Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Caffery, Donelson and Family. Papers, 1580-1958 (bulk 1861-1909). 537 items, 39 vols. Location: C:74-75, O:23, OS:C. Planter of St. Mary Parish, Louisiana and U.S. senator. Papers consist of correspondence, genealogies, clippings, photographs, pamphlets, diaries, notebooks, postcards, scrapbooks, and financial records of the Donelson Caffery family. They concerns family matters, Louisiana politics, the Civil War, Caffery's senatorial career, the effects of the Mexican War on the sugar industry, Louisiana oil industry, plantation operations, Jewish hotel guests (v. 4,5) and the removal of Jews from Franklin (v.6). The papers of John Murphy Caffery also reflect his own navel career and the Louisiana sugar industry. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1865.

Cahan, Solomon. Application for discharge, 1863 August. 2 items. Location: Misc:C. French citizen conscripted into the Crescent Regiment (the 24th Louisiana Infantry Regiment). Cahan's application requests a discharge from the Confederate Army, claiming French citizenship. The application is accompanied by a military memorandum (April 1863) which denies the application for discharge. Also on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1063.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Campbell, Zoe J. Diaries, 1856-1866. 5 items; 10 volumes. Location: P:1, Misc:C. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 4-5. Resident of New Orleans; daughter of James and Zoe Lambert Campbell and sister of Lambert Campbell, a Confederate soldier in the Civil War. Dairies document expenses, condolence visits, and piano lessons. Beginning in May 1861, they deal with the Civil War, including events in occupied New Orleans. Papers also include a funeral announcement for Campbell and a personal letter. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1274.

Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1817-1873. General orders, 1864 September 14. Location: E:74. 1 printed item. General orders No. 48, issued by Lt. Col. C. T. Christensen, headquarters, Military Division of West Mississippi, New Orleans, on the suspension of prisoner exchanges and methods to be employed in sending Confederate prisoners to depots in the North. Part of the United States Army Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032.

Cannon, Andrew and family Papers, 1829-1868, undated (1850-1862). 110 items. Location 11:15, OS:C. Andrew Jerome Cannon family of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, employee at St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery. Correspondence related to professional, personal business, and family life in Baton Rouge, as well as the Civil War. Financial papers consisting of bills, invoices, promissory notes, and receipts are also present. For further information, see online catalog, Mss. 4979.

Capell family. Papers, 1816-1931 (bulk 1840-1880). 1 linear ft.; 30 volumes. Location: U:299; F:11; OS:C; MSS.MF:C, VAULT:1, VAULT MRDF 6. Planters and merchants of Amite and Wilkinson Counties in Mississippi. Eli Jackson Capell was a planter of Pleasant Hill Plantation in Amite County and operated a store near Rose Hill, Mississippi. His son Henry Clay was an attorney in Centerville. Business and plantation papers and legal documents comprise the bulk of this collection. These include land deeds; invoices and correspondence regarding shipping cotton; slave bills of sale; diaries, ledgers, and scrapbooks that document daily activities of Pleasant Hill Plantation; and a daybook from the Rose Hill store. Personal correspondence includes two letters from Jefferson Davis and letters of recommendation written for Henry Clay Capell when he was seeking employment with the federal government. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reel 2. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597.

Capell, Eli J. (Eli Jackson), 1814-1888. Family Papers, 1840-1932 (bulk 1886-1900). 1.3 linear ft., 16 v. Location: E:47-48, F:11, OS:C, Mss.Mf:C. Planter of Pleasant Hill Plantation, Amite County, Mississippi. Capell also operated a store near Rose Hill, Mississippi. Correspondence and business records of the Capell family and related Crawford family. Business, plantation, and legal papers include letters, accounts, and invoices with cotton factors and memorandum books of cotton and merchandise sold; labor contracts and laborersÆ record book; land deeds; and records from the Rose Hill store. Family correspondence from Crawford relatives (1880-1899) relates geographic, economic, race relations, health, and social conditions in parts of Missouri, Texas, Colorado, Utah, and Montana, and letters to Capell daughters concern news of friends, personal relationships, and social activities (1865-1879). Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reels 3-5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 674.

Card, H. T. Letter, 1863 October 7. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:C. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letter written to Card's brother and sister from Glendale, Mississippi, describes travel by railroad through Corinth, Mississippi, life in military camp, and the local landscape. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3245.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Carmouche, Annie Jeter. Papers, 1853-1964. 0.3 linear ft. Location: W:18, H:24, VAULT:6. Annie Jeter Carmouche spent her childhood in Virginia and New Orleans and lived in Saint Landry and Bossier Parishes, Louisiana, during and after the Civil War. She married Emile A. Carmouche. Collection includes family letters, papers, and tablets containing Carmouche's memoirs. Correspondence relates to social life, the Civil War, and family events. The memoirs recall Carmouche's childhood, the Civil War, and the postwar period. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2878.

Carpenter, Horace. Papers, 1891, 1896. 2 items. Location: Misc. Confederate veteran of the Civil War and author of an article on the Battle of Port Hudson published in Century Magazine. Letter to Carpenter containing a Union soldier's recollections of personal happenings in the Port Hudson area following the surrender of the city. Also included is a photograph of Carpenter. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 546.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Carr, Louis F. letter, 1861. 1 item. Location: MISC:C. Letter from Louis F. Carr in Memphis (Tenn.) to J. Currie. Carr mentions cotton prices and his desire to sell and purchase property. He writes about secession, noting that several Northern states are willing to concede to Southern demands, which Carr characterizes as "our inalienable and constitutional rights." Mss. 3975.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Carrigan, Jo Ann, 1933. Civil War Collection, 1862-1968. .3 linear ft. (26 items, 1 ms. vol., 2 printed vols.) Location: UU:72, OS:C. Professor of history at Louisiana State University.New York muster rolls, photographs, & publications pertaining largely to the state of New York's participation in the Civil War. Included are postcards depicting Civil War scenes and photographs of maps of New Orleans during the War of 1812. There is also an autograph book containing the names, ranks, and addresses of soldiers in the 10th New York Artillery. Artifacts include Civil War uniform buttons, commemorative ribbons, and a medal. For futher information see online catalog. Mss. 2455.

Carrollton Centennial Exhibit collection, 1959. 53 items [photocopies]. Location: OS:C. Exhibit created for the Carrollton Branch, Whitney National Bank of New Orleans. Materials pertain to Carrollton, Louisiana, formerly part of Jefferson Parish, later annexed into New Orleans. Collection includes maps; photographs; petitions; reports; city ordinances, regulations, and orders; and interpretive explanations of items relating to the New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad, the Carrollton Hotel and Gardens, public schools, and homes. There are also interpretive explanations for fire companies, the federal occupation in the Civil War, the levee, and roads. The photocopies are made from original items dating from 1832 to 1908. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1623.

Carson, John H. Papers, 1854-1976. 4 items, 2 volumes., and 2 microfilm reels (35 mm). Location: 98:, MISC:C, MSS.MF:C, VAULT:4. Carson emigrated from Tennessee to East Texas in 1858. He enlisted in the Texas Partisan Rangers Regiment of the Confederate cavalry in August 1862. After his parole on July 24, 1865, he returned to his family in East Texas. Papers are comprised of two manuscript volumes: a personal narrative recounting his experiences in Louisiana during the Civil War and a record book with a list of expenses incurred during his move to Texas. Other items include his parole certificate, a photograph taken with his wife, Elizabeth, and a photocopy giving a short history and list of officers of Crumps Regiment, Texas Cavalry. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1960.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Carson, William Waller. Family records, 1845-1930. 1 vol. Location: F:23. Residents of Tennessee and Mississippi. Family records include genealogical listings, biographical and autobiographical sketches, and correspondence, all pertaining to the history of the Carson and related Waller, Green, Hutchins, and other families. Included is information about plantation life, slavery, and the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2919.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Carson, William Waller. Letter, 1923. 1 item. Location: 32:81. Sergeant-major in the 4th Louisiana Cavalry in the Civil War. Letter recounts his Civil War experiences, including an unsuccessful operation to capture the U.S. gunboat RATTLER at Natchez, Mississippi. Unprocessed collections list. Mss. 4068.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Carson, William Waller. Letter, 1923 Dec. 13. 1 item. Location: Misc.: C. Sergeant-major in the 4th Louisiana Cavalry in the Civil War. Letter recounts his Civil War experiences in northeastern Louisiana, the capture of Louis Dent, the brother-in-law of General Ulysses S. Grant, insubordination and discipline in the army, and the remedies used to prevent scurvy. Carson also describes a failed attempt to capture the United States gunboat, RATTLER, at Natchez, Miss., and he discusses the philosophy of slavery, particularly the fiscal aspect. A typed transcript (undated) accompanies the letter. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4068.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Carter, A. G. Letter, 1862 July 13. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. Letter to Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles from A. G. Carter and John C. Miller, Deputy Provost Marshalls, documents actions of Union forces against the inhabitants of the Louisiana parishes of East and West Feliciana and East Baton Rouge. The letter also requests troops to defend the parishes and to plant batteries along the Red River. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4623.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cartwright, Samuel A. (Samuel Adolphus) and family. Papers, 1826-1864. 67 items, 2 manuscript volumes. Location: U:109, Vault. Physician of Natchez, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Cartwright was a Confederate army physician, and at one time a professor of diseases of the African American in the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana. Papers include correspondence, photoprints, and a European travel diary. Correspondence relates to politics, slavery, and education in the South, including letters from Jefferson Davis and other prominent individuals. Included is a treatise on 'camp dysentery' written by Cartwright. For further information, see online catalog. Filed under Cartwright, Samuel Adolphus. Papers in Archives USA. Mss. 2471, 2499.

Casso, Evans J., 1914-. Papers, undated. 2 linear ft., 1 item. Location: 1:66, Vault. Louisiana historian and author. Papers include manuscripts and research materials for his books, 'Louisiana Legacy, A History of the State National Guard', and 'Lorenzo,' 'The History of the Casso Family in Louisiana'; and correspondence on Italians and other ethnic groups in Louisiana. Included are typed manuscripts and research on the Civil War in Ascension Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3119.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

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