Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Cotton, William Davis and Family. Papers, 1852-1989. 1 linear ft., 4 vol. Location: S:136, OS:C, H:14. Collection contains correspondence and papers belonging to the Cotton Family. This includes the Civil War correspondence of Dr. Drury P. Gibson and his sister Mary Gibson Cotton, correspondence between George Spencer Cotton and his fiancée Lizzie Davis (1888-1890), and correspondence, photographs, and printed items belonging to William Davis Cotton, attorney of Rayville, La, and former president of LSU Alumni Federation (1969-1989). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4780.

Crawford family notebook, 1886-1887, 1914-1917. 1 vol. Location: F:16. Farmers of Centreville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Early notes are recipes for various medical cures; later notes pertain to stock on the Crawford farm. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 288.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine, Natchez, Mississippi

Crawford, Lewis B. Certificate, 1905 April 1. 1 item. Location: 78:24. Charity Hospital ambulance surgeon. Certificate given by Charity Hospital (New Orleans) to Crawford for faithfully and efficiently discharging his duties in the Charity Hospital Ambulance Service, organized in 1885. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1811.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Dalrymple, William Haddock, 1856-1925. Papers, 1905. 17 items, 1 vol. Location: U:47. Professor of veterinary science at LSU and a practicing veterinarian in Baton Rouge. Papers contain manuscript definitions of medical terms and notes on diseases, anatomy, organs, arthrology, mycology, bone structures, and other related topics. Included is a published work by Dalrymple, Livestock Sanitation (1923). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 604.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Dansereau, Hercules, b. 1832. Account Books and Papers, 1807-1907 (bulk 1859-1906). 32 items, 5 ms. vols. Location: Misc:D, OS:D, F:16. Physician of Thibodaux, Louisiana, and a member of the Scottish Rite Masonic Order. Papers include two medical ledgers (1860-1906) and a daybook (1874-1875); a minute book of the Scottish Rite Thibodaux Lodge No. 13 (1859-1861); and a minute book of the Philharmonic Society of Thibodaux (1861). Some manuscript volumes in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 823.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, French, Medicine

Dart, Elisabeth K. (Elizabeth Kilbourne). Collection, 1774-2005. 5.5 linear feet. Location: 121:8-11. Resident and local historian in St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Wrote about West Feliciana subjects including the Railroad, biographies of notable figures, and tours for Grace Cemetery. Collection contains manuscript and research materials used for exhibits, lectures, tours, and writing on West Feliciana Parish. Manuscripts include deeds, correspondence, accounting records, legal papers, court cases, and receipts. Other records include published materials, copies of original materials, scrapbooks, photographs, notes, and exhibit text. Mss. 5023.

Dixon, William Y., 1843-1874. Papers, 1860-1905 (bulk 1860-1874). 14 items (9 ms. vols.). Location: UU:119. Confederate soldier, student. Diaries record the battles at Baton Rouge (Aug. 1862), Vicksburg (1862), and Port Hudson (1863) and casualties suffered. Entries also refer to camp life 1860-1864), transportation of troops by steamboats (1863), diseases among soldiers and civilians (1860-1864), and the involvement of African American soldiers at Port Hudson. Other material relates to his education and financial affairs. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3423.

Doctor Tichenor's antiseptic advertising broadside, ca. 1888. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Broadside advertising Dr. Tichenor's Antiseptic 'for wounds, burns, bruises, scalds, colic, cramps, cholera morbus & [sic] flux and for colic, Botts & [sic] Footevil in horses and mules,' manufactured by Tichenor and Sherrause, New Orleans, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2600.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Drewry, William Francis, 1860-1934. Circular insanity. Report of the three cases, 1895. 8 p. ; 24 cm. Location: UU:97. First assistant physician at Central State Hospital and Vice-president of the New York Medico-Legal Society. "Reprint from the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, April, 1895." Part of the Joseph Jones Papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1352, 1357, 1393.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Duplantier, Armand Family Letters, 1777-1859. 95 items. Location: D:62. Armand Duplantier was a planter and owner of Magnolia Mound Plantation, La. Duplantier Family Letters contain items from four generations of the Duplantier family, including Armand Duplantier, his uncle Claude Trénonay, Armand’s son Armand Allard Duplantier, and granddaughter Amélie Augustine Duplantier Peniston. The letters relate to Louisiana under the French, Spanish, and Americans and the economic, political, and social conditions attendant on transitioning among the three powers; commerce with France; the succession of Trénonay; attitudes about the French Revolution; slavery and plantation matters; family news such as illness, births, deaths, and the education of Duplantier’s children; and travels in France by Amélie Duplantier. Mss. 5060.

Eager, William Blake. Papers, 1848-1863-1865, 1874-1900. 21 items. Location: B:64. Surgeon in the 162nd New York Volunteers in the Civil War. Letters concern service in military hospitals in Carrollton (now part of New Orleans) and Franklin, Louisiana; the siege of Port Hudson; and the Red River campaign. Other materials deal with Eager's medical education and a European tour in 1877. Mss. 2826.

East Feliciana State Hospital. Papers, 1848-1852. 21 items. Location: E:53. Hospital established by an act passed by the Louisiana legislature (1847). Papers of the Board of Administration of the Insane Asylum of the State of Louisiana for the period immediately following its establishment, dealing with the work of the board in organizing and planning for the institution. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1353.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Egan, J. S. Family Papers, 1850-1893. 28 items. Location: UU:118; OS:E. Resident of New Orleans. Papers contain Civil War letters from Virginia and Port Hudson, Louisiana, commenting on the people of New Orleans immediately prior to the surrender of the city and Union Sympathizers during the Union occupation. Included are antebellum letters telling of social conditions in San Francisco, California, following the Gold Rush; medical practice in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana; and travel in Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1467.

Erwin, Isaac. Diary, 1848-1868. 1 volume. Location: W:16. Sugar and cotton planter of Shady Grove Plantation, Bayou Gross Tete, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Diary (photocopies of a typescript) records plantation, personal, and family activities, and mentions local aspects of the Civil War, Reconstruction, epidemic diseases, floods, levee maintenance, and sugar and cotton production. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2933.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Civil War, Medicine

Estorge, Joseph Leonard 18 -1880. Papers, 1866-1877. 34 items (enlargement prints). Location: 41:15. Medical doctor of Opelousas, Louisiana. Papers consist of bills and statement of accounts for services. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2422.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Estorge, Joseph Leonard 18 -1880. Papers, 1866-1911, undated 371 items and 6 ms. vols. Location: W:21. Medical doctor of Opelousas, Louisiana. Business papers consist largely of bills and receipts for professional services and supplies. The collection includes ledgers (1868-1880) recording services rendered to patients. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2946.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Evans, H. Letter, 1864. 1 item. Location: Misc.E. Private, 9th Louisiana Infantry, Stafford's Brigade. Letter from H. Evans commenting on the activities of his friends in the Confederate army and in particular the courtesies received by a soldier in a hospital at Richmond from the wives of staff officers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1063.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Medicine

Evans, Simeon A. Letters, 1861-1864. 93 items. Location: U:239. Union assistant surgeon in the 14th Maine Regiment. Letters relate to Evans' experiences in the Civil War in Mississippi, Louisiana, and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. His assignments included New Orleans (1862-1863), Port Hudson (1863), and Camp Bisland (1863). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1845.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Eversol, Samuel. Letter, 1833 June 2. 1 item. Location: Misc. Letter mentions outbreak of Asiatic cholera in New Orleans and along the Mississippi River. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2873.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Medicine

Ewing, Inc. American Red Cross nurses at Louisiana's Old State Capitol photograph, circa 1910-1930. 1 panoramic photograph. Location: 104:-105:. Group shot of American Red Cross nurses outside of the Old State Capitol. African-American nurses are standing at the right side of the group. Mss. 5372.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Baton Rouge, African Americans, Medicine

Fleming's patent medicine. Advertisement, ca. 1870-1900. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Proprietor of Fleming's Patent Medicine Depot, in New Orleans, Louisiana. Advertisement for his products. For further information, onlone catalog. Mss. 1189.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Business, Medicine

Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946. Concerning Hepatic Syphilis, 1902. 13 p. ; 20 cm. Location: UU:97. Professor of pathology at the University of Pennsylvania. "Reprinted from the New York Medical Journal." Part of the Joseph Jones papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1352,1357, 1393

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Flournoy, Alfred. Papers, 1824-1936. 1 vol. Location: G:6. Medical doctor and cotton planter of Pulaski, Tennessee, and after 1838, cotton planter of Greenwood Plantation in Caddo Parish, Louisiana, and leader in the Democratic Party. Bound typewritten copy of a scrapbook, containing papers of Dr. Flournoy, Civil War letters to and from Flournoy's sons Alfred, Jr., and Alonzo, and related newspaper clippings and family histories. For further information, see online catalog.Mss. 628.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Plantations, Civil War, Medicine

Fontenot, Ozemé and family. Papers, 1834-1949. 5 linear ft., 54 volumes. Location: UU:190-194; O:21; OS:F; 98:F. Planter of Grand Prairie, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana. Plantation, business records, correspondence of Ozemé Fontenot and family. Some relate to the marriage and divorce of daughter Alma Parker, and to her hospitalization in New Orleans. Papers also deal with United Confederate Veterans activities. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reels 3-6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3248.

Foster, James, d. 1880. Medical record books, 1826-1830, 1867-1868, 1876-1878, 1893. 3 ms. vols. Location: G:6. Medical doctor of Natchez, Mississippi, and owner of the Hermitage Plantation near Natchez. Entries give patients' names, treatment, and fees for Foster's medical practice in Kentucky and later in Mississippi. Volume 3 contains an extensive inventory of household furnishings. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1403.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine, Natchez, Mississippi

Foster, James. Family Papers, 1829-1904. 92 items, 7 ms. vols. Location: U:117. O:3. 1Medical doctor of Natchez, Mississippi, and owner of the Hermitage Plantation near Natchez. Correspondence consists chiefly of personal letters from family members concerning travel in the East; yellow fever in New Orleans; and plantation affairs. Some letters relate to student life at Oakland College (Mississippi) and Harvard University. Three manuscript volumes contain poetry and four record books concern a Confederate monument in Natchez, listing subscribers to a memorial fund (1888-1889). Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. Mss. 1705.

Foster, James. Family Correspondence, 1861-1866. 110 items, 1 ms. Vol. Location: B:41. Isaac G. Foster and John S. Foster were the sons of James Foster, a medical doctor of Natchez. Both served in the Confederate Army and died during the Civil War. Papers include letters from John Foster written in New Orleans (1861) relating his views on Louisiana's secession. Later letters describe First Bull Run, Chancellorsville, and other battles. Isaac Foster's papers deal with Shiloh and other battles. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2184.

Fourgeaud, L. Account books, 1887-1903, 1910-1932. 14 items and 15 ms. vols. Location: Misc.:F, L:6. Doctor and resident of Breaux Bridge, St. Martin Parish, Louisiana. Medical account books and a few related bills of Dr. L. Fourgeaud. Accounts with patients are recorded in daybooks and ledgers, and record books contain diagnoses and treatment of patients. Prescription book (1887-1900) has a separate index book. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1154.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Franklin, J. C. Letters, 1864. 2 items. Location: Misc:F. Confederate soldier during the Civil War. Letters written from Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Virginia, and Pratt Hospital, Lynchburg, Virginia, to Franklin's wife, S. W. Franklin ('Sookey'), describing conditions in the hospitals. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 22. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2121.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

French, Cornelius R., 1786-1863. Family Papers, 1800-1920. 234 items, 6 vols. Location: U:123, 98:F. Doctor and resident of Baton Rouge. Personal and business papers of Dr. French and his family. Collection contains correspondence, medical items, and photographs; bills, receipts, and bank notes; and death notices, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous items. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

French-Clarke family. Papers, 1809-1861 (bulk 1830-1920). 1.3 linear feet, 16 volumes. Location: 1:32-35, OS:F, 98:F. Largely composed of correspondence between members of the French family of Baton Rouge and extended family regarding Baton Rouge, family news, health, and genealogy. Legal documents include bills of sale for slaves, land documents, wills of the French and Clarke families. Personal financial records, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings of current events, especially pertaining to the opening of the state capital and Louisiana State University campus life in the early 1900s. Ledgers and printed items relate to Julia Edwards Clarke and her husband William's employment at the Louisiana State School for the Blind. For further information, see online catalog, Mss. 3494.

Gandy, Thomas H. and Joan W. Photograph collection, 1850-1950, 1960-1988. 110 linear ft. Location: Range 64. Thomas H. Gandy, Natchez, Mississippi, physician, and his wife Joan. Collection contains glass plate and celluloid negatives of Natchez photographers Henry Norman, Henry Gurney, and Earl Norman, collected by the Gandys, and prints made from the negatives by Dr. Gandy. Images include scenes of Natchez, historic buildings, civic events, sports, family groups, and portraits. Mss. 3778.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine, Natchez, Mississippi

Gates, A. S. Prescription book, 1895-1896. 1 vol. Location: H:23. Druggist of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Prescription book of A. S. Gates. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1234.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Gautier, Mary Agnes. Letters, 1937-1945. 182 items and 8 printed vols. Location: T:19-20. Graduate of LSU (1938) and of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (1942). Gautier became an U.S. Army nurse stationed in Australia, New Guinea, and the Philippines. World War II letters and related printed material. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1855.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine, LSU

Gautier, Mary Agnes. Scrapbook, 1942-1956. 1 ms. vol. Location: T:20. Graduate of LSU (1938) and of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (1942). Gautier became an U.S. Army nurse stationed in Australia, New Guinea, and the Philippines. World War II scrapbook of Gautier containing handwritten entries of events and mementos.Graduate of LSU (1938) and of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (1942). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1855.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine, LSU

Gayden, Agrippa. Record book, 1877-1888, 1905, 1907. 6 items and 1 ms. vol. Location: Misc.:G, M:18. Medical doctor, alumnus of Tulane University (1877), and resident of the Norwood area, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Entries include medical notes, prescriptions, and accounts with patients. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2209.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

General order no. 8, 1865 Mar. 29. 1 item. Location: MISC:G. United States Army surgeon at the United States Army General Hospital (New Orleans, La.). Printed general order establishes separate wards for convalescents, patients with eye disease, and those with syphilis or gonorrhea. For more information, see online catalog. Mss. 3927.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Gorgas, William Crawford. Papers, 1912-1937. 10 items. Location: U:100. Surgeon General. Papers include reports of trips to Brazil and Lima, Peru; an address delivered at Johns Hopkins University; and an address on the life and character of Dr. Carlos G. Finlay. Included is a letter from Grace N. Robinson to Mrs. Smith describing Gorgas' last illness and funeral; and an article and radio talk by Dr. J. N. Baker on his achievements. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1637.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Gove, A. D. Letters, 1838, 1839. 2 items. Location: Misc. Resident of New Orleans. Letters to Gove's brother of Kensington, New Hampshire, mentioning the high prices of provisions in the markets of New Orleans; the seriousness of the yellow fever epidemic in the country as compared to the city; and a trip from Boston to New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1256.

Graham, George Mason, 1807-1891. Letters, 1848-1849. 3 items. Location: Misc.:G. Planter of Tyrone Plantation, Rapides Parish, Louisiana, and a member of the Board of Supervisors of the State Seminary of Learning at Alexandria, Louisiana. Letters to his sister of Gunston Hall, Virginia, concern family and plantation matters. Letter (1849) tells of emigrants in the area suffering severely from cholera and refers to the cholera epidemic of 1833 on Graham's plantation. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 163.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine

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