Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Cotton, William Davis and Family. Papers, 1852-1989. 1 linear ft., 4 vol. Location: S:136, OS:C, H:14. Collection contains correspondence and papers belonging to the Cotton Family. This includes the Civil War correspondence of Dr. Drury P. Gibson and his sister Mary Gibson Cotton, correspondence between George Spencer Cotton and his fiancée Lizzie Davis (1888-1890), and correspondence, photographs, and printed items belonging to William Davis Cotton, attorney of Rayville, La, and former president of LSU Alumni Federation (1969-1989). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4780.

Crawford family notebook, 1886-1887, 1914-1917. 1 vol. Location: F:16. Farmers of Centreville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Early notes are recipes for various medical cures; later notes pertain to stock on the Crawford farm. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 288.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine, Natchez, Mississippi

Crawford, Lewis B. Certificate, 1905 April 1. 1 item. Location: 78:24. Charity Hospital ambulance surgeon. Certificate given by Charity Hospital (New Orleans) to Crawford for faithfully and efficiently discharging his duties in the Charity Hospital Ambulance Service, organized in 1885. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1811.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Dalrymple, William Haddock, 1856-1925. Papers, 1905. 17 items, 1 vol. Location: U:47. Professor of veterinary science at LSU and a practicing veterinarian in Baton Rouge. Papers contain manuscript definitions of medical terms and notes on diseases, anatomy, organs, arthrology, mycology, bone structures, and other related topics. Included is a published work by Dalrymple, Livestock Sanitation (1923). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 604.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Dansereau, Hercules, b. 1832. Account Books and Papers, 1807-1907 (bulk 1859-1906). 32 items, 5 ms. vols. Location: Misc:D, OS:D, F:16. Physician of Thibodaux, Louisiana, and a member of the Scottish Rite Masonic Order. Papers include two medical ledgers (1860-1906) and a daybook (1874-1875); a minute book of the Scottish Rite Thibodaux Lodge No. 13 (1859-1861); and a minute book of the Philharmonic Society of Thibodaux (1861). Some manuscript volumes in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 823.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, French, Medicine

Dart, Elisabeth K. (Elizabeth Kilbourne). Collection, 1774-2005. 5.5 linear feet. Location: 121:8-10, OS:D, Vault:5. Resident and local historian in St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Wrote about West Feliciana subjects including the Railroad, biographies of notable figures, and tours for Grace Cemetery. Collection contains manuscript and research materials used for exhibits, lectures, tours, and writing on West Feliciana Parish. Manuscripts include deeds, correspondence, accounting records, legal papers, court cases, and receipts. Other records include published materials, copies of original materials, scrapbooks, photographs, notes, and exhibit text. Mss. 5023.

Dixon, William Y., 1843-1874. Papers, 1860-1905 (bulk 1860-1874). 14 items (9 ms. vols.). Location: UU:119. Confederate soldier, student. Diaries record the battles at Baton Rouge (Aug. 1862), Vicksburg (1862), and Port Hudson (1863) and casualties suffered. Entries also refer to camp life 1860-1864), transportation of troops by steamboats (1863), diseases among soldiers and civilians (1860-1864), and the involvement of African American soldiers at Port Hudson. Other material relates to his education and financial affairs. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3423.

Doctor Tichenor's antiseptic advertising broadside, ca. 1888. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Broadside advertising Dr. Tichenor's Antiseptic 'for wounds, burns, bruises, scalds, colic, cramps, cholera morbus & [sic] flux and for colic, Botts & [sic] Footevil in horses and mules,' manufactured by Tichenor and Sherrause, New Orleans, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2600.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Drewry, William Francis, 1860-1934. Circular insanity. Report of the three cases, 1895. 8 p. ; 24 cm. Location: UU:97. First assistant physician at Central State Hospital and Vice-president of the New York Medico-Legal Society. "Reprint from the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, April, 1895." Part of the Joseph Jones Papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1352, 1357, 1393.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Duplantier, Armand Family Letters, 1777-1859. 95 items. Location: D:62. Armand Duplantier was a planter and owner of Magnolia Mound Plantation, La. Duplantier Family Letters contain items from four generations of the Duplantier family, including Armand Duplantier, his uncle Claude Trénonay, Armand’s son Armand Allard Duplantier, and granddaughter Amélie Augustine Duplantier Peniston. The letters relate to Louisiana under the French, Spanish, and Americans and the economic, political, and social conditions attendant on transitioning among the three powers; commerce with France; the succession of Trénonay; attitudes about the French Revolution; slavery and plantation matters; family news such as illness, births, deaths, and the education of Duplantier’s children; and travels in France by Amélie Duplantier. Mss. 5060.

Eager, William Blake. Papers, 1848-1863-1865, 1874-1900. 21 items. Location: B:64. Surgeon in the 162nd New York Volunteers in the Civil War. Letters concern service in military hospitals in Carrollton (now part of New Orleans) and Franklin, Louisiana; the siege of Port Hudson; and the Red River campaign. Other materials deal with Eager's medical education and a European tour in 1877. Mss. 2826.

East Feliciana State Hospital. Papers, 1848-1852. 21 items. Location: E:53. Hospital established by an act passed by the Louisiana legislature (1847). Papers of the Board of Administration of the Insane Asylum of the State of Louisiana for the period immediately following its establishment, dealing with the work of the board in organizing and planning for the institution. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1353.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Egan, J. S. Family Papers, 1850-1893. 28 items. Location: UU:118; OS:E. Resident of New Orleans. Papers contain Civil War letters from Virginia and Port Hudson, Louisiana, commenting on the people of New Orleans immediately prior to the surrender of the city and Union Sympathizers during the Union occupation. Included are antebellum letters telling of social conditions in San Francisco, California, following the Gold Rush; medical practice in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana; and travel in Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1467.

Erwin, Isaac. Diary, 1848-1868. 1 volume. Location: W:16. Sugar and cotton planter of Shady Grove Plantation, Bayou Gross Tete, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Diary (photocopies of a typescript) records plantation, personal, and family activities, and mentions local aspects of the Civil War, Reconstruction, epidemic diseases, floods, levee maintenance, and sugar and cotton production. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2933.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Civil War, Medicine

Estorge, Joseph Leonard 18 -1880. Papers, 1866-1877. 34 items (enlargement prints). Location: 41:15. Medical doctor of Opelousas, Louisiana. Papers consist of bills and statement of accounts for services. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2422.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Estorge, Joseph Leonard 18 -1880. Papers, 1866-1911, undated 371 items and 6 ms. vols. Location: W:21. Medical doctor of Opelousas, Louisiana. Business papers consist largely of bills and receipts for professional services and supplies. The collection includes ledgers (1868-1880) recording services rendered to patients. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2946.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Evans, H. Letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc.E. Private, 9th Louisiana Infantry, Stafford's Brigade. Letter from H. Evans commenting on the activities of his friends in the Confederate army and in particular the courtesies received by a soldier in a hospital at Richmond from the wives of staff officers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1063.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Medicine

Evans, Simeon A. Letters, 1861-1864. 93 items. Location: U:239. Union assistant surgeon in the 14th Maine Regiment. Letters relate to Evans' experiences in the Civil War in Mississippi, Louisiana, and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. His assignments included New Orleans (1862-1863), Port Hudson (1863), and Camp Bisland (1863). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1845.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Eversol, Samuel. Letter, 1833 June 2. 1 item. Location: Misc. Letter mentions outbreak of Asiatic cholera in New Orleans and along the Mississippi River. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2873.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Medicine

Ewing, Inc. American Red Cross nurses at Louisiana's Old State Capitol photograph, circa 1910-1930. 1 panoramic photograph. Location: 104:-105:. Group shot of American Red Cross nurses outside of the Old State Capitol. African-American nurses are standing at the right side of the group. Mss. 5372.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Baton Rouge, African Americans, Medicine