French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Hicky, Philip and Family. Papers, 1769-1901 (bulk 1769-1835). 20 items, 1 letter file book, 1 microfilm reel. Location: VAULT:8, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. Planter and colonel of East Baton Rouge Parish. Unbound and bound (in a letter file book) personal and official papers of Philip Hicky and the Hicky family. Papers pertain chiefly to the West Florida controversy and the Battle of New Orleans but also pertain to family matters and family history of the Hicky family. Some items pertain to the Walsh and Morgan families. Mss. 2007, 2035.

Hoa, Josephine Land Sale, 1847 March 10. 1 item. Location: Misc.: L. Public land sale for property sold to Josephine Hoa by New Orleans Municipality no. 1. In French. Mss. 5269.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Women, French

Honore Daigre and Adelaide Hebert sale, 1856, November 17. 1 item. Location: Misc:H. Honore Daigre and Adelaide Hebert were residents of Iberville Parish, Louisiana. A true copy of sale and adjudication of the sale of the plantation, land, and slaves of Honore Daigre and Adelaide Hebert, Iberville Parish. Includes a listing of their slaves' ages, sex, and family relationships, as well as a description of land and moveable property. In English and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4888.

Huguet, Adolphe H. (Adolphe Hiram), 1837-1928, Family Papers, 1850-1973. 13 items; 1 microfilm reel. Location: UU:255, OS:H, Mss. Mf.:H. Related families of Adolphe H. Huguet and William S. Pike were influential in the economy and politics of Baton Rouge and New Orleans. Papers include scrapbooks, correspondence, death notices, photographs, legal papers, and other materials relating to the Huguet and Pike families in Louisiana, as well as to their relatives living in Spain and France. Some items in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3805.

Iberville Parish (La.) Parish Court. Probate sale, 1837 February 14. 1 item. Location: Misc:P. A broadside for a probate sale to take place March 1837 in the Parish of Iberville (Louisiana) for the estate of Robert Loyd. The items to be auctioned include the undivided half of a plantation, livestock, and slaves. Slaves are listed by name and their age. The item is signed by John Dutton, Parish Judge. In English and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4892.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Acadiana, African Americans, French

Ile De France. Broadside, circa 18th or early 19th century. 1 printed item. Location: E:Imprints. Merchant's broadside announces the opening of a business house in the port of Nouvelle-Orleans on the French Indian Ocean colony of Ile de France. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3032.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Business, French

Innerarity, John. Papers, 1800-1854. 48 items. Location: B:50. Vice Consul of France at Pensacola, Florida, and a member of the firm John Forbes and Company, which engaged in trade with Native Americans along the Gulf Coast. Correspondence documents shipment of goods, accounts, and purchases of slaves for a plantation in Georgia.Letters relating to Innerarity's French consular service (1835-1853) discuss land claims, political appointments, and the Mexican War. Some items in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1271, 1273.

Jacob Family Papers, 1805-1836, undated 12 items. Location: Misc. Letters to Valsin Jacob, Saint John the Baptist Parish, La., from relatives and friends. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 222.

Referenced in Guides: French

Jacotot Institute. Report, 1837. 1 item. Location: Misc. Institute for young men in New Orleans. School report signed by Louis Caboche, director of the Jacotot Institute. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Education, French

Johnson (Alfred Grima) Collection, 1805-2001 (bulk: 1850-1950). 1.3 linear feet. Locations: 111:7, OS:J. Retired Central Intelligence Agency officer and historic preservationist. Collection consists of correspondence, financial and legal documents, research notes, photographs, and other records pertaining to the Grima, Montegut, Pitot, Foley, and Pugh families of South Louisiana. The records were accumulated for the purpose of studying genealogy and family history. Contains records in both English and French. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 5005.

Johnson, Charles Andrew, 1818-1896. Papers, 1832-1896 (bulk 1858-1894). 514 items, 1 ms. vol. Location: UU:65, OS:J. Native of New Haven, Connecticut, and a lawyer in New Orleans. Johnson served as a judge in Donaldsonville, Louisiana (1843) and in 1855 began a partnership in a New Orleans firm. Collection contains passports, letters (1858), military passes (1863-1864), a receipt for bonds (1864), bank checks (1866-1869), and two letters and a newspaper clipping (1873) relating to lawsuits of Johnson. Some letters in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1318.

Johnson, William T and family. Papers, 1793-1937 (bulk 1830-1870). 6 linear ft., 54 volumes. Location: U:161-162, O:71-73, 65:, OS:J African American barber and planter of Natchez. Personal papers, commercial records, diaries, and music of the Johnson family reflecting the condition of cultured and educated free persons of color both before and after the Civil War. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 4, Reels 1-6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 529, 561, 597, 770, 926, 1093.

Joly, Auguste. Document, 1811. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of New Orleans. Sale (notarized copy) of slaves by Auguste Joly to Louis C. deBlanc of Attakapas. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 190.

Referenced in Guides: African Americans, French

Joly, Marianne Webb. Certificate, 1832. 1 item. Location: MISC:J. Copy of birth and baptismal certificate (1802) of Marianne Webb Joly from the records of St. John the Baptist Church, St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, French

Jones, Mary C. Notebooks, 1891-1893. 2 vols. Location: G:21. Resident of New Orleans. Notebooks (1891-1893) of Mary C. Jones containing literary material. In French and English. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 192.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, French, Literature

Jourdan, Noel. Letter, 1828. 1 item. Location: Misc.:J. Resident of New Orleans. Personal letter from Noel Jourdan to his cousin. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 222.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

King, Grace Elizabeth. Selected papers, 1864, 1883-1933. 1 linear ft., 2 microfilm reels. Location: UU:31, MSS.MF:K, Vault:1. New Orleans writer and historian. Business and personal correspondence pertaining to Grace King's literary career, European travels, and social and family life; includes some family correspondence, principally of her sister, Annie R. King. Papers also include a copy of an order issued by Richard Taylor concerning the Battle of Mansfield (1864), a program for the memorial service for Jefferson Davis held in New Orleans (1903), and manuscript notes concerning the United States Army occupation of New Orleans (undated). Correspondence from Baron Edouard de Pontabla, Charles Wagner, Henry Vignaud, and Flora O'Gorencees discuss World War I. Partly in French. For further information, see online catalog. Part of the Grace King Collection. Mss. 1282.

Kleinpeter, George and family. Papers, 1804-1918 (bulk 1824-1890). 0.3 linear ft., 1 microfilm reel. Location: B:40, OS:K, MSS.MF:K. Farmer of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. He and Augustine Daigre married about 1830 and had at least four children, William, George Augustin, Alice, and Josephine. Papers include Civil War letters from William and George Augustin to their mother; legal documents; and miscellaneous family papers. Some items in French and Spanish. Also available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 11. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 864, 1029.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Civil War, Baton Rouge, French

Kleinpeter, George, John, and family. Papers, 1786-1911. 32 items. Location: 7:57. The Kleinpeter family emigrated from Germany and eventually settled in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, where they were farmers. Photocopies of family documents belonging to the George and John Kleinpeter families of Louisiana. These include survey maps, land grants, land transfers, birth and death records, estate papers, receipts, and miscellaneous items. The Sharp family is also mentioned as they relate to the Kleinpeters. Mss. 4897.

Kleinpeter, Joseph and family. Papers, 1803-1895 (bulk 1820-1865). 0.25 linear ft., 2 volumes. Location: C:63, OS:K, J:6, 98:. Sugar planter of Variety Plantation in Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Papers include land records, slave sales, mortgages, and succession documents. A record book includes entries of slave births (1822-1852). There are also Civil War military papers and two Bureau of Refugees labor contracts (1865-1866). Some items in French. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 1, Reel 9. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1241.

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