The History of New Orleans After the Civil War

This guide contains descriptions of manuscript materials on the history of New Orleans since the Civil War. These materials include the records of New Orleans residents, physicians, attorneys, politicians, journalists, writers and authors, educators, students, soldiers, clergymen, planters, merchants, factors and commission brokers, businesses, clubs and organizations. The history of New Orleans since 1866 is documented through papers (personal, business, financial, legal, military and government), educational materials, diaries, correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, sheet music, poetry, and bills and receipts.

Some of the topics covered by collections described in this guide include the Spanish-American War, World War II, nursing in peace time and in war, music, theater (opera and plays), literature, and travel descriptions.

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'Red Mass' prayer book, 1958. 2 items, 1 pamphlet. Location: E:Imprints. The 'Red Mass' celebrates the opening of the Judicial year and is sponsored annually by the St. Thomas More Catholic Lawyers Association of New Orleans at St. Louis Cathedral. Booklet containing prayers to be recited at the 'Red Mass.' Two enclosures in the booklet consist of an invitation and short history of the Mass, and an instruction card from Charles J. Rivet, K.S.G., in charge of protocol. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1829.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, New Orleans 1866-

Acadia Plantation records, 1809-2004 (bulk 1940-1979). 49 linear ft., 30 volumes, 8 rolls. Location: 93:7-30; J:4; 75:; MAP CAGE (UNNUMBERED CASE); 1 NORTH (ON TOP OF MICROFILM CABINET). A working sugar plantation, Acadia Plantation of Lafourche Parish, Louisiana is comprised of three major properties originally known as Acadia Plantation, St. Brigitte Plantation, and Evergreen Plantation. It was acquired in 1875 by Edward J. Gay, became the residence of Representative Andrew and Mrs. Anna Gay Price. Records are comprised of correspondence, financial and legal documents, printed items, volumes, maps, plats, and photographs. Papers document business and legal affairs of the plantation owners and operators, as well as plantation operations such as sugar cane farming, the crops of tenant farmers on the property, and the planning and development of the plantation lands throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Mss. 4906.

Account book, 1888-1890. 1 vol. (513 p.). Location: B:72. Account book of printing or stationery business, probably located in New Orleans, Louisiana. Entries relate to stationery and printed products. Pages 1-134 contain general entries; pages 351 to 410 contain entries for Joseph J. Hooper; pages 451-477 contain entries for George Ellis. For further information, see online catalog. Mss.4541.

Actors and Musicians Photographs, ca. 1880-1920. 64 items. Location: E:71. The collection consists of mounted and unmounted black and white photographs of actors and musicians who appeared at New Orleans theaters during the period of 1880-1920. Handwritten notes on the back of many of the photos identify the individuals, the theater where they appeared, and the name of the play or event. Among the New Orleans houses so identified are the Tulane, Athenaeum, Orpheum, Dauphine, and Crescent Theaters, as well as the French Opera House. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2116.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, New Orleans 1866-

Agenda commercial de la Louisiane pour l'année, 1858-1877. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. Printed French journal book (1858) contains notes on the progress of the Civil War and the 'Trent Affair', a diplomatic incident between the U.S. and Great Britain. Other topics include poetry; songs; partial plays in commedia dell'arte style; notes on Renaissance Italian history and notes on Daniel Deronda by George Eliot. Also included are listings for businesses and consulates in New Orleans, and public officials in Paris. Alternate title: Anonymous manuscript volume. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3545.

Albrizio, Conrad Alfred. Papers, 1894-1973. 1.5 linear ft. Location: 64:4, T:14, OS:A, 104:-105:. Artist. Albrizio studied architecture at the Beaux Arts Institute, and later studied painting and drawing in New Orleans, Louisiana and Paris. He learned fresco painting and mural composition in Rome. In 1935 he joined the LSU Art Department. Collection includes personal and professional letters, slides, photographs, sketches, and printed items. Slides and photographs depict his work in the mural and fresco genres. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3349.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Baton Rouge, LSU

Aldrich, Ella V. (Ella Virginia), 1902-1982. Papers, 1921-1973. 22 items. Location: Misc. Ella V. Aldrich Schwing was a librarian at LSU, a member of the faculty of the LSU Library School, and a member of the LSU Board of Supervisors. The papers include material on the Colfax riot of 1873, an inscribed reprint of "Huey, Lyndon, and Southern Radicalism" by T. Harry Williams, a clipping of "The Legacy of Knute Heldner" from the Dixie Roto Magazine, and 15 photographic prints of plaques bearing Schwing's name on buildings at LSU System campuses. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3374.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, African Americans, LSU

Ambert, Joachim. Papers, 1838-1876. 9 items. Location: Misc.:A, OS:A. French military officer and nobleman. Personal papers consisting of passports and related items (1838-1840); two letters from Baron Ambert in New Orleans, Louisiana; a bill for accommodations in Niagara Falls, New York; and Ambert's French military service record. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1356.

AMERICA Broadside, ca. 1899. 4 items. Location: OS:A. Steamboat owned and commanded by Captain LeVerrier Cooley, a native of Savanna, Illinois, and later a resident of New Orleans, Louisiana. Broadside announcing the celebration of the maiden voyage of the America, the 'biggest boat that ever sailed the Ouachita.' Also includes a sheet of letterhead paper and two envelopes with views of the Mississippi River cotton packet. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1785.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-

Andry, M. T. (Michel Thomassin), 1811-ca. 1871. Family Papers, 1840-1882 (bulk 1858-1879). 0.3 linear ft. (199 items). Location: UU:66. Sugar planter of St. John the Baptist and St. Charles parishes, Louisiana, and resident of New Orleans. Collection includes correspondence and legal and financial papers. Letters received by Andry's daughter Rosa from his sons describe their participation in the Battle of Shiloh, campaigns in Kentucky, and skirmishes at Camp Beauregard in the Civil War. Partly in French. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1318.

Anne Rice collection, 1979-1991. 0.5 linear ft. Location: W:69. New Orleans, Louisiana author. Articles, interviews, and reviews by and about Anne Rice and her works. Includes audio tapes of interviews of Rice on National Public Radio (undated) and on a Larry King radio broadcast (November 1988). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4446.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Literature

Annual report of the New Orleans Belt and Terminal Co. to the Interstate Commerce Commission of the United States, 1903. 2 v. Location: J:25. The New Orleans Belt and Terminal Company was formed in 1901 to operate the property of the New Orleans and Western Railroad Company. Annual reports to the ICC report the company's history, officers, assets, expenditures, earnings, and traffic and mileage statistics, as well as describe its equipment and relationship to the New Orleans and Western Railroad Company and the New Orleans Terminal Company. For more information, see the online catalog. Mss. 4871.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-, Business

Anonymous account book (E), 1866-1870. 1 volume. Location: F:1. Record book of an unidentified general merchandise store in New Orleans, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 312.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Business

Anonymous dry goods store ledger, circa 1920-1929. 1 volume. Location: N:2. Ledger contains records of customer accounts and lists of purchases from a dry goods store, most likely located in New Orleans. Customers listed include Mrs. Andrew Stewart of Oak Alley Plantation, Mrs. Harry P. Williams (Marguerite Clark Williams), and Mrs. E. A. McIlhenny. Items sold include women and children's clothing, luncheon and bridge sets, bolts of fabric, and napkins. Mss. 5341

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Business

Anonymous letter, 1871. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. New Orleans, Louisiana, minister's wife describes yellow fever situation and church duties. Letter is written on the letterhead of Randolph, Singleton, and Brown, Attorneys at Law. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 70.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, New Orleans 1866-, Medicine

Anonymous New Orleans letter, 1874 December 15. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. Letter from a visitor to New Orleans describes impressions of the city and comments on violent popular reactions to recent election returns. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2997.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-

Anonymous New Orleans scrapbook, 1855-1867. 1 volume. Location: H:10. Scrapbook of newspaper clippings, mainly of poems published in New Orleans papers, and sentimental engravings. Items are glued over ledger entries (1855-1857). For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3012.

Anonymous New Orleans scrapbook, 1861-1936. 2 volumes on 1 microfilm reel. Location: Mss.Mf:A. Miscellaneous newspaper clippings collected mainly from newspapers in New Orleans and Natchez include materials relative to Reconstruction, the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, the Chicago fire of 1871, and steamboats. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2554.

Anonymous Reconstruction letters, 1875. 2 items. Location: Misc:A. Ensign stationed on the U.S. Flagship Worcester in New Orleans describes the chaotic conditions existing in the Louisiana legislature, and mentions orders to disperse the legislature. He also mentions national politics and his own naval experiences. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2560.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans 1866-

Anonymous traveler's letters, 1882 March 8-13. 2 items. Location: Misc:A. An unidentified traveler writes his son two letters from New Orleans, Louisiana. His March 8, 1882, letter describes his journey by train from Jacksonville, Florida, to New Orleans, complaining of the low state of the countryside and the manners of the poor whites and African-Americans. His March 13, 1882, letter gives a vivid description of New Orleans, including news of levee breaks and flooding on the Mississippi River. Mss. 3858.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, African Americans

Anthony and Chapman-Catt lecture admit card, 1895. 1 item. Location: E:Imprints. Admittance card to a lecture symposium featuring Susan B. Anthony and Mrs. C. L. Chapman-Catt speaking on 'Women's Inequality before the Law,' to be held at the Assembly Hall in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1189.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-

Arceneaux, William. Papers, 1964-2007 (bulk 1972-2007). 15 linear feet and 20 volumes. Locations: 4:36, 4:43, 110:4-11, OS:A, Vault:2. Louisiana higher education official. Papers consist of correspondence, business papers, photographs, printed items, and scrapbooks related to the professional, civic, and personal activities of William Arceneaux. A small amount of correspondence is in French and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog Mss. 4107.

Atlantic Coast Seaman's Union. Account books, 1906-1915. 3 vols. Location: F:2. Three daybooks of the New Orleans branch of the Atlantic Coast Seaman's Union showing income and expenses of the union. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 592.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-

Babcock, Mrs. George. Diaries, 1871. 1 item and 2 ms. vols. Location: J:5. Wife of a New Orleans merchant. Travel diaries record a trip to Europe and give descriptions of places and events in England, Scotland, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, and France. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 791.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-

Barel, Leona Queyrouze, 1861?-1938. Papers, 1800-1950 (bulk 1860-1937). 2,614 items, 31 printed vols., 23 ms. vols. Location: X:96-101, OS:Q, 99:Q, Q:27. French-language writer, poet, essayist, and musician of New Orleans and New York City. Her father, Major Leon Queyrouze, was commander of the Orleans Guard Battalion during the Civil War. Papers include letters from writers and editors; literary writings and musical compositions; materials on the Anti-Lottery League; and Civil War and business papers of her father, a member of the factors' firm Queyrouze and Bois. In French and English. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 18-26. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1204, 1222, 1278, 1314, 1323, 1335.

Bassich, John, Jr. Account Book, 1854-1916. 1 volume. Location: N:1. John Bassich, Jr. was an attorney at law and a notary public in New Orleans. This account book records interactions with clients, including the information about their specific claims.

Baton Rouge Scenes, c. 1920-1930. 14 items. Location: 111:1. Picture cards of various scenes from Baton Rouge, La., including the capitol building and Louisiana State University. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 4999.

Battle of Liberty Place badges, 1874 September 14. 2 items. Location: E:Imprints. Badges commemorating the battle between the White League and the metropolitan police in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1919.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. Family Papers, 1818-1912 (bulk 1850-1880). 671 items, 106 vols. (13 ms. vols., 93 printed vols.). Location: U:10-12, F:3, OS:B. American army officer, Confederate general during the Civil War, and superintendent of the New Custom House in New Orleans. Collection includes paper and items of financial, legal, political, and personal interest. Other items include recipes; scrapbooks; pamphlets; photographs; notebooks; and some papers of the Cenas family. Included are papers on New Orleans related to railroad, improvement, and other city projects. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 601.

Belcher, Eric. Collection, 1948, circa 1962-1973. 1 picture postcard, 2 mailing envelopes. Location: MISC:B. Picture postcard of Earl K. Long with notations on verso, written possibly by Blanche Long and Earl K. Long. Notations designate postcard as an invitation to Earl K. Long's inaugural ball. Mailing envelopes have the letterhead of Orleans Parish district attorney Jim Garrison printed on them. Mss. 5338.

Belew, Louise E. Letters and writings, 1961-1969, undated. 12 letters, 1 article. Location: MISC:B. Resident of Baton Rouge, La. and New Orleans, La.; Korean war veteran; and student at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Graduate School of Library Science. Letters document Belew's ongoing feuds and criticisms that she had with staff of the LSU Library, the LSU Graduate School of Library Science, and the New Orleans Public Library. Mss. 2625.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Education, Baton Rouge, LSU

Bell, William R., ca. 1814-1874. Papers, 1842-1941 (bulk 1842-1874). 78 items, 2 vols. Location: C:6. Native of Scotland, mortician, and owner of Union Stables in New Orleans. Business papers document Bell's stable and mortuary and include transactions with Union soldiers occupying New Orleans. Correspondence with his family discusses economic conditions and the Civil War. Collection includes a photograph of Bell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2117, 2118.

Bienvenu family. Papers, 1779-1907. 143 items. Location: E:19. Planters of St. Martin Parish, Louisiana, and New Orleans. Business papers of Alexandre Devince Bienvenu and Pierre Armand Bienvenu largely concern land ownership and sales in the Attakapas region, St. Martin Parish and New Orleans. Collection also includes family letters and genealogical papers. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2604.

Billaud family. Papers, 1816-1868. 43 items. Location: U:20. Residents of New Orleans. Papers include correspondence documenting personal and business affairs, including the purchase and sale of skins; city and parish tax receipts; and a copy of Marie Isabelle Billaud's birth certificate. Letters in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 499, 1361.

Bishop Polk Benevolent Society. Record book, 1862, 1865-1868. 3 items, 1 ms. vol. Location: Misc.:B., M:20. Treasurer's book for benevolent societies at Trinity Church, New Orleans. Entries record the receipts and expenditures of the Benevolent Society. Entries for 1862 give the officers of the 'Ladies Society for the Promotion of Christian Objects.' For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 772.

Blakely, A. R. Correspondence, 1898. 6 items. Location: Misc:B. President of the New Orleans Progressive Union. Letters from Stuyvesant Fish requesting that Blakely's organization sponsor the subscription drive to purchase a silver service to be presented to the cruiser U.S.S. New Orleans by the people of New Orleans. Included is a letter from Captain William Folger, U.S. Navy commander of the NewOrleans, suggesting types of services that might be purchased. There is also an incomplete list of subscribers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1065.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-

Bobet Brothers. Records, 1866-1873. 8 items. Location: Misc:B. Oak stave and lumber business in New Orleans. Bills, receipts, payment orders, and a letter relating to business. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans 1866-, Business

Boggs, Hale, 1914-1972, Correspondence. 21 items. U.S. representative from Louisiana. DeLesseps S. Morrison (1912-1964), lawyer and mayor of New Orleans, actively encouraged trade with Latin America. Correspondence includes letters from U.S. diplomatic personnel and Latin American political figures concerning Morrison's report about the Louisiana Trade And Good Will Mission to Latin America. Letters express condolences on Morrison's death. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2899.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, New Orleans 1866-

Boggs, Lindy, 1916- Letters, 1974-1978. 6 letters. Location: Misc. Lindy Boggs was U.S. Representative for the 2nd Congressional District of Louisiana (1973-1992) and U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican (1997-2001). These five letters by Boggs recount her memories of President Lyndon B. Johnson and Speaker of the House John W. McCormack. A short note from Russell B. Long is also included. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 3878.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women, New Orleans 1866-

Boggs, William R., 1829-1911. Reminiscences, 1891. 3 items [photocopies]. Brigadier general of the Confederate army and chief of staff of the Trans-Mississippi Department from November 1862 until the end of the Civil War. Boggs' reminiscences, written in 1891 at the age of 62, cover the entire period of the war, from the election of 1860 until his surrender in June 1865. Also included are two obituary notices from Boston and New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3058.

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