French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Duralde, Martin. Affidavit, 1795 Nov. 27. 1 affidavit. Location: Misc. Martin Duralde was captain of the militia and civil and military commandant of the Post of Opelousas, La. This affidavit concerns a 14-year-old debt for 200 piastres owed to Pierre Broussard by the late Jean Baptiste Grevenbert. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4400.

Referenced in Guides: Business, French

Duran de la Moitre document, 1764. 1 item. Location: Misc.:D. Sale (in French) of property of Duran de la Moitre to Mr. Demain, New Orleans, La. Mss. 102.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Duranton, Jean B. Papers, 1841. 3 items. Location: Misc. Resident of Bordeaux, France. Papers of Jean Baptiste Duranton include a power of attorney to John Garnier and registrations of the succession of his wife, Galathee E. Duranton. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 129.

Referenced in Guides: French

Ellis, Hazel. Family Papers, 1848-1938 (bulk 1903-1911). 5,451 items, 15 vols. Location: U:67-90, G:1. Hazel and Nellie Ellis were members of the Caswell Prewitt Ellis family of Montgomery, Alabama, and New Orleans. Personal papers of the Ellis family include financial records, legal documents, photographs, and correspondence. Most correspondence relates to family matters, health, and social events including Hazel's trip abroad in 1902. Much of the correspondence dated 1905 pertains to social events related to Hazel as Queen of Mardi Gras. Other letters are those of suitors written to Hazel and Nellie. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 467.

Ellzey, Cecil C., 1919 or 20-1999. Papers, 1944, 1983-1989. 5 items. Location: Misc. Colonel Cecil C. Ellzey, a native of Tylertown, Miss., and resident of Franklinton, La., served as an aerial reconnaissance pilot for the Eighth Infantry Division's artillery in Europe during World War II. These papers primarily concern Ellzey's encounter with Soviet soldiers in 1945. Some items in French and Russian. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4364.

Referenced in Guides: French, 20th Century Wars

Erre, Louise. Papers, 1891-1892. 35 items. Location: U:120. A group of letters collected by Madame Louise Erre, and a letter from her to Charles Lasseigne, editor of Le Meschacebe, about the possibility of his using them in his journal. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 739.

Referenced in Guides: Women, French

Etienne, Thomas François. Record book, 1845-1861. 1 vol. Location: B:16. Record book of Thomas François Etienne of St. Mary Parish, La., is a source of information on life and economy of the Attakapas area of Louisiana during the 1840s and 1850s. It contains entries of sales and accounts at Etienne's store and diary entries, including the planting of a garden according to the phases of the moon. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2161

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Business, French

Evans, J. Bruce, Papers, 1614-2005 (bulk 1930-1990). 31.5 linear ft., 26 v. Location: 92:82-109; OS:E; J:34-35; Vault:1. Baptist minister, religious counselor and civil rights activist. Correspondence, church records, sermons, workshop materials, printed items, photographs and audio tapes reflect Evans's ministerial career in Baton Rouge, La., at First Baptist Church and Fellowship Church. Personal papers [some items in French], business records and genealogical material document the ancestry of Evans and his wife, Anita Louise, and provide insight into the personal lives of family members. Papers also furnish histories of Bienville and Natchitoches parishes and Saline, La., and relate to Caroline Dormon Nature Preserve and to Dormon's activities as a naturalist. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4664.

Fadenville, Marie. Papers, 1874-1879. 27 items. Location: U:120. Letters from Marie Fadenville to her husband in Iberville Parish, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Referenced in Guides: Women, French

Febles, Jose R. Papers, 1818, 1849. 2 items. Location: Misc. Surveyor. Papers include a certification of a survey of Camarioca (1818) and an anonymous letter (typed copy) to the French consul at Pensacola, Florida, pertaining to improvements of the government's system of bonded warehouses (1849). In Spanish and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 609.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, French

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