Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Gage, E. L. Letter, 1862 January 5. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:G. Unmarried woman whose brother George was a Union soldier during the Civil War. Letter referring to the seizure and release of Confederate diplomats John Slidell and George M. Mason while they were on the British steamer Trent. It reflects Gage's concern about English opposition to the United States. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1585.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Gaines, C. C. and Company. Papers, 1862 March 14. 2 items. Location: Misc. Two-part document from Shreveport, Louisiana, dealing with warehousing and selling four bales of cotton. Included is a small drawing showing a cotton picking scene. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3403.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business

Gaines, Myra Clark, 1805-1885. Letter, 1862 February 13. 1 item. Location: Misc. Daughter of New Orleans merchant Daniel Clark and party to litigation involving Clark's estate. Letter written from Richmond, Virginia, refers to difficulties in obtaining a federal passport to travel to New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3142.

Gardiner, John I. Papers, 1839-1918 (bulk 1839-1877). 43 items (on 1 reel of microfilm and 4 photographic prints). Location: Mss.Mf:G, Misc:G. Cotton planter of Grand Coteau, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana. He was appointed as tax collector of that parish in 1873. Earliest documents include family letters from Maryland, receipts for the burial of slaves, bank drafts, and tax receipts. Included is a Confederate tax estimate and assessment of agricultural products (1863) and Gardiner's appointment as tax collector. Reconstruction broadsides include an announcement concerning special taxes upon all professionals, trades, and stores, letters concerning Governor William Pitt Kellogg, and an address to African American voters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2206.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, African Americans

Garig, William Wallace and Family. Papers, 1855-1959, undated (bulk 1900-1953). 1.75 linear ft., 10 manuscript volumes. Location: 7:58-60, OS:G. Confederate veteran and poultry breeder of Baton Rouge, La. Papers pertain chiefly to W. W. Garig's animal husbandry work and social life and the teaching careers and social lives of his daughters Mercedes and Louise Garig. Materials include correspondence, writings, financial documents, photographic items, printed materials, scrapbooks, and diaries (including W. W. Garig's Civil War diaries). Mss. 2993

Garland, Henry Lastrapes, 1826-1908. Papers, 1778-1940 (bulk 1860-1940). 804 items. Location: 79:94, Vault MRDF 2, Vault:1. Lawyer and landowner of Opelousas, Louisiana. Correspondence, land documents, and legal and business documents of Garland and his wife Celeste. Papers include a legal agreement in French (1778), letters of Confederate civilians, materials relating to St. Landry Parish schools, and materials on railroads in the state. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3087.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Education, French

Garland, J. D. Papers, 1863-1870 (bulk 1863-1864). 20 items; typescript copies. Location: Misc. Confederate soldier. Letters to family members written from Louisiana army camps. A letter of April 12, 1864, contains a brief description of the Battle of Mansfield in which Garland was a participant. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 153.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Garland, Kate A. Papers, 1860-1870 (bulk 1860-1868). 28 items; 1 vol. Location: Misc:G, G:6. Member of a slaveholding family in Virginia. Kate Garland spent several months in Alabama during the Civil War. Papers include a diary (1860-1868) containing descriptions of social life in Virginia and Alabama; and correspondence to and from John Holt Gill, a friend of Kate Garland. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 10-11. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 154.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Garrett, Isaiah. Family Papers, 1840-1879. 36 items, 1 vol. Location: G:6. The Garrett and related Ball and Johnston families, residents of Monroe, Louisiana. Isaiah Garrett was a lawyer. Papers include letters of Isaiah Garrett to members of his family in Missouri; and Civil War letters to Eliza Ball Johnston from her husband, Captain John Washington Johnston, and her brother, Colonel Edward Ball, Confederate officers. Postwar correspondence includes that of John Washington and David White Johnston. There is a cookbook of Mrs. Narcissa Garrett. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 656.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. Correspondence, 1861, 1876, 1879. 9 items. Location: MISC.:G. Massachusetts abolitionist. Letter (1861) in support of the abolitionist cause; four letters offering condolences on the death of Garrison's wife (1876); and one letter to a son (1879) offering condolences on the death of Garrison, with newspaper obituaries. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1350.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Gasparin, Agenor de, 1810-1871. Letters. 1862-1871. 57 items. Location: U:100. French statesman, philanthropist, and writer on religion and abolition. Letters to the American translator of his books discussing the American editions and commenting on American politics, Abraham Lincoln, abolition, the Civil War, and Reconstruction. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1350.

Gaudin, Edward. Document, fcirca 1860s. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of Ascension Parish, Louisiana. Incomplete affidavit in Gaudin's support for property impressed by Union General Banks' command in the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 552.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Gay, Andrew H. (Andrew Hynes) and family. Papers, 1857-1957. 222 items, 9 volumes. Location: Y:82, G:17, OS:G. Sugar planter of Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Papers include Civil War and Reconstruction correspondence, with letters by Confederate officers, including Elias B. Inslee. Diaries kept by Anna Maria Gay McClung, a daughter, record social life in Washington, D.C. and travel (1885-1898). Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 11-12. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2542.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Women, Civil War

Gay, Edward J. and family. Papers, 1797-1938 (bulk 1838-1910). 62 linear ft., 165 volumes. Location: H:25-27, OS:G, VAULT:1, VAULT:33, VAULT:40, Y:1-62, Y:81. Planters of St. Louis Plantation near Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Edward J. Gay was a U.S. representative (1884-1889); his grandson of the same name was a U.S. senator (1918-1921). Personal and business papers of the Gay and related families, containing materials on the Civil War and Reconstruction, St. Louis Plantation, the sugar cane industry, slavery. Also includes Representative Gay's congressional papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1295.

Gay-Butler-Plater family. Papers, 1814-2016. 30.5 linear ft., 25 volumes. Location: G:43-85, OS:G, Q:1-6. Planters of Iberville, Lafourche, and Terrebonne parishes, Louisiana. Correspondence, financial records, legal records, photographic materials, and personal papers created and accumulated by the Gay, Butler, Plater, and Price families of Louisiana documenting their political, social, and financial affairs. Mss. 4872.

Gayarré, Charles E. A. Papers, 1781, 1830-1907 (bulk 1830-1895). 276 items, 4 volumes. Location: UU:9, VAULT:7, MSS.MF:G. Louisiana planter, statesman, jurist and historian. Papers pertain to Gayarré's association with Confederate leader J.D.B. DeBow, his literary career, and the management of his business affairs. Also included is personal correspondence of Gayarré's wife, Anne Shadie Sullivan Buchannon, with members of the William Woodson King family. Some items in French and Spanish. Part of the Grace King Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1282.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Plantations, Women, Civil War, French, Literature

Gayle, W. O. Record book, 1861-1864. 1 vol. Location: G:1. Sheriff of East Feliciana Parish. Record book containing entries for taxes, payments for cleaning the courthouse, amounts due for sale of opium, sums paid on school fund, list of chairs and supplies turned over to the Quartermaster's Office [C.S.A], and similar matters. East Feliciana Parish Archives Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1100.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

General order no. 8, 1865 Mar. 29. 1 item. Location: MISC:G. United States Army surgeon at the United States Army General Hospital (New Orleans, La.). Printed general order establishes separate wards for convalescents, patients with eye disease, and those with syphilis or gonorrhea. For more information, see online catalog. Mss. 3927.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

George W. Brent. Letter, 1871 November 28.1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Letter, addressed to General G. T. Beauregard, sent from Alexandria, Va. Letter recalls the facts, as Brent remembers them, of the Petersburg Mine assault on July 30, 1864. Letter has penciled corrections in Beauregard's hand, some initialed by him. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3196.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Gibbs, Joe. Affidavit, 1865 Aug. 29. 1 affidavit. Location: Misc. This affidavit, made in Vicksburg, Miss., by Joe Gibbs, relates the marking for government use of 200 bales of cotton owned by a Dr. Smith, his hiding some of the cotton in the woods at the end of the war, and the burning of his cotton gin the same night. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4401.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War

Gibson, Randall Lee, 1832-1892. Papers, 1861-1863. 25 items (enlargement prints). Location: H:15. Confederate general. Papers consist of special orders, sick lists, reports, muster rolls, and related items. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2422.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Gibson, Randall Lee, 1832-1892. Papers, 1848-1891. 164 items. Location: A:56. Confederate general, New Orleans lawyer, U.S. representative and senator from Louisiana. Early papers reflect student life at Yale University. Civil War papers include orders, general reports, and casualty reports. Letters discuss movements of troops at the Battle of Shiloh and Mobile Bay, Ala. Letter from his sister describes New Orleans in 1861. Later papers consist of business record, mortgages and leases for various plantations. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2402, 2412, 2423.

Giles, G. W. Letters, 1862-1863. 23 items. Location: Misc:G.Confederate soldier in the 35th Regiment of the Alabama Volunteers. He served near Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi. Letters comment on Union prisoners from Fort Donelson, Tennessee; guarding prisoners of war; Union army deserters near Jackson, Mississippi; prospects for peace; and troop movements. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2133.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Giles, Thomas W. Diary, 1865. 1 item [mimeographed copy]. Location: MISC:G. Union soldier and member of Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Army of the Mississippi. Extracts from records of Sergeant Thomas W. Giles during the march through Selma and Montgomery, Alabama, to Macon, Georgia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1776.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Gillette, James. Letter, 1863. 1 item [typed transcription]. Location: Misc. Union soldier in General John W. Geary's Division, of the Army of the Potomac, at the Battle of Chancellorsville in the Civil War. Letter describing Confederate and Union tactics at Chancellorsville. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1239.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Gilmore, John Young, 1837-1900. Family Papers, 1862, 1900-1910. 121 items, 2 vols. Location: U:133, J:11. Resident of New Orleans, editor of the Sugar Planters' Journal, and major general of the Louisiana Division of the United Confederate Veterans Association. Papers include letters of condolence to Gilmore's wife at the time of his death, correspondence of Mary Gilmore Harnett from officers of the Louisiana Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and a scrapbook containing obituaries. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 798.

Ginder, H. Letter, 1921 March 1. 1 item. Location: Misc.:G. President of A. B. Griswold and Company, New Orleans, La., jewelers to W. O. Hart. Letter from Ginder relating to an invitation to be a speaker on the occasion of the annual dinner of the Veterans of the Army of Tennessee. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1155.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Civil War

Goodwin, Josiah. Diaries and Research Collection, 1862-1864, 1983-1984, undated 0.3 linear feet, 2 vols. Location B:66. The collection consists of two original 1863-1864 diaries of Josiah Goodwin, kept during his service in the Mississippi Marine Brigade aboard various U.S. Steamers along the river in Louisiana and Mississippi. In addition are research materials compiled by William C. Wiseley, PhD, in his study of the diaries. These include biographical information on Goodwin, photocopies of Goodwin's service record, photoprints of portraits and other Civil War images, and an annotated transcription of the diaries. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4886.

Goree, Thomas Jewett, 1835-1905. Papers, 1829-1896 (bulk 1857-1896). 83 items, 1 vol. Location: A:4, H:16. Confederate captain and aide-de-camp to General James Longstreet during the Civil War. Collection consists of photographic copies and a bound typescript of correspondence. Goree's Civil War letters are written from Longstreet's headquarters in Virginia and are addressed to friends and family members in Texas. A copy of a diary kept by Goree describes a journey from Appomattox Court House, Virginia, to Talladega, Alabama, in the company of James Longstreet, Longstreet's son Garland, and a African American servant. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 886.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Goree, Thomas Jewett, 1835-1905. Papers, 1854-1868, 1890. 21 items. Location: A:4. Confederate captain and aide-de-camp to General James Longstreet during the Civil War. Letters are written by Captain Thomas J. Goree to his mother; and by M. Jenkins, General G. E. Pickett, William E. Duncan, G. M. Sorrel, and General Sam Houston (partial letter). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2034.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Graham, James. Papers, 1860-1883. 57 items. Location: A:57. Notary public, New Orleans, Louisiana, public auditor, marshal of the District Court of the United States of the Eastern District of Louisiana. Official papers consist of duplicate certificates of deposit of United States moneys obtained from the sales of ships, tackle, cargo, and other goods condemned as prizes of war by the admiralty proceedings in the District Court during the Civil War; receipts for bank deposits as the result of such sales; and 14 original deposit certificates of the Assistant to the United States Treasurer at New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1031.

Graham, James, notary public. Papers, 1860-1883. 57 items. Location: A:57. Notary public, auditor of public accounts in New Orleans, marshal of the District Court of the United States of the Eastern District of Louisiana. Official papers consist of duplicate certificates of deposit of funds obtained from the sales of ships, tackle, cargo, and other goods condemned as prizes of war by the admiralty proceedings in the District Court during the Civil War. Business papers include copies of notarial records and cancelled checks. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1031.

Grant's Petersburg progress paper, 1865 April 3. 1 items. Location:E:Imprints. Issue of "Grant's Petersburg Progress," published by Major R.C. Eden and Captain C.H. McCreery, celebrating the capture of Petersburg, Va., by the Federal army.For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 164.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Gras-Lauzin family. Papers, 1783-1917 (bulk 1783-1866). 1 linear ft. Location: U:267. Don Antonio Gras was an early settler, merchant, and shipper of Baton Rouge and Natchez, Mississippi. Others in the family included Lewis Valentin Foelekel and Dr. Jean Lauzin. Papers include financial records of Antonio Gras and Lewis Foelekel; a thesis of Dr. Jean Lauzin (Paris, 1832); and personal letters from friends of the Lauzin family who lived in France. Collection also includes Civil War letters from Francis F. Palms, a Confederate soldier, and others to Henrietta Lauzin. Some items in the collection are in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 5, 893.

Gremillion, Jean-Baptiste G., 1829-1907. Letters, 1862-1907. 15 items. Location: Misc:G. Confederate soldier in the Civil War from Marksville, Louisiana. His wife was Mary Louise Bonnette. Letters written to Gremillion's wife from Confederate camps in Louisiana, including Camp Bisland, Camp Lewis, Camp Allen, Camp Pineville, and camps at Labadieville and Alexandria. Also included is a group of family death notices. Available on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2872.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Griffith, Bell. Letters, 1860-1861. 2 items. Location: Misc.:G. Letters reflect the political climate in Maumelle, Arkansas and the support of Democratic candidate Stephen A. Douglas in the presidential election of 1860. Some mention is made of the character of the people, land prices, and crops. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2428.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Grow, Augustus diary and photograph, 1861-1863. 2 items. Location: 7:53. Grow was a private in the 5th Texas Cavalry Regiment, Company A. Diary includes brief entries on battles at Valverde (Tex.), and Fort Butler and Lafourche (La.). Grow notes troop movements from New Mexico to Louisiana, and describes events associated with the Red River and Lafourche Campaigns, including experiences as a prisoner and encounters between Confederates and Native-Americans. The diary includes several poems. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4925.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Grundy, Charles. Letter, 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc.:G. Letter from Charles Grundy, private, 10th Regular Illinois Infantry Regiment, to friend "Henry." Grundy mentions New Madrid, Corinth, and strength of enemy army. Fighting and life in camp are described. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3932.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Guess, George W. Letters, 1861-1865. 1 volume containing 45 items [photocopies]. Location: M:19. Confederate officer, prisoner of war in New Orleans. Photocopies of letters concern Civil War battles, the movements of Federal troops, health of his regiment, superior officers, Confederate currency, attitudes towards slaves, civilians, and Governor Allen's emancipation proclamation in Louisiana. Letters (1864-1865) from Alexandria and Shreveport concern his court-martial and imprisonment. There is also a manuscript copy of the 'Obligation taken by the Knights of the Golden Circle,' a secret political society. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 793.

Guild, John H. Letters, 1862-1864. 11 items. Location: Misc.:G. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letters to Guild's family written from Ship Island, New Orleans, and elsewhere in Louisiana discuss camp life, the Mississippi River campaign, the Battle of Port Hudson, and the performance of African American soldiers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3204.

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