Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Bourque, Owen. Collection on Betty Martin, 1907-2012 (bulk 1998-2010). 0.1 linear ft. Location: MISC:B. Research materials compiled by Owen Bourque on Betty Martin (the pen name used by Edwina Mary Meyer). In 1928, Martin was sent to United States Marine Hospital Number 66 (formerly the Louisiana Leper Home) in Carville, Louisiana after she was diagnosed with leprosy. Materials include chiefly photocopies and printouts of articles from magazines, newspapers, and online sources. Mss. 5367.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Acadiana, Medicine

Boutelle, A. L. Letter, 1835. 1 item. Location: B. Letter from A. L. Boutelle, a native of Maine, discusses his move to Louisiana for health reasons. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1371.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Boyd, Leroy Stafford. Papers, 1806-1955 (bulk 1900-1936). 12.25 linear ft., 50 volumes. Location: 65:12; 79:71-73; D:55-63; 79:71-73; OS:B; R:12-16; VAULT:1; VAULT:21; VAULT:40, VAULT MRDF 14, 22. Librarian for U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission. Correspondence, genealogical materials, photographs, printed items, and scrapbooks. Materials reflect the political environment; Boyd's political activities; his interest in Louisiana State University (LSU), General William T. Sherman, and his father, LSU President David F. Boyd; and his involvement with Kappa Alpha Fraternity. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 99.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Politics, Education, Baton Rouge, Medicine, LSU

Bradford, James L. Papers, 1856-1865. 19 items. Location: E:4. Confederate Army captain. Personal letters and bills including a letter from his brother, J. B. Bradford, discussing Louisiana politics. Civil War papers include a list of officers in Bradford's company, a record of an expense account for recruiting officers, record of stores and supplies, doctors' statements noting the health of enlisted men, and payroll account;. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 727.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, Medicine

Breaux, John B. Papers, 1933, 1938, 1963, 1970-2004 (bulk: 1987-2004). Approx. 781 linear feet . Location: Room B6, Map Cage, Vault:54. Correspondence, briefing books, bills, reports, testimony transcripts, research files, news releases, printed materials, audio-visual and electronic files, photographs and memorabilia documenting the political and U.S. Congressional career of Louisiana Representative (1972-1986) and Senator (1987-2004) John B. Breaux, and the work of his office. In addition to Senate and House files, contains materials related to his campaigns, the Democratic Party, and the Washington Mardi Gras. Topics include, among others, flood control, abortion, transportation, energy, the environment, taxes, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and healthcare, consumer protection, wetlands conservation, base closures in Louisiana, commerce, trade, and agriculture policy, especially for sugar and rice. For additional information, see the online catalog. Mss. 4922.

Breda, Jean Philippe, 1808-1882. Family Papers, 1776-1921. 1,070 items and 31 vols., 3 mf reel. Location: B:64-65, J:13, 98:, OS:B, Mss.Mf:B, Vault:3. Physician and druggist of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. Letters, personal papers, and business records of Dr. Breda concerning his medical practice, Louisiana politics, and family matters; together with correspondence and papers of his son, J. Ernest Breda, relating to the Civil War and politics. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 953, 966, 1021.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, French, Medicine

Brickell, D. Warren (Daniel Warren), 1824-1881. Papers, 1869-1882. .55 linear ft. (82 items, 1 ms. vol., 1 printed vol.). Location: C:74, 98:B, F:16. New Orleans gynecologist, founder and dean of the New Orleans School of Medicine, and editor of numerous medical journals. Papers consist mainly of newspaper clippings and political broadsides, many dealing with Reconstruction issues. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1430, 1617.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Bright, Jane C. Scrapbook, 1917-1956 (bulk 1918-1919). 31 items, 1 vol. Location: 38-73. Red Cross nurse during WWI and a native of Yazoo, Mississippi. Bright was attached to the New Orleans Chapter Base Hospital, Unit No.24, and stationed at Limoges, France. Scrapbook contains mementos of her service as a Red Cross Nurse with the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) in France. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1810.

Brooks, F. M. Bills, 1870, 1882, 1883. 3 items. Location: Misc.:B. Dr. F. M. Brooks, plantation and retail druggist of Baton Rouge. Bills from Dr. Brooks. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2555.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Baton Rouge, Medicine

Brooks, F. M. and Son. Business records, 1892-1894. 1 ms. vol. Location: M:15. Retail druggist of Baton Rouge. Record book containing copies of prescriptions from local medical doctors. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2506.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Brown, E. Y. Letter, 1863 April 21. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Letter written while aboard the steamboat, Natanzas, describing the scenery along the Mississippi river, war torn New Orleans, and a visit to a military hospital. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3802.

Brown, James (James Wilson) 1913 September 18 interviewee. Oral history interview, 1979. 1 sound cassette, transcript (28 pages). Location: L:4700.0003. Dean of Graduate Service in Research at San Jose State University, California. Richard Lewis was the Director of the Development of the Media Service and Support Program and Instructional Television also at San Jose State. Interview with Brown and Lewis concerns the production and use of audio-visuals and films by the U.S. Navy in World War II; the development of audio-visual products for use in schools; and their later career in the film industry. Topics include British and Canadian film making during the war; the prevention of venereal disease through films; medical films; demobilization films; and the Ladies Training and Development Center. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0003.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Medicine

Bruns, J. Dickson (John Dickson), 1836-1883. J. Dickson Bruns and T. G. Richardson correspondence, 1869-1870. 4 items. Location: Misc:B. Physicians of New Orleans. Bruns was also an organizer of the White League. Letters to Richardson, General Braxton Bragg, and General Richard Taylor from Bruns; and letters to both generals from Richardson. All the letters concern a controversy between the doctors about a breach of medical ethics on the part of Bruns. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 47.

Buck-Ellis Family Papers, 1812, 1826-2000. 14 linear ft and 27 volumes. Location: 16:1-14, OS:B, J:27, Vault 1. Family of educators, lawyers, and public officials. Of Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Ellis family papers (1812, 1826-1987) are comprised almost entirely of personal correspondence relating to daily activities, politics, health, religion, employment, military service, education and travel of five generations. Other material includes financial papers, legal documents, speeches and lectures related to the study of law, printed items, account books, diaries, inventories, family scrapbook and minute books of United Daughters of the Confederacy, Blue Cross Chapter. The Carroll and Martina Ellis Buck papers (1922-2000) consist primarily of personal correspondence from family and friends, but include some professional correspondence, primarily from his legal and public career. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4820.

Buckley, Margaret, 1819-. Diary, 1852-1853. 1 ms. vol. Location: Mss. Mf.:B. Housewife and seamstress of Finley, Ohio. Diary records daily life during the time she supported her family while her husband traveled to California. Included are mentions of social life, education of children, illnesses, and a list of household expenses. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2643.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Medicine

Buman, A. W. Letter, 1865 February 18. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Union soldier during the Civil War. Letter from Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C., describes the routines and privileges at the hospital, and mentions visits to the public buildings in Washington. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2425.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Burnham, Howard and Horace. Letters, 1862-1863. 4 items. Howard Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in an Illinois regiment stationed in Arcadia, Missouri. Horace Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in the Marine Hospital in New Orleans in the Civil War. Howard Burnham's two letters (1862) tell of the number of men ill and in hospitals; Horace Burnham writes of accommodations at the Marine Hospital in New Orleans, African Americans, and sanitation facilities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1181.

Butler, Edward. Family Papers, 1809-1950 (bulk 1904-1945). 10 linear ft. Location: U:282-290, M:19, OS:B. Cotton planter of West Feliciana Parish, La. Correspondence, personal papers, business records, printed material, and photographs reflect the personal activities and plantation operations of the Butler and related Mathews families, with a focus on Edward Butler and his immediate family. Noteworthy are two letters discussing a sick slave (Dec. 29, 1817) and runaway slaves (Aug. 15, 1835). Letters also discuss student life, World War II experiences, and yellow fever in New Orleans (Aug.-Oct. 1837). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4315.

Butler, Robert Ormond. Papers, 1848-1888. 1.5 linear ft. Location: S:25-26, OS:B. Medical doctor in New Orleans and Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, and sugar planter and molasses producer in Terrebonne Parish. Papers include correspondence, financial papers, legal documents, printed items, and photographs related to Butler's business and professional lives. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 5, Reels 3-4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1068.

Cabassa, Luis G. Letter, 1917 April 3. 1 item. Location: Misc.:C. Inquiry addressed to the Dean of the University of Louisiana by a pharmacist of Caguas, Puerto Rico, as to fees and course of study in chemistry and sugar manufacture. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3616.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Education, Medicine