane Technologists Association Meeting. Photograph, 1938 Nov. 1. 1 panoramic photograph [20 x 76 cm.]. Location: OS:I. Photograph made by Cole Studio. Photograph is of the attendees of the Sixth Congress of International Sugar Cane Technologists Association meeting at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Mss. 5026.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Baton Rouge, LSU

Ives, C. A. (Clarence Albert), 1869-1966. Papers, 1895-1964. 2 linear ft. (1,748 items, 1 vol.). Location: 79:75-76. Dean of the College of Education at LSU and president of the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. Papers include Ives' professional correspondence, series of articles by local residents on the history of the parish, early settlers and the Baptist Church. Historical writings on Louisiana, and extensive records of the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools (1918-1945). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2002, 2227.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Education, Baton Rouge, LSU

James, Francis Henderson. Papers, 1869-1973 (bulk 1909-1960). 1.2 linear ft. Location: UU:74-75, OS:J. Graduate of Louisiana State University (LSU), World War I veteran, and chief engineer at Salzburg Sugar Factory on Salzburg Plantation in St. James Parish, Louisiana. Papers include a diary (1937-1958) kept during his employment as chief engineer in which he recorded formulas, calculations, cane crop data, and administrative notes; a 1915 LSU calendar that includes campus photographs; and family portraits and photographs of him as a cadet at LSU and during his military service; letters and clippings. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4960.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Baton Rouge, LSU

Jastremski, Leon, 1843-1907. Family Papers, 1836-1947. 336 items, 3 ms. vols. Location: W:23, M:21, OS:J, 98:J, Mss.Mf:J. Polish-born Louisiana politician, journalist, and newspaper publisher who served as mayor of Baton Rouge (1876-1882) and United States consul in Callao, Peru (1893-1897). Correspondence pertains to Jastremski's military service in the Civil War, his political career in Baton Rouge, and his term as U.S. Consul in Peru. The collection also contains copies of speeches made by Jastremski, photographs, and prints. Included are three scrapbooks containing clippings and articles about Jastremski's political career. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2951.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, Baton Rouge, Long Family

Jerrard, Simon G. Papers, 11862-1902 (bulk 1862-1863). 1154 items. Location:C:64-65. Union colonel, 22nd Regiment, Maine Volunteers. Papers consist of military records and some personal papers. Military records relate to the organization, training, movement of the regiment from Maine to Louisiana, via Virginia and to his service under General Nathaniel P. Banks. Personal papers contain Jerrard's history of the 22nd Maine Infantry, which discusses mortality at Camp Banks in Baton Rouge, La., the regiment's role in suppressing African-American uprisings, and the siege of Port Hudson. Also included are appointments to various local and county offices in Maine after the war. For further information, see the online catalog. Mss. 1180, 1266, 1285.

Jewett, Thomas E. Letter, July 7, 1863. 2 items. Location: Misc.:J. Union soldier. Letter [with typed transcription] describes camp life, water levels in Baton Rouge, military engagements, surrender of Port Hudson and the fall of Vicksburg, Miss., Adjutant General's Office, and naval activity on the Mississippi River. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4576.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

John B. Heroman, Sr. Photograph Collection, ca. 1885-1940. 1 cu. ft. Location: 91:2-3, OS:H. Photograph albums, loose photographs, postcards, one tintype, one greeting card, and three printed texts. All materials relate to the Heroman family of Baton Rouge and New Orleans, La. The albums contain images of the Heroman family, Heroman family dwellings in Baton Rouge, scenes around Baton Rouge, and New Orleans Mardi Gras scenes. Four of the loose unassociated album page groups contain Baton Rouge flood images from 1897, 1912. The Cirkut camera panoramic print documents Louisiana State University cadets in formation on the Parade Grounds of the University in its then three year old location in south Baton Rouge, 1928. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4951.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Baton Rouge, LSU

Johnson (Alfred Grima) Collection, 1805-2001 (bulk: 1850-1950). 1.3 linear feet. Locations: 111:7, OS:J. Retired Central Intelligence Agency officer and historic preservationist. Collection consists of correspondence, financial and legal documents, research notes, photographs, and other records pertaining to the Grima, Montegut, Pitot, Foley, and Pugh families of South Louisiana. The records were accumulated for the purpose of studying genealogy and family history. Contains records in both English and French. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 5005.

Johnston, Henry. Letter, 1863. 1 item. Location: Misc. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letter describes the training of his regiment on Long Island, the sea voyage from New York to New Orleans, back upriver to Baton Rouge, and African American soldiers in the Union army. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2466.

Kahao, Mary Jane. Mary Jane Fly Kahao collection of photographs and ephemera, [ca. 1887-1910]. 26 items. Location: UU:250. This collection includes twenty-three photographs from people in the Baton Rouge area. Eight of these portraits were made by Baton Rouge photographer Andrew D. Lytle. Also in the collection are invitations to commencement ceremonies from the LSU Corps of Cadets (1891), Silliman Collegiate Institute (1887), and the S. A. K. Literary Society (1891). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4703.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Baton Rouge, LSU

Kahao, Mary Jane (Mrs. Kenneth). Papers, 1965, 1966. 4 items. Location: Misc. Newspaper clipping from the Baton Rouge Morning Advocate of a biographical article on botanical writer and illustrator Caroline C. Dorman. Correspondence with Dorman chiefly concerns a proposed exhibit of wild flowers and plants at LSU. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2700.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Baton Rouge, LSU

Kennon, Robert Floyd. Papers, 1904-1972 (bulk 1948-1956). 11.5 linear ft., 8 volumes. Location: 6:9-15, OS:K. Minden, Louisiana, attorney, judge, Louisiana Supreme Court justice, and Louisiana governor. Papers include office files, personal correspondence, speeches, photographs, scrapbooks, political campaign materials, and newspaper clippings. The collection pertains to politics, the Democratic Party and Robert Kennon's political career, particularly his term as governor (1952-1956). Some material reflects his military service during World War II and his position on segregation. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2719.

Kent, Amos, 1811-1906. Family Papers, 1770-1906 (bulk 1855-1900). .25 linear ft. (130 items, 1 vol.). Location: C:31. Family of New Hampshire and Louisiana; merchant in Baton Rouge and farmer in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. The town of Kentwood was named in his honor. Kent served 8 years in the Louisiana legislature. Family correspondence of three generations of the Kent family and business papers of Amos Kent. Amos Kent's business papers consist of legal opinions of attorneys, deeds, and letters. Included is a diary kept by young George Favrot of Baton Rouge (later a U.S. Congressman from the Baton Rouge District) which describes happenings about town. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 199, 724, 1101, 2296.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Business, Baton Rouge

Kerr, E. W. Papers, 1898-1951 (bulk 1925-1949). Approximately 12.5 linear ft. Location: 77:22-34, OS:K. Baton Rouge engineer. Kerr was an LSU professor of mechanical engineering (1905-1916), an efficiency engineer for the Cuba Cane Sugar Corporation of Havana, Cuba (1916-1931), and a consultant to southwest Louisiana sugar factories (1935-1949). Papers include correspondence, technical data and notes, blueprints and related printed items documenting Kerr's career in the sugar industry. Papers also include family letters and personal correspondence related to business matters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1308.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Baton Rouge, LSU

Keyes, Charles L. Letters, 1862-1863. 10 items. Location: Misc:K. Union soldier from Charlemont, Franklin County, Massachusetts, in the 52nd Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Letters describe his steamship voyage aboard the Illinois; and camp life in Baton Rouge, New Iberia, Camp Stoneman, Barres Landing, and Port Hudson, Louisiana. Letters from Port Hudson, written from the breastworks, describe conditions during the siege. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3604.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Baton Rouge

Kidd, W. P. (William P.), 1894-1947. Papers, 1872-1942 (bulk 1916-1923). 53 items, 9 vols. Location: UU:126, OS:K, 99:K. Native of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Served in the 42nd Division, A.E.F. during WWI; he later served on the Mexican border. Papers relate to Kidd's military experiences in Europe during WWI. They contain photographs, printed material, and maps. Maps show British, French, Italian and American font lines. Newspaper clippings describe draft lists for Baton Rouge and victory parades for returning soldiers. Other items include Gen. Pershing's farewell to the 'Rainbow Unit;' histories of Camp Nicholls, the 1st Louisiana Infantry, the 39th Infantry Division, U. S. A., and a WWII Army Emergency Relief Fund benefit program. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1844.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, 20th Century Wars

Kilbourne, James Gilliam, 1828-1893. Correspondence, 1855-1859, 1865-1866. 15 items. Location: Misc. Planter, jurist, state legislator, Confederate captain, and member of the law firm Fuqua and Kilbourne of East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Letters from James O. Fuqua pertain principally to clients but also give some information concerning local politics and living conditions in Baton Rouge. Letters from others pertain to law suits and local politics. Included is a letter in which James O. Fuqua discusses the eagerness of some citizens to take the Amnesty Oath and civilian comments on the outcome of the Civil War, and the freedmen. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1353.

Kimbell, Sylvester, b. 1836 or 7. Letters, 1862-1863. 24 items. Location: Misc:K. Union soldier in the 53rd Massachusetts Regiment during the Civil War. Kimbell's letters were written to his wife and describe his service in Louisiana, including fighting near New Orleans at Camp Kenner, Baton Rouge, and Port Hudson. He also wrote letters from Baltimore and Virginia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4677.

King, Grace Elizabeth. Selected papers, 1864, 1883-1933. 1 linear ft., 2 microfilm reels. Location: UU:31, MSS.MF:K, Vault:1. New Orleans writer and historian. Business and personal correspondence pertaining to Grace King's literary career, European travels, and social and family life; includes some family correspondence, principally of her sister, Annie R. King. Papers also include a copy of an order issued by Richard Taylor concerning the Battle of Mansfield (1864), a program for the memorial service for Jefferson Davis held in New Orleans (1903), and manuscript notes concerning the United States Army occupation of New Orleans (undated). Correspondence from Baron Edouard de Pontabla, Charles Wagner, Henry Vignaud, and Flora O'Gorencees discuss World War I. Partly in French. For further information, see online catalog. Part of the Grace King Collection. Mss. 1282.

Kiwanis Club of Baton Rouge, Inc. Records, 1915-1988. 6 linear ft. Location: 41:36-37, OS:K, Map Cage. Part of Kiwanis International, the Kiwanis Club of Baton Rouge organized on April 24, 1919. Includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, printed items, photographs, and records. Items pertain principally to membership, meetings, conferences, and activities. Mss. 3875, 4224.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge

Kleinpeter, Andrew. Papers, 1827-1833. 20 items. Location: B:40. Resident of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Correspondence from relatives in Spencer County, Kentucky, and letters from James Neilson, attending school in Lexington, Kentucky, commenting on Henry Clay after attending a party in his home, and mentioning a shooting by supporters of Clay and Jackson. Includes business letters of Isidor Larguire, cotton broker, of New Orleans; and a letter of A. Jones, Baton Rouge, concerning the treatment of cholera. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Kleinpeter, George and family. Papers, 1804-1918 (bulk 1824-1890). 0.3 linear ft., 1 microfilm reel. Location: B:40, OS:K, MSS.MF:K. Farmer of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. He and Augustine Daigre married about 1830 and had at least four children, William, George Augustin, Alice, and Josephine. Papers include Civil War letters from William and George Augustin to their mother; legal documents; and miscellaneous family papers. Some items in French and Spanish. Also available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 11. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 864, 1029.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Civil War, Baton Rouge, French

Kleinpeter, George, John, and family. Papers, 1786-1911. 32 items. Location: 7:57. The Kleinpeter family emigrated from Germany and eventually settled in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, where they were farmers. Photocopies of family documents belonging to the George and John Kleinpeter families of Louisiana. These include survey maps, land grants, land transfers, birth and death records, estate papers, receipts, and miscellaneous items. The Sharp family is also mentioned as they relate to the Kleinpeters. Mss. 4897.

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