Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Baton Rouge Civil War images, 1863. 3 items. Location: E:73. Three images (cartes-de-visite) taken in Baton Rouge during the Civil War: an African-American male in a wagon pulled by mules; a military encampment (possibly Pikes Hall); and a tree-lined street (Garrison Lane). The first is by McPherson and Oliver, and the other two are probably their work as well. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3272.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge, African Americans

Battle of Port Republic, [ca. 1900]. 1 item (3 p.). Location:Misc:B.A private in Company H of the 7th Louisiana Infantry Regiment, also known as the Pelican Regiment. In this typed reminiscence,Collins gives a detailed description of the role of the 7th Louisiana Infantry Regiment in the Battle of Port Republic. He mentions General Richard Taylor, Colonel H. T. Hays, and the death of Lieutenant Colonel DeChouiseul. For more information see online catalog. Mss. 4903.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Battle, Kemp P. Circular letter, 1865. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Former secretary of the North Carolina Land Agency. Circular letter from Battle recommending the General Southern Land Agency of New York City to his customers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1658.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business

Baxter, Robert Graham. Papers, 1863-1932. .25 linear ft. (146 items, 1 vol.). Location: T:15. Robert Baxter was the son of Reverend H. B. Baxter, a minister of the Christian Church, formerly of Lisbon, Ohio. Reverend Baxter established a Disciples of Christ church in Baton Rouge. Personal letters from friends, Baxter's wife Mary, and members of the Baxter family in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, and Springfield, Missouri. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1819.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, Civil War

Beall, William N. R. (William Nelson Rector), 1825-1883. Telegram, 1862 September 9. 1 item. Location: E:84. Confederate general. Telegram from Port Hudson, Louisiana, to General Daniel Ruggles relating to the defense of the Port Hudson-Baton Rouge area. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3178.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Beauchamp, A. H. (Andre Hamille). Letters, 1863. 2 items. Location: Misc.:B. Letters from Private Andre Hamille Beauchamp in the 1st Alabama Infantry Regiment from Port Hudson to his wife, Margaret. Beauchamp mentions the scuttled ship Indianola and the Essex, Vicksburg, Miss., federal deserters, and rumors of impending attacks. He describes an artillery attack on his position by federal gunboats. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4305, 4403.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. Family Papers, 1818-1912 (bulk 1850-1880). 671 items, 106 vols. (13 ms. vols., 93 printed vols.). Location: U:10-12, F:3, OS:B. American army officer, Confederate general during the Civil War, and superintendent of the New Custom House in New Orleans. Collection includes paper and items of financial, legal, political, and personal interest. Other items include recipes; scrapbooks; pamphlets; photographs; notebooks; and some papers of the Cenas family. Included are papers on New Orleans related to railroad, improvement, and other city projects. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 601.

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. Miscellany, 1839-1918 (bulk 1861-1865). 181 items [photocopies). Location: U:13, Map case:D-8, S-1, Mss. Mf.:B. Miscellany consists of correspondence, military records, succession papers, and other documents created and accumulated by Beauregard and family members. Records document Beauregard's military service, his actions during the Civil War, post-war activities, and the settlement of his estate. Family papers include a letter by his father, Jacques Toutant Beauregard (1851), and an undated memoir by his son, Rene Toutant Beauregard. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 763, 780, 785, etc.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Beck, John E. Letter, 1863 March 7. 1 item. Location: Misc:B. Letter written by John E. Beck to Mrs. Margaret Tuckett informing her that her 'companion' George A. Tuckett died of measles at Port Hudson, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3793.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Beebe, William S. Papers, 1864 April 17-June 14. 2 items. Location: Misc:B. Union lieutenant, chief of ordnance in the field and assistant chief of ordnance at Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, in New Orleans. Letter from Louisiana in 2 parts. Part 1 from Grand Ecore mentions Beebe taking prisoners in a battle, 'poor Sanderson's' death, and General Stone's departure from the field. Part 2 from Alexandria describes leading his regiment and taking enemy ground. Included is a copy of a letter of General N. P. Banks recommending Beebe to Andrew G. Curtin, governor of Pennsylvania. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3302.

Behrnes, J. P. (J. Polite), b. 1829. Journal, 1853-1893 (bulk 1853-1880). 1 v. Location: Misc. This journal of J.P. Behrnes of Irene Plantation in East Baton Rouge Parish, La., records rains; temperatures; and the planting, cultivation, harvesting, and yields of cotton and other crops. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4335.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War

Belcher, F. A. Letter, 1863 April 18. 1 item (10 pages). Location: Misc:B. Union soldier. Letter to Belcher's mother and brother written from Brashear City (now Morgan City), St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. It remarks on fighting in the area, the death of 'Matthew,' and General N. P. Bank's practice of remaining with his troops during battle. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3196.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Belcher, Francis A. Letters,[1863 Apr. 1]. 2 items. Location: MISC:B. Soldier in the 4th Massachusetts Infantry, Company D. Letters to his family describe marching and camp life and mentions Port Hudson and the explosion of the "Mississippi." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3966.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bell, Helena Jones, Letter, 1938 Jan. 28. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Southern civilian during the Civil War. Letter describes Union occupation, the loyalty of a former slave, Union soldiers killing a child, and harsh living conditions during and after the war. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4545.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, African Americans

Bell, James T. Letter: Johnson Island Prison, Ohio, to Mary Whitaker, Alabama, 1864 February 28. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:B. Confederate officer in the Civil War. Bell assumed charge of the 21st Alabama Infantry after Captain John B. (Boyington) Hazard died at Johnson Island Prison, February 1864. Letter written to Hazard's sister, Mrs. Mary Whitaker and her husband, Benjamin Andrews Whitaker, describing Hazard's illness, last wishes, death, those present at his death, and general conditions of the medical facilities and the prison itself. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 2. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3453.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Bell, John W., Captain. Papers, 1862-1864. 3 items. 1 vol. Location: Misc:B. Captain in the 32nd Alabama Infantry who served in Alabama and Tennessee during the Civil War. He was married to Nancy Bell of Coffeeville, Clarke County, Alabama. Letters to Nancy written from Camp Forney, Alabama, and Lavergne, Tennessee, discuss monetary concerns of the soldiers. Also described are local economic conditions, women searching for food for their children, and women who worked as laundresses. Included is a notebook listing personal items and expenses of John W. Bell. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 2. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 771.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Bell, William R., ca. 1814-1874. Papers, 1842-1941 (bulk 1842-1874). 78 items, 2 vols. Location: C:6. Native of Scotland, mortician, and owner of Union Stables in New Orleans. Business papers document Bell's stable and mortuary and include transactions with Union soldiers occupying New Orleans. Correspondence with his family discusses economic conditions and the Civil War. Collection includes a photograph of Bell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2117, 2118.

Belmont, August, 1816-1890. Letter, 1863 September 10.1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:B. German immigrant, financier, and diplomat of New York City, who was married to Caroline Slidell Perry in 1849. Letter written to Rhode Island governor William Sprague recommending the promotion of Captain William J. Slidell, giving an account of his war record, and commending him for resisting inducements to join the Confederacy under the patronage of his uncle. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1557.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Benedict, Edwin Letters, 1862 Dec. 12-1863 Mar. 20. 13 items.Location: Misc:B. Corporal with Company G of the 23rd Connecticut Infantry. Mentions the building of Fort Massachusetts and the presence of female Confederate prisoners at Ship Island, and describes food, camp conditionsand illness, as well as duty guarding Louisa Plantation, his interaction with slaves, and belief war is divine lesson for slaveholders. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4318.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, African Americans

Bennett family. Papers, 1862-1910. 220 items, 1 volume. Location: W:25, OS:B. Residents of Trenton, Monroe, and Plain Dealing, Louisiana. Confederate soldier's letters, from John Bennett, describe Civil War camp life, the Battle of Corinth, and aspects of the Vicksburg campaign. Family letters pertain mainly to children's welfare and education, household management, and social life. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2976.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bennett, Ezra. Family Papers, 1818-1881. 217 items [on microfilm]. Location: Mss.Mf:B. Planter and storekeeper of Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana. Papers include letters written from Port Hudson and Camp Pratt, Louisiana, during the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2896.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, Business

Benson family. Papers, 1775-1969, undated. 2,790 items, 27 volumes (on 11 microfilm reels). Location: E:105, MSS.MF:B. Cotton planters of DeSoto Parish, Louisiana. Letters, documents, and plantation diaries reflect plantation economy, the administration of secondary schools, the history and administration of the Baptist Church, and civilian and military participation in the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2424, 2440.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Plantations, Civil War, Education, Business

Betts, Ephraim. Diaries, 1862 Sept. 2-1864 Feb. 19. 4 items (2 ms. Vols.). Location: J:13, Mss. Mf.:B. Sergeant in the 114th New York Volunteers during the Civil War. Diaries describe Betts' journey from New York to New Orleans, camp life, the assault on Port Hudson. The Confederate surrender, the Sabine Pass Expedition, and events on the boat back to New York. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3433.

Billiu, John S. Civil War letters, 1861-1862. 12 items. Location: 107:18. Civil War letters written by John S. Billiu of the 4th Regiment, Louisiana Infantry from May 1861 to March 1962. They comprise a first person account of a Confederate soldier's life at Louisiana and Mississippi camps early in the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4941.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bills, John H. and family. Papers, 1825-1880 (bulk 1855-1861). 103 items. Location: A:17. Postmaster, merchant, and major of Bolivar, Hardeman County, Tennessee, who also owned a plantation on Bayou Bartholomew, Louisiana. Bills was the father-in-law of Tennessee and Louisiana legislator Horace M. Polk. Personal and business letters discuss lands in Arkansas, dealings with factors, cotton trade, national and Louisiana state politics, the Democratic Party, the Civil War Battle of Shiloh, and slave customs and behavior. Correspondents include Daniel Graham, James Walker, and Horace M. Polk. Additional items consist of statements of accounts, receipts, and bills of lading. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2075.

Binning, Wayne. Collection, 1830-1896. 106 items. Location: U:114. Professor of history at University of Mississippi. Constable's bills of costs (1830, 1832) St. Augustine, Territory of Florida; and other items (1850, 1877-1896) pertaining to the treatment and railroad transportation of prisoners and the insane in the state of Florida. Photographs of American and European historical figures, largely nineteenth century, include Civil War military and political figures. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2043.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, Civil War, Education

Birge, N. A. Papers, 1861-1865 (bulk 1862-1864). 88 items. Location: OS:B, U:15. Confederate assistant quartermaster at Monroe Army Post and Shreveport, Louisiana, and agent of the Trans-Mississippi Department at Jefferson, Texas. Papers include requisitions, vouchers, and receipts for clothing, camp equipment, transportation, and medical supplies. Included are copies of official forms, routine correspondence from army personnel, and a few letters from soldiers. The impressment of cotton in Texas is discussed in two letters from Lieutenant Colonel W. A. Broadwell, Office of the Cotton Bureau, Headquarters, Trans-Mississippi Department. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 2-3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 918, 1036.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans, Medicine

Birge, N. A. Transportation record book, 1862-1863. 1 volume. Location: F:12. N. A. Birge was captain and quartermaster in the Confederate army. Franklin Garrett was transportation agent in the Confederate army. Ledger contains records of transportation tickets issued by N. A. Birge, indicating the movement of Confederate army men and supplies on various railroad, steamboat, and stage lines. Also recorded is the movement of soldiers on sick leave to and from hospitals at Delhi and Monroe, Louisiana, as well as those soldiers who were on detail to Texas or discharged. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1050.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Medicine

Bishop Polk Benevolent Society. Record book, 1862, 1865-1868. 3 items, 1 ms. vol. Location: Misc.:B., M:20. Treasurer's book for benevolent societies at Trinity Church, New Orleans. Entries record the receipts and expenditures of the Benevolent Society. Entries for 1862 give the officers of the 'Ladies Society for the Promotion of Christian Objects.' For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 772.

Black, Norman P. Document, 1861. 1 item [copy]. Location: Misc.:B. Contract containing the terms of sale by William London to Norman P. Black of an African American slave. Notarized by Tom. John McHugh, of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Blair, Frank P. (Frank Preston) 1821-1875. Letter 1866 July 15. 1 item. Location: Union officer and statesman; associate of Andrew Jackson and confidant of Lincoln. Letter from Blair to John Bigelow, U.S. Minister to France, introducing a Civil War Medal of Honor winner, General Adelbert Ames. Blair requests Bigelow's friendly aid for him. The letter refers to Ames' gallant conduct in battle, explaining that he traveled to France to observe the French Army. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Blake, George. Letters, 1861-1863. 8 letters. Location: MISC:B. George Blake, son of Robert Blake and Eliza Judson, was born and lived in Waterford, New York before enlisting into Company H of the 18th New York Infantry at Albany, New York on May 7, 1861.  This collection contains eight letters from George Blake to his second cousin, Eliza Button, during Blake’s service in the Civil War written from 1861 to 1863.  Topics discussed include the moral standing of soldiers, the movements of his company, his ambitions for advancement, maneuvers and confrontations with the rebels, aspects of camp life, and Blake and Button's potential suitors. Mss. 2449.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Blanchard, A.H. Papers 1870-1892. 6 items. Location: 14, A:2. Surgeon on staff of the 3rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry. Papers are comprised of affidavits and letters written to Dr. Blanchard concerning long term disabilities suffered by soldiers, who had become ill at Port Hudson, La. during the Teche campaign in 1863. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3615.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Blanchard, D. A. Receipts, 1863. 3 items. Location: Misc.:B. Confederate captain during the Civil War. Receipts for payment of Blanchard's wages by G. Barksdale, captain and assistant quartermaster, at Richmond, Virginia. Available on microfilm 5735: Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2142.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Boardman, J. G. Letter, 1862 April 8. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:B. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letter written from Camp Taylor, near Huntsville, Alabama, to Boardman's brother comments on the town of Huntsville and its residents and reports that some of the local residents were arrested and held for the good behavior of the rest. It also describes the departure of Boardman's unit from Tuscumbia, and their burning of bridges to cut off Confederate travel and communication by road. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3092.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Boggs, William R., 1829-1911. Reminiscences, 1891. 3 items [photocopies]. Brigadier general of the Confederate army and chief of staff of the Trans-Mississippi Department from November 1862 until the end of the Civil War. Boggs' reminiscences, written in 1891 at the age of 62, cover the entire period of the war, from the election of 1860 until his surrender in June 1865. Also included are two obituary notices from Boston and New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3058.

Bond of James Graham, Marshal, 1863. 1 item. Location: MISC:B. Surety bond issued for Graham and his deputies, one of which was Michael Hahn. He was appointed U.S. Marshal of the Eastern District of Louisiana in May 1863. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4006.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bond, Priscilla Munnikhuysen. Papers, 1858-1908 (bulk 1858-1866). 98 items, 3 volumes, 16 microfiche. Location: B:15, OS:B, MICROFICHE 2729. Resident of Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. Collection consists of correspondence, diaries, poems, and photographs. Diaries record Bond's daily activities and observations relating to plantation life, runaway slaves, social activities, hypnotism, and Civil War experiences and thoughts, including participation by African American soldiers. Available on microfilm 5750: America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 33. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2155.

Bonner, Samuel C. Family Papers, 1772-1886 (bulk 1808-1886). 172 items. Location: UU:111. Cotton planter of Pickens County, Alabama. Papers include family correspondence describing antebellum and post-bellum social conditions in Alabama, South Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisiana, including education at the University of Alabama and news about the Civil War and Reconstruction. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1472, 1507.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education

Bonny, P. L. Papers, 1862-1864. 18 items. Location: Misc.:B. Confederate lieutenant who was commandant of the post at Lake Shore, Mandeville, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, during the Civil War. Papers consist of special orders and related items pertaining to the destruction of cotton, blockade runners, conscription, and an incident entailing a threat by a U.S. gunboat to fire on the town of Mandeville. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1435.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

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