Manuscript Resources on The Civil War

This guide describes collections documenting the Civil War in the Lower Mississippi Valley, including the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Texas, in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. The guide includes not only materials from the war years (1861-1865) themselves, but also materials from later periods containing manuscript sources for Civil War history. Thus such sources as post-war reminiscences and records of veterans' groups--materials dealing with the war as memory and experience--will be found alongside soldiers' and civilians' letters, diaries, and daybooks from the war itself. In addition, the guide includes collections of papers of Louisiana and other area soldiers who fought outside of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

LSU's holdings of Civil War manuscripts make LLMVC a rich treasure-trove for researchers. Many researchers are studying these documents from new perspectives, to see what they have to tell us about women's experiences on the home front and about Louisiana's African Americans, a significant number of whom fought for the Union. Louisiana played a central role in the war, with the fall of Port Hudson in July 1863 a critical event. Much of the state was long occupied by Union forces, and LLMVC contains the papers of numerous Union as well as Confederate soldiers. Other areas of strength include materials documenting the siege of Vicksburg, the Battle of Shiloh, and the Red River campaign.

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Leikle, John. True bill, 1862 September.1 item. Location: Misc. Printed form filled in by the foreman of the Grand Jury of Frederick County, Maryland, affirming that John Leikle levied war against the state by taking up arms. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2325.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Lemon, James J. Letter, 1861 June 29. 1 item. Location: Misc. Physician and school teacher, Tickfaw Station, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Letter requests payment for teaching services and mentions that his patients have not been paying for medical services. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3245.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, Medicine

Leonard, Theodule. Papers, 1841-1896. 135 items. Location: C:55. Planter, tax collector, and sheriff of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, and captain of Company O of the West Feliciana Regiment of the Louisiana Militia in the Civil War. Letters relate Confederate maneuvers around Columbus, Kentucky. Some papers and letters in French. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 12. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1209.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Plantations, Civil War, French

Lester, George S. Papers, 1846-1890 (bulk 1861-1874). 54 items, 1 ms. Vol. Location: C:61, OS:L. Member of the 4th Regiment, Ohio Volunteers. Civil War letters of Lester describing his activites as a gunner at the Battle of Romney, West Virginia, 1861, and at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, 1863. For further information, see the online catalog. Mss. 1209.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Leverich, Charles E. Diary, 1863-1864. 1 vol. Location: J:5. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 12. Confederate soldier in the Civil War and resident of New Orleans. Diary includes personal narratives of Leverich's experiences during the Civil War; a trip from Winchester to Richmond, Virginia; and a stay with his parents in Columbia County, Georgia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 791.

Lichlider, Thomas. True bill, 1862.1 item. Location: Misc. Bill signed by the foreman of the Grand Jury of Frederick County, Maryland, affirming that Thomas Lichlider levied war against the state by taking up arms. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2374.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Liddell, Moses. Family Papers, 1813-1919 (bulk 1838-1870).6.5 linear ft., 39 ms. vols., 11 mf reels. Location: U:200-209, G:21, Range 98, Mss.Mf:L. Planter of Elmsley Plantation, Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi. His son, St. John Richardson Liddell, was a planter of Llanada Plantation near Trinity, Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, and a Confederate brigadier general during the Civil War. Papers consist of plantation records, slave lists, personal correspondence, business and legal papers, account books, notebooks, and plantation diaries. Manuscript volumes consist of cashbooks, bank books, cotton and lumber record books, plantation notebooks, and an incomplete manuscript of LIDDELL'S RECORD OF THE CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA 1860-1866. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 531.

Liddell, Moses and St. John Richardson. Family Papers, 1813-1919 (bulk 1838-1870). 6.5 linear ft., 39 vols., 11 mf reels. Location: U:200-209, G:21, 98:, Mss.Mf:L, microfiche 2729. Planters of Woodville, Mississippi and Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, Confederate officers. St. John Richardson Liddell was Moses Liddell's son. Bulk of the material is that of St. John Richardson Liddell, Confederate officer and son of Moses Liddell. Papers consist of plantation records, personal correspondence, slave lists, business and legal papers, account books, notebooks, plantation diaries, and persecution of Jews. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 531.

Lieutaud, Albert Louis, collector. Papers of R. J. Morgan, 1861-1864. 67 items. Location: U:247. English actor. Papers pertain to R. J. Morgan's professional career in the United States during the Civil War and consist of playbills for theatrical performances and dramatic readings, and related items. Part of the Albert Louis Lieutaud collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2211.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Civil War

Lieutaud, Albert Louis. Collection, 1650, 1801-1965. 10 linear ft. Location: U:247-250, OS:L, 34:8-14.. Collection consists of letters, Christmas cards, receipts, printed material, sketches, photographic prints, and sheet music concerning various subjects in New Orleans and Louisiana history; the career of R.J. Morgan, a 19th-century English actor in the United States; railroad transportation in the United States; the American Civil War; and Lieutaud's own literary works and his work as an art and manuscript dealer. About two-thirds of the collection consists of about 140 presentation copies of books and pamphlets on Louisiana topics given to Lieutaud. Partly in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1407, 1700, 1771, 1784, 1853, 1936, 2046, 2211, 2369, 2469.

Lieutenant Colonel L.C. Colburn. Collection, 1862-1895. 11 items. Location:Misc:C. Collection of correspondence, three page diary, orders, and a printed notice relating to Colburn and his operation of Opelousas and Great Western Railroad in New Orleans. Includes a letter by Admiral Farragut requesting a gunboat to protect Colburn's men. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4720.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Little, J. M. Letter, 1864.2 items. Location: Misc.:L. Union brigadier general in the Civil War. Letter from occupied Natchez, Mississippi, to superintendent of freedmen orders him to cease interference in sanitary discipline of the freedmen (1864 April 1). Included is a copy of General Orders requiring examination of medical officers of the regiments of the Corps d'Afrique. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2991.

Little, Sidney O., Letters, 1862-1863. 2 items. Location: MISC:L. A native of Carthage, Ill., Little was a private in the 118th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Company B. Little writes from the federal steamer Northerner of the Mississippi Squadron. He tells of military and naval operations on the Yazoo River just above Vicksburg. He describes life in camp near Vicksburg, remarking on the increase in small pox deaths, and that sick soldiers needed to be sent to St. Louis Little notes that many of the men "would like to throw down their guns and go home." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1448, 4302.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Livermore, Francis S. Letter, 1864 Sept. 12. 1 item. Location: Misc.:L. Letter from Francis S. Livermore of the 11th Wisconsin Infantry to his sister in Iowa. Livermore was stationed in Brashear City, La. He describes a raid on Confederate troops on Pigeon Bayou, La., and mentions killing alligators. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3941.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Lobdell (John L. and Family) Papers, 1817-1912 (bulk: 1825-1890). 0.5 linear feet. Location: A:78; H:12; OS:L. A lawyer and planter in West Feliciana and West Baton Rouge Parishes who experienced financial difficulties as a result of the Civil War. Consists of legal documents, financial records, correspondence, certificates and a cotton book from Arbroath Plantation in West Baton Rouge Parish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4359.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War

Louden, Elvira. Correspondence, 1855-1888. 30 items (on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf.:L. Teacher and resident of Virginia. Social and family letters pertain to social life and Confederate soldiers' experiences in the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Catalog. Mss. 2651.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Louisiana pictures, 1720-1865. 17 items. Location: Map cage. Prints include John Law's concession at New Biloxi; a plantation on Bayou Goula, Louisiana; the Civil War Battle of New Orleans sketched by a federal soldier; federal gunboats passing Port Hudson, Louisiana; and Jackson Station after it was burned. Also included are reprints of Civil War scenes of Port Hudson and Baton Rouge from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Weekly Newspaper. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1733.

Louisiana bonds and notes collection, 1832-1939. 34 items. Location: Misc.:L, OS:L. Bonds, notes, and warrants of the state of Louisiana, including some issued by Citizens' Bank of Louisiana and Charity Hospital of New Orleans, for purposes such as printing, the construction of the Louisiana State Capitol, and the support of Confederate veterans and their widows. See the online catalog for a more detailed description of the items in the collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893, 1187, 1196, 1365, 3438, 3660.

Louisiana African American copy photograph collection, circa 1860-1865. 3 copy prints. Location: 65:5. The collection contains one enlarged copy print of a carte de visite of Middleton Plauche, valet to Tacitus Gailliard Calvit, a Bayou Rapides planter, prior to the Civil War; one copy print of a group of African Americans, some in uniform, standing outside a house with two white men standing on the porch; and one enlarged copy print of African American soldiers standing at parade rest near Port Hudson, La., 1864. Mss. 4128.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Louisiana Baptist. Issue, 1864 August 3. 1 item. Location: Nsp. Map cage. Issue includes news of a revival meeting in General John G. Walker's division at Alexandria, and a special order issued by General G. Kirby Smith containing the schedule of prices for articles purchsed by stores of the Confederate government. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Civil War

Louisiana Military Commissioner collection, 1864. 132 items. Location: UU:78. Reports of sick and wounded in Georgia, including Andersonville, and Alabama hospitals. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1357.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Louisiana militia document, 1863 May 29. 1 item. Location: Misc.:L. Anonymous Civil War report from the headquarters of the Louisiana Army, District of North Louisiana at Natchitoches, to the Adjutant General's Office outlining reasons for the failure to secure state troops as ordered. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2142.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Louisiana ordinance of secession, 1861 Jan. 26. 1 ordinance. Location: OS:L. The 130 delegates to the Louisiana secession convention assembled in Baton Rouge on January 23, 1861. On January 26, 1861, it voted 113 to 17 to secede immediately. The Louisiana ordinance of secession is inscribed by hand on a single sheet of vellum, approximately 30 x 24 in., with text written in two columns in both English and French, and bearing 132 signatures. These are positive and negative photocopies made in 1938. In English and French. Mss. 263.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Louisiana secession document, 1861. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: Map cage. Ordinance of Secession of the State of Louisiana adopted by the Louisiana Secession Convention, January 26, 1861, and signed by the assembled delegates. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 263.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Louisiana State Depositary. Journal, 1861 January-April. 1 vol. Location: OS:L. State depositary created in 1861 to administer the funds in the Sub-Treasury of the United States in New Orleans after the secession of Louisiana from the Union and prior to the Confederacy. Record of accounts. Entries include payment to treasury warrants by A. J. Guirot as disbursing officer for the Post Office Department, Department of the Interior, Navy and War Departments, and other government agencies. Entries also include payments of vouchers made to and funds received from F. H. Hatch, collector of the Port of New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 992.

Louisiana State House of Representatives. Journal, 1861-1862. 1 ms. vol., 1 mf reel. Location: Vault:13., Mss. Mf:L. Manuscript, unpublished proceedings of the Louisiana House of Representatives, November 25, 1861-January 23, 1862. A typewritten copy is also available. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 260.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Louisiana State Treasury Department. Treasurer's office books, 1864-1882. 4 ms. vols. Location: L:13. Fund books recording expenditures under such headings as General Fund, School Fund, Levee Fund, and Poll Tax Fund; journal containing accounts of the State Treasurer with the State of Louisiana; and a letterbook containing official correspondence. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 268, 709.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Louisiana. Legislature. House of Representatives. Roster, 1863. 1 item. Location: OS:L. Louisiana House of Representatives roster, containing an alphabetical list of members of the House of Representatives and their vote on the bill to authorize the transfer of certain moneys from the general funds of the treasury to the War Tax Fund for payment of principal and interest. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1702.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War

Louisiana. Militia. Saint James Parish Regiment Records, 1861- 1862. 15 items. Location: MISC:S and OS:S. The St. James Regiment was formed as a part of the Louisiana Militia of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War (1861-1865). This collection contains a partially printed document appointing Victor Forstall as "Major of the St. James Regiment" of the Militia of Louisiana, dated April 7, 1861, signed by Governor Thomas Moore and Secretary of State Pliny D. Hardy. It also contains 14 manuscript muster rolls for companies A,B,C,D,E, and F of the St. James Regiment, dated April 1861 through March 1862, which were written in English and/or French. Mss. 5167.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Loveland, Emanuel. True bill, 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc. Bill signed by the foreman of the Grand Jury of Frederick County, Maryland, affirming that Emanuel Loveland levied war against the state by taking up arms. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2325.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Lovell, Mansfield, 1822-1884. Letter, 1861 November 22.. 1 item. Location: Misc.:L. Confederate General in New Orleans from October 1861 until its capture by federal forces in April 1862. Memorandum stating that he has no objection to giving fishing permits to well-known loyal parties provided that they do not put themselves in a position to be captured and used as pilots by Union forces. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3072.

Lovell, Mansfield, 1822-1884. Letter, 1862 March 9. 1 item. Location: Misc:L. Confederate General in New Orleans from October 1861 until its capture by federal forces in April 1862. Letter written to Van (Dorn?) describing the condition of New Orleans prior to its evacuation by the Confederate forces. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 12. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2687.

Lowry, K. B. Notice, 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc. Union lieutenant commander of the U.S. Gunboat Sciota in the Civil War. Copy of a public notice issued by Lowry threatening summary justice on James Humphreys or any member 'of his band of guerrillas' damaging the property of Mrs. Burbank, St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 753.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War

LSU Libraries: Louisiana collection photographs, 1862-1971. 624 items. Location: 11:6, OS:L. This collection contains photographic prints and some picture postcards of city buildings, plantation buildings, and other structures in several Louisiana cities and parishes, especially New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Mss. 4262.

Lunt, Richard K., 1832-1863. Letters, 1863 February 9-March 31. 4 letters. Location: MISC:L. Richard K. Lunt was a Union soldier with the 48th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment. The letters, sent from Camp Banks, Baton Rouge, La. to Lunt's mother and brother, describe the camp, weather, Baton Rouge, plantations, and battles. Mss. 5122.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Lyons, Mary E. Notebook, 1855-1866. 1 volume. Location: G:16, OS:L. Resident of Clinton and New Orleans, Louisiana. Notebook containing historical notes and poems written at Bienvenue Seminary, Fredericksburg, Virginia (1855) and newspaper clippings of poems (1864-1866). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 269.

Lytle Studio (Baton Rouge, La.). Baton Rouge Civil War cartes-de-visite, circa 1863-1865. 8 cartes-de-visite. Location: MISC:B. Identified and unidentified cartes-de-visite. One is of Thomas Rotch Rodman, a captain of the 38th Massachusetts Volunteers Infantry Regiment of the United States Army. Another carte-de-visite is of George W. Brightwell, a private of the 118th Illinois Volunteers Infantry Regiment of the United States Army. Other subjects are unidentified. Some cartes-de-visite were created by Andrew D. Lytle, T. Keddy, and Bogel and Sheppers. Mss. 5321.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Lytle, Andrew D. Badges, [1824], 1881. 2 items. Location: Misc. Baton Rouge photographer. Silk badges commemorating Lafayette's visit to Cincinnati, Ohio (1824) and the Army of Northern Virginia Monument at Metairie Cemetery (1881). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge

Lytle, Andrew D. Collection, circa 1862-1904. 302 items. Location: 11:11. Baton Rouge photographer. Collection consists of photographs of gunboats; buildings in and around Baton Rouge and Clinton, Louisiana during and after the Civil War; Louisiana State University's old Baton Rouge campus; the old Louisiana State Penitentiary; inauguration of Governor Murphy Foster; floats and participants in the Baton Rouge firemen's parades; Centenary College; and Silliman Female Collegiate Institute. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893, 1254.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women, Civil War, Education, Baton Rouge, LSU

Lytle, Levi. Letter, 1864.1 item. Location: Misc. Union soldier at Camp Rome, Georgia. Letter to Catherine Swick of Butnam County, Ohio, reporting that he participated in the heavy fighting.For further information, see onine card catalog. Mss. 928.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

MacKowen, John C. (John Clay). Papers, 1846-1966 (bulk 1897-1901). 103 items, 3 printed vols. Location: E:54; OS:M. Planter and physician of Jackson, Louisiana, and owner of a property in Anacapri, Italy. Letters concern the education of John MacKowen and his brothers in New England schools, MacKowen's Confederate service during the Civil War, the education of African Americans by plantation women, and the MacKowen property in Italy. Some letters and papers in Italian and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2465.

Madole, F. R. Parole, 1865. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: Misc. Confederate prisoner in the Civil War. Parole of Honor issued at Jackson, Mississippi, and signed by Colonel Thomas H. Taylor, Confederate States of America, and Colonel Van E. Young, United States of America, Department of Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2018.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War

Magee, Sylvester, 1841-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1969. 1 sound cassette (1 hour), Index (1 page). Location: L:4700.0039. Former slave and Civil War veteran. Magee discusses his parents, his owners (masters) in Mississippi before the Civil War, his service during the Civil War under General John Reuben, his participation in fighting at Vicksburg and Gettysburg, and his family. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0039.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Mandeville, Henry D. (Henry David) and family. Papers, 1815-1925 (bulk 1854-1883). 2 linear ft. Location: U:214-216. Henry D. Mandeville, originally from Philadelphia, was a factor in trade with China; his son Henry, Jr. was a lawyer in Natchez, Mississippi. Two other sons, Theodore and Ellwyn, served in the Confederate army. Collection includes personal and business correspondence documenting life in Natchez and New Orleans; the operation of Westwood Plantation (owned by Henry, Jr.) in Louisiana; and Civil War papers of Theodore and Ellwyn. Papers also include letters referring to musical performances in Arkansas, Virginia, Natchez, New Orleans, and Chicago; and materials documenting civilian life in New Orleans in the Civil War. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 3, Reels 3-6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 491, 535.

Mann, Ambrose Dudley. Letters, 1850-1889. 160 items [on microfilm]. Location: Mss. Mf.:M. Published letters and related items edited by Dr. John Preston Moore for an article in the Journal of Mississippi History and for My Ever Dearest Friend: The Letters of A. Dudley Mann to Jefferson Davis (1960). Originals are in Confederate Museum and in the Library of Congress. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1823.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Literature

Marathon claims papers, 1884-1885. 4 items. Location: Misc. Three letters from A. St. C. Denver, Washington, D.C., to Christopher Tyler, East Haddam, Conn., pertain to a claim against the U.S. government for the loss of the ship "Marathon" during the Civil War. An attorney's agreement is also included in the papers. Mss. 3719.

Marchand, Sidney A. (Sidney Albert). Papers, 1866-1970 (bulk 1890-1966). 2.5 linear ft. Locations: OS:M; UU:19-20. Sidney Albert Marchand served as a Louisiana State Representative from 1929 to 1932 and Mayor of Donaldsonville from 1929 to1933. The collection is comprised of Sidney Albert Marchand's correspondence, financial papers, legal and political documents, and printed materials that reflect his professional career. The manuscript writings reflect Marchand's interests as a local historian and author in Ascension Parish. Mss. 3214.

Marchant, James Alexander. Family Papers, 1860-1934 (bulk 1860-1887). 0.4 linear feet. Location E:112. Personal correspondence and papers, one diary, and photographs pertaining to the Marchant and DeArmond families of Clinton, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, and, later, Brazil. Letters pertain primarily to conditions in Clinton and East Feliciana Parish after the Civil War, including labor relations with freedmen. A few Civil War letters are also present and pertain to the Battle of Vicksburg, the C.S.S. Arkansas, and Ship Island, Miss. Also included is a letter of introduction for James Marchant from the citizens of Clinton to those of Brazil, a diary kept by the Marchants' son Madison chronicling their journey to Brazil, and photographs of family members, Robert E. Lee, and Joseph E. Johnston. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3641

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Mark Prime Quartermaster Report, 1863. 1 report. Location: MISC:M. Quartermaster report detailing the pay of carpenters and ambulance drivers for the month of June 1863. The report is signed by Assistant Quartermaster Captain Mark Prime and Colonel Samuel B. Holabird. Mss. 5076.

Markham, Thomas Railey, 1828-1894. Papers, 1794-1932 (bulk 1850-1890). 4.5 linear ft. Location: B:42-46, 99:m, OS:M, J:4 .Pastor of the Lafayette Presbyterian Church in New Orleans (1856-1894) and chaplain in the Confederate army in the Civil War. Collection documents Markham's activities as a minister and includes sermons and memorandum books. Civil War materials include correspondence and military orders. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 12. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 250, 649, 650.

Marsh, Edward N. Civil War Letter, 1862, December 18. 1 item. Location: OS:M. Edward N. Marsh was a private in the 52nd Massachusetts Infantry, which was organized at Greenfield, Mass., in October 1862. The 52nd arrived in Baton Rouge to occupy the city on December 17, 1862. In a letter to his brother and sister, Private Marsh describes the scene in Baton Rouge, including his unit's landing, soldiers' taking items from homes, the town's deserted appearance, and the conditions of "contrabands," slaves who fled to the Federal encampments in Baton Rouge. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4891.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Baton Rouge, African Americans

Marsh, Edwin N. Letter, 1862 Dec. 18. 1 item. Location: OS:M. Private in the 52nd Massachusetts Infantry. He describes the scene in Baton Rouge, including his unit's landing, soldiers' taking items from homes, the town's deserted appearance, and the conditions of "contrabands," slaves who fled to the Federal encampments in Baton Rouge. Mss. 4891.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans

Marshall, George B. (George Benoist). Family Papers, 1807-1900 (bulk 1850-1880). 0.5 linear ft. Location: B:41, J:7. Sugar and cotton planter of Crescent Plantation, Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana, and captain in the Confederate army. Collection includes records, daybooks, bills, receipts, and other documents related to the plantation. Includes a 1866 record of fines imposed on African Americans for breaking the peace. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 12-13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 969.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Marshall, Maria Chotard and family Papers, 1819-1868. 0.3 linear ft. Location: S:126. Family of businessmen and planters whose branches settled in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Letters of Sarah Foster Chotard to her daughter Maria Louisa Marshall, and Maria's to her sister Eliza Gould, discuss family, legal, and business affairs, social life, travel, and Civil War experiences. Memoirs by Eliza Gould deal with family history. Collection includes a biographical sketch of David Hunt, a planter of Natchez, Mississippi, and his wife Anne Ferguson Hunt. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3256.

Marshall-Furman Family Papers, 1794-1975 (bulk 1833-1905). 3,046 items, 35 vols., 8 microfilm reels. Location: W:59-68, OS:M, Mss. Mf.:M. Henry Marshall was a cotton planter and a member of the Louisiana Senate. S. C. Furman, Marshall's son-in-law, was a medical doctor and officer in the Louisiana Second Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. Correspondence deals with politics, economics, agriculture, and the Civil War. Also included in the collection are financial and professional papers, a muster roll, diary, account book, memorandum book, map, and scrapbook materials. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2740, 4042.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, Medicine

Marston, Henry and family. Papers, 1818-1938 (bulk 1850-1890). 2,104 items, 59 volumes. Location: U:220-222, U:267, G:19. Planters of East Feliciana Parish and Red River Parish, Louisiana. Collection includes diaries; plantation records; legal documents; personal correspondence; bank records; and Civil War papers. Diaries comment on public health, yellow fever epidemic, race relations, labor and the political participation of African Americans. Other volumes record activities of the Clinton & Port Hudson Railroad and the Silliman Female Collegiate Institute. Papers of son , Bulow, reflect his activities as planter, steamboat operator, and warehouse owner. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735 and 6061: University Publications of America, Confederate Military Manuscripts, Series B, Reel 13 and Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reel 14, or For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 624.

Martin, Robert Campbell, b. 1839. Papers, 1767-1932. 241 items, 75 vols. (68 ms. Vols., 8 printed vols.). Location: C:9, OS:M, O:18-19, 98. Sugar planter of Albemarle Plantation, Assumption Parish, Louisiana, and son of Robert Campbell Martin and Mary Winfred Pugh. Martin served as first lieutenant in the 26th Louisiana Volunteer Regiment during the Civil War. Papers include Pugh family property and estate records such as deeds and leases, an estate inventory, powers of attorney, and a promissory note. Other papers include a funeral notice, marriage license, muster roll, receipts, and voter registration form. Also included are record books of Albemarle Plantation, memorandum books, newspaper clippings, and printed items. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 3, Reels 7-11. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1045.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Civil War, African Americans

Marx, Mary Robertson. Collection, 1863-1970, undated. 1,462 items. Location:10:48-49. Resident of Baton Rouge. Clippings of newspaper and magazine articles and other printed items pertain mainly to the Civil War, World War II, and other historical subjects; and to Louisiana history, politics, culture, and social events. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2796.

Mason, Polly, 1855-1974, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1971. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), 10 pages. Location: L:4700.0041. Former slave, born at Ulster Plantation near Alexandria, Louisiana. Mason was 115 years old at the time of the interview, and was residing in Woodworth, Louisiana. Mason describes her master, Judge Henry Boyce, and her life on his cotton plantation in Boyce, Louisiana. Included are her memories of Union soldiers in Louisiana during the Civil War and her sadness upon the assassination of President Lincoln. Mason also recalls the establishment of a station for the Texas and Pacific Railroad in the area, and her first view of an airplane. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0041.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War, African Americans

Mathews, Charles Lewis and family. Papers, 1797-1919 (bulk 1840-1872). 3 linear ft. Location: U:224-227, OS:M. Family of Greenwood Plantation, West Feliciana Parish. Charles Mathews was the son of George and Harriet Flower Mathews, husband of Penelope Stewart. Papers document the family's plantations, managed by women: Greenwood, Georgia (Raceland), Coco Bend, and Chaseland, Rapides Parish. Included are factors' statements, slave records, overseer's letters; freedmen's contracts; and Civil War soldiers' letters. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 2, Reels 14-17. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 910.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War, African Americans

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