Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Confederate States of America. Army. Georgia Infantry Regiment, 17th. Company E. Muster roll, 1864 February 29-April 30.1 item. Location: E:84. Muster roll, signed by Captain Joshua N. Tyus, records the company's payroll and lists names and absences of company members. Available on microfilm: UPA Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 521.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate States of America. Louisiana Cavalry Regiment, 8th. Muster rolls and plan, 1865. 12 items. Location: E:84. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. Field, staff, and band member rolls for 8th Louisiana Cavalry, Companies A-I and K, in the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1059.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate States of America Army Collection. Treasury department circular, 1861 August 22. Location: E:84. 1 printed item. Circular issued by Carl G. Memminger, Secretary of the Treasury, for the purpose of selling bonds in order to raise revenues. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2785.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate States of America Army, Louisiana Heavy Artillery, 1st Regiment Guard Book, 1861. 1 vol. (on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf:U. United States Army, Louisiana Heavy Artillery, 1st Regiment served at Forts Jackson and St. Philip below New Orleans (La.) in 1861-1862. Guard book details sentences and punishments given to regimental prisoners at Fort Jackson, La. Lists names of the gaurds on duty and names of prisoners. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4910.

Confederate States of America Collection. Quartermaster's department, 1861-1862. 3 items. Location: E:64. Letter to the president of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Company requesting someone to handle transportation accounts. Circular on the issuance of transportation coupons to soldiers who re-enlist for military service. Also a letter to H. J. Ranney, Confederate major in New Orleans, requesting assistance for replacement of two engines on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2133.

Confederate States of America Collection, 1861-1865, 1915, 1917. 22 items. Location:E:64, OS:C. Collection consists of correspondence and records relating to affairs of the government of the Confederate States of America. Records concern to economic conditions, the Confederate flag, the courts, and procurement of railway equipment and guns. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 80, 893, 1187, 2133, 2142, 2527.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate States of America Collection. Department no. 1. Letter. 1862 February 25. 1 item. Location: E:64. Joseph G. Pickett, Acting Adjutant General, New Orleans. Letter to Major Rainy, president, New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad, requesting assistance in obtaining guns from the Bennett and Surget foundry. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2133.

Confederate States of America Collection. Army department of Western Louisiana, 1864. 1 item [printed copy]. Location: E:64. Correspondence between E. Warren Moise, Judge of the Confederate Court, Natchitoches, Louisiana, and Lieutenant General S. B. Buckner, Commander of the Department of Western Louisiana, Alexandria, relating to the trial and execution of a soldier. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2527.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate States of America Collection. Tax receipt, 1864-1865.3 items. Location: E:64. Receipts for payment of tax-in-kind of rice, peas, and fodder; and an estimate and assessment of agricultural products of Orangebury County, South Carolina. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2142.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate States of America flag, 1979. 1 item. Location: T:78. Modern replica of a Confederate flag bearing the autograph of T. Harry Williams, LSU Professor of History, for student Wade Becnel. Williams's signature was given on the last day of his last Civil War course in May 1979. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3382.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, LSU

Confederate States of America. Army. Trans-Mississippi Dept. Bureau of Conscription. General order no. 6, 1863 Aug. 4. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. A printed act of the Confederate States of America Congress with a handwritten order from Brigadier General Elkanah Braken Greer, chief of the Bureau of Conscription, attached. The act repealed certain draft exemptions. The order is signed by William Stedman, a member of Greer's staff. It provides for the detention of persons claiming draft exemptions under section 2 of the act. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4864.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Confederate topographical report of Port Hudson (La.), 1862. 1 item. Location: MISC:C. Report by topographical engineer Leon J. Fremaux to Confederate Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles on topography at Port Hudson as it concerned placement of light artillery. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3921.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Conner, Lemuel Parker and family Papers, 1810-1953, 1985 (bulk 1850-1940). 12.5 linear feet and 28 volumes. Location: AA:, A:106-117, 120-121, 98:C, OS:C, 65: Vault:34, J:24. Planter from Natchez, Mississippi. Papers include correspondence, cotton statements, legal and business papers (including slave testimony in an alleged slave uprising, 1861), plantation records, and Civil War papers of Confederate soldiers and civilians, family letters from LSU and Smith College, and First Presbyterian Church (Natchez) records. Also included are papers of Levin R. Marshall, the Sessions family, and Henry R. Chotard; 256 pieces of published sheet music (1824-1883); a minstrel show program (1879); and miscellaneous programs of Natchez concerts and music recitals. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 3, Reels 14-18. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 81, 1403, 1431, 1475, 1551, 1595, 1710, 1793, 1859, 1934, 1999.

Conrad, Archelus M. Papers, 1861-1890 (bulk 1861-1865). Ca. 100 items. Location: E:41, OS:C. Union officer in command of a Corps d'Afrique Engineers company in Louisiana in the Civil War. Papers include military orders, muster papers, charges of military crimes, and other items relating to the 97th Engineer Regiment. It also includes a carte-de-visite showing Conrad in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4126.

Constable, N. S. Inventory, 1864 December 21. 1 item (4 leaves). Location: Misc:C. Captain and acting quartermaster in the Union army in New Orleans in the Civil War. Inventory of furniture and other articles in a New Orleans residence assigned as quarters for troops by Constable. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 248.

Contraband slaves cartoon, 1862 ca., undated 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Anonymous cartoon shows contraband slaves fleeing from their master to the sanctuary of Fort Monroe, Virginia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Conway, Martin Franklin, 1827-1882. Speech of Hon. M.F. Conway of Kansas, delivered in the House of Representatives January 27, 1863, 1863 January 27. 1 printed pamphlet, 15 p.; 23 cm. Location:E:Imprints. United States Representative from Kansas. Speech expresses opposition to the conduct of the Civil War and advocates formal recognition of the independence of the Confederacy as a means of preserving freedom and the distinct identity of the North. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2632.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cook, Benjamin Franklin, b. 1867. Memorandum, 1948. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. Son of Samuel B. Cook, a member of the Kansas Calvary. William Clark Quantrill was the leader of a band of guerillas with Confederate sympathies in Kansas and Missouri during the Civil War. The band was mustered into the Confederate army in 1862. Memorandum describes the murder of Frank Cook and others by Quantrill near Olathe, Kansas, and Samuel B. Cook's challenge to meet Quantrill in a duel. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2140.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cooney, John F. Letter, 1862 June 4. 1 letter. Location: Misc. A letter written by John F. Cooney, a Confederate soldier stationed at Camp Moore, Tangipahoa Parish, La., to his family in West Baton Rouge Parish, La., mentions a Federal bombardment of Baton Rouge and asks about family news. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4314.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Cooper, John Daniel, d.1864. Diary, 1864. 1 vol. Location: Misc:C. Confederate soldier from Mississippi killed in Georgia in 1864. Diary containing daily memoranda of military activities and personal reflections, including poems written by Cooper. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2728.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

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