Manuscript Resources on The History of Education

This guide describes collections documenting the history of education in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of education officials; college deans; university presidents; professors; principals; teachers; and students. It also contains some records of defunct universities, colleges, and schools. There are a number of collections containing records of teachers' associations and student clubs and organizations.

Records of Louisiana State University, which are part of the LSU University Archives, and the papers of LSU faculty, students, and alumni, are not described in this guide unless they also relate to education apart from LSU. A separate guide to the papers of LSU faculty, students, and alumni is forthcoming. Many University Archives records are described in the University Archives section of the Special Collections web site.

The guide contains school notebooks of elementary and university students; term papers and theses; diplomas; and materials on medical and legal education. There is also information about public, private, and parochial schools; higher education; and school integration. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Manship, Douglas L. Papers, 1960-1963. .5 linear ft. Location: 10:43. Journalist of Baton Rouge, president of Capital City Press, and founder of the LSU Manship School of Mass Communication. Drafts of editorials broadcast on WBRZ-TV, and letters in response to the broadcasts. Letters particularly concern Manship's stance on the debate sparked by bills presented in the State Legislature on racial integration of public schools in Louisiana. Drafts of House Bills nos. 1-8 (1960) by T. T. Fields of Union Parish, Bryan J. Lehmann of St. Charles Parish, and Risley C. Triche of Assumption Parish are included. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4681.

Marchand, Earl M. (Earl Maxwell). Family certificates, 1922-1935. 12 items. Location: OS:M. Earl Marchand was born in Natchez, Mississippi to Joseph R. and Julia Marchand. Earl married Manila M. Martin, and their children were Joy Maxine and Nolan Douglas. Certificates include birth records, cradle roll certificates, and reading course certificates for Joy and Nolan. Mss. 4184.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education

Marilla, Esmond Linworth. Papers, 1844-1970 (bulk 1929-1970. 296 items, 12 v. Location: 6:53-57, OS:M. Professor of English at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, La. Papers contain lecture notes, examinations, reading lists, and research material pertaining to the writings of Marilla and others. Material includes literary papers submitted to Marilla for review and editing, bibliographies, and reprints of works written or edited by Marilla. There is also a galley proof for Marilla's MILTON AND THE MODERN MAN. A large portion of the collection consists of literary journals and reprints of articles on English literature, particularly the works of John Milton and Henry Vaughan. Mss. 2745.

Referenced in Guides: Education, LSU

Marston, Henry and family. Papers, 1818-1938 (bulk 1850-1890). 2,104 items, 59 volumes. Location: U:220-222, U:267, G:19. Planters of East Feliciana Parish and Red River Parish, Louisiana. Collection includes diaries; plantation records; legal documents; personal correspondence; bank records; and Civil War papers. Diaries comment on public health, yellow fever epidemic, race relations, labor and the political participation of African Americans. Other volumes record activities of the Clinton & Port Hudson Railroad and the Silliman Female Collegiate Institute. Papers of son , Bulow, reflect his activities as planter, steamboat operator, and warehouse owner. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735 and 6061: University Publications of America, Confederate Military Manuscripts, Series B, Reel 13 and Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reel 14, or For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 624.

Martin, Eugene. Manuscripts, 1851-1867. 5 items, 4 volumes. Location: A:16. Writings of an educator of a private school in New Orleans, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2138.

Martin, Leonard, 1908-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (1.5 hours), Index (4 pages). Location: L:4700.0281. Sugarcane farmer and great-grandson of a slave, Martin was a resident of Four Corners, Louisiana, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Martin's account of the sale of his great-grandfather as a slave along with descriptions of his education; his father's career as the first African American schoolteacher in the area; work in sugarcane farming; and a dance-hall operator, Alice LeBaude. Martin also describes forms of transportation; the marriage of his white maternal grandmother to a Native American; his own marriage; work in Texas; the use of drugs in Four Corners; and his religion. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0281.

Mather, Louise. Notebook, 1875. 1 vol. Location: M:20. School notebook containing essays. In French and English. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 794.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, French

Matsue, Haruji. Papers, 1904. 2 items. Location: Misc.:M. Letter to whom it may concern from S. Tejima, president of the Higher Technological College in Tokyo, Japan, certifying to the credits earned by Matsue Haruji in the college. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Education

McCreery, Jacob. Letter, 1879 October 20.1 item. Location: Misc.:M. Seminary student of Galesburg, Illinois. Letter comments on the disputed presidential election of 1876 and expresses amusement at pranks played on African Americans by visiting soldiers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1533.

McGalliard (William M. and Family) Papers, 1868-1948 (bulk: 1868-1891, 1916-1925). 1.5 linear feet. Location: UU:182-183, OS:Mc, 99:McGalliard. A doctor and president of the school board in Donaldsonville, La. Contains personal and business correspondence, financial records, and printed items related to McGalliard's medical practice, business ventures, especially the Donaldsonville Bridge Company, and family life. Also includes information on home construction and artificial limbs. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3713.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Business, Medicine

McIlhenny, John S. Papers, 1876-1996 (bulk 1928-1989). 4 linear ft., 1 volume. Locations: 75:, OS:M. Son of John A. (Avery) McIlhenny and Anita McIlhenny. Philanthropist of academia and scientific research and donated to many organizations, including the Louisiana State University (LSU) Foundation and Pennington Biomedical Research Center. Papers document his personal life, philanthropic and professional endeavors, and educational pursuits. Materials include correspondence, printed items, photographic items, stamps, coins, and artwork. Mss. 4962.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Baton Rouge, French, LSU

McKinney, Jeptha. Papers, 1841-1931 (bulk 1850-1870). 1 linear ft. Location: E:28-29, OS:M. Graduate of the University of Louisiana (Tulane University Medical School) and practicing physician in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. Early correspondence discusses health during the 1850s; Civil War correspondence discusses camp life, soldiers' health, and battles; later correspondence covers Reconstruction, education, and Baptists. Papers include statements of accounts for medical services, promissory notes, and a thesis on pneumonia by Dr. McKinney. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 273, 718.

McLemore, S. W. Correspondence, 1860, 1873. 5 items (photocopies). Location: Misc. Student at University of Mississippi. Photocopies of personal correspondence of S. W. McLemore, a student at the University of Mississippi, from family and friends. Four letters (1860) discuss social life and crops, with a reference slaves attending church services (Oct. 6, 1860). Another letter concerns ordering a "spark catcher" (July 10, 1873). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2777.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Education, African Americans

McMurran, John T. and family. Papers, 1820-1895. 0.2 linear ft. Location: S:121. Planter, lawyer, and state senator of Natchez, Mississippi. Correspondence and business and legal papers of John McMurran, his wife, and their daughter, concern travel, social life, and the administration of the Woodlands and Killarney plantations. Letters mention judgeships in Mississippi, the funeral of Henry Clay, the sale of the plantation of a mulatto politician, the effects of Reconstruction, and problems of plantation management during Reconstruction. Also included are estate papers of William B. Griffith and papers of William T. Griffith while a student at Oakland College, Mississippi. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 3, Reel 18. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1403.

McQuiston, Nelson, 1897-, interviewee. Nelson and Lottie McQuiston oral history interview, 1979. 1 sound cassette (1.5 hours), Index 2 (pages). Location: L:4700.0044. Nelson and Lottie McQuiston married in 1921 and lived in the Atchafalaya Basin area of Louisiana. They resided in Baker, Louisiana, at the time of this interview. They discuss geographical changes in the Atchafalaya Basin since 1929; the Atchafalaya spillway; lumbering in the area; local treatment of illnesses; residents shopping for groceries and clothing; mail service; education; boat building; and housing. They also discuss births; weddings and funerals; crops and livestock; fishing; and picking and ginning Spanish moss. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0044.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Women, Education, Medicine

McQuiston, Samuel, 1899-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1979. 1 sound cassette (20 minutes), Index (1 page). Location: L:4700.0045. Resident of Plaquemine, Louisiana. McQuiston describes flooding of Bayou Chene, lumbering, fishing, and trapping fur-bearing animals in the Plaquemine area, local geography and place names, and the local school and educators. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0045.

Referenced in Guides: Education

McVea-Neville Family Papers, 1830-1917. 0.1 linear ft. Location: 50:15. The McVea-Neville Family papers consist of personal correspondence, items related to family property, and financial records. Of note is a copy of a Confederate States army substitution affidavit, dated October 24, 1864. The property records include official state and parish documents and notarized copies of various property agreements between McVea-Neville family members. Of note are a court judgment document on a family property dispute, dated December 3, 1865, and a plat map of Neville property, dated March 18, 1864. The financial records include receipts, bills of sale, ledger pages, tax rolls, credit account statements. Other items of note include a congressional report booklet on abandoned property claims, dated December 20, 1889, an insurance policy document for Mrs. M.L. Neville, dated November 6, 1903, and a monthly grade report for Albert McVea from Silliman Collegiate Institute, dated January 30, 1889. Mss. 3284.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Education, Business

Meadows, Mary S., 1879-1963. Collection, 1905-1907, 1915, 1935. 7 items, 2 printed vols. Location: U:107. Teacher in Beauregard, Calcasieu, and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana. Papers include a circular of the Emerson Defense Committee, Brotherhood of Timber Workers, of Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, resulting from charges of violence by the Southern Lumber operator's Association. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1930, 1943.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Meckstroth, Bertha Amelia. Papers, 1903-1958. 207 items, 9 vols. (7 ms. vols., 2 printed vols.). Location: U:180, F:4. Graduate of Radcliffe College (1906), nurse, teacher, student at the Chicago Art Institute, and exhibitor at the Century of Progress International Exposition in Chicago (1933-1934). Collections includes personal letters, an autobiography, notebooks, copies of articles for publication, and a Radcliffe College alumnae directory (1940). Includes designs and items related to Meckstroth's quilting exhibition at the Century of Progress International Exposition. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2248.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Medicine

Megginson, Leon C. Manuscript, 1967. 6 items. Location: UU:167, X:82-84. Professor of Management and Marketing, LSU. Publisher's and draft copies, galley proof, and page proof of 'Personnel: a Behaviorl Approach to Adminsitration,' (Homewood, Illinois, R. D. Irwin, 1967). Included are typewritten copies of 'Dynamic Human Administration.' For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2303.

Referenced in Guides: Education, LSU, Literature

Melancon Family. Papers, 1862-1993, undated. 0.3 linear ft. Location: U:227. Family from Darrow in Ascension Parish, Louisiana. Includes correspondence, an account book, newspaper clippings, genealogical material, and ephemera. The materials date from the late 19th century and early 20th century, and were owned or created by Victorin Melancon, Jr. or his daughter, Marguerite Mary Melancon.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Women, Civil War, Education, French

Memoire : L'Etude des Sons du Patois Negre Louisianais, 1927-1928. 1 manuscript volume. Location Y:85. Judith Major was a public school teacher and later professor emeritus of French at Louisiana State University. This study, conducted by Major, examines the phonetics and pronunciation of the "patois negre louisianais," a French creole spoken by African Americans in Louisiana. Major utilizes an artificial palate and documents the sounds and movements of the mouth, using diagrams and photographs, while pronouncing certain words. Mss. 5081.

Referenced in Guides: Education, African Americans, LSU

Merrick, Edwin Thomas, 1808-1897. Papers, 1830-1917 (bulk 1866-1871). 0.3 linear feet (229 items; 1 printed vol). Location: C:45, 99:M. Lawyer of New Orleans who served as chief justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court. He married Caroline Thomas of Cottage Hall Plantation, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Letters (1830-1838) from Merrick to his mother, Ann Merrick, and his brother, William Winston Merrick record Merrick's activities as a prep student in Wilbraham, Mass., and his law studies and early legal career in Ohio. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1137, 1752.

Middleton, Jane Porter, 1920-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (1 hour), Transcript (51 pages). L:4700.0300. LSU graduate of the class of 1941. Middleton describes her family background, her early education and decision to attend LSU, her sorority rush experience, social life on campus, her favorite teachers and classes, and Helen Gordon, Dean of Women. Middleton also recalls her role in building Chi Omega's house at LSU, and the role of women in the establishment of other sorority houses. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0300.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, LSU

Miller, Joan Chaffee. Notebook, 1932-1933. 1 vol. Location: W:1. Professor, LSU Department of English. Notebook containing 'Selected Contributions of Miss Miller's Class in Freshman English, 1932-1933,' dedicated to Dr. Miller at the end of her first year at LSU. For further information, see onine catalog. Mss. 2600-73.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, LSU

Mims, Mary. Scrapbook, 1939-1949. 1 vol. Location: M:24. Extension sociologist with the LSU Cooperative Extension Service and head of the Louisiana Teachers Association. Scrapbook contains materials related to Mims' work with rural community life in Louisiana. Her work as a sociologist and teacher and her involvement with agricultural exhibitions are represented. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3882.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, LSU

Mitchell, E. C. (Edward Cushing), 1829-1900. Letter, 1890 Apr. 22. 1 letter. Location: Misc. Edward Cushing Mitchell was president of Leland University in New Orleans, La., between 1887 and 1900. Mitchell answers Benjamin W. Austin regarding a request for papers of his grandfather, Judge Graham Mitchell. Mss. 4130.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Mohl, Julius von, 1800-1876. Letter, 1873 June 14. 1 item. Location: Misc. German orientalist and professor of Persian language at the College de France, Paris. Letter written in Paris discusses the governmental crisis in France; the expansion of Prussian power in Germany; the coming visit to Paris of the King of Persia; and his own reaction to the behavior of Oriental rulers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1350.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Montgomery High School. Program, 1894 June 8. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Program for closing ceremonies for Montgomery High School, Montgomery, Grant Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1178.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Montpelier Academy. Papers, 1833-1840. 59 items. Location: A:1. Academy located near Greensburg, St. Helena Parish. Papers pertain to expenses of the academy, care of indigent children, and a prolonged court case for the control of the academy. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 301.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Moore, Alison. Papers, 1920-1984. 17 linear ft. Location: 12:1-13. Graduate of LSU and a librarian at LSU from 1929 to 1958. Moore was also a historian of the Civil War and the author of Old Bob Wheat, High Private; The Louisiana Tigers; And Sixty '60s. Papers include research materials, manuscripts, and related correspondence; grade books; and some business correspondence. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4108.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, LSU, Literature

Morancy, Honoré P. and family. Papers, 1780-1936 (bulk 1840-1897). 120 items; 2 printed volumes. Location: C:73, M:14, OS:M. French Catholic planter of Milliken's Bend, East Carroll Parish, Louisiana. Morancy's father emigrated from France to Santo Domingo before 1789; the children were orphaned and raised in Louisiana. Papers include family letters concerning social life, the Catholic Church, and education, in northeastern Louisiana and Kentucky. Confederate civilian letters describe hardships during the Civil War; later letters (Reconstruction period) document relocation of refugees and the demands of African American laborers. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 16-17. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2430.

Morgan, Lucia Cameron, -1970. Papers, 1938-1970. 1 linear ft. Location: 77:, 102:. Professor of speech, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Professional papers include correspondence (1959-1970), manuscripts of articles and books, teaching materials, research notes, and other materials, pertaining to classroom teaching, phonetics, regional accents, and speech training. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2804.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education

Morgan, Ottis Pat. Papers, 1940-1962 (bulk 1947-1948). 1.5 linear ft. Location: 79:62-63, OS:M. Research materials for M.A. thesis in Speech, 'A rhetorical study of the radio speaking of Sam Houston Jones in the 1948 Gubernatorial campaign.' Includes a scrapbook compiled by Dr. Waldo W. Braden, Louisiana State University Department of Speech, about the 1948 Gubernatorial campaign and candidates Sam H. Jones, Earl K. Long, Robert Kennon, and Jimmy Morrison. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2136.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Education, Long Family

Morris-Sibley family. Papers, 1846-1939 (bulk 1846-1879). 93 items; also available as a bound typescript. Location: A:2, H:3. Thomas Henry Morris moved from Wales to Louisiana and married Mary White Sibley in 1854. She was born in Rapides Parish, Louisiana, and her family owned Mount Elon Plantation. Papers consist of family correspondence, including that of Mary Wells Sibley and Mary White Morris; Civil War correspondence of Thomas H. Morris and others; and letters from the Morris sons describing life at a school in North Carolina, 1878-1879. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 34. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 562.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War, Education

Morrow, James H. Letter, 1842 Feb. 1. 1 letter. Location: Misc.: M. Agriculturist. James H. Morrow, a student at the University of Georgia in Athens, writes his parents in Willington, S.C., discussing his need for parental advice, an incident of theft by a student, and the great expenses of attending school. Mss. 3964.

Referenced in Guides: Education

Morse, Jedidiah, 1761-1826. Letter. 1800 October 29. 1 item. Location: Misc. Connecticut Congregational minister and geographer. Letter to Morse's father discusses inoculation against smallpox, diplomatic relations with France, national presidential candidates, and the education of his son Samuel Finley Breese Morse. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3223.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Politics, Education, Medicine

Moss, Martha, 1827-1859. Diary, 1853-1870. 1 volume, 3 items. Location J:20, MISC:M. Diary of Martha Moss, a New Orleans Sabbath school teacher. In it, she discusses her classes and students, including her disappointment that one of her students “has embraced the religion of the Romish church” (June 18, 1855). Moss also recounts her charitable work, shopping excursions in New Orleans, her reading habits, pieces she has written or plans to write for various periodicals, and the death of her younger sister in February 1855. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 5067.

Mount Lebanon Academy. Records. 1866-1910. 6 items (enlargement prints). Location: Mss. Mf.:M, OS:M. Baptist Church-directed school in Mount Lebanon, Louisiana. Selected items include pages from the minutes of the Baptist State Convention, Mount Lebanon Church (1866); views of the campus; and catalog and announcements of Mount Lebanon University (1887-1889). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2013.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Education

Moyse-Gottlieb-Sommer Family Papers, 1886-1986 (bulk 1910-1960). 3 linear ft., 2 v. Location: U:317, OS:M, M:19. Members of the Moyse, Gottlieb, and Sommer families were predominantly merchants, businessmen, and bankers in Louisiana, primarily Baton Rouge. Correspondence, financial documents, photographs, printed items, scrapbooks, and writings reflect the personal and professional lives of a Jewish family from the 1880s to the 1980s. Central topics include Hermann Moyse Sr.'s involvement in the First World War and his employment at City National Bank, the educational activities of Ray and Lydie Sommer, and the family's association with Temple B'nai Israel. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4671.

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