Manuscript Resources on The History of Education

This guide describes collections documenting the history of education in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of education officials; college deans; university presidents; professors; principals; teachers; and students. It also contains some records of defunct universities, colleges, and schools. There are a number of collections containing records of teachers' associations and student clubs and organizations.

Records of Louisiana State University, which are part of the LSU University Archives, and the papers of LSU faculty, students, and alumni, are not described in this guide unless they also relate to education apart from LSU. A separate guide to the papers of LSU faculty, students, and alumni is forthcoming. Many University Archives records are described in the University Archives section of the Special Collections web site.

The guide contains school notebooks of elementary and university students; term papers and theses; diplomas; and materials on medical and legal education. There is also information about public, private, and parochial schools; higher education; and school integration. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Paxson, Charles, died 1880. A slave girl from New Orleans carte-de-visite, circa 1864. 1 photograph. Location: MISC:S. Charles Paxson was a photographer in New York during the 1860s. He created carte-de-visite photographs and was one of a few photographers who took photographs of emancipated slaves for Major General Nathaniel P. Banks' campaign to raise funds for emancipated slaves in Louisiana. The carte-de-visite, titled "A Slave Girl from New Orleans" (1864), features the image of a very Caucasian looking African American, Rebecca, from New Orleans. Rebecca was a recently emancipated slave of her white father from New Orleans. New Orleans was under the command of the Union Army's Major General Nathaniel P. Banks. Rebecca was one of eight slaves from New Orleans to tour the North and raise funds for Banks' work in Louisiana. Carte-de-visites, like this one, were sold to raise that money and the back of the carte-de-visite states the sales money was "devoted to the education of colored people in the department of the Gulf." Mss. 5102.

A. M. & J. C. Dupont (Firm). Account books, 1887-1933. 78 vols. Location: L:16-20. Retail and wholesale merchants of Houma, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. Directors of the firm included Albert M. Dupont, Sr., Ernest D. Dupont, Julius Dupont, and Lawrence H. Dupont. Records include daily accounts of sales; current and monthly customer accounts; records of purchases and other expenses; out-of-date and unpaid accounts; records of profits and losses; payroll records; and check book stubs and cancelled checks. Included in the miscellaneous volumes are minutes to meetings of the Parish Sunday School Association of Terrebonne and Lafourche Parishes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 511.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Business

Abstract of wages paid to teachers employed in city colored schools, Memphis, Tennessee, 1864 December. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. Abstract signed by T. A. Walker, captain, 63rd United States Colored Infantry, listing wages to teachers in African American schools in Memphis, Tennessee, administered by the Freedman's Department during the Union occupation. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3092.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, African Americans

Ada C. Pollock-Blundon Association letter, 1929 Dec. 10. 1 item. Location: MISC:A. The Blundon School and Orphanage reportedly had its beginnings at the Wesley United Methodist Church in Baton Rouge. Signed by Gertrude Snell Brown thanking Mr. Edgar M. Hurlburt for his contribution to their organization. She reports on the number of children enrolled in the home and the seven day schools, as well as the work done on the new nursery. Mss. 4905.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Baton Rouge, African Americans

Agramonte, Aristides. Notebook, undated 1 ms. vol. Location: M:18. Notebook containing notes on grammar, philosophy, jurisprudence, rhetoric, mathematics, and agriculture; and a series of questions and answers. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 974.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French

Allen, William M. Correspondence, 1858-1863. 22 items. Location: E:3. Farmer of Holmesville, Pike County, Mississippi. His sister, Letty, and her husband, John Houston, owned a farm in Minden, Webster Parish, Louisiana. William and his brother Felix were Confederate soldiers in the Mississippi Volunteers. Pre-Civil War letters from Houston discuss farming conditions, his advocacy of secession, and local social events. Civil War letters to Allen describe skirmishes in Kentucky and Louisiana, and war news such as the shelling of Port Hudson, Louisiana. Family affairs, illness and remedies, and attendance at the New Orleans School of Medicine are other topics in the letters. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 701, 2287.

American Association of University Women. Baton Rouge Branch. Records, 1951-1994 (bulk 1980-1993). 2 linear ft., 3v. Location: UU:113. Official papers of the Baton Rouge Branch of the American Association of University Women during the presidency of Mrs. May Lee Denham. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 666.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Baton Rouge

American Association of University Women. Louisiana State Division. Records, 1925-1941. 1,167 items, 1 ms. Vol., 45 printed vols. Location: UU:1-4. Official records consisting of correspondence, annual reports, programs, and related printed materials from presidents and committee chairmen of branches in Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Hammond, Lafayette, Natchitoches, Ruston, and Shreveport, Louisiana. Included are mimeographed and printed material from A.A.U.W. National Headquarters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 666.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Baton Rouge

American Association of University Women. Louisiana State Division. Records, 1948-1957. 36 items, 5 pamphlets. Location: UU:4. Records include a brief history of the association by Mrs. C. C. Henson, copies of bylaws, programs for annual meetings, letters from the general director, and association journals. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1486.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education

Amite County Record Book, 1851-1864, 1879, 1895. 1 ms. Vol. Location: M:21. Records of the appointed trustees of the Common Schools for District No. 2 in Amite County, Mississippi. Reports from various schools list name of parents, name and age of scholar, and amounts drawn from the public fund. Some minutes are included. For further information online catalog. Mss. 6.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, Natchez, Mississippi

Amite River Academy. Circular, 1879. 1 item. Location: EPHEMERA COLLECTION SUBGROUP V. Located in Grangeville, Louisiana. Printed circular for the Amite River Academy giving descriptive information about the school and the program for the closing exercises of the Intermediate Examination. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 7.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Anderson, Dupuy H. Papers, 1935-1996 (bulk 1958-1963). 0.3 linear ft. Location: W:97, OS:A. Baton Rouge dentist and civil rights activist. Collection consists of correspondence, photographs, political speeches, and printed items that relate to his personal and public life. Papers focus on his community service, candidacy for mayor-president of East Baton Rouge Parish, and his involvement in the integration of East Baton Rouge Parish public schools. Mss. 5114.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Education, African Americans

Anderson, John Q. Manuscript, LOUISIANA SWAMP DOCTOR,1836-1970 (`bulk 1836-1853, 1930-1958). 352 items. Location: C:76. Writer and professor of English, University of Houston, Texas. Manuscript of Louisiana Swamp Doctor; The Writings of Henry Clay Lewis, Alias 'Madison Tensas, M.D.', edited by John Q. Anderson. (Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 1962) and related correspondence and research notes. It also contains succession records for the estate of Henry Clay Lewis (1853).For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2156.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine, Literature

Anderson, John Q. Papers, ca. 1930-1990. 3 linear ft. Location: C:76-78, W:8, 7:51-52, OS:A. Writer and professor of English, University of Houston, Texas. Papers documenting Anderson's teaching career and writings. Includes reprints of articles, copies of typescripts of his Louisiana Swamp Doctor, and research materials for Kate Stone's diary, published as Brokenburn. Included are other writings on folklore and history, research materials of his wife Loraine Epps Anderson, and materials documenting their involvement with the Texas Folklore Society. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2162.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine, Literature

Anderson, John Q., Papers, 1848-1993 (bulk 1953-1973). 7.5 linear ft., 5 v. Location: X:119-125, OS:A, P:17. John Q. Anderson was a professor of English and a writer of Southern history and folklore. This collections of files, correspondence, printed material, and photographs reflect Anderson's career, current events; and they provide research material for his publications, particularly "Brokenburn: The Journal of Kate Stone, 1861-1868" and "Louisiana Swamp Doctor: The Life of Henry Clay Lewis". For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2156, 2162.

Anderson, William H. Letter, 1845 July 19. 1 letter. Location: Misc.:A. William H. Anderson in New Hope, an extinct town in Dallas County, Ala., writes Jesse W. Norris of Pickens Court House, Ala., telling how he had just traveled to several schools for young women in southern Alabama conducting examinations and attending school conventions. He also speculates on his undecided future plans. Mss. 3964.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education

Anonymous Civil War letter, 1863. 1 item. Location: Misc:A Letter from a teacher in North Carolina to his parents in Richmond, Virginia, telling of his work as a mechanic in order to avoid the Confederate conscript law. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1452.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education

Anonymous commercial journal, 1836 July-August. 1 volume. Location: M:18. Journal belonging to a son of a New Orleans, Louisiana commission merchant, probably a schoolboy. Day-to-day entries made while he was working in his father's firm describe business transactions, office duties, and bank affairs; and record personal observations, descriptions of merchandise, and a few local incidents. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2168.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Education, Business

Anonymous French language notebook, circa 1850. 1 volume. Location: C:45. Notebook containing French grammar notes and catechism questions. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Education, French

Anonymous geometry notebook, circa 1850. 1 volume. Location: C:45. Notebook containing geometric problems and definitions. In French. For further information, see online Mss. 552.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French, LSU

Anonymous mathematics notebook, 1827-1829, 1892. 1 volume. Location: C:45. Mathematics notebook containing rules and examples, and also copies of poems. 'Madisonville Brick and Ship Yards, March 4, 1829' is written on the margin of a page. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Anonymous physics notebook, circa 1850-1880. 1 volume. Location: F:2. Notebook containing notes of lectures on physics and cosmography. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 86.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French

Appleton, H. Diary, 1875-1876. 1 ms. vol. Location: Misc.:A. H. Appleton was an LSU student and cadet. His diary describes the life of an LSU student. It discusses his classes and professors, as well as his social and personal life. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4804.

Referenced in Guides: Education, LSU

Applewhite, Cornelia. Papers, 1877-1878, 1924-1925, undated 3 items, 2 ms. Vols., 2 printed vols. [on microfilm]. Location: Mss. Mf.:A. Student at Whitworth Female College, Brookhaven, Mississippi. Two notebooks containing entries on basic subjects; lists of students; and biographical and genealogical notes. Also included are a printed song book (1877); a printed volume on the history of Sarepta (1924-1925); and three pictures. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3498.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Women, Education

Arbour, Sidney V. Jr. Family Papers, [1855] 1900-2011. 5.75 linear ft. Location: X:27-32, OS:A. Prominent Baton Rouge, La., resident, WWII veteran and realtor. Personal papers, business and legal papers, printed material, and photographs pertain to the personal activities and business affairs of the allied Arbour Bahlinger, Kornmeyer, and Wilbert families of Louisiana. Topics include student life, WWII, oil leases, Baton Rouge real estate, volunteerism, and genealogy. Mss. 5075.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Business, LSU

Arceneaux, William. Papers, 1964-2007 (bulk 1972-2007). 15 linear feet and 20 volumes. Locations: 4:36, 4:43, 110:4-11, OS:A, Vault:2. Louisiana higher education official. Papers consist of correspondence, business papers, photographs, printed items, and scrapbooks related to the professional, civic, and personal activities of William Arceneaux. A small amount of correspondence is in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog Mss. 4107.

Arndt, Hilda C. M., interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Transcript (8 pages). Location: L:4700.0320. Faculty member of LSU's School of Social Work. Arndt discusses her decision to enter social work; her education and career before coming to LSU; the impact of World War II on day care for children; and the LSU School of Social Work faculty, students' curriculum and field experiences, and enrollment. Arndt also describes her professional activities and honors received; and compares schools of social work at Tulane and LSU. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0320.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, LSU

Ashley-Cooper, Anthony. Letters, 1829-1890. 14 items. Location: Misc.:A. English philanthropist and social reformer, and seventh Earl of Shaftesbury. Letters, largely social, include a defense of the 'Ragged Schools' for children of the poor. Mss. 1350.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Aswell, James B. Papers, 1892-1959 (bulk 1909-1931). 3 linear ft. (1,301 items; 18 ms. v.). Location: U:172-174, OS:A, G:1, 98:A, Vault:38. Educator and U.S. congressman. Materials pertain principally to Aswell's political career and Louisiana politics; World War I; and post-war European conditions. Included are diaries documenting Aswell's official missions to Europe and scrapbooks on his career as an educator. Diary #4 discusses the presence of Jews in Poland following WWI. Notable individuals mentioned include Huey Long, John M. Parker, Gaston Porterie, Herbert Hoover, and Al Smith. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1408, 1426, 1468, 1483, 1620, 1621.

Aswell, James B., Jr. and Family. Papers, 1868-1961, undated (bulk 1930-1955). 9.75 linear, 22 manuscript volumes. Locations: 79:85-90, G:17, N:10, OS:A, T:103-106, Vault:1. Novelist, syndicated columnist, political writer, and Louisiana State Director of Public Relations (1940-1942) from Natchitoches, Louisiana. Papers contain correspondence, political materials, printed materials, photographs, and manuscript volumes relating to the careers and personal lives of James B. Aswell, Jr. and James B. Aswell, Sr. Mss. 2453.

Badon, Robert, 1896-1998, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1995. 1 sound cassette (1.25 hours), transcript ( 41 p.). Location: L:4700.00555. Robert Badon was born in Breaux Bridge, Louisiana and educated in St. Martinville. He worked as a New Orleans public service employee, a county agent, and a school teacher. He was a veteran of World War I and graduated from Louisiana State University with a degree in agriculture in 1918. Badon discusses early life and education in St. Martinville, his experiences as a cadet at LSU, as a county agent, and as a teacher, coach, and principal. He tells of anthrax vaccinations, introduction of fertilizer in sugar cane farming, and the spead of information in rural areas. He also relates his four months of military duty during WWI and a visit by Theodore Roosevelt to Iberia Parish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.00555.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Education, LSU, 20th Century Wars

Baker, Neiu A. Letters, 1860. 2 letters. Location: Misc. Neiu A. Baker, a schoolteacher in Downsville, La., writes to his wife, S.J. Baker, in Longstreet, N.C., discussing her canceled trip to Louisiana; their daughter Emma in North Carolina; the land, people, and climate in and around Downsville and Union Parish; his wish to leave his teaching job for further education; and her family's reluctance to see her leave North Carolina. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4009.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education

Balque, Joseph. Document, 1848. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B Document (certified copy) appointing Joseph Balque, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, natural tutor to his children. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 21.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Banes, Alexander. Alexander and Nannie I. Banes Family Papers, 1888-1990. 1.3 linear ft. Location: U:252, OS:B. African American family of Waco, Texas. Collection includes photographs, correspondence, writings, and legal and financial papers. Some materials document Nannie Bane's work as a teacher in North Texas. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4392.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, African Americans

Barker, Bruce M. Papers, 1966-1987. 13 volumes. Location: 43:7. Physicist and assistant professor at Louisiana State University. Papers include bound research notes and offprints of articles. Topics include super-dense matter; quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory, and general relativistic spin precession of gyroscopes and binary pulsars. Mss. 4169. 

Referenced in Guides: Education, LSU

Barrow, Cordelia Johnson, 1816-1845. Family papers, 1834-1894. 9 letters, 1 eulogy. Location: 119:10. Cordelia Johnson Barrow was the daughter of Philo S. Johnson and Anna Maria Johnson of Watertown, New York. She was educated at Mrs. Willard's Academy for Young Ladies in Troy, New York. Following her graduation, she took a teaching position in Camden, South Carolina. Later, she met her husband, Wylie Micajah Barrow, in St. Francisville, Louisiana, when she was hired as a tutor for the Barrow family. The Cordelia Johnson Barrow family papers contain correspondence from Cordelia Johnson Barrow and her descendants. The letters are generally written from either Louisiana or Watertown, New York. Included in the papers is a letter from Martha Johnson Robertson Barrow to her grandmother, Martha Johnson Pope, regarding the family's flight from Baton Rouge to Tickfaw, La., after their Baton Rouge home was taken by the Union Army. There is a eulogy for Cordelia Johnson Barrow written by an unknown author and two letters from Cordelia Johnson Barrow to her family regarding her experience traveling to South Carolina when she was a teacher. These letters describe her "dangerous" trip, including a description of New York City, the steamboat ride, yellow fever outbreaks, the railroad, and the swamp. There is also a letter from Martha Johnson Robertson Barrow to her daughter, Leila, that includes advice on home medical remedies, and a letter from an unknown brother to his sister telling of a bad storm in Baton Rouge. Mss. 5101.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Education, Medicine

Batchelor family papers, 1852-1922. 124 items (on microfilm). Location:Mss. Mf.:B. Papers are comprised of family letters, plantation and business papers, family succession papers, and material related to an Episcopal Church. A letter from Sarah E. Archer describes a Jewish wedding, ca. 1901. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1293.

Batchelor, Ruth Ker. Batchelor-Nutt collection, 1835-1960. 24 items, 2 vols. Location: B:46, F:16. James Batchelor was a planter and legislator of Amite County, Mississippi. Rushwell Nutt, his father-in-law, of Laurel Hill Plantation in Jefferson County, Mississippi, was a planter, physician, scientist, and world traveler. Collection includes papers, photographs, and ephemera of the Nutt and Batchelor families and the Davenport family of Louisiana. Letters include local and family news, and one letter describes teaching in Texas schools. Included are trade card scrapbooks of 19th century companies, and an article (1960) on Beech Grove Plantation in Amite County, Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3018.

Baton Rouge Scenes, c. 1920-1930. 14 items. Location: 111:1. Picture cards of various scenes from Baton Rouge, La., including the capitol building and Louisiana State University. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 4999.

Bedou, A. P. (Arthur P.), 1882-1966. Photograph of Dillard University, between 1935 and 1952. 1photograph; 8 x 39.5 in. Location: OS:B. Arthur P. Bedou was a black photographer in New Orleans during the early and middle 20th century. He was a photographer for Xavier University and Booker T. Washington. A panoramic photograph of Dillard University depicting Rosenwald Hall on the left and Kearney Hall in the center. The photograph was taken from Gentilly Boulevard shortly after the university was founded in 1930. It was taken after 1935, but before 1952 based on the buildings depicted in the photograph. Mss. 5142.

Referenced in Guides: Education, African Americans

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