Manuscript Resources on The History of New Orleans Before the Civil War

This guide to manuscripts collections on the history of New Orleans before 1861 covers topics such as trade and shipping; cotton and sugar; the War of 1812 and the Battle of New Orleans; the Mexican War; and art, opera, plays and literature in New Orleans. It includes the records of residents of and visitors to New Orleans, planters, physicians, attorneys, politicians, soldiers, clergymen, educators, merchants, factors and commission merchants, banks, and businesses located in New Orleans and other states.

Materials represented in this guide include land deeds and sales, slave sales, bills of lading, papers (personal, financial, legal, business), educational materials, personal and business correspondence, diaries, poems, sheet music, photographs, and newspaper clippings.

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Brown, James, 1766-1835. Letter, 1827 September 13. 1 item. Location: Misc. Attorney in New Orleans who became Secretary of Louisiana (1804), United States attorney for the Orleans District (1805), U.S. Senator from Louisiana (1813-1817, 1819-1823), and Minister to France (1823-1829). Letter to the director of the Royal Museum of Paris, requesting permission for three of his fellow countrymen to visit the museum at a time when it was closed for a coming exposition. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1240.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans to 1861, French

Brown, James, 1766-1835. Letter, 1829 March 31. 1 item. Location: Misc. Attorney in New Orleans who became secretary of Louisiana (1804), U. S. attorney for the Orleans District (1805), U.S. senator from Louisiana (1813-1817, 1819-1823), and minister to France (1823-1829). Letter from Paris, France, to Joseph Gales, editor of the National Intelligencer, in which he enclosed a newspaper account of an 'affray' between American and French sailors at Mahen in which a French officer and an American sailor were killed. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2261.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861

Brown, James. Papers, 1764-1811 (bulk 1804-1811). 0.25 linear ft. Location: U:20, F:9, OS:B. Attorney in New Orleans who became secretary of Louisiana (1804), U.S. attorney for the Orleans District (1805), U.S. senator from Louisiana (1813-1817, 1819-1823), and minister to France (1823-1829). Collection consists of legal and business papers and correspondence of James Brown. Legal and business papers include documents recording sales of slaves and legal disputes. Most of the letters are from William N. Brown and General James Wilkinson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 44.

Brownell, T. C. Letter, 1837 Feb. 20. 1 letter. Location: Misc. T.C. Brownell, a Hartford, Conn., resident wintering in New Orleans, writes to Rev. Charles J. Todd, an Episcopal minister in Logansport, Ind., informing him of Episcopal parishes in Connecticut in need of ministers and describing Episcopal Church affairs in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4023.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, New Orleans to 1861

Bruns, J. Dickson (John Dickson), 1836-1883. J. Dickson Bruns and T. G. Richardson correspondence, 1869-1870. 4 items. Location: Misc:B. Physicians of New Orleans. Bruns was also an organizer of the White League. Letters to Richardson, General Braxton Bragg, and General Richard Taylor from Bruns; and letters to both generals from Richardson. All the letters concern a controversy between the doctors about a breach of medical ethics on the part of Bruns. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 47.

Burt, Joseph, Jr. Papers, 1856-1876 (bulk 1862-1863). 16 items. Location: Misc:B. Union soldier in the 57th Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Papers include correspondence while Burt was stationed in New Orleans in 1863 commenting on military life, Confederate prisoners of war, and off-duty recreation including the shooting of alligators. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2721.

Butler, Anthony, d. 1849. Letter, 1835. 1 item. Location: Misc.:B. Charge d'affairs of the United States at Mexico City. Colonel Butler, United States Army, served with General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans. Letter to Captain E. A. F. Vallette, United States Navy, requesting Vallette to carry dispatches to Peru for the Mexican Secretary of State. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1537.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans to 1861

Butler, Edward. Family Papers, 1809-1950 (bulk 1904-1945). 10 linear ft. Location: U:282-290, M:19, OS:B. Cotton planter of West Feliciana Parish, La. Correspondence, personal papers, business records, printed material, and photographs reflect the personal activities and plantation operations of the Butler and related Mathews families, with a focus on Edward Butler and his immediate family. Noteworthy are two letters discussing a sick slave (Dec. 29, 1817) and runaway slaves (Aug. 15, 1835). Letters also discuss student life, World War II experiences, and yellow fever in New Orleans (Aug.-Oct. 1837). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4315.

Butler, Robert Ormond. Papers, 1848-1888. 1.5 linear ft. Location: S:25-26, OS:B. Medical doctor in New Orleans and Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, and sugar planter and molasses producer in Terrebonne Parish. Papers include correspondence, financial papers, legal documents, printed items, and photographs related to Butler's business and professional lives. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 5, Reels 3-4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1068.

Caldwell and Hicky. Receipt, 1837. 1 item. Location: Misc. New Orleans factor. Receipt for payment by Ramsey and Parker of a brokerage fee on the sale of cotton. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, New Orleans to 1861, Business

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