Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Boothby, Charles W. Papers, 1861-1898 (bulk 1861-1874). 1 linear ft. Location: T:19, OS:B. U.S. Army captain, customs official, superintendent of education for New Orleans, and politician. Correspondence, printed military orders, and quartermaster's records reflect Civil War and postbellum New Orleans. Civil War papers document personal experiences, military engagements, African American soldiers, and political activity. Postbellum papers reflect the local and national political environment during Reconstruction. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4847.

Bosley, Hubbard S. Papers, 1825-1947 (1850-1880). 10 linear ft., 39 vols. Location: C:1-5, O:1, 98:B, OS:B, Planter of Red River Parish, Louisiana, son-in-law of William A. Powell of Caddo Parish, Plantation records, business papers, and personal correspondence of Hubbard S. Bosley, William A. Powell and families. Included are materials relating to the Civil War. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 2, Reel 19, and microfilm 6061: Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration. Series B, Part 2, reels 12-13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 963.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, Business

Boston Museum (1847-1903). Playbill, 1861. 1 broadside. Location: E:Imprints. Abolitionist playbill reading: First nights of Dion Bourcicault's greatest production! Illustrating American character! American scenes! and Southern homes! entitled the Octoroon or--life in Louisiana, ...this Saturday afternoon, Dec. 14, 1861. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1558.

Bower, Garner and Harrison. Papers, 1863-1888 (bulk 1863-1868). 0.25 linear ft. Location: E:51. New Orleans commission merchants. Letters of New Orleans, Louisiana commission merchants to a member of the firm at Baton Rouge, Louisiana (1863) and Natchez, Mississippi (1864-1868). Additionally, there is a receipt book (1866-1867). At the end of the volume are loose financial items (1869-1888). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1388.

Bowers, J. A., letter, 1863 Feb. 24. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Confederate soldier. J. A. Bowers writes from Port Hudson, La., about camp life, quality food and water, and he tells of Union troops foraging across the river. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3770.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bowers, J.A. Letter, 1863. 2 items. Location: Misc.:B. Confederate soldier. Letter written from Port Hudson, Louisiana, describes camp life, quality of food and water, and Union troops. A certificate, signed by Captain C. Kavanaugh, states James Bowers furnished an able-bodied substitute and is released from military service, For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3770.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Boyd, David French. Papers, 1833-1934 (bulk 1860-1899). 9 linear ft., 10 microfilm reels. Location: D:12-19, MF.MSS:B, OS:B, MAP CAGE: DRAWER 34 (BACK WALL). Confederate officer, president of the Seminary of Learning at Alexandria, Louisiana, and president and professor at Louisiana State University (1884-1886). Papers contain correspondence, including correspondence with William T. Sherman; writings about Civil War figures; academic papers; photographs; financial papers; and printed items. Manuscript volumes consist of school notebooks; memorandum books; diaries, including a Civil War diary; morning reports from Kentucky Military Institute and Locust Dale Academy; and a minute book of the Demosthenian Society. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 40, 99, 794, 890, 893, 1400, 1612, 4234.

Boyd, David French. William T. Sherman letters (part of the David French Boyd papers), 1859-1891. 0.3 linear ft., 1 microfilm reel. Location: U:179, MSS.MF:B, Vault:26. Civil War officers, educators. Letters refer to higher education, political issues, rights of freedmen, Ku Klux Klan activities, and the jetty system in New Orleans. Civil War letters concern Boyd's imprisonment. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 890, 893, 3362.

Boylston, William A. Diary, 1864-1865. 1 item. Location:Misc.:B. South Carolina native, Confederate soldier. Boylston provides brief daily accounts of his unit's activities and movements, including his 1864 capture by Union forces, and his eventual release. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4733.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bradford, James L. Papers, 1856-1865. 19 items. Location: E:4. Confederate Army captain. Personal letters and bills including a letter from his brother, J. B. Bradford, discussing Louisiana politics. Civil War papers include a list of officers in Bradford's company, a record of an expense account for recruiting officers, record of stores and supplies, doctors' statements noting the health of enlisted men, and payroll account;. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 727.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, Medicine

Bradly, James Thomas. Reminiscences, 1907. 3 items. Location: Misc.:B. Confederate soldier. Typescript of James Thomas Brady's article "Naval Reminiscences: An Ex-Confederate's Account of the Monitor and Merrimac Battle." Brady gives an account of his service in the Confederate navy aboard the gunboat Lady Davis, the Merrimac and its battle with the Monitor, and his subsequent service along the Atlantic coast. Brady's obituary and family photograph accompany the article. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3176.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876. Letter, 1856 February 12. 1 item. Location: Misc:B. Confederate general in command of the Army of Tennessee during the Civil War. In reply to a request for biographical information from J. Furlong of Brooklyn, N.Y., Bragg discusses the circumstances of his situation as a sugar planter in Louisiana at the beginning of the Civil War, laments the misfortunes of his 125 former slaves, and briefly describes his military career for the Confederate States of America. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2537.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876, Letter, 1860 December 7. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Confederate general in command of the Army of Tennessee during the Civil War. Letter written from Thibodaux, Louisiana, while Bragg was a major general in the Louisiana militia. It presents his opinions on the role of the militia system and the need for the governor of Louisiana to seek advice of military men. The letter also comments on the attitudes of the local residents towards military service and states that they are poorly equipped. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3072.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Breda, Jean Philippe, 1808-1882. Family Papers, 1776-1921. 1,070 items and 31 vols., 3 mf reel. Location: B:64-65, J:13, 98:, OS:B, Mss.Mf:B, Vault:3. Physician and druggist of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. Letters, personal papers, and business records of Dr. Breda concerning his medical practice, Louisiana politics, and family matters; together with correspondence and papers of his son, J. Ernest Breda, relating to the Civil War and politics. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 953, 966, 1021.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, French, Medicine

Brent, Joseph Lancaster. Papers, 1862-1940 (bulk 1862-1904, 1926-1940). 1.3 linear ft., 12 volumes. Location: U:243-245. Maryland native, lawyer, and Confederate general. Joseph Lancaster Brent practiced law in Louisiana, Baltimore, and Los Angeles. Married to Rosella Kenner, he assisted in the management of his father-in-law, Duncan Farrar Kenner's, plantations. Brent served as a Brigadier General in the Louisiana Cavalry Brigade during the Civil War. Collection consists primarily of correspondence between Brent and his wife, Rosella, and published and unpublished writings, including manuscript and printed copies of "Memoirs of the War Between the States" (1940), "The Lugo Case" and "Capture of the Ironclad Indianola" (1926). There is also a diary written by Brent in 1862 during his service in the Civil War. Also part of the collection are the papers of Brent's daughter, Nanine M. Brent, including a personal diary, recipe book, and household hints. Parts available on microfilm: University Publications of America, Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reel 15. Mss. 1477, 1822.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War, Literature

Brent, Rosella Kenner. Papers, 1865, 1902-1916. 0.1 linear ft. Location: U:245. Daughter of Ascension Parish, Louisiana, planter and politician Duncan Farrar Kenner and wife of Confederate brigadier general Joseph F. Brent. Two narratives of Brent's recollections of Ashland Plantation, including a sketch of slave Henry Hammond. She also recounts an 1862 incident in which her father escaped to Bayou Lafourche upon learning that Union troops were coming to arrest him. Three letters pertain to Rosella Kenner Brent's husband, Brigadier General Joseph L. Brent, C.S.A. A 1910 letter describes General Brent's service in the Confederate army. Available on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reel 14. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1167, 1822.

Brigadier General Mason Brayman letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc:B. Letter to Brigadier General Brayman concerning the living conditions of freedmen in Natchez, Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Bringier, Louis Amadee and family. Papers, 1786-1901. 2 linear ft. and 13 volumes. Location: T:96-97, F:9, OS:B. Planter of Ascension Parish, Louisiana; Confederate officer and commander of the 4th Louisiana Cavalry and the 7th Louisiana Regiment. Papers include military records, correspondence and business papers relating to the administration of Hermitage Plantation in Ascension Parish and Houmas, Burnside, and Bagatelle plantations. One letter report that a woman killed a federal soldier in New Orleans (1862); another describes Grand Ilse as a resort frequented by Jews. Some items in French. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reels 1-2, and microfilm 5322: Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series I, Part 1, Reel 13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 43, 139, 544.

Brown, Charles L. Letters, 1862-1863. 5 items. Location: Misc.:B. Civil War letters by a Union soldier stationed in Virginia to his family in Waltham, Massachusetts. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2423.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Brown, E. Y. Letter, 1863 April 21. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Letter written while aboard the steamboat, Natanzas, describing the scenery along the Mississippi river, war torn New Orleans, and a visit to a military hospital. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3802.

Brown, Sarah Goodwin. Collection, 1840-1944. 31 items. Location: U:181. Materials documenting the history of Baton Rouge and Clinton, Louisiana. Included are two letters referring to the enlistment of a Northern school teacher in the Confederate army. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1573, 1986.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Education, Baton Rouge

Brown, Silas H. Letter, 1863 May 22. 1 item. Location: Misc:B. Civil War soldier. Letter written at an unnamed army camp in Baton Rouge to his family. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4573.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Browning, Orville Hickman, 1806-1881. Speech, 1862 March 10. 1 printed item. Location:E:Imprints. U.S. Senator from Illinois. Speech delivered before the United States Senate during debate on a bill to confiscate Confederate property and slaves discusses various implications of the bill. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2918.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, African Americans

Bruce, Seddon, and Wilkins Plantation Records, 1741-1865 (bulk 1847-1854). 607 items, 6 ms. Vols. Location: S:124-125, J:20. William Webb Wilkins, James Coles Bruce, and James Alexander Seddon, partners in the ownership of sugar and cotton plantations, a saw mill, and a cooper's shop in Saint James Parish and Carroll Parish, Louisiana. Papers include legal documents, bills and receipts, correspondence, and manuscript volumes related to plantation operations and slave matters. Included are photocopies of a Union Army-issued circular and broadsides regarding slave employment and the subsistence of federal troops. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 1, Reels 9-10. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2668.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Civil War

Brusle, Charles A. Papers, 1854-1905. 32 items (includes 3 vols.). Location: U:20, F:11. Sugar planter of Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, Louisiana; and Confederate army officer; state legilator; tax collector; and sheriff. Papers include a diary, a record book, and scrapbook, primarily concerning Brusle's activities in the Civil War and in politics. Diary contains an account of his trip to the Creek Nation, Indian Territory, to muster a regiment of Creeks into the military service of the Confederacy under orders from General Benjamin McCulloch. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 558, 1605, 1627.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Civil War

Buck-Ellis Family Papers, 1812, 1826-2000. 14 linear ft and 27 volumes. Location: 16:1-14, OS:B, J:27, Vault 1. Family of educators, lawyers, and public officials. Of Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Ellis family papers (1812, 1826-1987) are comprised almost entirely of personal correspondence relating to daily activities, politics, health, religion, employment, military service, education and travel of five generations. Other material includes financial papers, legal documents, speeches and lectures related to the study of law, printed items, account books, diaries, inventories, family scrapbook and minute books of United Daughters of the Confederacy, Blue Cross Chapter. The Carroll and Martina Ellis Buck papers (1922-2000) consist primarily of personal correspondence from family and friends, but include some professional correspondence, primarily from his legal and public career. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4820.

Buman, A. W. Letter, 1865 February 18. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Union soldier during the Civil War. Letter from Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C., describes the routines and privileges at the hospital, and mentions visits to the public buildings in Washington. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2425.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Burguières, Jules M., Jr. Papers, 1699, 1816-1957 (bulk 1911-1915). 2.5 linear ft. Locations: 78:1-2, OS:B, J:30, E:65. Sugarcane planter and researcher, land developer. Papers consist of correspondence, research notes, clippings, photographs, and financial records relating primarily to Jules M. Burguières, Jr.’s involvement in the sugar and timber industries of Louisiana and Florida. Some research material in French and German. The estate papers of Joseph E. Burguières are also included. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1927, 2026, 2134, 2264, 2525.

Burnett family. Papers, 1778-1862. 6 items. Location: Misc.:B, OS:B. Papers include bills of sale of slaves; two pieces of private script; one piece of Continental currency for eight dollars; and an 'extra' edition of the RICHMOND ENQUIRER, giving the text of Confederate President Jefferson Davis' inaugural address. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 901.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Burnham, B. Letters, 1863 January 4-May 23. 2 items. Location: MISC:B. Union soldier in a regiment stationed at Camp Parapet, near New Orleans, and Fort Butte-a-la-Rose (also called Camp of Fort Burton), Louisiana. His regiment was brought to Louisiana by transport ship. Letters describe the conditions of the regiment's camp, Confederate attacks on transport boats, and a African American regiment stationed near Camp Parapet. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3443.

Burnham, Howard and Horace. Letters, 1862-1863. 4 items. Howard Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in an Illinois regiment stationed in Arcadia, Missouri. Horace Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in the Marine Hospital in New Orleans in the Civil War. Howard Burnham's two letters (1862) tell of the number of men ill and in hospitals; Horace Burnham writes of accommodations at the Marine Hospital in New Orleans, African Americans, and sanitation facilities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1181.

Burrows, Lottie. Letters, 1860-1864. 38 items. Location: U:100. Resident of New York. Civil War letters to Burrows from family members enlisted in the Union army. Written primarily from Louisiana, they relate military life, personal health, and conditions in camp; and include descriptions of military engagements in Louisiana and Texas. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4686.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Burruss, John C. Family Papers, 1825-1882. 407 items. Location: C:56,Mss. Mf.:B Methodist minister of Virginia and planter of Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Correspondence, and personal and business papers of the Burruss and Edward McGehee families. Papers relate to the Methodist Church and plantation operationst, including sugarcane growing, rice planting, the construction of a sugar mill, and African American laborers. They also reflect Confederate military life, and civilian life during the Civil War. A group of poems concern the 1845 presidential election of James K. Polk and George M. Dallas.For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1514, 2296.

Burt, Joseph, Jr. Papers, 1856-1876 (bulk 1862-1863). 16 items. Location: Misc:B. Union soldier in the 57th Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Papers include correspondence while Burt was stationed in New Orleans in 1863 commenting on military life, Confederate prisoners of war, and off-duty recreation including the shooting of alligators. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2721.

Butler family. Papers, 1663-1950 (bulk 1813-1915). 16.5 linear ft. Location: S:2-S:8, OS:B, 65:, Vault:2. Cotton and sugar planters in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Papers include letters, personal papers, financial and legal documents, photographs, and printed items. Papers discuss the Civil War; plantation life; Thomas Butler's judicial and political career; and antebellum life in the Gulf South states. Included is correspondence from prominent Louisiana residents and others. Letters from Anna Butler who lived in the White House (1849-1850) Collection also contains manuscript and published music, including the music of John Thuer.. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 5, Reels 13-27. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893, 965, 1026, 1076, 1217, 1240, 1309, 1353, 1381, 1640, 1649, 1913, 1938.

Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin). General orders no. 98, 1862 Nov. 20. 1 item. Location: E:74. The order corrects a previous official report that stated that the 7th Regiment of the Vermont Volunteers lost its colors at the Battle of Baton Rouge. Clarifying that it was not its regimental colors but rather its camp colors that the regiment lost, the order states that the colors will be restored to the regiment. Part of the United States Army Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2312.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin). Letter, 1861 September 16. 1 item. Location: MISC:B. General in the United States Army during the Civil War. Letter, written from Lowell, Massachusetts, to Mr. Haskell, discusses notices written by Haskell about Butler's role in the battle of Big Bethel, Virginia, the first land battle of the Civil War.For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3193.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Butler, Margaret, 1821-1890. Correspondence, 1847-1880. .5 linear ft. Location: S:24. Daughter of Louisiana judge Thomas Butler and Ann Ellis Butler. She lived at the Cottage in West Feliciana Parish near St. Francisville. The Butlers were sugar and cotton planters. Letters from family and friends reflect the life of the Butler family in the antebellum, Civil War, and Reconstruction periods. Antebellum letters depict plantation life and religious life in the Episcopal church. Several family members served in the Confederate army and corresponded with Margaret, describing the life of army personnel. Later letters illustrate social and economic conditions after the war. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 5, Reel 2. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1068.

Butler, Thomas, 1785-1847. Papers, 1804-1945. 5.5 linear ft. Location: S:13-S:15, OS:B, J:10, Vault. Judge of the Louisiana Third District Court. Butler owned plantations in West Feliciana and Terrebonne Parishes. Papers include correspondence and documents related to household and business finances, documenting the plantation economy in the antebellum and post-bellum periods. Civil War papers include Confederate military orders and other official correspondence. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 5, Reels 9-13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2850.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War

Cable, James B. (James Boardman), 1846-1915. Papers, 1862-1913 (bulk 1885-1913). 0.5 linear ft. (61 items; 1 printed. Vol.). Location: U:106, M:18. Writer of Long Beach, Mississippi. His brother was the writer George Washington Cable. Papers chiefly consist of Cable's published and unpublished poetry and short stories. Letters from Cable to his mother mention his work as an orderly at Oliver Hospital, Lauderdale, Mississippi, during the Civil War. There are also letters from George. Some genealogical material regarding the Cable family and an article about James B. Cable are included. The printed item is a first edition of George Cable's Grandissimes. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1765.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine, Literature

Caffery, Donelson and Family. Papers, 1580-1958 (bulk 1861-1909). 537 items, 39 vols. Location: C:74-75, O:23, OS:C. Planter of St. Mary Parish, Louisiana and U.S. senator. Papers consist of correspondence, genealogies, clippings, photographs, pamphlets, diaries, notebooks, postcards, scrapbooks, and financial records of the Donelson Caffery family. They concerns family matters, Louisiana politics, the Civil War, Caffery's senatorial career, the effects of the Mexican War on the sugar industry, Louisiana oil industry, plantation operations, Jewish hotel guests (v. 4,5) and the removal of Jews from Franklin (v.6). The papers of John Murphy Caffery also reflect his own navel career and the Louisiana sugar industry. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1865.

Cahan, Solomon. Application for discharge, 1863 August. 2 items. Location: Misc:C. French citizen conscripted into the Crescent Regiment (the 24th Louisiana Infantry Regiment). Cahan's application requests a discharge from the Confederate Army, claiming French citizenship. The application is accompanied by a military memorandum (April 1863) which denies the application for discharge. Also on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1063.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Campbell, Zoe J. Diaries, 1856-1866. 5 items; 10 volumes. Location: P:1, Misc:C. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 4-5. Resident of New Orleans; daughter of James and Zoe Lambert Campbell and sister of Lambert Campbell, a Confederate soldier in the Civil War. Dairies document expenses, condolence visits, and piano lessons. Beginning in May 1861, they deal with the Civil War, including events in occupied New Orleans. Papers also include a funeral announcement for Campbell and a personal letter. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1274.

Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1817-1873. General orders, 1864 September 14. Location: E:74. 1 printed item. General orders No. 48, issued by Lt. Col. C. T. Christensen, headquarters, Military Division of West Mississippi, New Orleans, on the suspension of prisoner exchanges and methods to be employed in sending Confederate prisoners to depots in the North. Part of the United States Army Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032.

Cannon, Andrew and family Papers, 1829-1868, undated (1850-1862). 110 items. Location 11:15, OS:C. Andrew Jerome Cannon family of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, employee at St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery. Correspondence related to professional, personal business, and family life in Baton Rouge, as well as the Civil War. Financial papers consisting of bills, invoices, promissory notes, and receipts are also present. For further information, see online catalog, Mss. 4979.

Capell family. Papers, 1816-1931 (bulk 1840-1880). 1 linear ft.; 30 volumes. Location: U:299; F:11; OS:C; MSS.MF:C, VAULT:1, VAULT MRDF 6. Planters and merchants of Amite and Wilkinson Counties in Mississippi. Eli Jackson Capell was a planter of Pleasant Hill Plantation in Amite County and operated a store near Rose Hill, Mississippi. His son Henry Clay was an attorney in Centerville. Business and plantation papers and legal documents comprise the bulk of this collection. These include land deeds; invoices and correspondence regarding shipping cotton; slave bills of sale; diaries, ledgers, and scrapbooks that document daily activities of Pleasant Hill Plantation; and a daybook from the Rose Hill store. Personal correspondence includes two letters from Jefferson Davis and letters of recommendation written for Henry Clay Capell when he was seeking employment with the federal government. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reel 2. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 56, 257, 1751, 2501, 2597.

Capell, Eli J. (Eli Jackson), 1814-1888. Family Papers, 1840-1932 (bulk 1886-1900). 1.3 linear ft., 16 v. Location: E:47-48, F:11, OS:C, Mss.Mf:C. Planter of Pleasant Hill Plantation, Amite County, Mississippi. Capell also operated a store near Rose Hill, Mississippi. Correspondence and business records of the Capell family and related Crawford family. Business, plantation, and legal papers include letters, accounts, and invoices with cotton factors and memorandum books of cotton and merchandise sold; labor contracts and laborersÆ record book; land deeds; and records from the Rose Hill store. Family correspondence from Crawford relatives (1880-1899) relates geographic, economic, race relations, health, and social conditions in parts of Missouri, Texas, Colorado, Utah, and Montana, and letters to Capell daughters concern news of friends, personal relationships, and social activities (1865-1879). Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reels 3-5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 674.

Card, H. T. Letter, 1863 October 7. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:C. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letter written to Card's brother and sister from Glendale, Mississippi, describes travel by railroad through Corinth, Mississippi, life in military camp, and the local landscape. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3245.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Carmouche, Annie Jeter. Papers, 1853-1964. 0.3 linear ft. Location: W:18, H:24, VAULT:6. Annie Jeter Carmouche spent her childhood in Virginia and New Orleans and lived in Saint Landry and Bossier Parishes, Louisiana, during and after the Civil War. She married Emile A. Carmouche. Collection includes family letters, papers, and tablets containing Carmouche's memoirs. Correspondence relates to social life, the Civil War, and family events. The memoirs recall Carmouche's childhood, the Civil War, and the postwar period. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2878.

Carpenter, Horace. Papers, 1891, 1896. 2 items. Location: Misc. Confederate veteran of the Civil War and author of an article on the Battle of Port Hudson published in Century Magazine. Letter to Carpenter containing a Union soldier's recollections of personal happenings in the Port Hudson area following the surrender of the city. Also included is a photograph of Carpenter. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 546.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Carr, Louis F. letter, 1861. 1 item. Location: MISC:C. Letter from Louis F. Carr in Memphis (Tenn.) to J. Currie. Carr mentions cotton prices and his desire to sell and purchase property. He writes about secession, noting that several Northern states are willing to concede to Southern demands, which Carr characterizes as "our inalienable and constitutional rights." Mss. 3975.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Carrigan, Jo Ann, 1933. Civil War Collection, 1862-1968. .3 linear ft. (26 items, 1 ms. vol., 2 printed vols.) Location: UU:72, OS:C. Professor of history at Louisiana State University.New York muster rolls, photographs, & publications pertaining largely to the state of New York's participation in the Civil War. Included are postcards depicting Civil War scenes and photographs of maps of New Orleans during the War of 1812. There is also an autograph book containing the names, ranks, and addresses of soldiers in the 10th New York Artillery. Artifacts include Civil War uniform buttons, commemorative ribbons, and a medal. For futher information see online catalog. Mss. 2455.

Carrollton Centennial Exhibit collection, 1959. 53 items [photocopies]. Location: OS:C. Exhibit created for the Carrollton Branch, Whitney National Bank of New Orleans. Materials pertain to Carrollton, Louisiana, formerly part of Jefferson Parish, later annexed into New Orleans. Collection includes maps; photographs; petitions; reports; city ordinances, regulations, and orders; and interpretive explanations of items relating to the New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad, the Carrollton Hotel and Gardens, public schools, and homes. There are also interpretive explanations for fire companies, the federal occupation in the Civil War, the levee, and roads. The photocopies are made from original items dating from 1832 to 1908. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1623.

Carson, John H. Papers, 1854-1976. 4 items, 2 volumes., and 2 microfilm reels (35 mm). Location: 98:, MISC:C, MSS.MF:C, VAULT:4. Carson emigrated from Tennessee to East Texas in 1858. He enlisted in the Texas Partisan Rangers Regiment of the Confederate cavalry in August 1862. After his parole on July 24, 1865, he returned to his family in East Texas. Papers are comprised of two manuscript volumes: a personal narrative recounting his experiences in Louisiana during the Civil War and a record book with a list of expenses incurred during his move to Texas. Other items include his parole certificate, a photograph taken with his wife, Elizabeth, and a photocopy giving a short history and list of officers of Crumps Regiment, Texas Cavalry. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1960.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Carson, William Waller. Family records, 1845-1930. 1 vol. Location: F:23. Residents of Tennessee and Mississippi. Family records include genealogical listings, biographical and autobiographical sketches, and correspondence, all pertaining to the history of the Carson and related Waller, Green, Hutchins, and other families. Included is information about plantation life, slavery, and the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2919.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Carson, William Waller. Letter, 1923. 1 item. Location: 32:81. Sergeant-major in the 4th Louisiana Cavalry in the Civil War. Letter recounts his Civil War experiences, including an unsuccessful operation to capture the U.S. gunboat RATTLER at Natchez, Mississippi. Unprocessed collections list. Mss. 4068.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Carson, William Waller. Letter, 1923 Dec. 13. 1 item. Location: Misc.: C. Sergeant-major in the 4th Louisiana Cavalry in the Civil War. Letter recounts his Civil War experiences in northeastern Louisiana, the capture of Louis Dent, the brother-in-law of General Ulysses S. Grant, insubordination and discipline in the army, and the remedies used to prevent scurvy. Carson also describes a failed attempt to capture the United States gunboat, RATTLER, at Natchez, Miss., and he discusses the philosophy of slavery, particularly the fiscal aspect. A typed transcript (undated) accompanies the letter. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4068.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Natchez, Mississippi

Carter, A. G. Letter, 1862 July 13. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. Letter to Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles from A. G. Carter and John C. Miller, Deputy Provost Marshalls, documents actions of Union forces against the inhabitants of the Louisiana parishes of East and West Feliciana and East Baton Rouge. The letter also requests troops to defend the parishes and to plant batteries along the Red River. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4623.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Cartwright, Samuel A. (Samuel Adolphus) and family. Papers, 1826-1864. 67 items, 2 manuscript volumes. Location: U:109, Vault. Physician of Natchez, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Cartwright was a Confederate army physician, and at one time a professor of diseases of the African American in the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana. Papers include correspondence, photoprints, and a European travel diary. Correspondence relates to politics, slavery, and education in the South, including letters from Jefferson Davis and other prominent individuals. Included is a treatise on 'camp dysentery' written by Cartwright. For further information, see online catalog. Filed under Cartwright, Samuel Adolphus. Papers in Archives USA. Mss. 2471, 2499.

Casso, Evans J., 1914-. Papers, undated. 2 linear ft., 1 item. Location: 1:66, Vault. Louisiana historian and author. Papers include manuscripts and research materials for his books, 'Louisiana Legacy, A History of the State National Guard', and 'Lorenzo,' 'The History of the Casso Family in Louisiana'; and correspondence on Italians and other ethnic groups in Louisiana. Included are typed manuscripts and research on the Civil War in Ascension Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3119.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

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