French-Language Manuscript Materials

The imprint of French culture on Louisiana and the Lower Mississippi Valley has been deep and long lasting. French explorers and colonists were among the earliest Europeans to arrive in the region, beginning in the seventeenth century. Louisiana, named for Louis XIV, belonged to France for much of the 1700s and again from 1800 until it was sold to the United States in 1803. French settlers came to Louisiana both directly from France and indirectly from other areas. The latter included Acadians expelled from present-day Nova Scotia in the mid-eighteenth century and refugees from St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804. Some followers of Napoleon arrived in Louisiana after their leader's defeat in 1814. Other French immigrants came to Louisiana for a variety of reasons throughout the nineteenth century.

The French-language manuscript resources in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon all these sources of French cultural influence. This guide to these resources includes descriptions of the papers of early colonists, French-speaking planters and free people of color in the nineteenth century, and residents of cities and towns like New Orleans and Natchitoches. The documents it describes came from farmers and merchants, writers and artists, women and men, the famous and the anonymous.

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Campbell, Zoe J. Diaries, 1856-1866. 5 items; 10 volumes. Location: P:1, Misc:C. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 4-5. Resident of New Orleans; daughter of James and Zoe Lambert Campbell and sister of Lambert Campbell, a Confederate soldier in the Civil War. Dairies document expenses, condolence visits, and piano lessons. Beginning in May 1861, they deal with the Civil War, including events in occupied New Orleans. Papers also include a funeral announcement for Campbell and a personal letter. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1274.

Cannon, Andrew and family Papers, 1829-1868, undated (1850-1862). 110 items. Location 11:15, OS:C. Andrew Jerome Cannon family of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, employee at St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery. Correspondence related to professional, personal business, and family life in Baton Rouge, as well as the Civil War. Financial papers consisting of bills, invoices, promissory notes, and receipts are also present. For further information, see online catalog, Mss. 4979.

Carondelet, Luis Héctor barón de. Papers, 1791-1819 (bulk 1792-1796). 11 items. Location: MISC:C, VAULT:32, VAULT MRDF 10. Francisco L. H. Carondelet, Spanish governor of Louisiana from 1792 to 1797. Letters address the debts of Nicolas Forstall and Guillermo Armand and securing a passport for Ygnacio Maria Spiller. Official issues include the boundary between Avoyelles and Rapides districts and completion of an inventory of military records. Included is a copy of sixteen rules of commerce by Carondelet and Andres Lopez Armesto governing the trade of the Spanish colonies (1793). In French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 59.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, New Orleans 1866-, Baton Rouge, French

Carr, J. C. Letter, 1825 October 17. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of Natchitoches, Louisiana. Letter by J. C. Carr to J. P. M. Dubois, of Cloutierville, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, pertaining to the succession of P. Quierri. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1464.

Referenced in Guides: French

Carriere, Joseph Victor. Papers, 1790-1844. 16 items, 2 vols. Location: A:1. Physician and druggist of St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. Papers include baptismal certificates and records of slave sales. Medical account books (1819-1822) record patient visits, including slave patients. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 984.

Referenced in Guides: French, Medicine

Carriere, Severin. Papers, 1854-1871. 25 items. Location: B:10. Papers include personal and family correspondence all in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2543.

Referenced in Guides: French

Chaperon, Jacques. Papers, 1764. 2 items. Location: Misc. Resident of New Orleans. Notarized documents describe sales by Chaperon: a house and lot to Mr. De la Clair, merchant of New Orleans; and a house and lot to Mrs. La Tour. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 64.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Chaplin, Breazeale, and Chaplin. Papers, 1806-1925 (bulk 1860-1905). 7 linear ft., 61 volumes. Location: B:55-63, K:34-35, OS:C, 98:. Law firm of Natchitoches, Louisiana. Phanor Breazeale was an attorney, president of the Natchitoches Parish school board, a newspaper editor, and a U.S. congressman. Collection includes correspondence and related papers of Chaplin, Breazeale, and Chaplin. Also includes business and some official papers of Phanor Breazeale reflecting economic, political, and similar matters in the Natchitoches area. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 952, 967, 1028.

Charles Parlange, Sr. Letter, circa 1862. 1 item. Location: Misc. Letter from A. Parlany to Judge Haralson of Pointe Coupee Parish regarding appointment of an administrator for the estate of Marius Ternant. Parlany describes family disputes, marital troubles, and concern for the future of the Ternant children. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 337.

Referenced in Guides: French

Chatillon, Auguste de. Manuscript, 1845-1851. 1 item (typescript, 127 pages). Location: vault:4. 'Souvenir du sejour aux Etats-Unis d'un artiste fran?ais' (1845-1851). In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1478.

Referenced in Guides: French

Chatry, Jean L. F. Document, 1831 June 1. 1 item. Location: Misc. Will of Jean Louis Fran?ois Chatry, made in New Orleans, Louisiana. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 66.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Chatsworth Plantation store records, 1865-1893. 0.7 linear ft. Location: 33:33. Plantation in Louisiana purchased by the Gardere family in 1866 and managed by Fergus Gardere until 1895. Gardere also operated a cotton gin in partnership with Joseph Staring in the 1880s. Papers relate to the operation of the store and plantation at Chatsworth, and to the Gardere and Staring families. They include store ledgers recording accounts and payrolls. There is also material from a plantation journal in French and English. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4589.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Baton Rouge, French

Chauveroy, Jean François Hipolite. Legal Document, 1783 Mar. 27. 1 item. Location: Misc.C. Legal document (in French) of mortmain, signed by Jean François Hipolite Chauveroy, attesting the subject is free of debt and mortgage and paid a sum of 99 livres in a sale. Mss. 5343.

Referenced in Guides: French

Chemin, Camille. Letter, 1938. 2 items. Location: Misc. French author and resident of Paris, France. Letter and calling card from Camille Ce [pseudonym]. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 965.

Referenced in Guides: Women, French, Literature

Chevalier, Pierre. Papers, 1764-1766. 4 items. Location: Misc. Documents describing the sale of a house and lot in New Orleans; the sale of several pieces of furniture at auction; a request to sell at auction a house and lot; and a resolution of the Superior Council. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 67.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

Chinarel, Adolphe. Letter, 1840. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of Nantes, France. Business letter from Chinarel to John and Lubin Garnier of New Orleans pertaining to the bankruptcy of Chenard Freres. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 68.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Business, French

Chol, Emmanuel, 1834-1916. Papers, 1845, 1854-1921. 1,213 items, 6 ms. vols., 31 printed vols. Location: U:163-164, 65:29, 98:. Native of France, music teacher and composer of Thibodaux, Lafourche Parish, Louisiana. Bills and receipts, manuscript and sheet music, pamphlets, and other imprints reflect Chol's professional career, his affiliation with the Catholic Church, and the education of his children in parochial schools. Partly in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1780, 1906.

Cior, Charles, 1819-ca. 1894. La musique, selon les sciences observes. L'histoire, la phylosophie, la physiologie, etc., etc., entendre, comprendre, se souvenir, 1885. 2 ms. vols. Location: H:20. Music teacher of New Orleans and native of Paris, France. Pedagogical manuscript containing lessons on music theory, exercises, and diagrams. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3287.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, New Orleans 1866-, French

Claiborne, William C. C. (William Charles Cole). Letter book, 1804-1811 (bulk 1804-1805). 3 items, 1 vol. Location: OS:C, VAULT:4, MSS.MF:C. Governor of the Territory of Orleans, first governor of the State of Louisiana. Correspondence concerns Claiborne's administration, relations with Native Americans, problems with the importation of slaves, Louisiana bank, Spanish land grants and land surveys in the Natchez District, and Catholic disputes in the district of Saint Bernard. Legislative act provides reimbursement for damaged houses and slaves killed or executed during the slave insurrection (April 25, 1811). One item in French. Letter book available on microfilm. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 71, 603, 965.

Clark, Gladys, b. 1918. Papers, circa 1890-2004 (bulk 1940-1997). 0.75 linear ft. Location: 128:. An accomplished spinner and weaver in the Acadian tradition, Clark received numerous awards during her career. The collection includes correspondence, photographs, and printed materials that document her artistic works and awards received, including a National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1997. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4953.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Acadiana, French