Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Bourque, Owen. Collection on Betty Martin, 1907-2012 (bulk 1998-2010). 0.1 linear ft. Location: MISC:B. Research materials compiled by Owen Bourque on Betty Martin (the pen name used by Edwina Mary Meyer). In 1928, Martin was sent to United States Marine Hospital Number 66 (formerly the Louisiana Leper Home) in Carville, Louisiana after she was diagnosed with leprosy. Materials include chiefly photocopies and printouts of articles from magazines, newspapers, and online sources. Mss. 5367.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Acadiana, Medicine

Boutelle, A. L. Letter, 1835. 1 item. Location: B. Letter from A. L. Boutelle, a native of Maine, discusses his move to Louisiana for health reasons. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1371.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Boyd, Leroy Stafford. Papers, 1806-1955 (bulk 1900-1936). 12.25 linear ft., 50 volumes. Location: 65:12; 79:71-73; D:55-63; 79:71-73; OS:B; R:12-16; VAULT:1; VAULT:21; VAULT:40, VAULT MRDF 14, 22. Librarian for U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission. Correspondence, genealogical materials, photographs, printed items, and scrapbooks. Materials reflect the political environment; Boyd's political activities; his interest in Louisiana State University (LSU), General William T. Sherman, and his father, LSU President David F. Boyd; and his involvement with Kappa Alpha Fraternity. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 99.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Politics, Education, Baton Rouge, Medicine, LSU

Bradford, James L. Papers, 1856-1865. 19 items. Location: E:4. Confederate Army captain. Personal letters and bills including a letter from his brother, J. B. Bradford, discussing Louisiana politics. Civil War papers include a list of officers in Bradford's company, a record of an expense account for recruiting officers, record of stores and supplies, doctors' statements noting the health of enlisted men, and payroll account;. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 727.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, Medicine

Breaux, John B. Papers, 1933, 1938, 1963, 1970-2004 (bulk: 1987-2004). Approx. 781 linear feet . Location: Room B6, Map Cage, Vault:54. Correspondence, briefing books, bills, reports, testimony transcripts, research files, news releases, printed materials, audio-visual and electronic files, photographs and memorabilia documenting the political and U.S. Congressional career of Louisiana Representative (1972-1986) and Senator (1987-2004) John B. Breaux, and the work of his office. In addition to Senate and House files, contains materials related to his campaigns, the Democratic Party, and the Washington Mardi Gras. Topics include, among others, flood control, abortion, transportation, energy, the environment, taxes, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and healthcare, consumer protection, wetlands conservation, base closures in Louisiana, commerce, trade, and agriculture policy, especially for sugar and rice. For additional information, see the online catalog. Mss. 4922.

Breda, Jean Philippe, 1808-1882. Family Papers, 1776-1921. 1,070 items and 31 vols., 3 mf reel. Location: B:64-65, J:13, 98:, OS:B, Mss.Mf:B, Vault:3. Physician and druggist of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. Letters, personal papers, and business records of Dr. Breda concerning his medical practice, Louisiana politics, and family matters; together with correspondence and papers of his son, J. Ernest Breda, relating to the Civil War and politics. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 953, 966, 1021.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Civil War, French, Medicine

Brickell, D. Warren (Daniel Warren), 1824-1881. Papers, 1869-1882. .55 linear ft. (82 items, 1 ms. vol., 1 printed vol.). Location: C:74, 98:B, F:16. New Orleans gynecologist, founder and dean of the New Orleans School of Medicine, and editor of numerous medical journals. Papers consist mainly of newspaper clippings and political broadsides, many dealing with Reconstruction issues. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1430, 1617.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Bright, Jane C. Scrapbook, 1917-1956 (bulk 1918-1919). 31 items, 1 vol. Location: 38-73. Red Cross nurse during WWI and a native of Yazoo, Mississippi. Bright was attached to the New Orleans Chapter Base Hospital, Unit No.24, and stationed at Limoges, France. Scrapbook contains mementos of her service as a Red Cross Nurse with the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) in France. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1810.

Brooks, F. M. Bills, 1870, 1882, 1883. 3 items. Location: Misc.:B. Dr. F. M. Brooks, plantation and retail druggist of Baton Rouge. Bills from Dr. Brooks. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2555.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Baton Rouge, Medicine

Brooks, F. M. and Son. Business records, 1892-1894. 1 ms. vol. Location: M:15. Retail druggist of Baton Rouge. Record book containing copies of prescriptions from local medical doctors. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2506.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Brown, E. Y. Letter, 1863 April 21. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Letter written while aboard the steamboat, Natanzas, describing the scenery along the Mississippi river, war torn New Orleans, and a visit to a military hospital. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3802.

Brown, James (James Wilson) 1913 September 18 interviewee. Oral history interview, 1979. 1 sound cassette, transcript (28 pages). Location: L:4700.0003. Dean of Graduate Service in Research at San Jose State University, California. Richard Lewis was the Director of the Development of the Media Service and Support Program and Instructional Television also at San Jose State. Interview with Brown and Lewis concerns the production and use of audio-visuals and films by the U.S. Navy in World War II; the development of audio-visual products for use in schools; and their later career in the film industry. Topics include British and Canadian film making during the war; the prevention of venereal disease through films; medical films; demobilization films; and the Ladies Training and Development Center. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0003.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Medicine

Bruns, J. Dickson (John Dickson), 1836-1883. J. Dickson Bruns and T. G. Richardson correspondence, 1869-1870. 4 items. Location: Misc:B. Physicians of New Orleans. Bruns was also an organizer of the White League. Letters to Richardson, General Braxton Bragg, and General Richard Taylor from Bruns; and letters to both generals from Richardson. All the letters concern a controversy between the doctors about a breach of medical ethics on the part of Bruns. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 47.

Buck-Ellis Family Papers, 1812, 1826-2000. 14 linear ft and 27 volumes. Location: 16:1-14, OS:B, J:27, Vault 1. Family of educators, lawyers, and public officials. Of Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Ellis family papers (1812, 1826-1987) are comprised almost entirely of personal correspondence relating to daily activities, politics, health, religion, employment, military service, education and travel of five generations. Other material includes financial papers, legal documents, speeches and lectures related to the study of law, printed items, account books, diaries, inventories, family scrapbook and minute books of United Daughters of the Confederacy, Blue Cross Chapter. The Carroll and Martina Ellis Buck papers (1922-2000) consist primarily of personal correspondence from family and friends, but include some professional correspondence, primarily from his legal and public career. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4820.

Buckley, Margaret, 1819-. Diary, 1852-1853. 1 ms. vol. Location: Mss. Mf.:B. Housewife and seamstress of Finley, Ohio. Diary records daily life during the time she supported her family while her husband traveled to California. Included are mentions of social life, education of children, illnesses, and a list of household expenses. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2643.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Medicine

Buman, A. W. Letter, 1865 February 18. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Union soldier during the Civil War. Letter from Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C., describes the routines and privileges at the hospital, and mentions visits to the public buildings in Washington. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2425.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Burnham, Howard and Horace. Letters, 1862-1863. 4 items. Howard Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in an Illinois regiment stationed in Arcadia, Missouri. Horace Burnham, apparently a Union soldier in the Marine Hospital in New Orleans in the Civil War. Howard Burnham's two letters (1862) tell of the number of men ill and in hospitals; Horace Burnham writes of accommodations at the Marine Hospital in New Orleans, African Americans, and sanitation facilities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1181.

Butler, Edward. Family Papers, 1809-1950 (bulk 1904-1945). 10 linear ft. Location: U:282-290, M:19, OS:B. Cotton planter of West Feliciana Parish, La. Correspondence, personal papers, business records, printed material, and photographs reflect the personal activities and plantation operations of the Butler and related Mathews families, with a focus on Edward Butler and his immediate family. Noteworthy are two letters discussing a sick slave (Dec. 29, 1817) and runaway slaves (Aug. 15, 1835). Letters also discuss student life, World War II experiences, and yellow fever in New Orleans (Aug.-Oct. 1837). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4315.

Butler, Robert Ormond. Papers, 1848-1888. 1.5 linear ft. Location: S:25-26, OS:B. Medical doctor in New Orleans and Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, and sugar planter and molasses producer in Terrebonne Parish. Papers include correspondence, financial papers, legal documents, printed items, and photographs related to Butler's business and professional lives. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 5, Reels 3-4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1068.

Cabassa, Luis G. Letter, 1917 April 3. 1 item. Location: Misc.:C. Inquiry addressed to the Dean of the University of Louisiana by a pharmacist of Caguas, Puerto Rico, as to fees and course of study in chemistry and sugar manufacture. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3616.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Education, Medicine

Cable, James B. (James Boardman), 1846-1915. Papers, 1862-1913 (bulk 1885-1913). 0.5 linear ft. (61 items; 1 printed. Vol.). Location: U:106, M:18. Writer of Long Beach, Mississippi. His brother was the writer George Washington Cable. Papers chiefly consist of Cable's published and unpublished poetry and short stories. Letters from Cable to his mother mention his work as an orderly at Oliver Hospital, Lauderdale, Mississippi, during the Civil War. There are also letters from George. Some genealogical material regarding the Cable family and an article about James B. Cable are included. The printed item is a first edition of George Cable's Grandissimes. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1765.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine, Literature

Caldwell, David. Letter, 1844 March 24. 1 item. Location: Misc. Apparently a clergyman from Virginia. Letter telling of the excellent medical attention he received in New Orleans and his desire to return to his church in Virginia rather than accept positions offered in Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2097.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Medicine

Capell, Eli J. (Eli Jackson), 1814-1888. Family Papers, 1840-1932 (bulk 1886-1900). 1.3 linear ft., 16 v. Location: E:47-48, F:11, OS:C, Mss.Mf:C. Planter of Pleasant Hill Plantation, Amite County, Mississippi. Capell also operated a store near Rose Hill, Mississippi. Correspondence and business records of the Capell family and related Crawford family. Business, plantation, and legal papers include letters, accounts, and invoices with cotton factors and memorandum books of cotton and merchandise sold; labor contracts and laborersÆ record book; land deeds; and records from the Rose Hill store. Family correspondence from Crawford relatives (1880-1899) relates geographic, economic, race relations, health, and social conditions in parts of Missouri, Texas, Colorado, Utah, and Montana, and letters to Capell daughters concern news of friends, personal relationships, and social activities (1865-1879). Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reels 3-5. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 674.

Carpenter, George H., 1849-1892. Family Papers, 1806, 1835-1964 (bulk 1844-1899). 2.6 linear ft., 21 mss. vols., 84 printed vols. Location: A:28-31, OS:C. Dentist who resided with his family in Slaughter and Clinton, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Family papers also contain items of Carpenter's father-in-law, John Y. East, and his family. Among these papers are family letters, including the John A. Collins family; legal and business papers of John East; poetry; sermons; and biographical writings. Printed material consists of newspapers clippings; maps; Colt historical prints; political handbills; Huey P. Long political broadsides (1930); and various books. Volumes include items of Mary East. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2317.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Politics, Women, Medicine, Literature

Carriere, Joseph Victor. Papers, 1790-1844. 16 items, 2 vols. Location: A:1. Physician and druggist of St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. Papers include baptismal certificates and records of slave sales. Medical account books (1819-1822) record patient visits, including slave patients. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 984.

Referenced in Guides: French, Medicine

Cartwright, Samuel A. (Samuel Adolphus) and family. Papers, 1826-1864. 67 items, 2 manuscript volumes. Location: U:109, Vault. Physician of Natchez, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Cartwright was a Confederate army physician, and at one time a professor of diseases of the African American in the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana. Papers include correspondence, photoprints, and a European travel diary. Correspondence relates to politics, slavery, and education in the South, including letters from Jefferson Davis and other prominent individuals. Included is a treatise on 'camp dysentery' written by Cartwright. For further information, see online catalog. Filed under Cartwright, Samuel Adolphus. Papers in Archives USA. Mss. 2471, 2499.

Cartwright, Samuel A. (Samuel Adolphus). Letter, 1849 August 8. 2 items. Location: MISC:C. Physician of Natchez, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Cartwright was a Confederate army physician, and at one time a professor of diseases of the African-Americans in the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana. Letter to Doctor Q. A. B. Quesenbery discusses the treatment and prevention of cholera. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3234.

Referenced in Guides: Education, African Americans, Medicine

Cartwright, Samuel A. (Samuel Adolphus). Prescription, 1833. 1 item. Location: MISC:C. Physician of Natchez, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Cartwright was a Confederate army physician, and at one time a professor of diseases of the African-Americans in the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana. Prescription for cholera. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 672.

Cato, Daniel. Statement, 1812. 1 item. Location: Misc. Bill for medical services from Daniel Cato to Benjamin Bradford, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1120.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Chambers, Rowland. Diaries, 1849-1863. 7 vols. Location: U:25. Itinerant dentist from Vicksburg, Mississippi. Chambers practiced dentistry in various places, including Yazoo County, Mississippi, and Madison Parish, Louisiana. Six diaries cover the period 1849-1863 and describe Chambers's activities in North St. Louis, New Orleans, Panama City, Yazoo County, Mississippi, and Madison Parish, Louisiana. The diary from 1862-1863 describes experiences in Vicksburg and includes an account of the siege of Vicksburg. Collection also includes a diary of Augustus Lattz of the 76th Illinois Regiment. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 3-4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 839.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Charity Hospital (New Orleans, Louisiana). Record books, 1882-1884. 4 vols. Location: F:12. Hospital in New Orleans. Case record books of Charity Hospital list patients' names, ages, places of birth, residences, medical histories, conditions upon admission, clinical histories, treatments, results of treatments, and names of doctors assigned to cases. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 65.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Charles, I. H. (Isaac Henry). Letters, 1841-1848. 10 items. Location: Misc:C. Charles moved with his family from Philadelphia to New Orleans in 1841. There he attended school and worked as a clerk in a commercial house. Letters to a cousin, John Edward Liddall, describe Charles' sea voyage to New Orleans; his secondary education in private schools in Louisiana; the presence of yellow fever; news of the War with Mexico; and reactions to a call for volunteers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 621.

Chatelain, Leonard. Photograph, 1910. 1 albumen print. Location: 65:5. This photograph depicts Dr. Leonard Chatelain seated in a horse-drawn wagon with a collapsible top. Mss. 3908.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Medicine

Clarke, Powhatan. Diary, 1862-1863. 1 vol. Location: M:18. Surgeon, professor of chemistry, and aide-de-camp to Brigadier General D. M. Frost during the Civil War. Colonel David French Boyd was a captain of engineers on General Richard Taylor's staff (1863). Diary includes Clarke's round trip from Rapides Parish, Louisiana, to Camden, Arkansas. Later entries by Boyd include his military and topographical notes of the area between Sicily Island, Catahoula Parish, and Waterproof, Tensas Parish, Louisiana. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Clary, Hiram T. Papers, 1862-1889. 9 items. Location: Misc:C. Surgeon and physician of the 32nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Co. K. Papers include military records concerning promotions; orders to report to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Little Rock, Arkansas; discharge paper (1864); and a notice from the pension office. Also included is a copy of a document admitting Clary to the degree of a master mason. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 361.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Coats, Lewis M. Correspondence, 1941-1943. 0.3 linear ft. Location: 92:71. Military hospital orderly at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. Letters reflect wartime experiences as a hospital orderly, the morale of fellow soldiers, and the effect of the war upon such communities as Lake Charles. Correspondence also describes impressions of New Orleans and Houston, and provides details of his plans to elope with Mildred Bell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4705.

Cohn, Isidore. Papers, 1879-1972 (bulk 1920-1950), undated. 29 linear ft. Location: 34:136-174, OS:C, 102:69-70, VAULT:38. New Orleans surgeon and medical educator. Collection contains articles, lectures, letters, photographs, and printed material related to medicine. Includes material related to Lafcadio Hearn, LSU Medical Center, Tulane University Medical Center, and other medical organizations in Louisiana. Collection also includes audio recordings of Cohn (1955). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3425.

Colbert, Elenor Robinson, 1940-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (2 pages). Location: L:4700.222. Resident of Four Corners, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Colbert's great-grandmother was a slave. Colbert describes working in cane fields as a child; customs of family gatherings, the burial of umbilical cords of newborns, and cutting hair on Good Friday; the challenges of plantation life; christening and baptism traditions; and natural remedies. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.222.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, African Americans, Medicine

Coleman, Viola, Collection, 1945-2008 (bulk: 1945-1947). 44 items. Location: Misc:C. Midland, Texas physician and Louisiana civil rights pioneer. Contains photocopies of correspondence, news clippings, and video transcript detailing Coleman's lawsuit for admission into LSU's medical school in 1946. For more information see online catalog. Mss. 4997.

Collins, O. L. Account book, 1857-1871. 1 vol. Location: H:21. Physician of Chipola, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. Daily record of Dr. O. L. Collins giving names of patients, fees, and treatment prescribed. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1235.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

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