Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Whittlesey, George W. Letters, 1862-1863. 6 items. Location: Misc.:W. Lieutenant colonel of the Thirteenth Connecticut Volunteers serving under General Nathaniel Banks during the First Red River Campaign. Letters from Thibodaux, Baton Rouge, Brashear City (now Morgan City), Alexandria, and New Orleans, Louisiana, to his cousin Eliza in Waterford, New York. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2449.

Wilbor, George W. Letter, 1863 Jan. 25. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. Union soldier. Letter from a camp opposite Vicksburg about the taking the Arkansas Post, the behavior of soldiers, and the conditions of civilians in the settlement. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3328.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Wildbahn, Ann D. Letter, 1867 October 16. 1 item. Location: Misc:W. Letter written by Ann Wildbahn relating the effects of the Civil War on her neighbors and neighborhood; postwar conditions in Travis County, Texas; and the presence of military rule in Austin, Texas. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Wildman, John Hazard. Papers, 1849-1991 (bulk 1932-1980). 14.5 linear ft. Location Z:16-24, Vault:1, OS:W. John Hazard Wildman was a Professor of English at LSU from 1940-1981. His great-uncle, John Boylston Hazard, served as Captain of the 24th Alabama Infantry, Company I during the Civil War. Papers include correspondence, manuscripts, and printed material documenting Wildman's career in teaching and writing. Manuscripts consist of novels, short stories, essays, and poems, both published and unpublished. Diaries and personal correspondence describe Wildman's military service during WWII, as well as that of John Boylston Hazard during the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1966, 1967, 2010, 2095, 2169, 2237, 2249, 2371, 2437.

Wilkinson, Micajah. Papers, 1853-1935 (bulk 1855-1880). .3 linear ft. (116 items, 33 printed vols.). Location: E:39. Farmer of Liberty, Amite County, Mississippi. Personal correspondence of Wilkinson and his wife. Letters from Nancy Willard and her granddaughter provide information about religion, the temperance movement, agriculture, race relations, and community events in Collinsburg, Bossier Parish, Louisiana. Civil War correspondence describes camp life in Mississippi, Confederate conscription, the battle at Shiloh, hardships on women, and the siege of Vicksburg. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 707.

William Death Voucher, 1865 June 19. Location: W. A voucher issued for wages paid to William Death, the cook of the Natchez, Miss., prison. A. S. Mitchell signed the voucher. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 5056.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Williams, T. Harry (Thomas Harry), 1909-, Papers. 1,174 items, 40 linear ft., 15 vols., 50 sound cassettes. Location: 34-; Mss. Mf.:W; OS:W; Vault:81. Boyd Professor of History at LSU. Professional papers include correspondence relative to publications, teaching, research, and lectures; and manuscripts of textbooks and scholarly publications, including his Pulitzer Prize-winning biography, "Huey Long." Research materials, which comprise a large portion of this collection, contain notes, note cards, legal documents, and clippings pertaining to the Civil War, major Civil War figures, U.S. history, military history, and Louisiana governor and senator, Huey P. Long. Included are Civil War correspondence and diaries (most are transcripts or copies), speeches of Huey P. Long, and oral history interviews relating to Long. Audio cassette tapes are available for speeches and some interviews. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2489, 2510.

Williams, T. Harry (Thomas Harry), 1909-1979. Manuscripts, 1952, 1961, 1964. 9 items. Location: 34. Boyd Professor of History at LSU. Typescript, galley proofs, and plate proof of LINCOLN AND HIS GENERALS (New York, 1952). Manuscripts for three of four chapters of ROMANCE AND REALISM IN SOUTHERN POLITICS (1961); the chapter on the Civil War in the CAMBRIDGE MODERN HISTORY; and LINCOLN THE MILITARY STRATEGIST and Chapters XXI through XI and related bibliography of volume I, of A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1964, 2158.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, LSU, Literature

Williams, T. Harry (Thomas Harry), 1909-1979. Lecture video tapes, 1978. 63 VHS videocassettes. Location: AA:. A distinguished historian, prolific writer, and dynamic lecturer, Williams taught American history at LSU from 1941 until his retirement in 1979. These video tapes record lectures on the Civil War delivered by T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University during the fall semester 1978. They are arranged chronologically by date of lecture. Mss. 4084.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, LSU

Williams, Thomas Harry, 1909-1979. Papers, 1861-1971. 40 linear ft., 15 vols., 50 sound cassettes. Location: 34:, OS:W, Mss. Mf.:W, Vault. Boyd Professor of History at LSU. Professional papers include correspondence relative to publications, teaching, research, and lectures; and manuscripts of textbooks and scholarly publications, including his Pulitzer Prize-winning biography, "Huey Long." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2489, 2510.

Wilsford, Inez Smith, 1855-1939. Reminiscence, circa 1900-1939. 1 item [typed copy]. Location: Misc.:W. Resident of Ringgold, Georgia. Memories of the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2671.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Wilson, James H. Letters, 1909, 1913. 2 items. Location: Misc.:W. Resident of Wilmington, Delaware, and cavalry officer in the Union army during the Civil War. Letters to Colonel Eben Swift. One compliments Swift on an article published in the "Journal of Military Service Institution;" the other comments on notices being given his book "Under the Old Flag." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 986.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

Wilton Plantation letter, 1863 April 1. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. Cotton plantation apparently located in Louisiana and apparently owned by W. C. Wagley of Lake Providence. Letter from the plantation manager to Wagley reports on progress of picking and ginning operations under federal government contract and contraband labor. Information is provided about disposition of abandoned plantations and relations with freedmen. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2983.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Wimberly, Thomas J. Correspondence, 1861-1862. 5 items [photocopies]. Location: Misc. Resident of Sumter County, Alabama. Letters consist of Confederate soldier's letter describing reception of soldiers by civilians and letters concerning the death of a Confederate soldier in the Montgomery, Alabama, hospital. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2793.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Wise, James Calvert. Papers, 1860-1917. 1.75 linear ft., 2 volumes. Locations: UU:154-155, K:37, OS:W, Vault:1. Native of Maryland who settled in Rapides Parish, Louisiana. During the Civil War he organized the Red River Rebels, which became part of the First Louisiana Regiment. Wise owned Grand Bend Plantation on the Red River. Collection contains Wise's personal, political, business, and military papers. Printed items include Confederate tax forms, currency, a notice to planters and freedmen from the U.S. Army, and papers related to the Republican party. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3239.

Witherell, W. Frank. Papers, 1839-1958 (bulk 1860-1889). 6 linear ft. Location W:129-135, F:19, OS:W. Native of New York, West Point graduate, businessman and entrepreneur, in business with his uncle, W. H. H. Witherell, a New Orleans commission merchant and dealer. Correspondence related to the wholesale trade in hides and mining ventures in the West comprises the majority of this collection. Early papers relate to W. H. H. Witherell's dealings in Natchez and offer insight into the attitudes of West Point cadets towards the Civil War and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (1860-1865). Items associated with the hide trade include, shipping records, invoices, bills of lading, bank drafts, and receipts. Additional papers pertaining to mining enterprises contain assay certificates, invoices, contracts, deeds and reports on mines. Also included is material related to extending telephone service west of the Mississippi River and a plantation journal recording daily work activities, and sugarcane production for Magnolia Plantation, Plaquemine Parish, La. (1877-1880). Mss. 1498, 1503, 1555, 1776.

Withers, John. Diaries, 1856-1862. 3 vols. (on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf.:W United States Army officer. Diaries reflect Withers' military service as a career officer. He discusses his military service, social and personal life, religion, travel by steamer to Portland and Vancouver, and occasional problems with the Yakama Indians. Additionally, he comments on the political crisis in South, Abraham Lincoln's inauguration, and his resignation from the U.S. Army in order to support the Confederate cause. He describes events at the beginning of the Civil War, and his health and the health of family members. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1566.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Politics, Civil War, Medicine

Witt, Josiah C. Letter to Mr. E. W. Witt, 1863 March 3-7. 1 item. Location: Misc:W. Union soldier in the 42nd Massachusetts Infantry in the Civil War. Witt's letter to his family describes his unit's activities at New Orleans, camp news, the lack of provisions for Confederate forces, the poor condition of prisoners taken at Galveston, and the surrender of Confederate officers. The letter also describes the lack of resistance to gun boats passing forts on the Mississippi River and the seizure and destruction of cotton along the river. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3659.

Wood, Robert C. Letter, 1864 September 17. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. Confederate cavalry officer. Letter to Confederate General Wirt Adams discusses disposition of a shipment of Enfield rifles. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2942.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Wood, William H. Letter, 1861. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. William H. Wood was a corporal in the Union army. In a letter to Mr. Tabor, Wood requests an Indian rubber blanket. Writing from near Arlington Heights, Wood refers fondly to the Battle of Ball's Bluff, describes the rebel yell of Mississippi troops, and mentions Falls Church. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3964.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Wood, William H. Letter, 1861 Oct. 31. 1 letter. Location: Misc.:W.
Letter from William H. Wood to Mr. Tabor requesting an Indian rubber blanket. Wood, writing from near Arlington Heights, refers fondly to the Battle of Ball's Bluff, describes the rebel yell of Mississippi troops, and mentions Falls Church. Mss. 3964.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Woods, George H. Letter, 1865 July 7. 1 item. Location: Misc.:L. Union Officer. George H. Woods in Washington, D.C., writes the Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, seeking appointment as an Inspector in the Subsistence Department with the rank of lieutenant colonel. Mss. 3858.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Woodward, Thomas. Succession document, 1864. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: Misc.:W. Draft of a petition for a family meeting and orders annexed in Winn Parish, Louisiana. Signed by A. H. Pierson, attorney for the petitioners. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2277.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Workman, James H. Papers, 1910, 1938. 3 items. Location: Misc. Captain in the U.S. Army; brother of Major John David Workman, the first LSU student killed in the Civil War; and son of Dr. James Carey Workman of Rapides Parish, Louisiana. Letter from Captain Workman and an address by Judge J. R. Thornton at the presentation of a picture of Major John Workman to LSU. A newspaper clipping (1938) relates the story and also gives family genealogy and background. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1589.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, LSU

Worthley, Daniel E. Letters, 1861-1864. 8 items. Location: MISC:W. Letters from Daniel E. Worthley of the 26th Massachusetts Infantry to his family. Worthley wrote the letters while stationed at Camp Chase, Ship Island, and in Louisiana. Worthley briefly mentions General Butler, the "Constitution," and witnessing gunboats firing on each other. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3946.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Wray, David M., Letter [1863]. 1 item. Location: Misc:W. Private in Company K of the 19th Kentucky Infantry Regiment promoted to 1st Sergeant. Letter from Milliken's Bend, La., mentions work on Grant's Canal, harsh treatment of contrabands and pending conscription law. Refers to family acquaintance in Confederate army. Letter is dated March 14, 1862, but describes events of 1863. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4318.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Wyckoff, Elias. Correspondence, 1862-1863. 11 items. Location: MISC:W. Farmer from Jasper, Steuben County, New York, and a member of the 161st New York Volunteers in the Civil War, serving with an ambulance corps. Exchange of letters between Wyckoff and his wife refers to the military situation in Baton Rouge and Port Hudson, Louisiana. Wyckoff comments on his duties as an ambulance driver. His wife writes of money scarcity, farm problems, and life in Jasper. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1396, 1428, 1437.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Baton Rouge, Medicine

Wyman, U. S. Letter, 1864 March 11. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. Union army soldier in the Civil War. Letter from New Orleans pertains to personal health and military duties. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032.

Wynkoop, Richard Letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc:W. A native of New Jersey, Wynkoop was a lawyer living in New York City during the Civil War. Letter outlines Wynkoop's stance on the issues of abolition and rebellion. For further information, see online catalog. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4078.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Wynne, Michael D. Collection, 1826-1976. 6 linear ft., 13 volumes. Location: W:34-35; P:19; 5:31-32, 43; VAULT MRDF 6; VAULT:1, 25; OS:W. Resident of Lafayette, Louisiana, and collector of historical materials on south Louisiana history and culture. Collection includes papers of planters, Civil War soldiers, politicians, and professionals. It contains letters, Confederate currency, sheet music, photographs, newspaper clippings, and scrapbooks documenting New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Lafayette, and surrounding parishes. Also included are papers of the Mayer Brass Band of Opelousas, Louisiana (1892-1909). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3053.

Yawyer, Peter H. Letter, 1863 January 10. 1 item. Location: Misc.:Y. Union soldier of the 75th New York Infantry stationed at Camp Stevens near Thibodaux, Louisiana. Letter from Yawyer to his brother in New York commenting on Confederate guerilla activities, civilian morale, the general attitude of freed slaves and the effectiveness of black troops. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2735.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Yeatman, Scott, 1838-1931. Family papers, 1860-1885 (bulk 1860-1863). 18 items. Location: Misc. Scott Yeatman of Glendale, Ohio, and Leonida "Nida" George of Dayton, Ohio, married on October 1, 1861. Her brother, Augustus George, served with the 5th Indiana Cavalry Regiment during the Civil War. Many of these letters were written by Augustus George to Scott & Leonida Yeatman and his mother, Anna Fulton George, describing military life during the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4363.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Yost, William, 1841-1910. Civil War diary, 1863-1864. 1 diary. Location: Misc. William Yost enlisted with the 104th Ohio Infantry Regiment, organized at Massillon, Ohio, on August 4, 1862. This typescript of William Yost's diary records rations and clothing issued to men in his company; camp life; experiences marching through Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia; and other events. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4550.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Young, Robert Thomas, 1812-1890. Family Papers, 1793-1927 (bulk 1830-1890). 0.5 linear ft. Location: E:35, OS:Y. Cotton planter of the Plains in upper East Baton Rouge Parish. Correspondence, legal documents, financial papers, slave lists and bill of sale, personal papers, and printed items document the lives of the Young family. Included are letters written during the Civil War by Robert's sister-in-law, Julia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4548.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War, African Americans

Zackman, William. Letters, 1862-1863. 2 items. Location: Misc.:Z. Union soldier from Maine encamped at Baton Rouge and Port Hudson, Louisiana. Zackman's letters to family members, showing the enthusiastic reaction of a Northerner to southern scenery and tropical foods upon his arrival in Baton Rouge and later his disgust with the Louisiana climate and the hardships of military life. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1418.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

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