German-Language Manuscript Resources

From the "German Coast" villages, also known as the Cote des Allemands (in present day St. John the Baptist and St. Charles Parishes), to the scattered planters throughout the Lower Mississippi River Valley, German immigrants had a presence in Louisiana and the lower Mississippi River valley that began early in the colonial period. The first Germans moved from New Biloxi to inland points of Louisiana. In 1768, they joined with Acadians from the Cabannocé Post area to march on New Orleans and overthrow Spanish colonial governor Antonio de Ulloa. Their close association with the Acadians led to intermarriage, and many Cajuns came to be known as "German Cajuns" as a result.

The German-language resources in the Lousiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon a range of topics and dates. The authors of these various papers, letters, notebooks, and other materials were students, planters, merchants, soldiers, and housewives, among other roles. The collections contain descriptions of aspects of the Civil War, plantation life, immigration experiences, business practices, travel accounts, the Nazi regime, and many other subjects. The dates of these materials range from 1776 to 1979 (see Chronological Listing, below).

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Louisiana Leper Home records, 1884-1921 (1895-1920). 11 linear ft.; 16 v. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Correspondence, legal documents, administrative and financial records relate primarily to financial operations. Correspondence also concerns rules governing patients; legal documents contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.

Louisiana Leper Home. Records, 1890-1921 (bulk 1895-1920). 14 linear ft., 16 ms. Vols. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Louisiana Leper Home was established by the Legislature in 1894. Records consist of correspondence, legal documents, printed items, administrative records, and financial records that relate primarily to the financial operations of the Home. Correspondence also concerns patient care and personal conduct. Legal papers contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. Manuscript volumes include bank books, cashbooks, ledgers, and a register of patients. Some correspondence in French and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.

McKowen-Lilley-Stirling Family. Papers, 1797-1921 (bulk 1877-1901). 829 items (on microfilm). Location: MSS.MF:M. Thomas William Lilley founded Springfield Plantation in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. His daughter Edith married John Stirling. John McKowen, an Irish immigrant, was a resident of Jackson, Louisiana. Papers include Lilley-Stirling legal documents and financial papers; McKowen family correspondence; and legal papers, and medical correspondence of John C. MacKowen, a Louisiana physician. Other papers relate to McKowen's property in Anacapri, Italy. Some items in Spanish, Italian, French, and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4356.

Meyer Brothers. Store records. 1855-1909. approx. 26 linear ft. Location: H:19, 92:2-14. Natives of Germany and general merchants of Clinton, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Family papers consist of letters from family in Germany and in the U.S. and from various friends pertaining to business conditions and social life in Louisiana and Texas. Business papers include correspondence, bills, receipts, and manuscript volumes. The Jewish community in the Feliciana Parishes is reflected in a group of record books of the Feliciana Lodge No. 239 of the International Order of B'nai B'rith. For further information, see onine catalog. Mss. 2909.

Referenced in Guides: Business, German, Jewish Community

Nuebling, Max. Letter book, 1822-1826. 2 manuscript volumes. Location: J:12. German immigrant who settled in St. Francisville, Louisiana and worked in a general store owned by his uncle, Dietrich Holl. Holl's wife, Virginia Martha Brent Chisholm, married Nuebling after her husband's death, and they had one son, John. Letter book contains handwritten copies of letters by Neubling. Early letters were written at sea on board the S. S. Fortuna on a voyage from Bremen, Germany to New Orleans. Later letters describe his life in St. Francisville while he was working in his uncle's store. In German with a typewritten volume containing English translations. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 873.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business, German

Paap, Christian C. F. Papers, 1822-1848. 7 items. Location: Misc. Birth certificates of Sophia Elizabeth Schumacher, Johann Paap, and Christian C. F. Paap. In German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 246.

Referenced in Guides: Women, German

Palfrey Family Papers, 1776-1918. (bulk 1806-1875). 388 items; 21 vols. Location: 77:89, H:22, Mss.Mf:P, 99. Family of planters, businessmen, politicians, public servants and author. Papers of John Palfrey (1768-1843) relate chiefly to the operation of Forlorn Hope Plantation, education of his sons, War of 1812, and reflect plantation life. Topics include the trade embargo, West Florida Controversy and the capture of Baton Rouge, War of 1812, slavery, cotton and salt production, and banking. Family papers pertain to Civil War battles, plantation economics, Confederate government, and Reconstruction. Papersof William Palfrey concern Ricahoc Plantation and a partnership David Weeks. They also discuss the Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company (1841-1842). Some items in French and Spanish. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061 and 5322: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 6, Reel 12; Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series I, Part 1, Reels 1-4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 333, 334, 1409, 1442, 1632, 2076, 2580, 2773, 2857.

Peters, Samuel J., Jr. Diary, 1840-1862. 1 volume. Location: E:49. Samuel J. Peters, Jr., was the son of New Orleans merchant, civic leader, and banker Samuel Jarvis Peters. He worked as a clerk in New York City (1841-1842), then returned to New Orleans to work in his father's business. Diary describes social life in New Orleans during the antebellum period and in the Civil War prior to federal occupation of the city. Includes entries on family life and health, theater in New Orleans, and national news. Some early 1840 entries are in German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1355.

Riefenstahl, Leni. Oral history interview, 1979 September 5. 3 cassette tapes, 1 ms. vol. Location: 4700.0053. German actress and filmmaker. Taped interview with Leni Riefenstahl. Topics include a discussion of her production of official documentaries for the Nazi regime during the 1930's and her personal contacts with Adolf Hitler and other high-ranking government and party officials. Included are a typed transcription and a translation from German into English of an edited version. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0053.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women, German

Saucier, Gertrude B. (Gertrude Bott), 1881-1978. Family Papers, 1821-1960. 351 items, 1 ms. Vol., 2 printed vols. Location: UU:82; OS:S. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 17. Resident of Baton Rouge, the daughter of John Phillip and Mary Buchel Bott. Both sets of Saucier's grandparents were of German origin. She was an honorary president of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Papers consist primarily of business, personal, and legal papers of the Buchel and Bott families, with a few items from the Saucier family. Collection includes thirty-one muster rolls of Louisiana Confederate regiments. Photographs in the collection include studio portraits, views of Baton Rouge houses, and a banquet of the United Daughters of the Confederacy meeting in 1947. Some items in German, French, and Latin. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3293.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Baton Rouge, French, German

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