Manuscript Resources on The History of Transportation

This guide to manuscript resources on the history of transportation in Louisiana includes a wide variety of materials, among them the records of merchants, factors, commission brokers, planters, attorneys, soldiers, ship owners, captains, steamboats, shipping companies, railroad companies, men, women and children travelers; record books; account books; bills of lading, waybills and receipts; log books of steamers; ship registers; travel diaries; and prints of river scenes and steamboats.

Major topics addressed include steamboats, schooners, the slave trade, shipping, and cotton and sugar (sale, trade, shipment and receipt).

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Brownell Land Company Records, 1843-1997 (bulk 1890-1970). 35 linear feet. 131 volumes. Location: 37:1-18, 38:1-8, OS:B, Vault:1. The Brownell Land Company was the 21st century legacy of the numerous business ventures of the Brownell family in Louisiana beginning in 1880, including Berwick Lumber Company, Brownell Drews Lumber Company, Brownell Kidd Company, and People’s Ice and Cold Storage. The records document the everyday business transactions of the Brownell family’s businesses and the mark left by their businesses on the Louisiana coast and terrain in St. Martin, Assumption, St. Mary, Iberia, Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and Terrebonne Parishes. Records include financial records, such as taxes, journals, ledgers, cash books, and annual reports; land records including deeds, leases, sales, and titles; lumber records including tallies from the mill and tallies from what is pulled from the land and water; administrative and legal records such as correspondence, court cases, and meeting minutes; and employee records. Mss. 5112.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Buckley, Nathaniel. Record book, 1846-1864. 1 ms. vol. Location: Mss. Mf.:B. Copies of official reports of officers of the U.S.S. Dale, a naval vessel assigned to duty in the Gulf of California during the Mexican War, describe military actions in the town of Guaymas and several nearby villages during the spring months of 1848. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2669.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Burrwood, Louisiana, and Southwest Pass jetties construction photographs, circa 1905-1915. 18 photographic prints. Location: E:65. Between 1898 and 1913, work was conducted to create a sustainable channel 1,000 feet wide and 35 feet deep at the Southwest Pass of the Mississippi River delta. Surveying, dredging, and construction of jetties, sills, and other structures took place during this period. Fourteen of eighteen annotated photographic prints document construction of jetties in the Southwest Pass of the Mississippi River delta, while three concern the aftermath of the 1915 hurricane and one presents a view of Mardi Gras in New Orleans. Mss. 5068.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Calcasieu League for Environmental Action Now (C.L.E.A.N.) Records, 1980-2001. 16.3 linear ft. Location: 93:32-45. Correspondence, newspaper clippings, meeting minutes, subject files, and records of the Calcasieu League for Environmental Action Now (CLEAN). Items pertain principally to planning, legislation, environmental issues, and activities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4799

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Capseg, Ives. Document, 1796. 1 item. Location: Misc.:C. Captain of the ship NAVARRO. Protest of the ship NAVARRO concerning the misconduct of some of the officers on the ship. In Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 721.

Referenced in Guides: Spanish, Transportation

Card, H. T. Letter, 1863 October 7. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:C. Union soldier in the Civil War. Letter written to Card's brother and sister from Glendale, Mississippi, describes travel by railroad through Corinth, Mississippi, life in military camp, and the local landscape. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3245.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Carnegie, S. Steve. Papers, 1929-1969. 8.5 linear feet. Location 91:43-47. Contract civil engineer and resident of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Papers include engineering files, correspondence, subject files, personnel files, and photographic materials which document civil engineering and construction projects in Baton Rouge and other Louisiana towns. Towns include Amite, Baldwin, Bogalusa, Crowley, Independence, Morgan City, Plaquemine, Port Allen, Rayne, St. Martinville, Slidell, Sulphur, and Vinton. Projects include sewerage and sanitation works, highway construction, subdivision plans, parks, and public facilities. Photographic materials consist of photographic prints, negatives, and 16mm motion picture films depicting engineering and construction work and Carnegie's personal life. Some films depict flooding in Baton Rouge, hurricane Camille, and LSU football. Mss. 2531.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Baton Rouge, LSU

Causey, R. J. Correspondence, 1863. 4 items. Location: Misc:C. Letters from Causey's wife comment on a riot near Tickfaw involving African Americans, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana; Confederate farm taxes; and transportation difficulties of sending cotton to Baton Rouge. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2133.

Chandler, E. H. Letter, 1861 May 30. 1 item. Location: Misc. Agent of R. F. & P. Railroad Company. Letter from Confederate Army Headquarters, Fredericksburg, Virginia, instructing Chandler to report to the mayor of Fredericksburg the arrival by railroad of all suspicious persons and to detain them for questioning by military authorities. Included are instructions about the issuance of railroad passes to soldiers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2487.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Business

Charles, I. H. (Isaac Henry). Letters, 1841-1848. 10 items. Location: Misc:C. Charles moved with his family from Philadelphia to New Orleans in 1841. There he attended school and worked as a clerk in a commercial house. Letters to a cousin, John Edward Liddall, describe Charles' sea voyage to New Orleans; his secondary education in private schools in Louisiana; the presence of yellow fever; news of the War with Mexico; and reactions to a call for volunteers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 621.

Chatelain, Leonard. Photograph, 1910. 1 albumen print. Location: 65:5. This photograph depicts Dr. Leonard Chatelain seated in a horse-drawn wagon with a collapsible top. Mss. 3908.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Medicine

Chelsea Bridge toll book, 1805. 1 vol. Location: F:3. Daily record of tolls for Chelsea Bridge, in Massachusetts, kept in 1805 by David Moore and Oliver Pope. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2600.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

City of Baton Rouge and Louisiana State University Coordinating Committee. Records, 1958-1973. 0.1 linear ft. Location: MISC:C. Established on July 26, 1972 by the Baton Rouge City Council. Records include correspondence, meeting minutes, agendas, resolutions, and memoranda of the Committee mainly related to the creation of bicycle paths around campus. Mss. 5368.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Baton Rouge, LSU

Clauss & Fischer. Journal, 1851-1852. 1 vol. Location: G:16. Merchants and commission brokers of Bayou Sara, Louisiana. Frederick Fischer and Catherine Clauss were immigrants from Germany. Their son, Charles Leonhardt Fischer, was a Confederate veteran, attorney, and politician of St. Francisville. Journal records expenses for goods and services of local residents and plantation owners and managers, including members of the Turnbull, McKowen, Stirling, Barrow, Joor, Weems, and other families. Entries also document freight shipped aboard steamers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4640.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company. Daybook, 1851-1853, 1867-1870. 1 vol. Location: M:21. Local railway in East Feliciana, Louisiana. Daybook contains daily entries for freight receipts kept by Thomas H. W. Baynard and S. C. Richmond with the Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Co. Later entries (1867-1870) are grocery accounts with M. Harris, a general merchant of Clinton, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1353.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company. Invoice, 1855 Jan. 10. 1 voucher/invoice. Location: MISC:C. Invoice shows freight charges for the transportation of food products. Mss. 5058.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company. Papers, 1812-1859 (bulk 1838-1839), undated. 0.25 linear ft. Location: UU:73, OS:C. Railroad company in East Feliciana Parish, La. Papers include notarized copies of legal documents (chiefly mortgage documents, but also court judgments) and miscellaneous financial documents (receipts, bills, checks, and deposit slips). Of particular interest is a property appraisal document (April 19, 1842) that lists the first names of slaves. Appraisal document is for a legal case involving James Drummond and the Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company. Part of the East Feliciana Parish Archives Collection. Mss. 1100.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business, African Americans

Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company. Record books, 1841-1843, 1853-1879. 2 vols. Location: G:3. Local railroad in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Record book contains manifests of cotton shipped from Clinton to Port Hudson. Minute book contains a copy of the act of incorporation; names of the board of directors, officers, and stockholders; the by-laws; and minutes of the board of directors meeting. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1100.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Cobden, Alfred F. Diary, 1852. 1 vol. Location: Misc.:C. Resident of London, England. Typescript of a letter written in diary form from Alfred F. Cobden, to his sister, describing a trip to the Madeira Islands from November 1850 to May 1851. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 949.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Colonel Cutts (Ship). Logbook, 1856-1878 (bulk 1856 February 13-October 19). 1 vol. Location: P:19. Ship which operated out of New Orleans. Its master was Jesse Snow. Logbook recording activities aboard the Colonel Cutts as it sailed from New Orleans to Falmouth, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Cronstadt, London, Cardiff, and back to New Orleans. Included is a record of men employed from shore at Cronstadt. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1022.

Comeaux, Louis, 1911-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (3 pages). Location: L:4700.0744. Retired sugarcane sharecropper and life-long resident of Four Corners, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, Louisiana. Recollections of Comeaux's childhood as the son of a cane farmer. He recalls his work in an Avery Island salt mine; farming as a sharecropper; the routine of sugarcane planting and harvest; cane syrup production; farm labor; and early transportation. Comeaux also recalls traditional Cajun foods including couche-couche and cracklins; the boucherie; and social conditions in Four Corners. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0744.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Transportation, Acadiana

Confederate States Mail Line. Waybill, 1864 November 18. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. Waybill of a stagecoach from Albany and Bainbridge, Georgia, to Quincy, Florida, a printed form completed in manuscript. It lists passenger names, seats, places of origin and destination, and fees paid. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2281.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Confederate States Mail Line. Waybill, 1864 November 18. 1 item. Location: Misc:C. Waybill of a stagecoach from Albany and Bainbridge, Georgia, to Quincy, Florida, a printed form completed in manuscript. It lists passenger names, seats, places of origin and destination, and fees paid. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2281.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Confederate States of America Collection. Quartermaster's department, 1861-1862. 3 items. Location: E:64. Letter to the president of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Company requesting someone to handle transportation accounts. Circular on the issuance of transportation coupons to soldiers who re-enlist for military service. Also a letter to H. J. Ranney, Confederate major in New Orleans, requesting assistance for replacement of two engines on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2133.

Cragin, Daniel. Letter, 1850. 1 item. Location: Misc.:C. Agent for Cragin and Sheldon of Boston, Massachusetts. Letter discusses payment for the shipment of boats. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Cushing, E. Correspondence, 1848. 1 item. Location: Misc.:C. Resident of Freeport, Maine. Letter from New Orleans to Capt. Cushing commenting on cargo from New Orleans to Boston via Havana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1399.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Davidson, John M. Legal Papers, 1861-1867. 124 items. Location: UU:111. Lawyer in New Orleans who handled cases for client Charles Black, a commission merchant and steamboat owner of Matamoros, Mexico, as well as cases involving steamboats and the United States Commissioner of Claims in Louisiana. Legal papers include bills, receipts, petitions, court summons, acts of sale, and promissory notes of Charles Black, reflecting his financial interests in several steamers and ships. In English and Spanish. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1472.

Dawson and Pipkin. Bills of lading, 1847-1849. 1 v. Location: M:22. Commission merchants of New Orleans, La. Approximately 220 bills of lading were printed as forms, completed by hand, and bound in a single volume arranged chronologically from December 1847 to March 1849. The bills specify the shipper (always Dawson & Pipkin), the vessels, their captains, ports of destination, cargoes, and other information. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 4974.

Dearborn, J. A. Letter. 1851. 1 item. Location: Misc. Methodist minister. Letter from Dearborn upon his arrival in Baton Rouge from Kentucky, giving a humorous account of travel on the Ohio River and telling of church work in Baton Rouge. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1525.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Transportation, Baton Rouge

Dearth, Golden. Letter, 1823 Feb. 17. 1 letter. Location: MISC:D. Born in 1785 in Rochford, England. Dearth, writing from Trinidad de Cuba, writes to Edward Spalding, a shipping merchant and slave trader from Bristol, Rhode Island, in Matanzas, Cuba. Dearth describes the capture of a pirate ship by a party of Americans. Mss. 3339.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Delassus, Carlos Dehault. Diary, 1836 December. 1 vol. Location: M:20. Civil, military, and political commandant of New Madrid, Missouri. Typescript of the diary records Delassus' trip from New Orleans to St. Louis, Missouri, and his return. Entries made during his stay in St. Louis mention names of local residents and record business transactions and visits with friends and family. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 729.

Depositions regarding a steamboat collision on the Mississippi River, 1831. 2 depositions. Location: Misc. These depositions were taken at New Orleans, La., in the case of Henry Shaw vs. John D. Daggett & Enoch Price, pending in the circuit court at St. Louis, Mo. The lawsuit concerned the collision of the steamboats Courtland and St. Louis on the Mississippi River somewhere above the Claiborne County-Jefferson County, Miss., line in October 1830. Mss. 3923, 3939.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Dixon, William Y., 1843-1874. Papers, 1860-1905 (bulk 1860-1874). 14 items (9 ms. vols.). Location: UU:119. Confederate soldier, student. Diaries record the battles at Baton Rouge (Aug. 1862), Vicksburg (1862), and Port Hudson (1863) and casualties suffered. Entries also refer to camp life 1860-1864), transportation of troops by steamboats (1863), diseases among soldiers and civilians (1860-1864), and the involvement of African American soldiers at Port Hudson. Other material relates to his education and financial affairs. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3423.

Donato, Adolphe. Letter, 1883 December 16. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of Opelousas, Louisiana, and servant to U.S. Representative Edward Taylor Lewis. Letter written from Washington, D.C., describes his trip with Lewis from Louisiana to Washington, problems encountered by African Americans in travel and housing, the city of Washington, and his own social life. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2946.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, African Americans

E. B. Hendrick and Company. Receipt, 1868 March 18. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Commission merchant of Cairo, Illinois. Illinois Central Railroad Company receipt for sacks of seed to be shipped to W. H. Mann of Gilman, Illinois. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 850.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Edenborn Line booster clubs at Shreveport, Louisiana photograph, 1928 February 18. 1 panoramic photograph. Location: 104:-105:. Social clubs consisting of employees of the Louisiana Railway & Navigation Co. Photograph is a group shot of club members in front of an unidentified building in Shreveport, Louisiana. Mss. 5371.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Women, Business

Eder, Joseph and Rosina. Letter, 1854. 1 item. Location: Misc.:E. Account of the journey of Joseph and Rosina Eder from Teisendorf, Germany, to Nacogdoches, Texas, by way of Bremen, Germany, and New Orleans. In German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 469.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation, German

Edwards, Albert F. B. Diary, 1862-1863, 1864, 1865. 8 items, 1 ms. Vol. Location: Misc.:E, OS:E. Union soldier from Chester, New Hampshire, and a member of the 15th New Hampshire Regiment in the Civil War. Diary documents ten months of camp routine, a sea voyage to New Orleans and encampment near there, the Port Hudson campaign, and the trip by boat and train back north. Papers also include a listing of personal expenses and miscellaneous items. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3384.

Edwards, Marianne. Letters, 1855-1866 (bulk 1855-1863). 72 items. Location: U:239. Marianne Edwards, formerly of Evansville, Indiana, was the wife of Guy M. Edwards, a Massachusetts sea captain. She took voyages from Boston to New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Letters concern voyages to New Orleans, France, and Spain, among others. Letters (1862-1863) about a voyage along the lower Mississippi River, describe conditions during the Union occupation of New Orleans and the Battle of Port Hudson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1850.

Eliza Battle. Story, 1858. 1 item [mimeographed copy]. Location: MISC:E. Paddle steamer Eliza Battle, attacked by robbers on March 11, 1858 while returning up the Tombigbee River from Mobile, Alabama. Several versions of the burning story included. For futher information, see online catalog. Mss. 1776.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Women

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