Manuscript Resources on The History of New Orleans Before the Civil War

This guide to manuscripts collections on the history of New Orleans before 1861 covers topics such as trade and shipping; cotton and sugar; the War of 1812 and the Battle of New Orleans; the Mexican War; and art, opera, plays and literature in New Orleans. It includes the records of residents of and visitors to New Orleans, planters, physicians, attorneys, politicians, soldiers, clergymen, educators, merchants, factors and commission merchants, banks, and businesses located in New Orleans and other states.

Materials represented in this guide include land deeds and sales, slave sales, bills of lading, papers (personal, financial, legal, business), educational materials, personal and business correspondence, diaries, poems, sheet music, photographs, and newspaper clippings.

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Brenan, J. A. W. Letter, 1855 December 19. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. New Orleans businessman. Letter to his father describes his career with a counting house, trade conditions in New Orleans, the presence of large numbers of unemployed men, and recruitment for the Walker expedition to Nicaragua. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2577.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Business

Bringier, Louis Amadee and family. Papers, 1786-1901. 2 linear ft. and 13 volumes. Location: T:96-97, F:9, OS:B. Planter of Ascension Parish, Louisiana; Confederate officer and commander of the 4th Louisiana Cavalry and the 7th Louisiana Regiment. Papers include military records, correspondence and business papers relating to the administration of Hermitage Plantation in Ascension Parish and Houmas, Burnside, and Bagatelle plantations. One letter report that a woman killed a federal soldier in New Orleans (1862); another describes Grand Ilse as a resort frequented by Jews. Some items in French. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reels 1-2, and microfilm 5322: Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series I, Part 1, Reel 13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 43, 139, 544.

Brion letter, 1769. 1 item [typescript copy]. Location: Misc.:B. Treasurer for the French colonial troops at New Orleans. Letter from Brion to his brother J. B. Brion, clerk of court in Paris, on the overthrow of the French troops in Louisiana and the lack of pay for the soldiers. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 949.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, French

British Museum. Map Collection, 1683-1874. 374 items on 1 microfilm reel. Location: Mss.MF:B. Microfilm copies of maps in the British Museum, mostly depicting aspects of the North American Gulf Coast and Louisiana, and some maps of French and Spanish ports, and of North America in general. Mss. 3200.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Britton, A. C. (Audley Clark) and family. Papers, 1830-1929 (bulk 1843-1912). 1,760 items, 14 volumes. Location: S:141-143, O:16, OS:B. Banker and planter of Natchez, Mississippi. Papers include letters and descriptions of the family, plantation, and social lives in Natchez and documents specific to Britton's business activities. Miscellaneous items include photographs, autographs, poems, ledgers, and genealogies. Included are two letters to Eliza Britton written by Jefferson Davis. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1403, 1710.

Broadwood, P. C. Letter, 1851 Feb. 12. 1 letter. Location:Misc.:B. P.C. Broadwood in New Orleans, La., writes his father, James S. Broadwood in Brighton, England, describing an overland journey from Savannah to New Orleans. Mss. 3967.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861

Brooke, George M. Letter, 1818 Jan. 1. 1 item. Location: Misc. B. In his letter, George M. Brooke describes his trip from Virginia to New Orleans and gives a description of New Orleans and its residents. Mss. 5257.


Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Brother Johnathan's own book. ca. 1850-1852. 2 vols. and 1 microfilm reel. Location: Vault:10 and Mss.Mf:B. Contains humorous drawings of travel in various places, including New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4749.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861

Broutin, Narcissus. Commission, 1808. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Notary public in the City of New Orleans. Commission signed and sealed by Governor William C. C. Claiborne of the Territory of Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861

Brown, James, 1766-1835. Letter, 1824 December 25. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Attorney in New Orleans who became secretary of Louisiana (1804), U. S. attorney for the Orleans District (1805), U.S. senator from Louisiana (1813-1817, 1819-1823), and minister to France (1823-1829). Letter of acknowledgment from Paris, France, to Colonel Thomas Aspinwall, United States consul in London, for the purchase of a tablecloth. Includes comments on the possibility of Andrew Jackson being elected, and the popularity of France's king. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1195.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans to 1861

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