French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Stafford, Emma T. (Emma Tarleton). Sidonie de la Houssaye collection, 1882-1950 (bulk 1932-1940). 17 items, 1 ms. Vol., 1 reel of microfilm. Location: U:104, Mss. Mf.:S. Sidonie de la Houssaye (1820-1894) was a French author of Franklin, Louisiana. Emma T. Stafford was her granddaughter. Papers include correspondence of Emma T. Stafford; newspaper clippings and a scrapbook; and printed items; all concerning Sidonie de la Houssaye's life and work. Some items in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1445.

Referenced in Guides: Women, French, Literature

Sugar imprints collection, 1765-1860. 27 items. Location: E:Imprints. British and French imprints pertaining to the sugar industry. Included are bills of lading for sugar shipped from Port-au-Prince; and ordinances and decrees issued by the French royal council and the national convention of French Republicans. Also included are acts of Parliament pertaining to production; a statement of the value of sugar exports from Great Britain; and a pamphlet illustrating production methods. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2880.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, French

Tauzin, Marcelin and family. Papers, 1834-1944 (bulk 1860-1903). 982 items, 10 volumes. Location: A:60-61, J:12, OS:T. Planter of Natchitoches, Louisiana. Collection contains correspondence and business papers of the Tauzin family, including plantation records, correspondence concerning family members and their education, cashbooks, and notebooks. Some letters in French. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reel 15. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 912.

Lafon, Barthélémy, 1769-1820. Territoire d'Orleans. Comte d'Orleans. Quartier, de la concession [a Lancelot Pearson, par] A. Trouhard, commissionne par Barthelemy Lafon, 1807. Translation: Territory of Orleans. County of Orleans. Neighborhood of the concession [to Lancelot Pearson by] A. Trouhard. Commissioned by Barthlemy Lafon. 1 map. Location: OS:T. Hand painted, manuscript copy of original map and deed of land grant (1807) to Lancelot Pearson, attested to in a note by Barthelemy Lafon, Deputy Surveyor. Hand-written note signed by Lafon on 18 Feb. 1818, shows transfer of property to Nicolas Reggio, such transfer recorded in Register H. Book 8 and signed by H.B. Cenas, Register. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4833.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Tessier, Charles. Papers, 1810-1848. 26 items. Location: A:63. Parish judge in East Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Papers of Charles Tessier include a set of letters in French written by Tessier and J. Soulie, a representative of the firm Tanneret & Gourgon, concerning a court case involving a property dispute with a Mr. Dubreuil; letters from John Nicholson concerning Tessier's stewardship of the Baton Rouge branch of the Carrollton Bank of New Orleans; a cadastral map showing property owned by Tessier; and a letter of friendly salutations from Richard Raynal Keene. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Tete, August. Promissory notes, 1821, 1823. 2 items. Location: Misc.:T. Promissory notes cancelled by John Garnier. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1198.

Referenced in Guides: French

Theriot, Joseph. Family Papers, 1866-1958. .4 linear ft. (76 items, 94 photographs). Location: F:1. Residents of St. James Parish, Louisiana. Family papers include receipts, legal bills, handwritten prayers, poems, religious leaflets, and photographs. Some religious items are in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2926.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, French, Literature

Theur, T. de. Letter, 1840. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Pastor of St. Charles, Grand Coteau, Louisiana. Letter from T. de Theur, S.J., to Monsieur Desire, carpenter, of Opelousas, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 420.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, French

Thibodaux, G. C. Account, 1863 July 10-26. 1 item (8 pages). Location: Misc:T. Confederate soldier in the Civil War. Account of Thibodaux's experiences as a prisoner on a march from Vicksburg, Mississippi, to Thibodaux, Louisiana, including mention of a well-armed African American regiment near Vicksburg. In French. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 21. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2133.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, African Americans, French

Thibodeaux, Lucien. Account books, 1860-1861, 1888-1890. 2 vols. Location: H:24. General merchant of Convent, St. James Parish, Louisiana. Account books consisting of a ledger (1860-1861) containing accounts for groceries, wearing apparel, notions, and hardware; and an invoice book (1888- 1890) for merchandise purchased principally from New Orleans. Ledger in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 165, 794.

Tong, Sarah. Document, 1850. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Resident of Assumption Parish, Louisiana. Sale of slaves (copy) of Mrs. Sarah Tong to Francis A. Tete of Assumption Parish. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 537.

Referenced in Guides: Women, African Americans, French

Tonti, Henri de. Document, undated .1 item [photocpy]. Location: Misc.:T. Portion of a petition of Tonti and La Forest to Ponchartrain, Minister of the Marine. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1048.

Referenced in Guides: French

Trepagnier Family Papers, 1836, 1839. 4 items. Location: Misc.:T. Sales of slaves of Jacques, Theodule, and Mrs. Pierre Trepagnier of St. Charles and St. John the Baptist parishes, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 425.

Referenced in Guides: Women, African Americans, French

Trinidad, Joanni. Document, 1827. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Invoice from Joanni Trinidad to Mr. Colombel, Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 552.

Referenced in Guides: French

Trudeau, Charles. Receipt, [1810]. 1 item. Location: MISC:T. Receipt for payment received from J. B. Labottre. Signed by Charles Laveau Trudeau (Carlos Laveau Trudeau). In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: French

Tureaud, Benjamin. Family Papers, 1803-1932 (bulk 1849-1880). 3,332 items, 88 vols. Location: E:114-116, J:1-3, OS:T. Plantation and store owner of Bagatelle, Brule, and Houmas plantations in Ascension and St. James parishes, Louisiana. Papers include plantation records, business records, and correspondence of Benjamin Tureaud and his family. Some records document merchandise sold to African American laborers. Partly in French. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reels 3-13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 427.

Turnbull-Bowman family. Papers, 1771-1956 (bulk 1795-1910). 8 microfilm reels; 5.5 linear ft. Location: MSS.MF:T; X:19-23; OS:T. The Turnbull and Bowman families were cotton and sugar planters of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Financial papers, correspondence, legal documents, personal papers, sheet music, printed items, and photographs of members of the Turnbull and Bowman families, cotton and sugar planters of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Some papers of the related Pirrie and Gray families are included. Early documents reflect involvement of members of the Turnbull family in the fur trade in colonial Louisiana. Most papers reflect planting activities. Papers also include the sermons of William R. Bowman (1800-1835), rector of Grace Episcopal Church in St. Francisville. Some items in Spanish and French. Mss. 4452.

Turpin, Jean Baptiste. Promissory note, 1814. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Resident of New Orleans. Promissory note by Turpin to the order of B. Tremoulet. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1919.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Ulrick, George. Papers, 1859-1860. 26 items. Location: Misc:U. Resident of Washington, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana. Collection contains business and personal correspondence and statements of accounts for merchandise, including letters from business correspondents in Le Havre, France. Partly in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1143.

Referenced in Guides: Business, French

Vairin, Jules. Letter, 1833. 1 item. Location: Misc.:V. Commission merchant in New Orleans. Letter written by Jules Vairin, a commission merchant of New Orleans, La., to his brother. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 222.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Business, French

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