Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Guion, Lewis. Diary, 1862-1863. 1 volume. Location: M:18. Lawyer, Confederate officer, sugar planter. Diary describes Guion's departure from New Orleans on April 24, 1862; his company's march through Louisiana; and military activities around Chickasaw Bayou and Yazoo Lake. Entries after May 18, 1862, give an account of the siege of Vicksburg. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 826.

Guion, Lewis. Record books, 1859-1865. 2 volumes, 1 microfilm reel. Location: U:238, MSS.MF:G. Lawyer, Confederate officer, sugar planter. Francis T. Nicholls. Two record books, one containing law examination questions from the University of Virginia, French language notes, and cash entries. The second is an official record book of Louisiana 26th Infantry Regiment, Col H. Some notes in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1903.

Gurley, John W. Papers, 1858-1866. 81 items. Location: U:145. Attorney of New Orleans. Gurley and his wife Rosa were registered as enemies of the United States during the Civil War but were excused after they signed oaths of amnesty. The majority of letters are from Edward G. Stewart, a planter of Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Papers of the Civil War period include claims the Gurleys were enemies of the United States, their oaths of allegiance, and letters confirming their loyalty. Available on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B Reel 6 and Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 2, Reel 13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 507.

Guthrie, J. W. letter, 1863 July 4. 1 item. Location: MISC:G. Assistant Surgeon in the 20th Ohio Infantry. Letter to his father refers to Confederate surrender of Vicksburg, Miss. Guthrie mentions rumors, food, and the Holmes County Rebellion in Ohio. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4109.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Haag, William George, 1910-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1994. 2 sound cassettes (3 hours), Transcript (104 pages). Location: L:4700.0453. LSU Boyd professor emeritus of geography and anthropology. Haag discusses his family history; the University of Kentucky; his work as an archaeologist for the Tennessee Valley Authority; the University of Michigan; World War II; the University of Mississippi; and his impressions of William Faulkner. Haag also discusses his career at LSU; the Poverty Point archeological site; excavations at the Centroplex and Magnolia Mound Plantation, Baton Rouge; research in the Antilles; and Civil War studies. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0453.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, Education, LSU, Literature

Hagan, James, 1821-1901. Family Papers, 1833-1901. 63 items. Location: B:11, OS:H, Vault:8. Irish immigrant, Confederate officer. Early papers of a New Orleans merchant, John Hagan, relate to land transactions involving Gilbert Marquis de Lafayette, Zachary Taylor, and George Washington Lafayette. Civil War-related items include an invitation to the reunion of the Third Alabama Cavalry and Confederate currency issued as payment for service in the Confederate army. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1485.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Civil War

Hahn, Michael, 1830-1886. Letter, 1864 Jan. 6. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Governor of Louisiana (1864-1865) and Louisiana congressional representative. Letter from Hahn to John McNair, Superintendent of Public Education, sanctioning and authorizing McNair to apportion public school funds in the State treasury to loyal parishes of the State and to exclude insurrectionary parishes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 903.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, Education

Hale, William George, 1810-1883. Papers, 1797-1967. 287 items, 1 ms. vol. on 1 reel of microfilm. Location: Mss. Mf:H. Planter of DeSoto Parish, Louisiana. Papers include correspondence, legal documents, and financial records, including some that relate to the Civil War and regiments mustered at Camp Moore, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2426.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War

Hall, Richard Alexander. Letters, 1862-1867. 28 items [typescript copies]. Location: Misc. Corporal in the 32nd Illinois Regiment in the Civil War. Letters to Hall's family from Tennessee and Mississippi pertain to camp life, the Vicksburg campaign, the Federal occupation of Natchez, and postwar adjustment. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3229.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Hamilton, John R. Papers, 1863-1865. 0.6 linear ft. Location: X:34, OS:H. U.S. Naval officer during the Civil War. Naval records documenting Civil War operations of the USS Commodore as it patrolled the navigable waterways of Louisiana in order to prevent the South from trading with other countries. Records consist of reports, correspondence, orders, and lists of seamen and Naval officers. Papers also contain some records of the USS Vincennes. Mss. 5066.

Hamilton, William S. Papers, 1780-1930 (bulk 1807-1861). 3 linear ft., 14 manuscript volumes, 16 microfilm reels. Locations: T:81-87, H:21, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. United States Army officer under General Wade Hampton; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. While most papers pertain to William S. Hamilton's social, political, and professional life, some papers also pertain to John Hamilton (William S.'s father) and the children of William S. and Eliza C. Hamilton. Papers reflect the administration of United States Army troops in the Territory of Orleans and Mississippi and give an inclusive picture of national and Louisiana politics. Included are descriptions of Southern college facilities and curricula and early medical treatments in hydropathy (hydrotherapy). The papers also document conditions in the United States Army during the Mexican War, land speculation in Texas, and various aspects of plantation life and economy (including purchasing and treatment of slaves). Part of the George M. Lester Collection. Mss. 1209.

Hamilton-Barrow Family Papers, 1781-1965. 0.3 linear ft. Location UU:253. Financial papers, legal documents, and correspondence of Bennett I. (James) Barrow, a plantation owner in West Feliciana Parish, and his descendents. Documents concern land claims and disputes in West Feliciana Parish, while personal correspondence pertains to family history, and includes letters during both the Civil War and World War II. Also included are original land claims signed by Governors Miró and Carondelet. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4458.

Haney, Lucius. Letter, 1862 September 16. 1 item. Location:Misc. Confederate soldier in the 5th Virginia Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Thomas Lafayette Rosser, in the Civil War. Haney was separated from his regiment and his letter discusses caring for wagons in the area of Winchester, Virginia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2121.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Hansen, Eduard T. (Eduard Theodor). Diary and writings, 1864-1868. 2 vols., 1 microfilm reel. Location: M:20, Mss. Mf:H. Native of Luxembourg who was discharged from the Confederate army in the Civil War and subsequently joined the U.S. Army as a member of the 2nd Missouri Light Artillery, stationed in Louisiana and then as part of the Powder River Expedition. Diary records Hansen's enlistment and service in the U.S. Army in Louisiana and in the Great Plains. It includes copies of letters received by Hansen as well as prose and poetry. In English, German, and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 758.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, French, German, Literature

Harbour, S. B. Account book, 1863-1865. 1 vol. Location: G:11. Keeper of a livery stable in Baton Rouge. Ledger records entries of rental and upkeep of horses. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 637.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business, Baton Rouge

Hardin, J. Fair, 1893-1940. Collection, 1718-1939. 2,225 items, 17 vols. Location: S-29-36, P-2, 78:66, OS:H, Map Cage, 98:H, Vault:3, Mss.Mf:H. Shreveport attorney, vice president of the Louisiana Historical Society, and author of historical articles and a three-volume history of Northwest Louisiana. Collection contains correspondence, articles, copies of speeches, research materials and related papers pertaining to historical sites or events. Included are Civil War letters, Confederate money and notes, and research notes on the Red River campaign. Also included are two bound manuscript volumes: J. W. Sims letter book (1863-1864) and a minute book (1904-1911). Earlier materials relate to Indian agents and the Caddo Indians in northwest Louisiana and settlement and land claims in the area. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1014.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Civil War, French, Jewish Community

Harding, Sidney, b. 1841. Diaries, 1863-1865. 2 vols. Location: U:230. Daughter of W. S. and Elizabeth Harding, Old Brier Plantation, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. During the Civil War, her family fled three times from home, the final time to DeSoto Parish. Three diaries chronicle the family's flight to North Louisiana during the Civil War and the hardships her family dealt with during their exile. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 1, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 721.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War

Harper, Aaron Charter. Account, 1863. 1 vol. Location: Misc:H. Confederate sergeant in the 12th Louisiana Infantry Regiment. Account of Harper's military service, with descriptions of battles, the destruction of Union military supplies and the capture of Union soldiers, and the destruction of railroads by both Union and Confederate troops. Harper makes references to military encounters with General Grant and desertion in the Confederate army. He also comments of living conditions and disease among soldiers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3608.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Harral, Jared A. Papers, 1893-1912. 3 framed items. Location:Hill-Pool. Member of the Texas Legion during the Civil War. Papers include certificates of membership in the United Confederate Veterans and the American Flag House and Betsy Ross Memorial Association; and a photograph of General Thomas N. Waul, commander of the Texas Legion, Confederate States of America. Hill-Pool. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Harrington, William. Poem, ca. 1865-18901 item. Location:E:Imprints. Union soldier in the 40th Indiana Infantry, wounded at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia. Leaflet of 'The One-Armed Soldier,' a poem written by William Harrington, a Union soldier in the 40th Indiana Infantry wounded at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Ga. Probably printed to be sold by permanently disabled Union veterans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1198.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

Harris, John A. (John Achilles), d. 1864. Letters, 1854-1864. 65 items. Location:U:108. Private in the 19th Louisiana Infantry from Claiborne Parish, killed at the Battle of Ezra Church. His letters describe camp life at Camps Moore and Benjamin; and battles at Corinth, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga. U:108. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1881, 2548, 2549, 3008.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Harris, Nathaniel and James W. M. Papers, 1865-1920. 1 microfilm reel. Location: Mss.MF:H. Business papers of the law firm of Harris and Harris, a partnership of Confederate General Nathaniel Harrison Harris and his brother Captain James W. M. Harris. The firm operated from Vicksburg, Mississippi. Correspondence from the collection concerns railroad bonds, contracts and construction; land deeds and sales; taxes; insurance policies; ledgers; receipts; bills; cancelled checks; and bank settlements.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Harrison, James P. (James Parmenas), 1852-1943. Papers, 1878-1904. 4 Items. Location: MISC:H. James P. Harrison was from Tensas Parish, Louisiana and his parents were David Harrison and Mary Ann Brisco. He married Ella Nichols in 1891. The papers include a tintype of James P. Harrison, a typescript and handwritten copy of "The Uprising in Tensas Parish (1878)" written by Harrison, and a letter by Harrison on how labor shortages impact cotton prices. "The Uprising in Tensas Parish (1878)" tells the story of Harrison's involvement in a sheriff's posse in Waterproof, Louisiana. Mss. 5138.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Harrower, G. T. Letters, 1863 March-August. 4 items. Location: Misc. Union colonel in the 161st New York Volunteers Regiment in the Civil War. Four letters written from Baton Rouge and Port Hudson, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1484.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Hart, M. Letter, 1862 November 10. 1 item. Location: Misc:H. Letter written from Port Hudson, Louisiana, to Nehemiah Williams. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4553.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Hart-Bonnecaze-Duncan Family Papers, 1775-1949 (bulk 1840-1875, 1905-1940). 2 linear ft., 2 mf reels. Location: T:18, OS:H, Mss.Mf:B. Baton Rouge families related by marriage. Leon Bonnecaze was a businessman and French consular agent; Samuel Hart was the first chief of the Baton Rouge Fire Department; Robert Hart served as Baton Rouge mayor in 1898-1902. Papers include correspondence and writings; legal records; financial records; ephemera; sheet music; and photographs. Papers provide some information on civilian conditions in the Civil War and on the Baton Rouge Fire Department. Partly in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3371, 4208.

Hawes, Maria Jane Southgate, 1836-1918. Reminiscences, 1914. 1 typescript. Location: Misc. Maria Jane Southgate was the wife of James Morrison Hawes, a brigadier general of cavalry with the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Hawes recalls her childhood and marriage; her husband's army assignments in Washington, D.C., Utah, and Kansas before the Civil War; and her experiences following her husband and living in Kentucky, Mississippi, Arkansas, Shreveport, La., and Galveston, Tex. during the war. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4427.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Hawkes, John. Letter, 1863 January. 1 item. Location: Misc. Union soldier in the Civil War, a member of the 50th Massachusetts Regiment. Letter written from Camp Parapet, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, to a member of Hawkes' family in Maine. He mentions the fortifications at camp, guarding the plantation of a widow, and drinking the river water. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1265.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War

Hawley, Orestes K. Family Papers, 1818, 1820, 1839-1898. 44 items. Location: U:116. Native of Illinois and later a resident of Rapides Parish, Louisiana. Papers include Illinois land documents and family letters pertaining to abolitionist sentiments in Connecticut (1844), the siege of Vicksburg (1863), and family matters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1828, 1935, 2842.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Hayden, Henry J. Papers, 1860-1861. 3 printed items. Location: E:Imprints. Juvenile editor and proprietor of HAYDEN'S MISCELLANY, a newspaper published in Indianapolis, Indiana. Papers consist of a speech on juvenile values; and two issues of the MISCELLANY containing stories and poems, and including an editorial and news items on secession and the beginning of the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2798.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

Hayden, S. A. Letter, 1865. 1 item (typed transcription). Location: Misc.:H. Confederate captain in the 16th Louisiana Infantry during the Civil War. Typed transcription (1928) of Civil War letter written by Captain S.A. Hayden of the 16th Louisiana Infantry under the command of General John B. Hood at Nashville, Tenn. He gives an account of his scouting assignment before the Battle of Nashville and his subsequent imprisonment on Johnson's Island, Ohio. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Heard, H. J. Letter, 1864 June 11. 1 item. Location: MISC:H. Judge and resident of Baton Rouge. Letter from Judge Heard states that business activity in New Orleans has ceased because African Americans were celebrating that emancipation was in the State Constitution of 1864. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Hebert, Louis, 1820-1901. Autobiography, ca. 1893. 1 vol., 11 items [on microfilm]. Location: Mss. Mf.:H. Native of Iberville Parish, Louisiana, and a Confederate general during the Civil War. Autobiography discusses family background; early life; experience on the Louisiana State Board of Engineers; Confederate military experience in Missouri, Kansas, northern Mississippi, and North Carolina; and postwar experiences as a teacher. Included are correspondence and documents containing biographical information. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3014.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education

Hebert, Louis, 1820-1901. Letter, 1889. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Native of Iberville Parish, Louisiana, and a Confederate general during the Civil War. Letter refers to the destruction of all Hebert's personal papers prior to his return to Baton Rouge at the end of the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2533.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Hebert, Raphael. Family Papers, 1827-1960 (bulk: 1861-1960). Size: 3.5 linear ft. Location: S:137-140, OS:H. Raphael Hebert family of West Baton Rouge and Iberville Parishes (La.). Collection is primarily papers of Raphael Hebert and his children Joseph Guy, Noel, and Marguerite, a school teacher. Correspondence, financial / legal papers, personal papers, printed items. And photographic materials reflect the family's involvement in civic, educational, and religious affairs and includes letters from Melanie Hebert while at student at St. Basil's in Plaquemine in the 1870s, as well as a few Civil War letters. Also included are records from St. John the Baptist Catholic Church in Brusly, La. For further information, see online catalog. Mss 4769.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, Civil War, Education, Baton Rouge, French

Heintzelman, Samuel Peter, 1805-1880. Journal, 1861-1865. Location:Film 2778. Microfilm copy (negative) made in 1968, by the Library of Congress, of the original in its manuscript collection.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Henderson family. Papers, 1799-1887. 180 items, 1 volume. Location: W:17, OS:H. John D. Henderson, his son Alexander C. Henderson, and Thomas Henderson, residents of Natchez, Mississippi. Collection includes business and land papers; and a manuscript notebook. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2876.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Hendrick, Calvin S. Letter. 1862 May 19. 1 item. Location: Misc. Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Baton Rouge. Letter from Hendrick commenting on the federal occupation of Baton Rouge during the Civil War. He mentions the hostility of residents, isolation of the city, and federal officers attending services at his church. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2098.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Civil War, Baton Rouge

Hennen-Jennings Family. Papers, 1803-1918 (bulk 1850-1870). 216 items; 25 vols. (1 ms. Vol., 24 printed vols.). Location: U:157, Mss.Mf:H. Alfred Hennen was a civil lawyer, a Presbyterian, a professor of constitutional law in New Orleans, and a director of the old Bank of Louisiana. Daughter, Ann Maria, married Needler Jennings, Confederate officer. Ann Maria Jennings' paprers include letters, an Italian passport, and a pardon signed by Andrew Johnson. Other papers include personal and family correspondence of Alfred Hennen and Needler R. Jennings and Civil War letters. Printed pamphlets include discourses and sermons by Reverend Benjamin M. Palmer, and two stories, 'Dominic You,' and 'Husacar' by Louisiana author Octavius N. Ogden. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 6-7. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 748.

Henry Civil War Letter, 1863. 1 item. Location Misc:H. Federal soldier of 12th Connecticut Regiment (Infantry) encamped at Port Hudson, Louisiana, during siege of Confederate positions there. Letter describes the primitive conditions at the encampment and Federal strategy for successfully concluding siege operations. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4870.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

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