French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Febles, Jose R. Papers, 1818, 1849. 2 items. Location: Misc. Surveyor. Papers include a certification of a survey of Camarioca (1818) and an anonymous letter (typed copy) to the French consul at Pensacola, Florida, pertaining to improvements of the government's system of bonded warehouses (1849). In Spanish and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 609.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, French

Filhiol, Juan. Papers, 1794-1881. 18 items on 1 microfilm reel. Location: A:31, Mss.Mf:F. Commandant at Fort Miro, Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, during the period of Spanish governance. Collection contains transcriptions of letters (1794, 1796) from Baron de Carondelet and Marquis de Maison Rouge concerning land claims in Ouachita Parish. Other documents deal with immigrants to Louisiana and a transfer of property in 1836. French transcriptions and English translations, written by G. Filhiol, date from 1842. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2438.

Referenced in Guides: French

Fleury, Hippolyte de Saint-Anthoine, comte de. Letters, 1850, 1882. 2 letters. Location: Misc. Two letters to Hippolyte de Saint-Anthoine, comte de Fleury, a French poet and secretary-general of the Institut d’Afrique in Paris, a French abolitionist group. Letters from Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to Paris, France, discuss the Institut d’Afrique, Fleury’s poetry, and other matters. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Referenced in Guides: French, Literature

Focillon, Henri, 1881-1943. Letter, 1923 January 4. 1 item. Location: Misc. Professor at the Sorbonne, art critic, and authority on Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Brief letter to an associate. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2600.

Referenced in Guides: Education, French

Fontenette, Jacques. Document, 1812. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of St. Martin Parish, Louisiana. Will (copy) of Jacques Fontenette. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 146.

Referenced in Guides: French

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