Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Green, Caleb, Jr. Letter, Aug. 2, 1835. 1 item. Location: Misc.:G. Resident of St. Martin Parish, La. In a letter to his father in Saratoga County, New York, Caleb Green, Jr. announces the birth of his daughter, describes suffering a heat related illness and the use of bleeding as a medical treatment. He also reports on the financial worth of two planter friends in Mississippi. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4406.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine

Grimmer, A. H. (Angelo Henry). Letter, 1899 Dec. 7. 1 letter. Location: MISC:G. Native of Grand Coteau, La. Letter from Grimmer, writing from New Orleans, La., to Dr. R. L. Randolph of Alexandria, La. Grimmer writes to Randolph, a member of the Louisiana State Board of Health, seeking a favor and the latter's help in obtaining a position as a coal oil inspector on the board. Mss. 5330.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Gunnell, F. M. Essay on yellow fever, circa 1860-1880. 1 manuscript. Location: Misc. Francis M. Gunnell was Surgeon General of the Navy between 1884 and 1888. Gunnell writes on the symptoms, possible causes, and treatments for yellow fever. Mss. 3913.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Guyot, Sister Henrietta. Papers, 1921-1965. 23 items, 56 vols. Location: 77:59. Director of the Department of Nursing, LSU School of Medicine (1937-1965). Mimeographed and printed material pertaining to nursing education; and personal items including 15 items referring to the death of Sister Stanislaus Malone, superior of the Sisters of Charity at Charity Hospital (1949). Includes materials from Ruth Ingram, former director of Touro Infirmary School of Nursing, telling of her work as supervisor of nursing education in the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2050.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, Education, Medicine, LSU

Habersham, Barnard Elliott, b. 1814. Letter, 1840 Sept. 1. 1 letter. Location: Misc. Rev. Barnard Elliott Habersham was an Episcopal minister and son of Richard Wylly Habersham, U.S. Representative for Georgia (1839-42). B.E. Habersham at Charleston, S.C., writes to Emma Mathewes Habersham at Augusta, Ga., regarding his trouble finding good servants, a smallpox outbreak, his father's poor health, and other family news. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4012.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Medicine

Hamilton, William S. Papers, 1780-1930 (bulk 1807-1861). 3 linear ft., 14 manuscript volumes, 16 microfilm reels. Locations: T:81-87, H:21, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. United States Army officer under General Wade Hampton; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. While most papers pertain to William S. Hamilton's social, political, and professional life, some papers also pertain to John Hamilton (William S.'s father) and the children of William S. and Eliza C. Hamilton. Papers reflect the administration of United States Army troops in the Territory of Orleans and Mississippi and give an inclusive picture of national and Louisiana politics. Included are descriptions of Southern college facilities and curricula and early medical treatments in hydropathy (hydrotherapy). The papers also document conditions in the United States Army during the Mexican War, land speculation in Texas, and various aspects of plantation life and economy (including purchasing and treatment of slaves). Part of the George M. Lester Collection. Mss. 1209.

Hamilton, William Sutherland. Papers, 1766-1879, 1942. .5 linear ft. Locations: UU:148, OS:H. United States Army officer; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. Papers consist chiefly of letters received and written by William S. Hamilton but also other Hamilton family members, including John Hamilton and Eliza C. Hamilton, and other friends and relatives. In addition to documenting family news and communications, correspondence reflects aspects of plantation economy; health problems and diseases, including yellow fever; medical treatments; conditions in the United States Army during and after the War of 1812; and the political and economic situation in Texas (1840-1844). Mss. 3167.

Harper, Aaron Charter. Account, 1863. 1 vol. Location: Misc:H. Confederate sergeant in the 12th Louisiana Infantry Regiment. Account of Harper's military service, with descriptions of battles, the destruction of Union military supplies and the capture of Union soldiers, and the destruction of railroads by both Union and Confederate troops. Harper makes references to military encounters with General Grant and desertion in the Confederate army. He also comments of living conditions and disease among soldiers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3608.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Harrison, L. B. Letter, 1854 Mar. 23. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. L.B. Harrison in New Orleans, La., remarks how his wife enjoyed the countryside around the Louisiana sugar plantations. He also recommends that spending a month in a sugar house at grinding season is a cure for lung diseases because of the beneficial effects of the vapors rising from the sugar kettles. Mss. 3858.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Medicine

Harrison, T. S. Travel account, 1888.1 broadside. Location: E:Imprints. Account titled 'Among the Southerners' describes a steamboat voyage from Baton Rouge to Greenville, Mississippi, mentioning scenery, river traffic, labor problems, river damage to 'Natchez-Under-The-Hill,' and the fear of a yellow fever epidemic. E:Imprints. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2897.

Harwell, James Daniel. Family cashbook, 1894-1897. 1 item, 1 vol. Location: Misc.:H. Tax collector, Civil War veteran. Unbound cashbook pages with a detailed listing of household accounts, interspersed with remarks on social and cultural activities. Also mentions household remedies and medicines, and titles of books read by the Harwells. Probably written by James Harwell's second wife. Frequent mention of trips to Mobile, Ala. and Meridian, Miss. Also includes a photocopy of a biographical sketch of James D. Harwell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3398.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine

Hawkins, J. E. (Josiah Edwin). Papers, 1857-1929 (bulk 1880-1900). 6.7 linear ft. (4,464 items, 135 ms. vols., 52 printed vols.). Location: UU:309-315, J:8-9, OS:H, 98:H. Physician, surgeon, and farm owner in Bayou Chicot, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana. Hawkins was originally from Georgia and first practiced medicine in Columbia City, Arkansas. Collection includes professional, business, and personal papers related to Hawkins' medical career. Papers include medical daybooks, plantation diaries, financial records, maps, and newspapers from New Orleans and St. Landry Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 982.

Head, William Hughes, 1821-1886. Family Papers, 1838-1947 (bulk 1845-1930). 7 linear ft. Location: 34:123-130, OS:H. Baptist minister, druggist. Family papers include correspondence, sermons, and writings, and other family letters and legal documents related to the drugstore business. Correspondence reflects student life before and after WWI. Correspondence, photographs and printed items reflect the military service of William Hughes Head, Jr. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3238.

Hendry, Alexander R. Medical daybook, 1839-1844 (bulk 1839-1842). 1 vol. Location: M:18. Medical doctor of northeastern Louisiana. Volume containing entries for medical services rendered by Dr. Hendry in Catahoula Parish and Monroe, Ouachita Parish, Louisiana. Entries contain patients' names, drugs prescribed, fees, distance to patient, and often the nature of the illness. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1888.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Hicky, Daniel. Letter, 1793 April 10. 1 item. Location: MISC:H. Planter of District of Manchac, West Florida, Louisiana. Letter sent from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and addressed to his son, Philip Hicky, in New Orleans. Daniel Hicky mentions his painful gout, tells of the destruction wrought to levees and land by a Mississippi River flood, and remarks how the indigo crop was hurt by bad weather. He also gives an affectionate reminder to Philip to conduct himself properly. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3430.

Hines, Moses, 1935-, interviewee. Moses Hines and Charlotte Hines Alfred oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (3 pages). Location: L:4700.286. Residents of Four Corners, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Hines was the son of a sugarcane farmer. Hines and Alfred describe their grandparents work in sugarcane growing; the management of the 20 acre farm owned in common by the Hines family; and natural remedies for colds, flu, colic, teething, and rheumatism. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.286.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Medicine

Holt, Charles Alfred, 1820-1891. Papers, 1842. 3 items. Location: Misc. Charles Alfred Holt of Summit, Miss., received his M.D. degree from Jefferson College in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1842. This collection pertains to Charles Alfred Holt's application for a position as naval surgeon in February-April 1842. It includes a letter of recommendation from Dr. Charles D. Meigs; a certificate of health addressed to the Naval Medical Board of Examination; and a note from his father, John L. Holt, attesting to Charles Holt's age and date of birth. Mss. 3719.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Hutchinson, Edwin. Papers, 1861-1866. 221 items. Location: U:159, OS:H. Mss.Mf: H. Medical cadet at the United States General Hospital, Annapolis, Maryland, and army surgeon with the 3rd Maryland Volunteers and the 137th New York Volunteers. Collection contains letters to Hutchinson's family related to his military service in the Civil War, including Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and other battles in Tennessee, Alabama, and Virginia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 751.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Hyde, Sue and E. Letter, 1843. 1 item. Location: Misc. Residents of Natchitoches, Louisiana. Letter from Sue and E. Hyde, Jr., to Sophia L. Hyde, Baltimore, Maryland, requesting vaccine because of the poor quality of the vaccine used in Natchitoches. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1363.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine

Hyslop, John. Correspondence, 1868. 2 letters. Location: Misc.: H. Two letters written to John Hyslop of Manchester, England. In the first letter written to his parents, James Douglas Hyslop relates his experiences while traveling in the United States, in search of employment. He tells about his illness, working on the railroad, mining for gold in California, and working at Harlem Plantation (Aug. 1, 1868). In a letter to John Hyslop, John M. Davidson informs him that his son, James, died of yellow fever (Sept. 6, 1868). Both letters were written from Harlem Plantation in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. Mss. 5218.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine

I. L. Lyons and Company. Trade card, circa 19th century. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. New Orleans wholesale druggist. Trade card advertising Abrams' ointment. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: Business, Medicine

Intestinal dyspepsia or indigestion, 1910. 15 p. ; 16 cm. Location: UU:97. Pamphlet on dyspepsia and indisgestion. Part of the Joseph Jones Papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1352,1357, 1393.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Jackson, Charles T. (Thomas). Letters, 1849. 3 items (photographic prints). Location: Misc. American physician and scientist. Letter from Dr. Jackson together with copies of letters supporting his claim for the discovery of ether as a surgical anesthesia and his suggested use to W. T. G. Morton in tooth extraction. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1597.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Johnson, Charles James. Papers, 1827-1866 (bulk 1836-1862). 162 items, 1 volume. Location: C:31. Physician of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, 2nd lieutenant in the 11th Louisiana Infantry. Letters of Johnson while he attended University of Nashville; letters to his wife, Louisa Butler McCrindell, while he was in the Confederate Army; and correspondence of the Edington, Bowman, Bell, Stirling, Hereford, Courtney, and McCrindell families. Miscellaneous items include a deed for a land sale (1827), a broadside (1833), and a petition for opening the succession of Mrs. Harriet McCrindell (1863). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1152.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine

Jones, George W. Papers, 1902-1984, undated (bulk 1942-1950). 3 linear ft. Locations: D:102-104. OS:J. Member of the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II and later a member of the U.S. Naval Reserve from Canton, Mississippi. Collection consists of correspondence and personal papers documenting primarily the lives of Jones and his family. Correspondence discusses news regarding Canton, World War II, the Jones family's drug store, George's wellbeing and duties, and other family members and friends. Personal papers, chiefly printed materials, document George's time in the U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Naval Reserve. Mss. 4135.

Jones, Joseph. Papers, 1832-1919 (bulk 1860-1905). 7.5 linear ft., 74 volumes, 23 microfilm reels. Location: UU:87-100, O:20, OS:J, AA:, VAULT:1, MSS.MF:J. New Orleans physician and scientific writer, Confederate medical authority, and president of the Louisiana State Board of Health. Papers consist of manuscript writings by Jones pertaining to investigations of various diseases, studies on American archaeology and anthropology, and published and unpublished papers on Confederate medical history. Also included are family letters and six letter file books containing correspondence and related items by subjects. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1351, 1357, 1393, 1441.

Kellogg, John Harvey. "The non-surgical treatment of ovarian diseases," 1893. 26 p. : illu. ; 22 cm. Location: UU:97. Superintendent at Battle Creek Sanitarium, Battle Creek, Mich. "Reprinted from Modern Medicine and Bacteriological World." Part of the Joseph Jones Papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1352,1357, 1393.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Kendrick, Benjamin. Papers, 1806-1894 (bulk 1810-1840). 0.7 linear ft. (611 items). Location: U:170. Cotton planter and slaveholder of the Feliciana parishes, Louisiana. In 1823 he moved from St. Francisville (West Feliciana Parish) near Jackson (East Feliciana Parish) and in 1830 he established Asphodel Plantation there. Collection includes legal papers, bills, receipts, and correspondence. Papers document medical care for family members and slaves; and include letters from New Orleans merchants and a letter from a Missouri slave dealer (1836). Some materials relate to David J. Fluker of East Feliciana Parish, Kendrick's son-in-law. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 2, Reels 11-12. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 906.

Ker, John, 1789-1850. Thesis, 1811. 1 item [typescript copy]. Location: Misc.:K. Medical doctor of Good Hope Plantation of Concordia Parish, Louisiana, the father of Mary Susan and William H. Ker. Thesis presented by John Ker in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 945.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine, Natchez, Mississippi

Ker, John, 1789-1850. Family Papers, 1803-1862. 27 items, 1 vol. Location: S:108. Medical doctor of Good Hope Plantation of Concordia Parish, Louisiana, and the father of Mary Susan and William H. Ker. Papers include letters from Stephen Duncan, Sr., of Natchez, Mississippi, and Philadelphia, to Dr. John Ker; and Civil War letters from William H. Ker, a Confederate soldier. Collection also includes a diary (1850-1851) of Mary Susan Ker with details on family life after her father's death. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 15. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3539.

Kilbourne, Hal Harper. Family papers, 1826-1984 (bulk 1895-1910). 1.25 linear ft. Location: E:126, OS:K, MSS.MF:K. Lawyer and judge of Clinton, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Collection is comprised of papers and photographs. He was the son of James Kilbourne, M.D. and grandson to the planter, jurist and state legislator James Gilliam Kilbourne. Papers contain correspondence, personal papers, genealogical material, printed items and photographs pertaining to the Kilbourne family and Clinton. Mss. 2891.


Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine

King, John W. Papers, 1828-1860 (bulk 1830-1850). 0.5 linear ft., 1 microfilm reel. Location: UU:105, MSS.MF:K, OS:K. Physician of Covington, Kentucky and president of Newport Manufacturing Company, Newport, Kentucky. Papers include correspondence, legal documents, receipts, printed materials, manuscript writings, a will, and a medical notebook. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1372, 1382.

Referenced in Guides: Business, Medicine, Literature

Kleinpeter, Andrew. Papers, 1827-1833. 20 items. Location: B:40. Resident of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Correspondence from relatives in Spencer County, Kentucky, and letters from James Neilson, attending school in Lexington, Kentucky, commenting on Henry Clay after attending a party in his home, and mentioning a shooting by supporters of Clay and Jackson. Includes business letters of Isidor Larguire, cotton broker, of New Orleans; and a letter of A. Jones, Baton Rouge, concerning the treatment of cholera. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 238.

Knapp, James S. Family Papers, 1849-1909 (bulk 1865-1895). 1,187 items, 16 vols. Location: U:182-185, OS:K. Dentist and dean of the New Orleans Dental College. Early papers include dental bills and receipts; and the charter for the New Orleans Dental College. Post-1865 papers concern the Louisiana Dental Association and the New Orleans Dental College. Also included are personal papers. Papers of J. Rollo Knapp deal with his dental practice. Frederick H. Knapp's papers include certificates from the Board of Medical Censors of Adams County, Mississippi, and the University of Havana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 880.

Knights of Honor, by-laws of Myrtle Lodge No. 3407, 1889. 3 items. Location: E:Imprints. Fratrnal organization founded in 1873 to care for the sick.Two copies of the bylaws of Myrtle Lodge No. 3407 of the Knights of Honor, Bayou Goula, La., and one envelope of the lodge. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1088.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Lake Charles District Nurses' Association. Records, 1934-1949, undated. 83 items, 1 volume. Location: 124:. Records include correspondence (1943-1948) principally with the Louisiana Nurses Board of Examiners, in New Orleans; minutes (1942-1949) of meetings of the Board of Directors and the Lake Charles District; and a treasurers' record book (1934-1949). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1778.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Lambert, John W. (John Walter), 1861-1932. Papers, 1872-1932 (bulk 1900-1931). 872 items, 59 vols. Location: U:196-197, G:15, OS:L. Physician, mayor of Tangipahoa, Louisiana, druggist, general merchan, and director of Amite Bank and Trust Co. Business papers, correspondence, and financial documents related to Lambert's professional activities as a doctor and druggist. Papers also include printed items related to Tulane University Medical School, and Volunteer Midical Service Corps. Membership certificate (1918). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 829, 1556.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Business, Medicine, 20th Century Wars

Landry, Elu. Estate record book, 1848-1851. 1 ms. vol. (on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf.:L. Louisiana sugar planter.Record book kept by the administrator of Elu Landry's Louisiana sugar plantation includes accounts of money paid and received by the estate, a list of debts, and a plantation diary (1848-1850) describing daily work assignments, sugar harvest, levee construction and maintenance, and a cholera epidemic. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3106.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, African Americans, Medicine

Langston, Joseph C., Sr. and Joseph C., Jr. Certificates, 1903-1979. 12 items. Locations: MISC:L, OS:L. Registered pharmacists of Slidell, Louisiana. Two certificates (oversize) awarded to Joseph C. Langston, Sr. (1903) and Joseph C. Langston, Jr. (1936) by The Board of Pharmacy of the State of Louisiana. Ten renewal certificates for their licenses (1939-1979) are also included. Mss. 5377.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Larkin, E. J. Diary, 1878. 1 vol. Location: M:20. Businessman of Delta, Madison Parish, Louisiana. Entries record daily life, business and social matters. Diary also reports a yellow fever epidemic and its movement from New Orleans to Vicksburg, Mississippi, describing the fear and suffering of the people. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2491.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Business, Medicine

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