Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Draft of Louisiana ordinance of secession, 1861, 1936. 1 manuscript, 1 letter. Location: OS:D. This draft of the Louisiana ordinance of secession was prepared by Lemuel Parker Conner Sr. and John Perkins Jr., delegates for Madison, Tensas, and Concordia parishes. A letter from Lemuel Parker Conner Jr., dated March 6, 1936, provides a full account of the creation and custodial history of the document. Positive and negative photocopies. Mss. 405.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Drummond, John A. Account, 1913. 1 item. Location: Misc.:D. John A. Drummond, at the time a drummer with the Texas Heavy Artillery, gives his account of the Battle of Sabine Pass, Tex., on Sept. 8, 1863. Mss. 3995.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Dufour, Charles L. Digest, 1861-1862, 1959. 1 vol. [on microfilm]. Location: Mss. Mf.:D. Historian and author.Research notes taken from New Orleans newspapers and other sources pertaining to New Orleans prior to the Federal occupation in 1862, collected by Charles L. Dufour for a book on the fall of the city during the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1536.

Duncan, Abner L. Papers, 1825-1866 (bulk 1841-1862) 13 items. Location: Misc.:D. Planter of Baton Rouge, La. Correspondence between Abner L. Duncan and his relatives concerning the management of his late father's estates, the deaths of family members, and issues of inheritance among family members. Also included is an exchange of letters between Leon Bonnecaze, the French vice consul at Baton Rouge, and David Farragut of the U.S. Navy, regarding the bombardment of Baton Rouge on May 28, 1862. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4199.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, Baton Rouge

Duncan, Mary. Letter, circa 1862-1864. 1 letter, 1 transcript. Location: MISC:D. Daughter-in-law of Stephen Duncan and sister-in-law of Stephen Duncan, Jr. Letter from Mary Duncan, New York, to Major General Henry Halleck, General-in-Chief of the United States Army. Duncan writes seeking protection for her father-in-law Stephen Duncan's plantations and lands in Natchez, Mississippi and Franklin, Louisiana from Confederate forces and U.S. Army confiscation practices. She claims that her family's bales of cotton have been destroyed by Confederate forces and that U.S. Army forces have depredated the Duncan family's nine plantations, causing them to lose "many negroes," and her brother-in-law Stephen Duncan, Jr.'s house. Mss. 5378

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War, African Americans

Duncan, Stephen, 1787-1867. Correspondence, 1817-1877. 158 items, 2 vols. Location: S:120. Planter and banker of Natchez, Mississippi. Correspondence includes letters from friends and family concerning social, political, and economic problems of Reconstruction. Papers include legal documents, bills, and receipts. A daybook includes lists of slaves present at Homochitto Plantation. Included is a diary of W. P. Duncan, son of Stephen Duncan, Jr., describing his travels in France and Italy. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061 as the Stephen Duncan Family Papers, Mss. 1403, 1793: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1403, 1431, 1551, 1595, 1793.

Duncan, Stephen and Stephen Duncan, Jr. Papers, 1846-1899. 255 items, 11 ms. Vols. Location: U:49, F:17, Mss.Mf:D. Planter and banker of Natchez, Mississippi. Duncan plantations included L'Argent, Auburn, Camperdown, Carlisle, Duncan, Duncannon, Duncansby, Ellisle, Homochitto, Middlesex, Oakley, Rescue, Reserve, and Attakapas. Correspondence, business papers, diaries, and plantation and personal records of Dr. Stephen Duncan and his son, Stephen, Jr., who also resided in New York City. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 126, 721.

Dunham, Levi Nathan, 1821-1871. Diary and cashbook, 1854, 1856, 1864. 1 v. Location: Mf., Misc. Levi Nathan Dunham apparently was a soldier in Colonel Issac Harrison's Third Louisiana Cavalry Regiment beginning in June 1864. His diary records his military service in northeast Louisiana between June and August 1864, as well as unrelated accounts. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4393.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Dunham, Marshall. Photograph album, ca. 1861-1865, undated 1 vol. Location:Vault. Photograph album compiled by Sgt. Marshall Dunham of the New York 159th regiment consists of photographs taken in Louisiana during the Civil War. They are categorized according to cities, with the largest group being New

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Dunham, Marshall. Photograph Album, 1861-867. 1 album (200 images). Locations: E: 65. Union soldier of the New York 159th Infantry and the 77th Colored Infantry regiments. Album consists of images made by various photographers during the Civil War. They depict buildings, structures and scenes in several Louisiana locations, including New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Port Hudson, and Donaldsonville, and Point Mobile, Ala. In addition, there are images of Union naval ships, officers and crew. There is also a set of twelve John Rogers statuary images created and marketed by Maurice Stadtfeld. Mss. 3241.

Dupuy, Helene. Diary, 1861-1865. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of Donaldsonville, Louisiana. Typewritten copy of a diary kept by Helene Dupuy during the Civil War. The diary mentions Louisiana Confederate units and Union activity around Donaldsonville. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, French

Durnin, James and John. Family Papers, 1849-1881. 24 items, 7 vols. Location: E:4. James Durnin was a resident of St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, and Confederate soldier in the Civil War, serving in Louisiana and Mississippi. John Durnin, a brother, also served in the Confederate army. Papers include correspondence, bills, accounts, clippings of the Durnin family. Correspondence includes Civil War letters of James and John Durnin. Bound volumes include 3 cash books; a minute book of the Pickwick Baseball Club, Amite City, Louisiana; and a notebook with a list of music pieces and some scores. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 697.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Civil War

East Baton Rouge Parish Volunteer Fund letter, 1861. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Printed letter from the corresponding committee of the Volunteer Fund for Confederate volunteers, appealing for gifts of various articles to be sold at some public place in Baton Rouge. Names of members of various committees are listed. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1415.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Easterly, Isaac. Diary. 1833-1865 (bulk 1833-1836). 1 ms. vol. on 1 microfilm reel. Location: Mss. Mf: E. Native of Tennessee, apparently a Baptist clergyman. Diary entries refer to volunteers raised in Jasper, Georgia, to march against the Creek Indians (1833-1836) and include entries and accounts of a blacksmith (1863-1864). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2301.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Civil War, Business

Eaton, Edward O., and Charles Lever. Song, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc. Sheet music of a Civil War song, Camp Fire Song, with words by Charles Lever and music by Edward Eaton. The song is dedicated to Captain Charles E. Fenner of Fenner's Louisiana Battery and was published by Blackmar and Bro., Augusta, Georgia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 134.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Civil War

Eaton, John Letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: MISC:E. Colonel John Eaton Jr. was the General Superintendent of Freedmen for Mississippi, Arkansas, West Tennessee and Northern Louisiana from 1862 ? 1865. Letter to Union General William T. Sherman written in Vicksburg, Miss., proposes the distribution of military companies to assist with the relocation of freedmen from cities to plantations, to serve guard duty, and to act as an armed militia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4106.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Edmonds, Anne Marie Nugent. Papers, 1890-1955. 10 items. Location: VAULT:5, MSS.MF:E. Anne Marie Nugent Edmonds was also known as Nannie Nugent and by her pen name, Nathaniel Nugent. Her papers consist of seven short literary manuscripts whose topics focus on the Old South and were based upon Edmond's own experiences before, during, and after the Civil War. A typed excerpt from "Reminiscence, 1832, On a Louisiana Plantation" centers on the author's grandfather, Judge Seth Lewis, and gives some family history as well as an examination of local customs. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4942.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, African Americans, Literature

Edwards, Albert F. B. Diary, 1862-1863, 1864, 1865. 8 items, 1 ms. Vol. Location: Misc.:E, OS:E. Union soldier from Chester, New Hampshire, and a member of the 15th New Hampshire Regiment in the Civil War. Diary documents ten months of camp routine, a sea voyage to New Orleans and encampment near there, the Port Hudson campaign, and the trip by boat and train back north. Papers also include a listing of personal expenses and miscellaneous items. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3384.

Edwards, Marianne. Letters, 1855-1866 (bulk 1855-1863). 72 items. Location: U:239. Marianne Edwards, formerly of Evansville, Indiana, was the wife of Guy M. Edwards, a Massachusetts sea captain. She took voyages from Boston to New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Letters concern voyages to New Orleans, France, and Spain, among others. Letters (1862-1863) about a voyage along the lower Mississippi River, describe conditions during the Union occupation of New Orleans and the Battle of Port Hudson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1850.

Egan, J. S. Family Papers, 1850-1893. 28 items. Location: UU:118; OS:E. Resident of New Orleans. Papers contain Civil War letters from Virginia and Port Hudson, Louisiana, commenting on the people of New Orleans immediately prior to the surrender of the city and Union Sympathizers during the Union occupation. Included are antebellum letters telling of social conditions in San Francisco, California, following the Gold Rush; medical practice in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana; and travel in Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1467.

Eggleston-Roach Papers, 1825-1903. 285 items, 6 vols. Location: U-51, OS:R. Planters of Wilkinson County and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Mrs. Elizabeth Eggleston of Vicksburg smuggled goods through Union lines to Confederate soldiers. She was subsequently imprisoned and banished from Vicksburg. Diaries and personal papers of members of the Gildart, Eggleston, and Roach families. Horace Nelson Gildart's diary gives an account of a journey through England and Ireland; Dick Hardaway Eggleston's diary records activities on Learmont Plantation. Included are correspondence and orders of Union military authorities concerning Elizabeth Eggleston's activities during the Civil War. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 832.

Elder, John Carroll. Diary, 1862-1863. 1 item. Location: Misc.:E. Diary notes the arrival of federal troops, number and type of Union vessels on local waterways, and the presence of runaway slaves and guerrillas. Elder describes the Union bombardment of Baton Rouge, meetings with neighbors regarding Union soldiers in the area, and his refusal to sign an oath of allegiance. He mentions Union and Confederate officers in the region, including Lieutenant Grimstead and the 21st Indiana Infantry regiment. Elder also refers to church attendance, weather conditions, and planting and selling crops. Includes list of items taken or destroyed by Union soldiers. Mss. 4353.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Elliott, George W. Affidavit, 1865 Aug. 30. 1 item. Location: Misc.:E. In an affidavit witnessed by the justice of the peace of Hinds County, Miss., George W. Elliott declares that the gin house and cotton bales he was guarding were set on fire. The affidavit states that the cotton was the property of the Confederate government. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3860.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Elliott-Prewit family letters, 1856-1891 (bulk 1856-1861). 16 items. Location: Misc. Most of these 14 letters were sent or received by Joshua J. Prewit, J.M. Elliott, and William H. Elliott. They relate family news such as illnesses and deaths, financial matters, hardships anticipated as the Civil War approached, and accounts of military life and other news from each man during his military service. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4377.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Ellis, E. John (Ezekial John), Diary, 1862-1865. 3 items, 2 volumes. Location: C:97, H:14. Memoirs and diary related to the Civil War activities of Ezekiel John Ellis include a political speech and incomplete work of fiction and are accompanied by a transcript, research manuscript and photograph. Diary recounts his participation in fighting up to his capture at Missionary Ridge and his subsequent imprisonment at Johnson's Island. He comments on African-American soldiers and makes reference to literature and poetry. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 2795.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans, Literature

Ellis, E. John (Ezekiel John), 1840-1889. Letter, 1862 May 25. 1 item. Location: Misc.:E. Confederate officer. Ellis comments on General P.G.T. Beauregard's tactics and gives information concerning the evacuation from a camp near Corinth, Miss., after the Battle of Shiloh.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Ellis, E. John, Thomas C. W. and family. Papers, 1829-1936 (bulk 1870-1920). 9.3 linear ft., 72 volumes, 30 microfilm reels. Location: G:5; MSS.MF:E; OS:E; U:52-65. Sons of Ezekiel Parke Ellis, a judge and state legislator from Amite, Louisiana. E. John and Thomas C. W. Ellis were practicing attorneys who were active in Louisiana politics. Both men served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Papers consist of correspondence, legal documents, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and business papers of three generations of the Ellis family. Civil War correspondence includes letters by E. John Ellis from prison camp at Johnson's Island, Ohio. Politics occupies a large place in the correspondence and speeches of 1856-1861 and in the correspondence of the Reconstruction period. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 21-22. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 136.

Ellis, Ezekiel John, 1840-1889. Letter, 1862 May 25. 2 items. Location: Misc. Captain in the 16th Louisiana Infantry in the Civil War. Letter codes a retrospect describing his attitudes toward secession and the Confederacy and recalling his capture at the Battle of Missionary Ridge. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2795.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Ellis, Ezekiel Park, 1807-1884. Family Papers, 1812-1914 (bulk 1839-1866). 180 items; 5 printed. Vols. Location: U:66. Resident of Amite, Louisiana, judge, and a member of the Louisiana legislature. His sons, all lawyers, attended Centenary College in Jackson, Louisiana, and served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Correspondence includes letters to Ellis' wife during travel to court houses in the Florida parishes, and letters from his sons at college and law school (1850s). The bulk of the correspondence consists of Civil War letters from Ellis' sons. The collection includes typescripts of a few slave bills of sale, invitations, certificates, newspaper clippings, and memoranda. Printed volumes include catalogs of Centenary College. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 663.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, African Americans

Ellis, William H., 1839-1892. Papers, 1839-1900. 202 items, 5 ms. Vols., 4 printed vols. Location: U:235, G:5. Confederate soldier and member of the Washington Artillery in the Civil War. Papers include military orders, passes, pay receipts, and 3 diaries (1860-65) that describe camps near Manassas, camp food, the Battle of Chickahominy, his capture and parole, and poems about his military duties. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2274, 4400.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

Ellsworth, William S. Letter, 1864 January 9. 1 letter. Location: MISC:E. Private of the 1st Louisiana Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. Letter to Jane Mason, Brookfield, New York, discusses Ellsworth's release from a Confederate prison, the difference between rations and supplies of the armies, and the draft in Brookfield, New York, his hometown. Mss. 5375.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Ely, John. Letter, 1863 May 9. 1 item. Location: MISC:E. U. S. Captain and Union Provost Marshal during the Civil War. Letter written from Carrollton, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, to Charles W. Muncaster ordering him to leave the parish and go within enemy lines. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3331.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Embree, Joseph. Family Papers, 1826-1884. .88 linear ft. (805 items, 1 vol.). Location: E:19-20. Cotton planter near Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi, and soldier in the Confederate Army. Papers include letters, account statements of cotton brokers, land deeds, contracts, slave bills, receipts, and documents related to education in Wilkinson County. Includes a printed list of the 1879 Democratic state ticket. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 2, Reels 10-11. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 693.

Emery, Cyrus E. Letter, 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc. Union soldier in the 96th Ohio Infantry. Eight-page letter written on board the gunboat Hiawatha near Vicksburg, Mississippi, December 21-27, 1862, reporting on battles and troop movements. Mss. 3365.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Erwin, Isaac. Diary, 1848-1868. 1 volume. Location: W:16. Sugar and cotton planter of Shady Grove Plantation, Bayou Gross Tete, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Diary (photocopies of a typescript) records plantation, personal, and family activities, and mentions local aspects of the Civil War, Reconstruction, epidemic diseases, floods, levee maintenance, and sugar and cotton production. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2933.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Civil War, Medicine

Hawkes, Joshua Gilman, 1831-1863. Letters, 1862-1863. 21 letters. Location: Misc. Joshua Gilman Hawkes of Lynnfield, Mass., served in the 52nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment and took part in the occupation of Baton Rouge and the siege of Port Hudson. This collection consists of transcriptions of letters written by Hawkes from Louisiana describing his encampment in Baton Rouge in January-March, participation in the Teche campaign of April-May, and the siege of Port Hudson in June-July 1863. Mss. 3842.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Eskridge, James I. Letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc. Confederate Soldier. Letter (typed copy) from Eskridge to his wife tells of troop movements and incidents of camp life. The letter is dated August 21, 1864, and written from bivouac on Yockony Creek, near Oxford and Granada, Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 618.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Estes, C. G. Letters, 1900. 2 items. Location: Misc. Letters to John M. Gould, apparently a Civil War veteran of the 29th Maine Infantry, referring to letters by General Manning and other veterans appearing in the Lewiston (Maine) JOURNAL. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 965.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Etienne, Thomas François. Record book, 1845-1861. 1 vol. Location: B:16. Record book of Thomas François Etienne of St. Mary Parish, La., is a source of information on life and economy of the Attakapas area of Louisiana during the 1840s and 1850s. It contains entries of sales and accounts at Etienne's store and diary entries, including the planting of a garden according to the phases of the moon. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2161

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business, French

Evans, H. Letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc.E. Private, 9th Louisiana Infantry, Stafford's Brigade. Letter from H. Evans commenting on the activities of his friends in the Confederate army and in particular the courtesies received by a soldier in a hospital at Richmond from the wives of staff officers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1063.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Medicine

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