Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Lazaro, Ladislas. Papers, 1894-1928. 6,235 items, 43 vols. Location: C:37-43; P:4; Z:15, 22. Louisiana physician, state senator, U.S. congressman, and planter. Papers contain correspondence, clippings, speeches, government publications, and memorandum books recording Lazaro's service as a U.S. Representative. Political papers reflect his interest in agriculture and the tariff question, state and local politics, and related national matters. Daybooks and ledgers document his medical practice in Grand Prairie (1894-1913). Some bound volumes include material about World War I. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1113, 1149.

Leary, Calvin. Record books, 1846-1881. 2 volumes. Location: 1:. Native of North Carolina and farmer and landholder in Bienville Parish, Louisiana and Houston County, Georgia. Record books document mostly farm operations and include notes on the weather and climate, particularly at Sunnyside Plantation in Bienville Parish. The first record book also contains notes on cures, remedies, and medicinals. Mss. 4273.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine

Lebret diary, 1858-1861, 1977 (bulk 1858-1861). 1 item, 1 volume and 1 microfilm reel. Location: VAULT:12 and MSS.MF:L. The Lebret family of Bayou Sara, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, was headed by Peter (a.k.a. Pierre) Lebret, French-born owner and operator of Lebret and Hearsey, a general merchandising firm in Bayou Sara, and Fancy Point Plantation. Diary, probably written by Peter Lebret's sister-in-law. She mentions caring for children and slaves, teaching children, sewing, housekeeping, business dealings in trying to purchase more land, Waterloo Plantation in Pointe Coupee Parish, and local and family news. Previously known as anonymous diary. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3504.

Leche, Richard W. Papers, 1804, 1889-2008, undated. Approximately 100 linear ft., 155 volumes. Location: 80:-81:, 85:, 98:L, MAP CAGE, OS:L, VAULT:1, VAULT:21, VAULT MRDF 15. Orleans Parish native and 44th governor of Louisiana from 1936-1939. Collection is comprised of Leche's gubernatorial papers, which include chiefly office files of correspondence and a variety of printed materials; pre-gubernatorial and gubernatorial campaign papers; post-gubernatorial papers; and a variety of other materials, in large part photographic items and scrapbooks, spanning the three aforementioned eras. Collection also includes papers of Elton Reynolds Leche and Richard W. Leche, Jr. Mss. 2060.

Lehmann, Victor. Notebook, 1887-1888. 1 vol. Location: J:11. Notebook of Lehmann containing notes of lectures by Professors John B. Elliott and T. G. Richardson of the Medical Department, Tulane University. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 955.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Education, Medicine

Lemon, James J. Letter, 1861 June 29. 1 item. Location: Misc. Physician and school teacher, Tickfaw Station, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Letter requests payment for teaching services and mentions that his patients have not been paying for medical services. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3245.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, Medicine

Leonpacher, Louis. Diary, 1908-1923. 47 items, 5 vols. (on microfilm) Location: Mss. Mf.:L. Baton Rouge veterinarian and German immigrant who came to Louisiana in 1916. Five-volume diary illustrated with colored sketches, post cards, photographs, and advertisements. Included are copies of letters received. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2141.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Lewis, Anna E. Papers, 1896-1926. 27 items. Location: UU:109, OS:L. Correspondence, family photographs, and related items of Mrs. Anna Lewis, resident of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Papers include letters describing activities of soldiers stationed at Panama Park, Florida during the Spanish American War (1898) and the flu epidemic at Camp Meade, Maryland, during World War I (1918); a photograph of the K.O.P. Grand Lodge (Knights of Phythias) members and their families in front of the Standard Oil office building in Baton Rouge. Photograph also shows the Louisiana State University cadet band. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1080.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Baton Rouge, Medicine, LSU, 20th Century Wars

Lewis, Irma Polidore, 1945-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (3 pages). Location: L:4700.0219. Daughter of a sugarcane worker and life-long resident of Four Corners, a community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Lewis recalls her childhood as the daughter of unwed parents; being trained in carpentry by her uncle; work as a child on a sugarcane farm; plumbing and other self-provisioning skills; and traditional foods and folk medicines. Lewis also discusses her inability to attend college; and her involvement in the Four Corners Community Center. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0219.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Women, Medicine

Little, J. M. Letter, 1864.2 items. Location: Misc.:L. Union brigadier general in the Civil War. Letter from occupied Natchez, Mississippi, to superintendent of freedmen orders him to cease interference in sanitary discipline of the freedmen (1864 April 1). Included is a copy of General Orders requiring examination of medical officers of the regiments of the Corps d'Afrique. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2991.

Little, Sidney O., Letters, 1862-1863. 2 items. Location: MISC:L. A native of Carthage, Ill., Little was a private in the 118th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Company B. Little writes from the federal steamer Northerner of the Mississippi Squadron. He tells of military and naval operations on the Yazoo River just above Vicksburg. He describes life in camp near Vicksburg, remarking on the increase in small pox deaths, and that sick soldiers needed to be sent to St. Louis Little notes that many of the men "would like to throw down their guns and go home." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1448, 4302.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Lopez, John. Admittance cards, 1848. 7 items. Location: Misc.:L. Admittance cards issued to Lopez for lectures offered by the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana, New Orleans. For further information, see see online catalog. Mss. 1696.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Education, Medicine

Louisiana Board of Health. Notice, 1883 Apr. 18. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Notice from the Louisiana State Board of Health issued by Dr. Joseph Jones to steamboat captains and ship agents, announcing the removal of the Quarantine Station from Fort Pike to Rabbit Island, East Rigolets. Part of the George De Forest Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1350.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Louisiana Health Care Campaign Records, circa 1989-2004 (bulk: 1995-2001). Location: X 16 linear feet. Grassroots coalition that advocated for accessible, affordable health care for all Louisianans. Correspondence, reports, newsletters, press releases, and board minutes, and other records of the Louisiana Health Care Campaign, as well as background material on health care reform issues and groups and budgets and reports from allied groups and relevant state agencies, including the Department of Health and Hospitals and the Department of Insurance. Also includes records of the Louisiana Health Care Commission, of which the campaign was a member. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4957.

Louisiana Industrial Nurses Association. Records, 1949-1972. 4 linear ft. Location: 92:25-27. Professional nursing association. Records include correspondence of local association presidents, secretaries' files, project files, membership records, copies of association newsletters, annual reports, conference materials, and materials from the national organization. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1969, 2231, 2467.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Louisiana League for Nursing. Committee on Careers. Records, 1928-1958. ca. 400 items, 21 vols. (5 ms. vols., 16 printed vols.). Location: Range 113. Committee organized jointly by the Louisiana State Nurses' Association, the Louisiana League of Nursing Education, and a national committee of the American Nurses' Association for the recruitment of nurses and the promotion of nursing. Committee records include minutes, correspondence, and printed materials related to nursing careers and the recruitment of nurses. Includes documents related to the Future Nurses' Club (1954) and the United States Cadet Nurse Corps. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1840, 1893, 1288.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Louisiana League For Nursing. Document, 1952. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: Misc.:L. League formed by the merger of the New Orleans League of Nursing Education and the Public Health Association in 1952. Articles of Incorporation of the Louisiana League for Nursing. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2192.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Louisiana League of Nursing Education. Records, 1925-1953. 5 linear ft. Location: Location: 43:66, 68-69. Correspondence, minutes, annual reports, membership lists, treasurers' reports, conference programs, and related state and national printed material. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2288.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine

Louisiana Leper Home records, 1884-1921 (1895-1920). 11 linear ft.; 16 v. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Correspondence, legal documents, administrative and financial records relate primarily to financial operations. Correspondence also concerns rules governing patients; legal documents contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.

Louisiana Leper Home. Records, 1890-1921 (bulk 1895-1920). 14 linear ft., 16 ms. Vols. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Louisiana Leper Home was established by the Legislature in 1894. Records consist of correspondence, legal documents, printed items, administrative records, and financial records that relate primarily to the financial operations of the Home. Correspondence also concerns patient care and personal conduct. Legal papers contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. Manuscript volumes include bank books, cashbooks, ledgers, and a register of patients. Some correspondence in French and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.