Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Corbin, Robert A., d. 1906. Papers, 1835-1917 (bulk 1870-1898). 1,202 items; 10 vols. Location: E:8-9. Land speculator and businessman of Louisville, Kentucky, New Orleans, and Hammond, Louisiana. Collection includes land sale and business papers. Civil War-era papers deal with Kentucky claims against the federal government. Post-1870 papers with business partnerships with Lucy I. Burgess, including purchase of the Melrose Dairy in New Orleans. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 6-8. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 705.

Cormier Family papers, 1863-1864. 5 items [photocopies]. Location: Misc.:C. Residents of St. Landry Parish, Louisiana. Legal documents. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2741.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cotton, George. Letters, 1862. 4 items. Location:Misc:C. Letters by George Cotton to his wife and to a fellow Union officer concern personal and family matters and relate war news, with references to the Battle of Shiloh and evacuation of Corinth, Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4744.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cotton, William Davis and Family. Papers, 1852-1989. 1 linear ft., 4 vol. Location: S:136, OS:C, H:14. Collection contains correspondence and papers belonging to the Cotton Family. This includes the Civil War correspondence of Dr. Drury P. Gibson and his sister Mary Gibson Cotton, correspondence between George Spencer Cotton and his fiancée Lizzie Davis (1888-1890), and correspondence, photographs, and printed items belonging to William Davis Cotton, attorney of Rayville, La, and former president of LSU Alumni Federation (1969-1989). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4780.

COURIER (Natchez, Miss.), 1862 May 22. 1 item. Location: 99:. Single issue on blue paper. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3365.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Cousinard, Edward. Papers, 1829-1909 (bulk 1863-1875). 848 items, 7 ms. vols. Location: B:140-142, OS:C, O:59. Public official of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Cousinard served as Baton Rouge mayor, parish sheriff, and superintendent of the Louisiana Institute for the Blind. Papers include memorandum books (1862-1869) and a receipt book (1865-1866); a list of members of the Vigilante Committee (1862-1865); and receipts and business letters pertaining to Cousinard's duties as sheriff. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 87.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, Baton Rouge

Craven, James W. and M.T. Letters, 1863-1892. 5 letters. Location: Misc. James W. Craven, M.T. Craven, Susannah Craven, and Ella Craven were siblings from Fredericktown, Ohio. Letters sent by James W. Craven and M.T. Craven to Susannah Craven in August 1863 describe their experiences in the Battle of Gettysburg. Other letters from James Craven discuss family matters and his life in Colorado. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4551.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cree, A. B. (Alfred B.). Letters, 1863-1864. 7 items. Location: Misc:C. Captain of the Iowa 22nd Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. Letters to Cree's wife, Mattie, in Iowa City, written from the Atchafalaya River Basin of Louisiana. They refer to camp life and military engagements at Brashear City (now Morgan City), Berwick City, the Vermilion River, and Morganza Bend. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4064.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Crescent Regiment descriptive list, 1862 November 26. 1 item. Location: E:84. The Crescent Regiment, also called the 24th and the Consolidated Regiment of Louisiana Infantry in the Civil War. Descriptive list of Captain A. D. Lewis's Company K. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1908.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Currency collection,1756-1919 (bulk 1861-1864). 275 items. Location: Vault:4. Colonial currency issued by New Jersey; Continental currency issued by South Carolina; Civil War currency issued by the Confederate States of America, individual states, parishes, counties, cities, banks, and other private businesses or persons. Included is script issued by the City of Baton Rouge; and currency issued by the governments of Japan (Philippine occupation), Russia, Austria-Hungary, France, Italy, and Poland. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893, 965, 1177,1187, 1294, 1508, 3033, 3034, 3114, 3472, 3531, 4883.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business, Baton Rouge

Currency collection, f1756-1919 (bulk 1861-1864). 275 items. Location: Vault:4. The majority of the currency was issued during the Civil War by Louisiana, individual parishes and municipalities of Louisiana, and the Confederate States of America. Some currency was also issued by United States Treasury, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, Missouri, Virginia, Louisiana banks, and private businesses. Bills not related to the Civil War were issued by New Jersey (1756), North Carolina (1779), Russia (1918-1919), and include a certificate issued by the Hungarian Fund (1852), a Mississippi and Alabama Rail Road Company twenty dollar note, January 1, 1838. Vignette of steamboats and Robert Fulton and others. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893, 965, 1177, 1187, 1294, 3531, 4907.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business

Currency collection, 1864.1 item. Location: Vault-4. Confederate States of America ten dollar bill, Richmond, Virginia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2060-83.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Curtis, John Calvin. Letter, circa 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. John Calvin Curtis, a native of Bridgeport, Conn., joined Company I of the Connecticut 9th Infantry Regiment in 1861. Letter from Curtis in New Orleans, La describes his experience recuperating at St. James Hospital there, malnourishment among Union army soldiers, guerilla attacks on his regiment in sugar cane fields, the Battle of Baton Rouge (1862), and Union Army maneuvers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4865.

Daigre, H. L. Report, 1862 August 12. 1 item. Location: Misc. Confederate captain and a member of the Creole Chargers in the 1st Louisiana Cavalry during the Civil War. Daigre's report to Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles of the Union naval losses on and after the first Battle of Baton Rouge and the names of the ships from Farragut's fleet participating in the burning of Donaldsonville. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1495.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Daily Citizen (Vicksburg , Miss.), 1863 July 2. 1 page. Location:99:. Page of a Confederate newspaper printed on wallpaper. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2634.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Dane, E. Letters, 1862-1864. 9 items. Location: Misc:D. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letters, the earliest of which was written in New Orleans commenting on social and economic conditions in the city. Later letters written in the Teche country of Louisiana comment on conditions in that area. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1460, 1493, 2991.

Davidson, Neal. Papers, 1837-1862. 4 items. Location: Misc. Resident of Cotile, Louisiana. Papers of Major Davidson include a letter (1862) notifying Davidson of a meeting of the Board of Supervisors of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning at the Ice House Hotel, Alexandria, Rapides Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education

Davis, E. F., 1841-1899. Papers, 1856-1899 (bulk 1872-1886). 0.25 linear feet. Location: A:72. Baton Rouge businessman who, along with several partners including Thomas B. Brown, formed the Grange Store and the Baton Rouge Cooperative Association. Collection consists of financial and business papers of the Grange Store, meeting minutes of the Baton Rouge Cooperative Association, photocopies of personal letters, and a death and funeral notice. One letter comments on the Civil War in Baton Rouge. Also includes the financial and legal papers of Thomas B. Brown, one of Davis' business partners. These papers consist of ledger sheets and bills for the sale and purchase of cotton, tax receipts, and promissory notes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4312.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business, Baton Rouge

Davis, George H. Letters, 1862-1864. 6 items. Location: Misc:D. Union soldier in the 26th Massachusetts Regiment in the Civil War. Letters written to family members while Davis was stationed in New Orleans, Algiers, and Morganza, Louisiana, comment on conditions in occupied New Orleans, Confederate prisoners, and gun boat battles. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3328.

Davis, Henry Winter, 1817-1865. Letters, 1852-1866, undated55 items [photocopies]. Location: U:181. American statesman and orator, and U.S. representative from Maryland (1856-1865). Letters to state and national political figures relate to the American Party, particularly in Maryland; Republican Party politics; the presidential elections of 1856 and 1860; and attitudes toward slavery and emancipation. Post-Civil War letters refer to the treatment of Confederate sympathizers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2392, 2408.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, African Americans

Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. Miscellany, 1877 March 17, undated 4 items [photocopies]. Location: Misc.:D. U. S. congressman (1845-1851, 1857-1861) from Mississippi, U. S. Secretary of War (1853-1857), president of the Confederate States of America (1861-1865). Letter to John B. Lafitte comments on the death of George A. Trenholm. Included are copies of the obituary of Lafitte and of an article entitled 'The Last Volley at Appomattox Court House and the Apple Tree.' Also included is a fragmentary article by Confederate Major Caleb Hose describing cotton purchases made by the Confederate government. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2503.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Davis, Pliny Earl. Papers, 1842-1896. 21 items. Location: Misc:D, OS:D. Notary of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. Personal papers include a family register and two letters from Davis to his son relating family matters, his displeasure over his son re-enlisting into army, scarcity and prices of goods, and run away slaves. Business papers of Davis contain legal documents pertaining to the transfer of property, a promissory note, the resulting instrument of protest when the note was not honored, and tax notices. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Davis, Richard M. Letter, 1864 July 5. 1 item. Location: Misc. Union soldier. Letter describes discipline and lifestyle of troops at Port Hudson, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3328.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Davis, Varina Howell. Photograph, 1849. 1 item. Location: Vault:39. Wife of Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America. 1 1/6 plate studio portrait cased daguerreotype of Varina Davis, possibly taken at Natchez, Miss., circa 1949. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1678.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Dawes, Henry Laurens, 1816-1903. Letter, 1861 Jan. 1. 1 item. Location: Misc.:D. U.S. senator from Massachusetts. Letter to 'My Dear Kimball' in Washington, D.C., referring to national and Massachusetts politics and the prospect of war. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2544.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Day of Jubelo Carte cartoon, 1865.1 printed item. Location: E:69. Carte-sized cartoon drawn by E. B. Bensell and printed in Philadelphia depicting emancipated slaves celebrating freedom in their former master's house. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2918.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Dayroll of cotton pickers, 1864 October 31. 1 item. Location: Misc:D. Detailed roster listing names and wages of freedmen put to work picking cotton on President Island, Mississippi, during the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

De Saulby, A. B. Manuscript map of Baton Rouge, ca. 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc.:D. Lieutenant of the Engineer Corps. Ink drawn map of Greenwell Springs Road and parallel Benton Ferry Road to the Comite River and Amite River at Denham Springs, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3623.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

DeClouet, Alex, Jr. Letter, 1861 April 17. 1 item. Location: Misc:D. Son of Alexander Etienne DeClouet, sugar planter, state senator from St. Martin Parish, La., and Confederate congressman. DeClouet comments on the Confederate victory at Fort Sumter and recounts difficulties in raising companies in St. Martinville for service in the state militia and enlistees' statements that they will refuse to leave the parish if their units are so ordered. He also mentions his father's desire for him not to enlist yet and to stay home while DeClouet attends the Confederate Congress in Montgombery, Ala. Available on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 3, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4850.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Delelis, O. Leon. Scrapbook, 1843-1874. 1 ms. vol., 1 microfilm reel. Location: UU:252, Mss. Mf.:D. Schoolmaster and writer of St. Martinville and Breaux Bridge, Louisiana. Scrapbook of manuscript writings and newspaper clippings, some pertaining to the Civil War and Reconstruction. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2677.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, French, Literature

Delmer, Alexander. Telegram, 1865 June 1. 1 item (1 leaf). Location: Misc:D. Civil War correspondent for the New Orleans Times in Washington, D.C. Telegram describes the circumstances surrounding the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the persons involved, and their trial. It also relates Jefferson Davis's comments on the murder. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3271.

Department of Louisiana Headquarters, photograph of, circa 1865. 1 photograph. Location: MISC:D. The Department of Louisiana Headquarters was located on Carondolet and Julia Streets in New Orleans, La. At the end of the Civil War, the three-story building acted as Union Army headquarters. A carte-de-visite style photograph of the Department of Louisiana Headquarters depicting a three story building with an American flag on a third floor balcony. One the back, there is a revenue stamp and an inscription of the building's name and location. Mss. 5103

Dickinson, Mary A. Scrapbook, 1861-1867, 1904, 1922. 2 items and 1 ms. vol., 1 printed vol. Location: Misc., OS:D, P-17. Newspaper clippings collected during the Civil War by Dickinson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1987.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Dixon, George M. Papers, 1861-1863. 8 items. Location: Misc:D. Merchant of Downsville, Union Parish, Louisiana, and a Confederate soldier. Letters describe campaigns and camp life in Mississippi and Louisiana, including the battles of Vicksburg and Port Hudson. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2616.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Dixon, William Y., 1843-1874. Papers, 1860-1905 (bulk 1860-1874). 14 items (9 ms. vols.). Location: UU:119. Confederate soldier, student. Diaries record the battles at Baton Rouge (Aug. 1862), Vicksburg (1862), and Port Hudson (1863) and casualties suffered. Entries also refer to camp life 1860-1864), transportation of troops by steamboats (1863), diseases among soldiers and civilians (1860-1864), and the involvement of African American soldiers at Port Hudson. Other material relates to his education and financial affairs. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3423.

Doke, Fielding Yeager. Papers, 1849-1910 (bulk 1860-1868). 54 items. Location: U:120. Captain of 9th Missouri Regiment, Confederate States Army. Papers relate principally to Doke's service in the Trans-Mississippi Department of Louisiana and Arkansas. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2215.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Dougherty, J. W., Mrs. Pass, 1865. 1 item. Location:Misc.:D. Pass issued by Headquarters, Northern Division of Louisiana, Baton Rouge, April 21, 1865, to pass the lines and return. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Baton Rouge

Dougherty, John A., b. 1809. Papers, 1861-1890. 8 ms. vols. and 1 item (on 1 microfilm reel). Location: Mss.Mf:D. Native of New York, plantation owner, and prominent citizen of Baton Rouge. Dougherty served as a police juror and as president of the New Board of Control of the penitentiary. Six diaries of Dougherty and two receipt books, one of which belonged to A. T. Prescott. Diary entries report on family, neighbors, acquaintances, and associates; historical events and personages; social activities; and government, law, and health. Also included are entries reporting on the cotton and sugar plantation economy; climate; and dreams. Noteworthy are the entries pertaining to the Civil War and the daily notations on weather. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3528.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Plantations, Civil War, Baton Rouge

Douglas, Emily Caroline, b. 1840. Papers, 1855-1913 (bulk 1855-1868). 9 items, 2 ms. vols., 1 printed vol. Location: U:49, Mss.Mf:D. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 8-9. Connecticut native and resident of Louisiana and Mississippi. Autobiography, diary, and writings describe life in New England; with her brother, the Rev. William Kirtland Douglas, near Natchez, Mississippi, during the Civil War; at New Iberia, Louisiana; in various Mississippi towns; and in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 566.

Doyle, Ned. Letter, 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc:D. Maine soldier stationed at Ship Island, Mississippi, during the Civil War. Letter describes the natural environment of Ship Island and the conditions of the soldiers at the camp. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3635.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

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