Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Charity Hospital (New Orleans, Louisiana). Record books, 1882-1884. 4 vols. Location: F:12. Hospital in New Orleans. Case record books of Charity Hospital list patients' names, ages, places of birth, residences, medical histories, conditions upon admission, clinical histories, treatments, results of treatments, and names of doctors assigned to cases. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 65.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Charles, I. H. (Isaac Henry). Letters, 1841-1848. 10 items. Location: Misc:C. Charles moved with his family from Philadelphia to New Orleans in 1841. There he attended school and worked as a clerk in a commercial house. Letters to a cousin, John Edward Liddall, describe Charles' sea voyage to New Orleans; his secondary education in private schools in Louisiana; the presence of yellow fever; news of the War with Mexico; and reactions to a call for volunteers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 621.

Chatelain, Leonard. Photograph, 1910. 1 albumen print. Location: 65:5. This photograph depicts Dr. Leonard Chatelain seated in a horse-drawn wagon with a collapsible top. Mss. 3908.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Medicine

Clarke, Powhatan. Diary, 1862-1863. 1 vol. Location: M:18. Surgeon, professor of chemistry, and aide-de-camp to Brigadier General D. M. Frost during the Civil War. Colonel David French Boyd was a captain of engineers on General Richard Taylor's staff (1863). Diary includes Clarke's round trip from Rapides Parish, Louisiana, to Camden, Arkansas. Later entries by Boyd include his military and topographical notes of the area between Sicily Island, Catahoula Parish, and Waterproof, Tensas Parish, Louisiana. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Clary, Hiram T. Papers, 1862-1889. 9 items. Location: Misc:C. Surgeon and physician of the 32nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Co. K. Papers include military records concerning promotions; orders to report to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Little Rock, Arkansas; discharge paper (1864); and a notice from the pension office. Also included is a copy of a document admitting Clary to the degree of a master mason. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 361.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Coats, Lewis M. Correspondence, 1941-1943. 0.3 linear ft. Location: 92:71. Military hospital orderly at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. Letters reflect wartime experiences as a hospital orderly, the morale of fellow soldiers, and the effect of the war upon such communities as Lake Charles. Correspondence also describes impressions of New Orleans and Houston, and provides details of his plans to elope with Mildred Bell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4705.

Cohn, Isidore. Papers, 1879-1972 (bulk 1920-1950), undated. 29 linear ft. Location: 34:136-174, OS:C, 102:69-70, VAULT:38. New Orleans surgeon and medical educator. Collection contains articles, lectures, letters, photographs, and printed material related to medicine. Includes material related to Lafcadio Hearn, LSU Medical Center, Tulane University Medical Center, and other medical organizations in Louisiana. Collection also includes audio recordings of Cohn (1955). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3425.

Colbert, Elenor Robinson, 1940-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (2 pages). Location: L:4700.222. Resident of Four Corners, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Colbert's great-grandmother was a slave. Colbert describes working in cane fields as a child; customs of family gatherings, the burial of umbilical cords of newborns, and cutting hair on Good Friday; the challenges of plantation life; christening and baptism traditions; and natural remedies. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.222.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, African Americans, Medicine

Coleman, Viola, Collection, 1945-2008 (bulk: 1945-1947). 44 items. Location: Misc:C. Midland, Texas physician and Louisiana civil rights pioneer. Contains photocopies of correspondence, news clippings, and video transcript detailing Coleman's lawsuit for admission into LSU's medical school in 1946. For more information see online catalog. Mss. 4997.

Collins, O. L. Account book, 1857-1871. 1 vol. Location: H:21. Physician of Chipola, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. Daily record of Dr. O. L. Collins giving names of patients, fees, and treatment prescribed. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1235.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine