Manuscript Resources on the History of Medicine

This guide describes collections documenting the history of medicine in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU. It includes the papers of physicians; surgeons; dentists; nurses; medical orderlies; and druggists and pharmacists. It also contains records of hospitals and asylums. There are a number of collections containing records of nursing associations.

The guide also contains remedies and recipes for medical treatments like medicinal tea; materials on medical education; prescriptions; descriptions of medical treatments; and doctors' record books with patient information, treatments, and fees. There are also materials on such diseases as yellow fever and cholera; plantation records that include information on the health of family members and slaves; materials on veterinary medicine; and medical advertisements. Finally, there are materials relating to illnesses and wounds suffered during wartime, particularly during the Civil War, World War I, and World II. Most of the collections are from Louisiana, but there are also materials from other parts of the Lower Mississippi Valley.

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Taylor, Thomas Thomson. Papers, 1861-1866, undated. 510 items. Location: MSS.MF:T, MISC:T. U.S. Army colonel of the 12th and 47th Ohio Volunteer Regiments during the Civil War. Diaries kept during the war and letters to Taylor's wife, Margaret A. "Netta" relate to military life, military campaigns, troop movements, African American troops, and medical care. Letters from his wife relate to family matters, farming, health, concern for his well-being, and the progress of the war. Mss. 1647, 1653.

Tebo, Julie C. Papers, 1904-1966. 1 linear ft. Location: 38:77. Professional nurse and the secretary of the Louisiana State Board of Nurse Examiners. Papers pertain mainly to Tebo's professional career and her involvement in the state board. Items include correspondence, nursing publications, clippings, printed items, sermons, a map, notes, and photographs. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2768.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine

Theriot, Mrs. J. Account, 1874. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Financial account with Louisiana Retreat, New Orleans, La., for treatment and board from 1867 to 1874 for A. Theriot, son of Mrs. J. Theriot. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 419.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Threadgill, C. Statement of account, 1860 February 10. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Statement of account for medical services rendered by Dr. C. Threadgill to family members and slaves of the Burwell B. Bennett estate. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: African Americans, Medicine

Tibbets, Hiram B. Family Papers, 1830-1857. 25 items. Location: A:4. Planter and physician of Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, Louisiana. A native of Massachusetts, Tibbetts and his wife corresponded with his brother John C. Tibbetts in Boston and New Hampshire. Letters primarily to John C. Tibbetts deal with planter-slave relations, and plantation and family news. Topics include Christmas festivities; a wedding held in the slave quarters; and the prevalence of cholera. A partial letter (ca. 1850) provides analysis of the political situation in Louisiana and Mississippi following the Compromise of 1850. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 831, 856, 868, 1300, 1352.

Tower, Eli. Letter, 1866 April 8. 1 item. Location: Misc:T. Letter written by Tower to his cousin relating family matters and his own good employment prospects. He also comments on people moving to Brazil and Mexico because of poor conditions in the postwar South. Tower also mentions an outbreak of small pox in Mobile, Alabama, and throughout the South, cholera in another area of Alabama, and an expected outbreak of yellow fever in Mobile and New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

University of Louisiana. Invitation, 1870. 2 items. Location: E:Imprints. The University of Louisiana in New Orleans was established by the Louisiana Legislature in 1847, becoming Tulane University in 1884. Invitation and program for the commencement exercises for the University of Louisiana Law and Medical Departments on March 19, 1870. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2394.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Education, Medicine

Vallas, Antal. Family papers, 1831-1995 (bulk:1841-1968). 2.25 linear feet. Location: 109:33-34; J:26-27; OS:V; Vault:1. A native Hungarian who served as a professor at the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy and an Episcopalian minister in New Orleans. Contains correspondence, printed items, personal papers and photographs related to the professional and family life of Vallas and his descendants. Consists of materials in English, Hungarian, German, French, Spanish and Latin. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4439.

Vallas, Anthony. History, 1864, 1935. 2 items. Location: MISC:V. Bound handwritten manuscript of Anthony Vallas's History of the Louisiana State Seminary, 1864, and a printed copy of the work published in 1935 on the occasion of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of Louisiana State University. Covering the period beginning from the establishment of the institution by the Louisiana State Legislature in 1855 through the Civil War, the brief history describes the tenure of William Tecumseh as college president, the seizure of the school by Federal troops, and the use of the school as a field hospital during the war. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 965.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Education, Medicine, LSU, Literature

Varnado, Samuel Ross, 1881-1931. Papers, 1917-1979 (bulk 1917-1937). .3 linear ft. (30 items, 5 printed vols.). Location: A:54. Captain of Company L, 325th Infantry of the American Expeditionary Forces in France. Varnado was wounded in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and was a patient in a veterans hospital in Gulfport, Mississippi. Papers include letters written by Varnado around the time of the Meuse-Argonne battle, and documents and items related to Varnado's military service. Includes a Cross of Military Service certificate (1967) awarded posthumously by the Daughters of the Confederacy. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2272, 2448.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine, 20th Century Wars

Veteran Confederate States Cavalry Association. Charter and by-laws : social, benevolaent and historical association. Veteran Confederate: States: Cavalry, 1889. 31 p. : 16 cm. Location: UU:97. Part of the Joseph Jones papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 468, 534, 544, 1036, 1352, 1357, 1393

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Veterinary Medicine in Louisiana, 1889 to 1979. undated. 2 computer disks. Location: AA: Computer disks contain draft of VETERINARY MEDICINE IN LOUISIANA, 1889 to 1979, a work sponsored by the Louisiana Veterinary Medical Association. Published in 1993, this edition was prepared by Dr. Will S. Hornsby, with Ms. Charlotte J. Cavell as editor. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4682.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine, LSU

Vicksburg, Miss., Letter on Current Events, 1849 Feb. 4. 1 letter. Location: Misc.:V. A letter written from Vicksburg, Miss., tells of a cholera outbreak in the city, and a visit by Gen. Zachary Taylor. The writer describes the general and his visit. He also comments on family matters and gold in California. He reports that people are leaving the area for California. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3870.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

Vincent-David Papers, 1831-1881. 222 items. Location: C: 48. Cotton planters of Pointe Coupee Parish, La. Personal and business papers of Jean Vincent and Jean Baptiste David, of Fausse Rivierre Plantation, consist of financial papers, bills for medical services and correspondence from commission merchants. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1203.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Business, French, Medicine

Vinet, John B. (John Baptiste), b. 1835. Papers, 1861-1900. .16 linear ft. (37 items, 3 ms. vols., 3 printed vols.) Location: A:69, OS:V. Confederate officer in the Orleans Artillery Battalion in the Civil War and later Chief of Ordnance, Louisiana State National Guard (1889-1896). Papers include Civil War dispatches, field orders, vouchers, passes and correspondence. A notebook (1861) kept by a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, physician contains remedies for illness, some in French. Two case records books of Vinet deal with the 1878 yellow fever epidemic in New Orleans and document relief administered by the Howard Association. Some notebook entries in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 850, 898.

Waddill Family Papers, 1835-1994 (bulk 1861-1866). 0.5 linear ft. Location: E:18. George Daniel Waddill, a Baton Rouge druggist, was the son of Abel Waddill, Baton Rouge magistrate. George served as a hospital steward in the Civil War. Joanna Fox, later his wife, served as a nurse. Papers contain correspondence, including Civil War correspondence of George Waddill; genealogical information on the Waddill and Bessonett families; and an autograph book of Elizabeth McMichael. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4578.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Baton Rouge, Medicine

Waddill, George D. (George Daniel). Papers, 1841-1892 (bulk 1861-1865). 21 items. Location: Misc:W. Confederate soldier in the Civil War and Baton Rouge druggist. Waddill served in the 3rd Louisiana Infantry Regiment. In 1863 he was appointed as a hospital steward. Civil War papers include military furlough and travel passes; Confederate bonds; military orders assigning Waddill to hospitals in Mississippi; an 1865 document granting parole to G. D. Waddill; and Waddill's 1865 Oath of Allegiance to the United States. Collection includes a letter from L. B. LeCand written from Corinth, Mississippi, to Joanna Fox of Natchez giving an account of the Battle of Shiloh. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 3. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 891, 893.

Ward, Samuel Parkhurst. Papers, 1859-1920. 55 items, 3 v. Locations: Misc.: W, O:24. The collection consists of papers and account books. The papers contain accounts, notes requesting medical visits, and printed material. Printed material includes several newspaper clippings on politics, church news and remedies for livestock diseases (undated). Account books, v. 1 (1859-1869, 1884-1886) and v. 2 (1870-1905) list accounts with patients for medical visits and medicine dispensed. The first volume contains entries for medical visits to slaves prior to the end of the Civil War. There is a notation on page 83 of v. 1 of a payment made with Confederate currency. This volume also has newspaper clippings relating to poetry, obituaries and personal advice glued to the front cover and the first few pages of the volume. Account book, v. 3. (1890-1906), lists accounts with customers for general merchandise, cotton shipments, as well as medical visits and medicine dispensed. Mss. 3540, 3699.

Referenced in Guides: Business, African Americans, Medicine

Warmoth, Henry C. Papers, 1869-1872. 11 items, 1 volume. Location: MISC:W. Reconstruction governor of Louisiana, a sugar planter, and a businessman. Correspondence received as governor concerns political and judicial appointments and quarantines. Also included is a letter from James Longstreet about the Louisiana militia and a campaign pamphlet for Warmoth. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 133, 773, 791, 1131.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Medicine

Watson, Henry Clay. Manuscript, 1962 Oct. 3. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. Report on the Baton Rouge Arsenal prepared from source materials in the National Archives and Library of Congress by Henry Clay Watson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1973.

Referenced in Guides: Baton Rouge, Medicine

Webb, N. S. Bill, 1836 Dec. 18. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W.  A bill made out to James Armor by Dr. N. S. Webb for medical services provided in New Orleans, La. Mss. 5297.

Referenced in Guides: Business, Medicine

Wheelwright, Charles H. Letters, 1839. 2 items. Location: MISC:W. Medical doctor of Boston, Massachusetts, graduate of Harvard College. Letter by Wheelwright from Philadelphia is autobiographical sketch addressed to Medical Naval Board, July 9; second other letter written by Shattuck, is a strong recommendation of him to the Board of Navy Surgeons. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3416.

Referenced in Guides: Medicine

White, Bernice B. Photograph album, circa 1941-1942. 0.1 linear ft. Location: T:66. Nurse in the United States Army Nurse Corps during World War II. Photograph album (all pages are loose) depicts life for U.S. Army nurses and soldiers at Camp Beauregard and possibly Camp Livingston in Rapides Parish and Grant Parish, Louisiana. Black and white photographic prints of note show troops marching (pages 1-2), nurses posing in front of airplanes (page 1-2), nurses posing in front of a Red Cross truck (page 4), nurses and soldiers posing in front of a Regal Beer truck (pages 4 and 7), a soldier suffering from the effects of poison ivy (page 7), the Camp Beauregard water tower (page 8), nurses outside of the Camp Beauregard Club (page 10), and other scenes of camp life. Bernice is featured in a photograph with two other nurses (the middle nurse; page 8). Mss. 5391.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine, 20th Century Wars

White, Sam and Belcher, F. A. Civil War soldiers letters, 1863. 6 items. Location: Misc.C. Sam White and F. A. Belcher, Union soldiers stationed in Louisiana during the Civil War. Letters to their families describe their sea voyage to New Orleans and encampments at Baton Rouge, Algiers, and Brashear City (now Morgan City), Louisiana. Other topics include contraband slaves as laborers and as military recruits; and medical care. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3188.

Wilcox, Whitman, 1808-1876. Medical daybook, 1854-1923 (bulk 1854-1886). 1 v. Location: G:22. Dr. Whitman Wilcox Sr. of Albany, N.Y., was a well-known physician and sugar planter of West Feliciana Parish, La. This medical daybook contains entries giving names of patients, services, and fees by Dr. Whitman Wilcox Sr. in West Feliciana Parish for the period 1854-1876. It contains credit accounts for individual customers of a dry goods merchant and blacksmith, possibly Whitman Wilcox Jr. at Bayou Sara, for the period 1883-1886. Mss. 4049.

Referenced in Guides: Business, Medicine

Wilkinson, N. Letter, 1839 Aug. 19. 1 letter. Location: Misc.: W. N. Wilkinson writes on behalf of Rogers, Gray & Co. in New Orleans, to the wife of T. W. Winship, the captain of the RICHMOND. He informs her that her husband died of yellow fever while at sea. The letter describes his activities before setting sail and his fear of contracting the disease. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3775.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Medicine

Williams, Lester J. (Lester James). Papers, 1853-1950 (bulk 1901-1950). 8.5 linear ft. (54 items, 2 ms. vols., 3 printed vols.). Location: 77:50-52. Physician and chief of staff at Our Lady of the Lake Hospital in Baton Rouge (1927-1946); president of the Louisiana State Medical Society (1923-1924). Papers include certificates awarded to Williams for appointments, achievements, commissions, and memberships; photographs; and a postcard album containing scenes of Baton Rouge and New Orleans (1901-1909). Collection also includes a scrapbook (1853-1868) containing printed poems and pictures, and manuscript poems. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2108.

Wimberly, Thomas J. Correspondence, 1861-1862. 5 items [photocopies]. Location: Misc. Resident of Sumter County, Alabama. Letters consist of Confederate soldier's letter describing reception of soldiers by civilians and letters concerning the death of a Confederate soldier in the Montgomery, Alabama, hospital. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2793.

Referenced in Guides: Civil War, Medicine

Wise, James Calvert. Papers, 1860-1917. 1.75 linear ft., 2 volumes. Locations: UU:154-155, K:37, OS:W, Vault:1. Native of Maryland who settled in Rapides Parish, Louisiana. During the Civil War he organized the Red River Rebels, which became part of the First Louisiana Regiment. Wise owned Grand Bend Plantation on the Red River. Collection contains Wise's personal, political, business, and military papers. Printed items include Confederate tax forms, currency, a notice to planters and freedmen from the U.S. Army, and papers related to the Republican party. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3239.

Withers, John. Diaries, 1856-1862. 3 vols. (on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf.:W United States Army officer. Diaries reflect Withers' military service as a career officer. He discusses his military service, social and personal life, religion, travel by steamer to Portland and Vancouver, and occasional problems with the Yakama Indians. Additionally, he comments on the political crisis in South, Abraham Lincoln's inauguration, and his resignation from the U.S. Army in order to support the Confederate cause. He describes events at the beginning of the Civil War, and his health and the health of family members. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1566.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Politics, Civil War, Medicine

Womens University Students Association. Papers, 1896-1940. 139 items. Location: 78:60. Miscellaneous pamphlets not pertaining to the association. Loose issues of the Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, copies of the Tulane news bulletin, concert programs for performances of music in New Orleans and elsewhere, issues of the Whitney-Central observer, first aid guides, pamphlets from the Church of the Latter Day Saints and other religious organizations, annual reports of the Louisiana State Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, leaflets from New Orleans area businesses, and materials on homeopathic medicine.For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 599.

Wood, Jonathan L. Family papers, 1830-1879 (bulk 1830-1863). 50 items. Location: B:18. Family correspondence to Jonathan L. Wood, Macoupin County, Ill., from Cumberland County, Ky. The letters describe the hardships of early settlers; the marriages, deaths, and health; droughts and other weather events; crops conditions; and the rigors of farming. Several letters tell of the conflicts between religious groups contending for new parishioners and influence in the community. Included among the letters is a scattering of receipts for college tuition and board, and purchases of medicine. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 681.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Education, Medicine

Wright, Jesse D. Papers, 1831-1906 (bulk 1835-1882). 1.2 linear ft. Location: OS:W, UU:248-249. The Wright family owned lands in Louisiana and Texas. Jesse practiced medicine in Rapides Parish, Louisiana and also managed several business concerns, including a store and plantations, and was active in civic and church affairs. Correspondence mostly reflects the business concerns of the Wright family. Topics include land acquisition, property management, division of property, settling wills, and financial and legal concerns. Other items include Ester Wright Boyd's memoirs. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 99.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Business, Medicine, LSU

Wyckoff, Elias. Correspondence, 1862-1863. 11 items. Location: MISC:W. Farmer from Jasper, Steuben County, New York, and a member of the 161st New York Volunteers in the Civil War, serving with an ambulance corps. Exchange of letters between Wyckoff and his wife refers to the military situation in Baton Rouge and Port Hudson, Louisiana. Wyckoff comments on his duties as an ambulance driver. His wife writes of money scarcity, farm problems, and life in Jasper. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1396, 1428, 1437.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War, Baton Rouge, Medicine