The History of New Orleans After the Civil War

This guide contains descriptions of manuscript materials on the history of New Orleans since the Civil War. These materials include the records of New Orleans residents, physicians, attorneys, politicians, journalists, writers and authors, educators, students, soldiers, clergymen, planters, merchants, factors and commission brokers, businesses, clubs and organizations. The history of New Orleans since 1866 is documented through papers (personal, business, financial, legal, military and government), educational materials, diaries, correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, sheet music, poetry, and bills and receipts.

Some of the topics covered by collections described in this guide include the Spanish-American War, World War II, nursing in peace time and in war, music, theater (opera and plays), literature, and travel descriptions.

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Durell, Edward H. (Edward Henry), 1810-1887. Letter, 1873 Feb. 22. 1 letter. Location: Misc. Edward H. Durell was a mayor of New Orleans, U.S. Judge for the District of Louisiana, and president of the Louisiana Constitutional Convention of 1864. In this letter, Edward H. Durell, as U.S. Judge for the District of Louisiana, orders Charles Claiborne to adjourn the U.S. District Court for the District of Louisiana for ten days. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4006.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-

Eager, William Blake. Papers, 1848-1863-1865, 1874-1900. 21 items. Location: B:64. Surgeon in the 162nd New York Volunteers in the Civil War. Letters concern service in military hospitals in Carrollton (now part of New Orleans) and Franklin, Louisiana; the siege of Port Hudson; and the Red River campaign. Other materials deal with Eager's medical education and a European tour in 1877. Mss. 2826.

Edwards, Marianne. Letters, 1855-1866 (bulk 1855-1863). 72 items. Location: U:239. Marianne Edwards, formerly of Evansville, Indiana, was the wife of Guy M. Edwards, a Massachusetts sea captain. She took voyages from Boston to New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Letters concern voyages to New Orleans, France, and Spain, among others. Letters (1862-1863) about a voyage along the lower Mississippi River, describe conditions during the Union occupation of New Orleans and the Battle of Port Hudson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1850.

Egan, J. S. Family Papers, 1850-1893. 28 items. Location: UU:118; OS:E. Resident of New Orleans. Papers contain Civil War letters from Virginia and Port Hudson, Louisiana, commenting on the people of New Orleans immediately prior to the surrender of the city and Union Sympathizers during the Union occupation. Included are antebellum letters telling of social conditions in San Francisco, California, following the Gold Rush; medical practice in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana; and travel in Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1467.

Eldredge, Inman F. Oral history interview, 1959. 1 item (98 pages and index). Location: U:115. Retired consulting forester, former director of the Forest Survey of the South, a member of the United States Forest Service, and former manager of the Superior Pine Products Co. in Fargo, Georgia. Oral history interview with Inman F. (Cap) Eldredge (1959) in New Orleans. Also a portion of an oral history interview with Eldredge made by Roy R. White (1959) at Fort Walton Beach, Florida. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1677.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Business

Ellis, E. John, Thomas C. W. and family. Papers, 1829-1936 (bulk 1870-1920). 9.3 linear ft., 72 volumes, 30 microfilm reels. Location: G:5; MSS.MF:E; OS:E; U:52-65. Sons of Ezekiel Parke Ellis, a judge and state legislator from Amite, Louisiana. E. John and Thomas C. W. Ellis were practicing attorneys who were active in Louisiana politics. Both men served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Papers consist of correspondence, legal documents, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and business papers of three generations of the Ellis family. Civil War correspondence includes letters by E. John Ellis from prison camp at Johnson's Island, Ohio. Politics occupies a large place in the correspondence and speeches of 1856-1861 and in the correspondence of the Reconstruction period. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 21-22. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 136.

Ellis, Hazel. Family Papers, 1848-1938 (bulk 1903-1911). 5,451 items, 15 vols. Location: U:67-90, G:1. Hazel and Nellie Ellis were members of the Caswell Prewitt Ellis family of Montgomery, Alabama, and New Orleans. Personal papers of the Ellis family include financial records, legal documents, photographs, and correspondence. Most correspondence relates to family matters, health, and social events including Hazel's trip abroad in 1902. Much of the correspondence dated 1905 pertains to social events related to Hazel as Queen of Mardi Gras. Other letters are those of suitors written to Hazel and Nellie. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 467.

Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. Report, circa 1874-1875. 1 report. Location: Misc. William H. Emory was commander of the Department of the Gulf, which included the Federal troops in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi (1871-1875). A portion of a manuscript report (pp. 33-39) by William H. Emory recounts his actions during and after the Battle of Liberty Place between September 1874 and January 1875. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4375.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans 1866-

Favret, Joseph, 1873-. Oral history interview, 1974. Index (2 pages), 3 sound cassettes (1.75 hours). Location: L:4700.0015. New Orleans native, centenarian, and a veteran of the Spanish American War. Favret discusses his experiences in Cuba during the Spanish American War and the sinking of the Maine. He also recalls the New Orleans race riot of 1900 and Robert Charles; and mentions New Orleans mayor Robert S. Maestri. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0015.

Federal archives index, ca. 1933. 1 vol. Location: H:23. Copy of a summarized checklist of federal records in the Upper Record Room in the Custom House, New Orleans, by V. L. Landry, Jr. The volume also contains an account of the books and papers disposed of by an Act of Congress in 1918, 1927, and 1930. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1214.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-

Federal Theatre and Federal Music Projects programs, 1938. 4 items. Location: E:Imprints. Theater programs for a musical revue, "Jambalaya," and three plays, "Autumn crocus," "The first legion," and Eugene O'Neill's "Ah, wilderness," performed at the New Orleans Federal Theatre in 1938. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1980.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, New Orleans 1866-

Ferguson, Percy. Papers, 1864, 1899-1916. 9 items and 1 ms. vol. Location: OS:F, O:16. Daughter of Confederate general Samuel Wragg Ferguson. Scrapbook of manuscript poems by Percy Ferguson; a letter from her cousin, U.S. Senator LeRoy Percy of Mississippi, pertaining to national politics; and published music by Regina Morphy Voitier of New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1416.

Ficklen, John R. Papers, 1832-1907. 44 items and 6 volumes. Location: U:98, G:6. Resident of Fredericksburg, Virginia, and member of the Department of History and Political Science at Tulane University. The bulk of the material consists of notes, rough drafts, and correspondence relative to Ficklen's work on the history of the Reconstruction period in Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 144, 209.

First Presbyterian Church Program, 1878. 1 program. Location: EPHEMERA COLLECTION SUBGROUP VI. Program for exercises commemorating the eleventh anniversary of the Sabbath Schools of the Presbyterian Church in New Orleans, La., held in the First Presbyterian Church on May 19, 1878. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1189.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, New Orleans 1866-, Education

Fisher, Lucy Maria W. F. Memoirs, 1889. 1 item; 25 pages [photocopy]. Location: Misc. School teacher from Connecticut who became a resident of Louisiana and taught in the Baton Rouge and New Orleans schools. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2497.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Education, Baton Rouge

Fitzgerald, Desmond, Letter, 1877 April 24. 1 item. Location: Misc.:F. Hydraulic engineer, superintendent of the Boston Water Works. Letter written from New Orleans, Louisiana, during the U. S. troop withdrawal at the end of Reconstruction, comments on visits to headquarters of Governor Francis T. Nicholls and his defeated rival Stephen B. Packard. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1787.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans 1866-

Fitzpatrick, John. Letterpress copybook, 1875-1878. 1 ms. vol. Location: M:21. Secretary of the Division of the Association of the Army of Northern Virginia. Correspondence concerns veterans' reunions and raising money to erect a monument and tomb in Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans, for use of the association's members. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1482.

Fitzpatrick, Joseph F., Jr. Papers, 1930-2000 (bulk 1965-1998). 15 linear feet. Location: IMJFF, 35:, OS:F. This collection contains professional correspondence, field notes from field work in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, and professional and travel diaries of Dr. Joseph F. Fitzpatrick, Jr., a professor at the University of South Alabama and later Tulane University and researcher in the field of astacology, or crawfish taxonomy. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4945.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Education

Flanders, Benjamin F., 1816-1896. Papers, 1827-1889 (bulk 1864-1875). 863 items. Location: U:109-112, Vault:1. Governor of Louisiana and mayor of New Orleans during Reconstruction. Flanders came to New Orleans from New Hampshire in 1843, left at the outbreak of the Civil War, and returned in 1862. Official papers and letters, including Civil War correspondence with a variety of Union military and political leaders. Collection also documents other federal posts held by Flanders, including U.S. representative and U.S. assistant treasurer. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 671.

Fleming's patent medicine. Advertisement, ca. 1870-1900. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Proprietor of Fleming's Patent Medicine Depot, in New Orleans, Louisiana. Advertisement for his products. For further information, onlone catalog. Mss. 1189.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Business, Medicine