Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Lazaro, Ladislas. Papers, 1894-1928. 6,235 items, 43 vols. Location: C:37-43; P:4; Z:15, 22. Louisiana physician, state senator, U.S. congressman, and planter. Papers contain correspondence, clippings, speeches, government publications, and memorandum books recording Lazaro's service as a U.S. Representative. Political papers reflect his interest in agriculture and the tariff question, state and local politics, and related national matters. Daybooks and ledgers document his medical practice in Grand Prairie (1894-1913). Some bound volumes include material about World War I. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1113, 1149.

Leary, Calvin. Record books, 1846-1881. 2 volumes. Location: 1:. Native of North Carolina and farmer and landholder in Bienville Parish, Louisiana and Houston County, Georgia. Record books document mostly farm operations and include notes on the weather and climate, particularly at Sunnyside Plantation in Bienville Parish. The first record book also contains notes on cures, remedies, and medicinals. Mss. 4273.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine

Lebret diary, 1858-1861, 1977 (bulk 1858-1861). 1 item, 1 volume and 1 microfilm reel. Location: VAULT:12 and MSS.MF:L. The Lebret family of Bayou Sara, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, was headed by Peter (a.k.a. Pierre) Lebret, French-born owner and operator of Lebret and Hearsey, a general merchandising firm in Bayou Sara, and Fancy Point Plantation. Diary, probably written by Peter Lebret's sister-in-law. She mentions caring for children and slaves, teaching children, sewing, housekeeping, business dealings in trying to purchase more land, Waterloo Plantation in Pointe Coupee Parish, and local and family news. Previously known as anonymous diary. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3504.

Leche, Richard W. Papers, 1804, 1889-2008, undated. Approximately 100 linear ft., 155 volumes. Location: 80:-81:, 85:, 98:L, MAP CAGE, OS:L, VAULT:1, VAULT:21, VAULT MRDF 15. Orleans Parish native and 44th governor of Louisiana from 1936-1939. Collection is comprised of Leche's gubernatorial papers, which include chiefly office files of correspondence and a variety of printed materials; pre-gubernatorial and gubernatorial campaign papers; post-gubernatorial papers; and a variety of other materials, in large part photographic items and scrapbooks, spanning the three aforementioned eras. Collection also includes papers of Elton Reynolds Leche and Richard W. Leche, Jr. Mss. 2060.

Lehmann, Victor. Notebook, 1887-1888. 1 vol. Location: J:11. Notebook of Lehmann containing notes of lectures by Professors John B. Elliott and T. G. Richardson of the Medical Department, Tulane University. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 955.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Education, Medicine

Lemon, James J. Letter, 1861 June 29. 1 item. Location: Misc. Physician and school teacher, Tickfaw Station, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana. Letter requests payment for teaching services and mentions that his patients have not been paying for medical services. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3245.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, Medicine

Leonpacher, Louis. Diary, 1908-1923. 47 items, 5 vols. (on microfilm) Location: Mss. Mf.:L. Baton Rouge veterinarian and German immigrant who came to Louisiana in 1916. Five-volume diary illustrated with colored sketches, post cards, photographs, and advertisements. Included are copies of letters received. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2141.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Lewis, Anna E. Papers, 1896-1926. 27 items. Location: UU:109, OS:L. Correspondence, family photographs, and related items of Mrs. Anna Lewis, resident of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Papers include letters describing activities of soldiers stationed at Panama Park, Florida during the Spanish American War (1898) and the flu epidemic at Camp Meade, Maryland, during World War I (1918); a photograph of the K.O.P. Grand Lodge (Knights of Phythias) members and their families in front of the Standard Oil office building in Baton Rouge. Photograph also shows the Louisiana State University cadet band. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1080.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Baton Rouge, Medicine, LSU, 20th Century Wars

Lewis, Irma Polidore, 1945-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (3 pages). Location: L:4700.0219. Daughter of a sugarcane worker and life-long resident of Four Corners, a community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Lewis recalls her childhood as the daughter of unwed parents; being trained in carpentry by her uncle; work as a child on a sugarcane farm; plumbing and other self-provisioning skills; and traditional foods and folk medicines. Lewis also discusses her inability to attend college; and her involvement in the Four Corners Community Center. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0219.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Women, Medicine

Little, J. M. Letter, 1864.2 items. Location: Misc.:L. Union brigadier general in the Civil War. Letter from occupied Natchez, Mississippi, to superintendent of freedmen orders him to cease interference in sanitary discipline of the freedmen (1864 April 1). Included is a copy of General Orders requiring examination of medical officers of the regiments of the Corps d'Afrique. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2991.

Little, Sidney O., Letters, 1862-1863. 2 items. Location: MISC:L. A native of Carthage, Ill., Little was a private in the 118th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Company B. Little writes from the federal steamer Northerner of the Mississippi Squadron. He tells of military and naval operations on the Yazoo River just above Vicksburg. He describes life in camp near Vicksburg, remarking on the increase in small pox deaths, and that sick soldiers needed to be sent to St. Louis Little notes that many of the men "would like to throw down their guns and go home." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1448, 4302.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Lopez, John. Admittance cards, 1848. 7 items. Location: Misc.:L. Admittance cards issued to Lopez for lectures offered by the Medical Department of the University of Louisiana, New Orleans. For further information, see see online catalog. Mss. 1696.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Education, Medicine

Louisiana Board of Health. Notice, 1883 Apr. 18. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Notice from the Louisiana State Board of Health issued by Dr. Joseph Jones to steamboat captains and ship agents, announcing the removal of the Quarantine Station from Fort Pike to Rabbit Island, East Rigolets. Part of the George De Forest Collection. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1350.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Louisiana Health Care Campaign Records, circa 1989-2004 (bulk: 1995-2001). Location: X 16 linear feet. Grassroots coalition that advocated for accessible, affordable health care for all Louisianans. Correspondence, reports, newsletters, press releases, and board minutes, and other records of the Louisiana Health Care Campaign, as well as background material on health care reform issues and groups and budgets and reports from allied groups and relevant state agencies, including the Department of Health and Hospitals and the Department of Insurance. Also includes records of the Louisiana Health Care Commission, of which the campaign was a member. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4957.

Louisiana Industrial Nurses Association. Records, 1949-1972. 4 linear ft. Location: 92:25-27. Professional nursing association. Records include correspondence of local association presidents, secretaries' files, project files, membership records, copies of association newsletters, annual reports, conference materials, and materials from the national organization. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1969, 2231, 2467.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Louisiana League for Nursing. Committee on Careers. Records, 1928-1958. ca. 400 items, 21 vols. (5 ms. vols., 16 printed vols.). Location: Range 113. Committee organized jointly by the Louisiana State Nurses' Association, the Louisiana League of Nursing Education, and a national committee of the American Nurses' Association for the recruitment of nurses and the promotion of nursing. Committee records include minutes, correspondence, and printed materials related to nursing careers and the recruitment of nurses. Includes documents related to the Future Nurses' Club (1954) and the United States Cadet Nurse Corps. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1840, 1893, 1288.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Louisiana League For Nursing. Document, 1952. 1 item [photocopy]. Location: Misc.:L. League formed by the merger of the New Orleans League of Nursing Education and the Public Health Association in 1952. Articles of Incorporation of the Louisiana League for Nursing. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2192.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Louisiana League of Nursing Education. Records, 1925-1953. 5 linear ft. Location: Location: 43:66, 68-69. Correspondence, minutes, annual reports, membership lists, treasurers' reports, conference programs, and related state and national printed material. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2288.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Medicine

Louisiana Leper Home records, 1884-1921 (1895-1920). 11 linear ft.; 16 v. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Correspondence, legal documents, administrative and financial records relate primarily to financial operations. Correspondence also concerns rules governing patients; legal documents contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.

Louisiana Leper Home. Records, 1890-1921 (bulk 1895-1920). 14 linear ft., 16 ms. Vols. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Louisiana Leper Home was established by the Legislature in 1894. Records consist of correspondence, legal documents, printed items, administrative records, and financial records that relate primarily to the financial operations of the Home. Correspondence also concerns patient care and personal conduct. Legal papers contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. Manuscript volumes include bank books, cashbooks, ledgers, and a register of patients. Some correspondence in French and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.

Louisiana Military Commissioner collection, 1864. 132 items. Location: UU:78. Reports of sick and wounded in Georgia, including Andersonville, and Alabama hospitals. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1357.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Louisiana State Nurses Association. Records, 1904-1970. 17 linear ft. Location: 32:72-80, OS:L. Correspondence, scrapbooks, reports, minutes, clippings, and other records pertaining to the Louisiana State Nurses Association, its committees and sections, and its relations with the American Nurses Association. Scrapbook 22 (1904-1925) records participation and activities of nurses in World War I. Unprocessed. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1545, 1893, 2573, 2631.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine, 20th Century Wars

Loyd and Keasbey. Journal, 1827-1829. 1 vol. Location: G:4. Druggist of St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Journal of Loyd and Keasbey containing records for medical and dental visits and services, prescriptions, and sales of drugs, patent medicines, and related items. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1100.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Business, Medicine

MacKowen, John C. (John Clay). Papers, 1846-1966 (bulk 1897-1901). 103 items, 3 printed vols. Location: E:54; OS:M. Planter and physician of Jackson, Louisiana, and owner of a property in Anacapri, Italy. Letters concern the education of John MacKowen and his brothers in New England schools, MacKowen's Confederate service during the Civil War, the education of African Americans by plantation women, and the MacKowen property in Italy. Some letters and papers in Italian and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2465.

Macrery, Andrew. Papers, 1793-1855. 46 items. Location: S:121. Planter of Natchez, Mississippi, and owner of Roseland and Springfield plantations. Family correspondence concerns social life, health, and medical practices. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 3, Reels 10-11. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1403.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Medicine, Natchez, Mississippi

Madden, Roberta M. Papers, 1968-2010. 11 linear ft. Location: 91:7-12. Baton Rouge-based businesswoman and activist. Papers include correspondence, subject files, publications, and other records related to her professional career and tenure as a leading local, state, and national advocate for women's rights and other progressive social and political causes. Mss. 5022.

Marigny, Pierre. Letter, 1796. 1 item. Location: Misc.:M. French Creole planter of New Orleans, Louisiana. Personal letter from Pierre de Marigny to Olivier de Nezin of Attakapas, comments on a good harvest and the recovery of his son, Bernard, from a serious illness. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 282.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French, Medicine

Marshall, Charles, b. 1909. Papers, 1940-1949. 20 items. Location: Misc.:M. Charles Marshall was a patient at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital at Carville, La. Papers consist of personal correspondence and printed materials concerning the hospital. For further information, see online catalog.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Marshall-Furman Family Papers, 1794-1975 (bulk 1833-1905). 3,046 items, 35 vols., 8 microfilm reels. Location: W:59-68, OS:M, Mss. Mf.:M. Henry Marshall was a cotton planter and a member of the Louisiana Senate. S. C. Furman, Marshall's son-in-law, was a medical doctor and officer in the Louisiana Second Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. Correspondence deals with politics, economics, agriculture, and the Civil War. Also included in the collection are financial and professional papers, a muster roll, diary, account book, memorandum book, map, and scrapbook materials. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2740, 4042.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Civil War, Medicine

Marston, Francis. New Orleans Letter, 1849 Jan. 28. 1 item (2 pages). Location: Misc: M. The letter of Francis Marston to William Green of Boston, Massachusetts describes, Marston's journey through the Gulf of Mexico and the city of New Orleans, as well as the visit of President-Elect Zachary Taylor who visited the city the same time as Marston. The letter also mentions the visit of Henry Clay (U.S. Senator from Kentucky) to the city and a recent outbreak of cholera. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4913

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Medicine

Marston, Henry and family. Papers, 1818-1938 (bulk 1850-1890). 2,104 items, 59 volumes. Location: U:220-222, U:267, G:19. Planters of East Feliciana Parish and Red River Parish, Louisiana. Collection includes diaries; plantation records; legal documents; personal correspondence; bank records; and Civil War papers. Diaries comment on public health, yellow fever epidemic, race relations, labor and the political participation of African Americans. Other volumes record activities of the Clinton & Port Hudson Railroad and the Silliman Female Collegiate Institute. Papers of son , Bulow, reflect his activities as planter, steamboat operator, and warehouse owner. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735 and 6061: University Publications of America, Confederate Military Manuscripts, Series B, Reel 13 and Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reel 14, or For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 624.

Matas, Rudolph. Note, 1950. 1 item. Location: Misc:M.. New Orleans, La., surgeon. Thank-you note from Dr. Matas on the occasion of his 90th birthday. Part of the note is in Dr. Matas's handwriting and signed with his initials. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1613.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Mayo, Robert H. (Robert Henry). Family Papers, 1841-1935 (bulk 1841-1893). 44 items, 5 vols. (1 ms. vol., 4 printed vols.). Location: UU:126, Misc:M. Mayo moved his family by wagon train from Virginia to Lamar County, Texas, in 1853, where they operated a farm in Lamar County. A relative, Marion Lewis Mayo, was a teacher in Uniontown, Alabama. Family correspondence includes letters from Marion Lewis Mayo and Robert Mayo's wife Maria Louisa Mayo. Miscellaneous items include the death certificate of E. H. Mayo, a labor contract with freedmen, and a photograph of Robert and Maria Mayo. Printed volumes include works on infidelity, history, geography, and poetry. Also included is a memorandum book of James A. Pleasants, a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1789, 1982, 2576.

Referenced in Guides: Women, African Americans, Medicine, Literature

McCarstle, Cullen. Manuscript volumes, 1842-1843. 2 vols. (on microfilm) Location: Mss. Mf.:M. Record book contains bills of lading (1842-1843) for cotton loaded at Fontania, La., onto various steamboats bound for New Orleans. Scrapbook (undated) contains clippings and recipes, mostly for baked goods, and remedies for various diseases in animals and humans, including cancer, cholera, yellow fever, diphtheria and rheumatism. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2726.

McGalliard (William M. and Family) Papers, 1868-1948 (bulk: 1868-1891, 1916-1925). 1.5 linear feet. Location: UU:182-183, OS:Mc, 99:McGalliard. A doctor and president of the school board in Donaldsonville, La. Contains personal and business correspondence, financial records, and printed items related to McGalliard's medical practice, business ventures, especially the Donaldsonville Bridge Company, and family life. Also includes information on home construction and artificial limbs. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3713.

Referenced in Guides: Education, Business, Medicine

McGuire, R. F. Diary, 1818-1852. 1 vol. Location: U:114, J:12. Doctor of Monroe, Ouachita Parish, Louisiana. Photographic copy and a bound typed transcription.of a diary giving monthly weather reports, summary remarks concerning the inhabitants' health, and entries describing crop conditions, prevalent diseases, local and personal items, and current events. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 235.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

McKelvey, Peter B. Papers, 1862-1870. 0.3 linear ft. (86 items; 4 vols.). Location: S:26. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 13-14. Physician of New Orleans who served as a Confederate surgeon and hospital inspector in the Civil War. After the war, McKelvey returned to his medical practice in New Orleans. Papers include a record book (1864-1865) containing official correspondence and inspection reports for hospitals in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana; a request to practice medicine in New Orleans; and records of that practice. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1068.

McKinney, Jeptha. Papers, 1841-1931 (bulk 1850-1870). 1 linear ft. Location: E:28-29, OS:M. Graduate of the University of Louisiana (Tulane University Medical School) and practicing physician in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. Early correspondence discusses health during the 1850s; Civil War correspondence discusses camp life, soldiers' health, and battles; later correspondence covers Reconstruction, education, and Baptists. Papers include statements of accounts for medical services, promissory notes, and a thesis on pneumonia by Dr. McKinney. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 273, 718.

McKittrick, David L. (David Lawrence). Papers, 1854-1911. 0.5 linear ft. Location: K:37, UU:139. Dentist of Baton Rouge. McKittrick was also involved in the farming business partnership of McKittrick & Keller. Papers pertaining largely to McKittrick's dental practice include patient records. Other materials include a pocket diary with memoranda and account information, and a ledger containing the 1871-1872 accounts of the Baton Rouge Broom Factory. Business entries, including labor contracts and cotton records, of the partnership of McKittrick & Keller are recorded in a manuscript volume. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3814.

Referenced in Guides: Business, Baton Rouge, Medicine

McKowen-Lilley-Stirling Family. Papers, 1797-1921 (bulk 1877-1901). 829 items (on microfilm). Location: MSS.MF:M. Thomas William Lilley founded Springfield Plantation in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. His daughter Edith married John Stirling. John McKowen, an Irish immigrant, was a resident of Jackson, Louisiana. Papers include Lilley-Stirling legal documents and financial papers; McKowen family correspondence; and legal papers, and medical correspondence of John C. MacKowen, a Louisiana physician. Other papers relate to McKowen's property in Anacapri, Italy. Some items in Spanish, Italian, French, and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4356.