French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Anonymous veterinary medicine notebook, 1840. 1 volume. Location: F:2. Notebook containing notes on the commercial jurisprudence of veterinary medicine, including Roman and French law; a consideration of various animal diseases; and models of various forms of commercial paper. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 284.

Referenced in Guides: French, Medicine

Arceneaux, William. Papers, 1964-2007 (bulk 1972-2007). 15 linear feet and 20 volumes. Locations: 4:36, 4:43, 110:4-11, OS:A, Vault:2. Louisiana higher education official. Papers consist of correspondence, business papers, photographs, printed items, and scrapbooks related to the professional, civic, and personal activities of William Arceneaux. A small amount of correspondence is in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog Mss. 4107.

Asselin, Hacharie. Papers, 1837-1838. 2 items. Location: Misc.:A Resident of St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. Receipt for taxes on the land and slaves of H. Asselin and statement of N. Martin for tutoring and incidental expenses to Mrs. Hacharie Asselin. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: African Americans, French

Attakapas County papers, 1808-1812, 1826. 26 items. Location: A:17, OS:A. Miscellaneous tax rolls and related items. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 10, 13.

Referenced in Guides: French

Aubert Document, 1764. 1 item. Location: Misc.:A Commandant of the fortress 'Laplace'. Notarized document describing the sale of a house and lot on Bourbon Street, New Orleans, by Aubert to La Foresto (1764). In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 16.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Avart, Valentine Robert. Document, 1806. 1 item. Location: Misc.:A. Notarized copy of a land conveyance for a plantation sold by V. Robert Avart to Lancelot Pearson at public auction. The plantation near New Orleans was given to receivers by its former owner, Charles Latours. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 18.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, New Orleans to 1861, French

Avet, Joseph. Document, 1848. 1 item. Location: Misc.:A. Slave bill of sale for a slave sold by Joseph Avet to Lucien Gex, New Orleans, March 27, 1848. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 610.

Babin, Felix E. Letter, 1862 September 20 and 1915. 2 items. Location: Misc.:B. Letter from Vicksburg, September 20, 1862; and Chamber of Commerce of Quimper and Brest, France, 50 centimes note, 1915. For further information online catalog. Mss. 1876.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, French

Babin, Pablo. Papers, 1772-1807. 5 items. Location: Misc:B. Spanish land documents and related items of the Babin and Landry families. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: French

Badin, Norbert. Papers, 1829-1937 (bulk 1870-1890). 2 linear ft. Location: U:97-98, OS:B, MICROFICHE 2729. Free African American planter from the Cane River settlement of Melrose, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, an area that was home to a large community of freedmen. Personal and business papers document Badin's activities as a planter, and include family correspondence, a journal, an account book, and miscellaneous printed items. Some items in French and Spanish. Available on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 825.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Plantations, African Americans, French

Balmer Plantation account, 1778-1782. 1 item (13 pages). Location: Misc.:B Indigo plantation located at Mirebalois, Haiti. Receipts and expenditures made by the manager of the plantation, and prepared by the firm of J. M. Leremboure, Lassale, and Company, representatives of Mr. Balmer on the island. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2270.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, French

Baptismal records of the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church of Natchitoches, Louisiana, 1724-1829. 2 volumes [photocopies]. Location: J:24. Volumes compiled by the Shreveport Committee of the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of Louisiana. Included are photographs of portraits of three bishops of Natchitoches: Augustus M. Martin, Francis Xavier Leray, and Anthony Durier. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1720.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, French

Barbier, Charles. Correspondence, 1806-1831. 11 items [photocopies]. Location: Misc:B. Planter in Assumption Parish, Louisiana. Letters discuss family matters, planting conditions in Lafourche and Assumption parishes, and social and economic conditions in France. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2831.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, French

Barel, Leona Queyrouze, 1861?-1938. Papers, 1800-1950 (bulk 1860-1937). 2,614 items, 31 printed vols., 23 ms. vols. Location: X:96-101, OS:Q, 99:Q, Q:27. French-language writer, poet, essayist, and musician of New Orleans and New York City. Her father, Major Leon Queyrouze, was commander of the Orleans Guard Battalion during the Civil War. Papers include letters from writers and editors; literary writings and musical compositions; materials on the Anti-Lottery League; and Civil War and business papers of her father, a member of the factors' firm Queyrouze and Bois. In French and English. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 18-26. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1204, 1222, 1278, 1314, 1323, 1335.

Barrow, Bartholomew, 1836-1869. Family collection of sheet music, 1848-1891 (bulk 1861-1874). 4 items, 3 vols. Location: Range 65. Planter of Eldorado Plantation, a sugar plantation in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. Collection of bound and loose vocal and piano sheet music collected by Barrow and his family. Some compositions in French, German, and Italian. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1379.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Performing arts, French, German

Baton Rouge census document, 1782. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: Misc.:B. Census of the District of Baton Rouge lists names of heads of families, free African Americans, and slave population; their professions; number of dwellings; production of indigo, tobacco, rice, corn, and lumber; and the number of militiamen. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2514.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, African Americans, French

Beille, Joseph, b. 1851. Family Papers, 1851-1887. 14 items. Location: Misc:B, OS:B. Immigrant to Louisiana from Belesta, France. Papers consist of legal documents of family members: a birth certificate, a death certificate, a marriage certificate, and a passport. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 552.

Referenced in Guides: French

Beraud, Joseph. Guide homopathique, 1876. 1 ms. Vol. Location: M:20. Resident of Louisiana. Beraud probably owned a tract of land where the town of Leonville, Louisiana, is now situated. Bound manuscript volume giving instructions for treatment of and prescriptions for various diseases. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 801.

Referenced in Guides: French, Medicine

Bernard, E. L. Account books, 1838-1851. 2 ms. vols. Location: F:2. New Orleans merchant and importer. Journal and letter book of E. L. Bernard, who did business with Louisiana, Alabama, Texas, and Missouri merchants. Many of the letters to business firms in France refer to merchandise being exported to New Orleans. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 813.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Business, French

Bernard, Simon. Letter, 1817. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Letter to Major-General Ripley, Bay St. Louis. It introduces Mr. Dubois-Mag'ny and is signed by General Bernard. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 26.

Referenced in Guides: French

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