Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Green, Caleb, Jr. Letter, Aug. 2, 1835. 1 item. Location: Misc.:G. Resident of St. Martin Parish, La. In a letter to his father in Saratoga County, New York, Caleb Green, Jr. announces the birth of his daughter, describes suffering a heat related illness and the use of bleeding as a medical treatment. He also reports on the financial worth of two planter friends in Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4406.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine

Grimmer, A. H. (Angelo Henry). Letter, 1899 Dec. 7. 1 letter. Location: MISC:G. Native of Grand Coteau, La. Letter from Grimmer, writing from New Orleans, La., to Dr. R. L. Randolph of Alexandria, La. Grimmer writes to Randolph, a member of the Louisiana State Board of Health, seeking a favor and the latter's help in obtaining a position as a coal oil inspector on the board. Mss. 5330.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Gunnell, F. M. Essay on yellow fever, circa 1860-1880. 1 manuscript. Location: Misc. Francis M. Gunnell was Surgeon General of the Navy between 1884 and 1888. Gunnell writes on the symptoms, possible causes, and treatments for yellow fever. Mss. 3913.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Guyot, Sister Henrietta. Papers, 1921-1965. 23 items, 56 vols. Location: 77:59. Director of the Department of Nursing, LSU School of Medicine (1937-1965). Mimeographed and printed material pertaining to nursing education; and personal items including 15 items referring to the death of Sister Stanislaus Malone, superior of the Sisters of Charity at Charity Hospital (1949). Includes materials from Ruth Ingram, former director of Touro Infirmary School of Nursing, telling of her work as supervisor of nursing education in the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2050.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, Education, Medicine, LSU

Habersham, Barnard Elliott, b. 1814. Letter, 1840 Sept. 1. 1 letter. Location: Misc. Rev. Barnard Elliott Habersham was an Episcopal minister and son of Richard Wylly Habersham, U.S. Representative for Georgia (1839-42). B.E. Habersham at Charleston, S.C., writes to Emma Mathewes Habersham at Augusta, Ga., regarding his trouble finding good servants, a smallpox outbreak, his father's poor health, and other family news. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4012.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Medicine

Hamilton, William S. Papers, 1780-1930 (bulk 1807-1861). 3 linear ft., 14 manuscript volumes, 16 microfilm reels. Locations: T:81-87, H:21, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. United States Army officer under General Wade Hampton; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. While most papers pertain to William S. Hamilton's social, political, and professional life, some papers also pertain to John Hamilton (William S.'s father) and the children of William S. and Eliza C. Hamilton. Papers reflect the administration of United States Army troops in the Territory of Orleans and Mississippi and give an inclusive picture of national and Louisiana politics. Included are descriptions of Southern college facilities and curricula and early medical treatments in hydropathy (hydrotherapy). The papers also document conditions in the United States Army during the Mexican War, land speculation in Texas, and various aspects of plantation life and economy (including purchasing and treatment of slaves). Part of the George M. Lester Collection. Mss. 1209.

Hamilton, William Sutherland. Papers, 1766-1879, 1942. .5 linear ft. Locations: UU:148, OS:H. United States Army officer; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. Papers consist chiefly of letters received and written by William S. Hamilton but also other Hamilton family members, including John Hamilton and Eliza C. Hamilton, and other friends and relatives. In addition to documenting family news and communications, correspondence reflects aspects of plantation economy; health problems and diseases, including yellow fever; medical treatments; conditions in the United States Army during and after the War of 1812; and the political and economic situation in Texas (1840-1844). Mss. 3167.

Harper, Aaron Charter. Account, 1863. 1 vol. Location: Misc:H. Confederate sergeant in the 12th Louisiana Infantry Regiment. Account of Harper's military service, with descriptions of battles, the destruction of Union military supplies and the capture of Union soldiers, and the destruction of railroads by both Union and Confederate troops. Harper makes references to military encounters with General Grant and desertion in the Confederate army. He also comments of living conditions and disease among soldiers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3608.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Harrison, L. B. Letter, 1854 Mar. 23. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. L.B. Harrison in New Orleans, La., remarks how his wife enjoyed the countryside around the Louisiana sugar plantations. He also recommends that spending a month in a sugar house at grinding season is a cure for lung diseases because of the beneficial effects of the vapors rising from the sugar kettles. Mss. 3858.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Medicine

Harrison, T. S. Travel account, 1888.1 broadside. Location: E:Imprints. Account titled 'Among the Southerners' describes a steamboat voyage from Baton Rouge to Greenville, Mississippi, mentioning scenery, river traffic, labor problems, river damage to 'Natchez-Under-The-Hill,' and the fear of a yellow fever epidemic. E:Imprints. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2897.

Harwell, James Daniel. Family cashbook, 1894-1897. 1 item, 1 vol. Location: Misc.:H. Tax collector, Civil War veteran. Unbound cashbook pages with a detailed listing of household accounts, interspersed with remarks on social and cultural activities. Also mentions household remedies and medicines, and titles of books read by the Harwells. Probably written by James Harwell's second wife. Frequent mention of trips to Mobile, Ala. and Meridian, Miss. Also includes a photocopy of a biographical sketch of James D. Harwell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3398.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine

Hawkins, J. E. (Josiah Edwin). Papers, 1857-1929 (bulk 1880-1900). 6.7 linear ft. (4,464 items, 135 ms. vols., 52 printed vols.). Location: UU:309-315, J:8-9, OS:H, 98:H. Physician, surgeon, and farm owner in Bayou Chicot, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana. Hawkins was originally from Georgia and first practiced medicine in Columbia City, Arkansas. Collection includes professional, business, and personal papers related to Hawkins' medical career. Papers include medical daybooks, plantation diaries, financial records, maps, and newspapers from New Orleans and St. Landry Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 982.

Head, William Hughes, 1821-1886. Family Papers, 1838-1947 (bulk 1845-1930). 7 linear ft. Location: 34:123-130, OS:H. Baptist minister, druggist. Family papers include correspondence, sermons, and writings, and other family letters and legal documents related to the drugstore business. Correspondence reflects student life before and after WWI. Correspondence, photographs and printed items reflect the military service of William Hughes Head, Jr. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3238.

Hendry, Alexander R. Medical daybook, 1839-1844 (bulk 1839-1842). 1 vol. Location: M:18. Medical doctor of northeastern Louisiana. Volume containing entries for medical services rendered by Dr. Hendry in Catahoula Parish and Monroe, Ouachita Parish, Louisiana. Entries contain patients' names, drugs prescribed, fees, distance to patient, and often the nature of the illness. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1888.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Hicky, Daniel. Letter, 1793 April 10. 1 item. Location: MISC:H. Planter of District of Manchac, West Florida, Louisiana. Letter sent from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and addressed to his son, Philip Hicky, in New Orleans. Daniel Hicky mentions his painful gout, tells of the destruction wrought to levees and land by a Mississippi River flood, and remarks how the indigo crop was hurt by bad weather. He also gives an affectionate reminder to Philip to conduct himself properly. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3430.

Hines, Moses, 1935-, interviewee. Moses Hines and Charlotte Hines Alfred oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (3 pages). Location: L:4700.286. Residents of Four Corners, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Hines was the son of a sugarcane farmer. Hines and Alfred describe their grandparents work in sugarcane growing; the management of the 20 acre farm owned in common by the Hines family; and natural remedies for colds, flu, colic, teething, and rheumatism. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.286.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Medicine

Holt, Charles Alfred, 1820-1891. Papers, 1842. 3 items. Location: Misc. Charles Alfred Holt of Summit, Miss., received his M.D. degree from Jefferson College in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1842. This collection pertains to Charles Alfred Holt's application for a position as naval surgeon in February-April 1842. It includes a letter of recommendation from Dr. Charles D. Meigs; a certificate of health addressed to the Naval Medical Board of Examination; and a note from his father, John L. Holt, attesting to Charles Holt's age and date of birth. Mss. 3719.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Hutchinson, Edwin. Papers, 1861-1866. 221 items. Location: U:159, OS:H. Mss.Mf: H. Medical cadet at the United States General Hospital, Annapolis, Maryland, and army surgeon with the 3rd Maryland Volunteers and the 137th New York Volunteers. Collection contains letters to Hutchinson's family related to his military service in the Civil War, including Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and other battles in Tennessee, Alabama, and Virginia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 751.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Hyde, Sue and E. Letter, 1843. 1 item. Location: Misc. Residents of Natchitoches, Louisiana. Letter from Sue and E. Hyde, Jr., to Sophia L. Hyde, Baltimore, Maryland, requesting vaccine because of the poor quality of the vaccine used in Natchitoches. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1363.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine

Hyslop, John. Correspondence, 1868. 2 letters. Location: Misc.: H. Two letters written to John Hyslop of Manchester, England. In the first letter written to his parents, James Douglas Hyslop relates his experiences while traveling in the United States, in search of employment. He tells about his illness, working on the railroad, mining for gold in California, and working at Harlem Plantation (Aug. 1, 1868). In a letter to John Hyslop, John M. Davidson informs him that his son, James, died of yellow fever (Sept. 6, 1868). Both letters were written from Harlem Plantation in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. Mss. 5218.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine