Manuscript Resources on The History of Transportation

This guide to manuscript resources on the history of transportation in Louisiana includes a wide variety of materials, among them the records of merchants, factors, commission brokers, planters, attorneys, soldiers, ship owners, captains, steamboats, shipping companies, railroad companies, men, women and children travelers; record books; account books; bills of lading, waybills and receipts; log books of steamers; ship registers; travel diaries; and prints of river scenes and steamboats.

Major topics addressed include steamboats, schooners, the slave trade, shipping, and cotton and sugar (sale, trade, shipment and receipt).

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Ellery, A. R. Letter, 1820 March 12. 1 item. Location: Misc. Resident of New Orleans. Letter to a friend in New York comments on heavy steamboat traffic on the river and recent presence of 'sickness' in the city. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3199.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Fearn Donegan & Co. Letter, 1852 Apr. 20. 1 letter. Location: Misc. An agent of Fearn Donegan & Co. in New Orleans, La., writes to another in Huntsville, Ala., remarking on the difficulty and expense of transporting railroad iron by boat to Tuscumbia, Ala., the cotton accounts of some clients, and the state of the cotton market in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4009.

Fessenden, Anson D., b. 1839. Papers, 1862-1863, undated 82 items, 1 ms. vol. Location: W:36. Captain in the 53rd Massachusetts Infantry in the Civil War and resident of Townsend, Massachusetts. Letters to Fessenden's family describe camp life in New York and New Orleans, the sea voyage to New Orleans, and the Port Hudson campaign. A diary records experiences in that campaign. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3137.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Fisher, Jacob. Letter, 1850. 1 item. Location: Misc. Postmaster of the Village Post Office, Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. Typewritten copy of a letter from Fisher to his brother, Frederick Fisher, describing his trip from New Orleans to San Francisco by schooner and the economic and social conditions in Sacramento, following the discovery of gold in California. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1082.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Foreign trade price lists collection, 1824-1833. 3 items. Location: Misc:F. J. W. Bastian & Son was a firm in Bremen, Germany, importing coffee, sugar, tobacco, and other staples as well as linens, dyes, and spices. Mariatequi, Knight & Co. was a firm based in Havana, exporting sugar, coffee, molasses, and provisions to New Orleans, Louisiana, and other parts of the United States, and to Europe. The foreign trade price lists report the prices of commodities being exported and imported from Bremen, Germany (1824), St. Petersburg, Russia (1824), and Havana, Cuba (1833). Also listed are exchange rates, in London, Amsterdam, Hamburg, and Paris. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3326.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Transportation

Foster, Murphy J. and family. Papers, 1880-1955 (bulk 1880-1930). 4.3 linear ft. Location: UU:286-287, 98:F. The collection extensively documents Foster's political career, his relationship with his wife Rose Ker Foster, and their children's formative years. Materials in the collection include correspondence, financial papers, legislative papers, and printed items. Topics addressed include family matters such as the development and education of the Foster children; Rose's management of Dixie Plantation in Murphy's absences; and Foster's political career and the issues that concerned him, such as the Anti-Lottery campaign, a national income tax, regulating railway rates, flood control, poll taxes, and protection of sugar growers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4710.

Frierson, Philip Bernard. Letters, 1872, 1879-1880. 5 items. Location: Misc. Photocopies of letters (1879-1880) from a LSU cadet giving an account of his journey by horseback and riverboat from his home in DeSoto Parish, Louisiana, to the University, and of his first two weeks as a student. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1974.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, LSU

Fulton, J. Alexander. Diary, 1854-1855. 2 vols. [on microfilm]. Location: Mss. Mf.:F. Lawyer of Kittanning, Pennsylvania, member of the State House of Representatives. Diary and observations of J. Alexander Fulton of a trip from the East through Midwest, and via the Mississippi River and New Orleans, to Texas and return. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1643.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Garland, Henry Lastrapes, 1826-1908. Papers, 1778-1940 (bulk 1860-1940). 804 items. Location: 79:94, Vault MRDF 2, Vault:1. Lawyer and landowner of Opelousas, Louisiana. Correspondence, land documents, and legal and business documents of Garland and his wife Celeste. Papers include a legal agreement in French (1778), letters of Confederate civilians, materials relating to St. Landry Parish schools, and materials on railroads in the state. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3087.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Education, French

Gay-Butler-Plater family. Papers, 1814-2016. 30.5 linear ft., 25 volumes. Location: G:43-85, OS:G, Q:1-6. Planters of Iberville, Lafourche, and Terrebonne parishes, Louisiana. Correspondence, financial records, legal records, photographic materials, and personal papers created and accumulated by the Gay, Butler, Plater, and Price families of Louisiana documenting their political, social, and financial affairs. Mss. 4872.

Geo. Limerick & Co. Letter: Vicksburg, Miss., to Lockhart, Fearn and Donegan, Madisonville, Miss., 1842 March 19. 1 item (2 leaves). Location: Misc:G. Shipping company which operated along the Mississippi River, with ports in New Orleans and Vicksburg, Mississippi. It shipped cotton to the Madisonville, Mississippi, merchants Mr. Lockhart, Mr Fearn, and Mr. Donegan. Letter to Lockhart, Fearn, and Donegan denies responsibility for water damage to bales of cotton the company took aboard its ship Vicksburg. Included is an earlier letter (copy) to the merchants also stating the cotton was damaged prior to shipment. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3326.

Gove, A. D. Letters, 1838, 1839. 2 items. Location: Misc. Resident of New Orleans. Letters to Gove's brother of Kensington, New Hampshire, mentioning the high prices of provisions in the markets of New Orleans; the seriousness of the yellow fever epidemic in the country as compared to the city; and a trip from Boston to New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1256.

Hale Correspondence, 1843, 1845. 4 items. Location: Misc. Business letters from New Orleans to New York City and to Alliance Mutual Company, New York. Letters (1845) comment on problems getting the required amount of cargo for a ship sailing to New York. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1404, 1417.

Hall, Samuel. Letter, 1843 March 3. 1 item. Location: Misc.:H. Boston factor. Letter from Captain Albert Winsor, New Orleans, La., contains an account of expenses for the barque "Nahant." Included is a description of the cargo including lard and cotton. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1404.

Hamilton, John R. Papers, 1863-1865. 0.6 linear ft. Location: X:34, OS:H. U.S. Naval officer during the Civil War. Naval records documenting Civil War operations of the USS Commodore as it patrolled the navigable waterways of Louisiana in order to prevent the South from trading with other countries. Records consist of reports, correspondence, orders, and lists of seamen and Naval officers. Papers also contain some records of the USS Vincennes. Mss. 5066.

Hamilton, William S. Papers, 1780-1930 (bulk 1807-1861). 3 linear ft., 14 manuscript volumes, 16 microfilm reels. Locations: T:81-87, H:21, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. United States Army officer under General Wade Hampton; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. While most papers pertain to William S. Hamilton's social, political, and professional life, some papers also pertain to John Hamilton (William S.'s father) and the children of William S. and Eliza C. Hamilton. Papers reflect the administration of United States Army troops in the Territory of Orleans and Mississippi and give an inclusive picture of national and Louisiana politics. Included are descriptions of Southern college facilities and curricula and early medical treatments in hydropathy (hydrotherapy). The papers also document conditions in the United States Army during the Mexican War, land speculation in Texas, and various aspects of plantation life and economy (including purchasing and treatment of slaves). Part of the George M. Lester Collection. Mss. 1209.

Harris, Nathaniel and James W. M. Papers, 1865-1920. 1 microfilm reel. Location: Mss.MF:H. Business papers of the law firm of Harris and Harris, a partnership of Confederate General Nathaniel Harrison Harris and his brother Captain James W. M. Harris. The firm operated from Vicksburg, Mississippi. Correspondence from the collection concerns railroad bonds, contracts and construction; land deeds and sales; taxes; insurance policies; ledgers; receipts; bills; cancelled checks; and bank settlements.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Harrison, T. S. Travel account, 1888.1 broadside. Location: E:Imprints. Account titled 'Among the Southerners' describes a steamboat voyage from Baton Rouge to Greenville, Mississippi, mentioning scenery, river traffic, labor problems, river damage to 'Natchez-Under-The-Hill,' and the fear of a yellow fever epidemic. E:Imprints. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2897.

Hebert, J. Albert. Pictures, undated 8 items. Location: E:Imprints. Prints of models by Albert J. Hebert of the steamboats J. M. WHITE, BELLE OF THE BENDS, AMERICA, and SPRAGUE, with descriptions and historical facts taken from WAY'S DIRECTORY. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2397.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Heineken, C. W. Letters, 1810, 1811. 2 items [photocopies]. Location: Misc.:H. Letters written from New Orleans to Heineken's parents in England describe the sea voyage from England and give impressions of the people, scenery, climate, and social customs of New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog . Mss. 2883.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Hersey, Alfred C. Record book, 1849-1855. 1 bound vol. Location: Misc. Ship accountant and part owner of the ship 'Kentucky.' Records of finances during eleven voyages from Boston to New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3476.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Hicky, Philip and Family. Papers, 1769-1901 (bulk 1769-1835). 20 items, 1 letter file book, 1 microfilm reel. Location: VAULT:8, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. Planter and colonel of East Baton Rouge Parish. Unbound and bound (in a letter file book) personal and official papers of Philip Hicky and the Hicky family. Papers pertain chiefly to the West Florida controversy and the Battle of New Orleans but also pertain to family matters and family history of the Hicky family. Some items pertain to the Walsh and Morgan families. Mss. 2007, 2035.

Hilliard, Isaac H. (Isaac Henry), Mrs. Diary, 1849-1860 (bulk 1849-1850). 1 vol. Location: U:239, Mss. Mf:H. Wife of Isaac H. Hilliard, plantation owner of Grand Lake, Chicot County, Arkansas, originally of Henry County, Kentucky. Mrs. Hilliard was related by marriage to Leonidas Polk. Diary depicts plantation life from an affluent woman's perspective, describing family holidays, social occasions, steamboat travel, and trips to Louisiana, Mississippi, and Kentucky. Includes her son's expenses at Kentucky Military Institute (1866). Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 178, 762.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Transportation, Women

Hinckley, Arthur L., Jr. Papers, 1837-1916 (bulk 1865-1866). 30 v., 49 files. Location: Mf. Orramel Hinckley was a steamboat owner and captain whose business was centered principally in New Orleans and Opelousas, La. These papers consist primarily of account books, correspondence, receipts, and other records concerning Orramel Hinckley's river steamboat "Irene" and her frequent trips between Washington, La., and New Orleans between September 1865 and July 1866. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3493.

Hinckley, Orramel and family. Papers, 1811-1897 (bulk 1830-1870). 335 items, 16 vols. Location: U:291, J:9, OS:H. Steamboat owner and captain whose business was centered mainly in New Orleans and Opelousas, Louisiana. Hinckley's wife and son lived in Washington, Saint Landry Parish, Louisiana. Personal and business papers and account books (1834-1897) document Hinckley's work as a steamboat captain. There are also volumes relating to personal matters, Civil War letters and items, and the bylaws and rules of a chapter of the Royal Arch Masons. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 8-9. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 970, 1151, 1317.

Holland, Miss. Diary, 1869 September 1-October 24. 1 item. Location: Misc:H. Young woman from Liverpool, England. Diary of Holland's voyage from England to New Orleans. She describes the weather, the ship and crew, activities onboard, and adventures. She also describes places they passed enroute, including Mont Serrat, Jamaica, Grand Cayman, and New Orleans.For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3275.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Women, New Orleans 1866-

Horton family papers, 1834-1848. 15 itlems. Location: Misc.:H. Letters addressed to Nathaniel M. Horton, Amesbury, Massachusetts, written by his brothers. One letter is to his sister Elizabeth Colby of Salisbury, Massachusetts. The letters were sent from New York, Brooklyn, New Orleans, Liverpool, and Cadiz. Contents concern business and family matters, politics, city life, slavery, and ship travel. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3482.

Hotson, Ernest B. Diaries, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908. 4 vols. Location: M:20. Probably a British officer. He was stationed on the Kathiawar Peninsula (since 1948, Saurashtra Peninsula), India. Diary entries provide descriptions of weather conditions, local flora and fauna, methods of transportation, hunting expeditions, social and recreational activities, and some military activities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2600.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Huntsville (Packet ship) Log book, 1843-1844. 1 v. Location: G:22. The packet ship Huntsville (523 tons) sailed with the Louisiana & New York Line of packet ships, sailing twice monthly in season between New York and New Orleans. This log book records three voyages of the Huntsville between New York and New Orleans under Edward Cornell, master, between September 16, 1843, and June 25, 1844. Mss. 3712.

Illinois Central Railroad. Freight contract, 1883. 1 item. Location: Misc. Contract shipping oil and grease from Cairo, Illinois, to New Orleans, Louisiana, with the consignee, Severin Landry of Assumption, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1198.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-, Business

Innerarity, James. Letters, 1816-1820. 4 items. Location: Misc. Resident of Mobile, Alabama. James and John Innerarity were associates of the commercial house of John Forbes and Company, Pensacola, Florida. Letters from Innerarity to Eligius Fromentin, U.S. Senator from Louisiana, and to the Land Office of East Pearl River pertain to the settlement of land claims between the Mississippi and Perdido Rivers. Included is a statement listing cargo for a ship. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 908.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, Business

Isaiah Chase-Peter Hanson. Business letters, 1847-1855 (bulk 1847). 16 items. Location: Misc:I. Most letters written to Joseph Holmes (1771-1863), shipbuilder and owner from Kingston, Mass., from New Orleans by either Isaiah Chase or Peter Hanson. Letters discuss financial transactions made through the New England Bank in Boston and ships used to transport the acquired commodities out of New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4946.

Jackson, Willie, 1889-, interviewee. Oral history interview. 1993. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (3 pages). Location: L:4700.0282. Resident of Four Corners, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Jackson and his daughter, Emma Dell Peters, lived on Sterling Plantation; Jackson's grandparents were slaves. Jackson describes his childhood in Four Corners, work cultivating and harvesting sugarcane, and raising crops with his parents. He describes early transportation by horse, foot, and boat; churches in the area; and life on Sterling Plantation. Jackson also describes credit at the plantation store; illnesses; marriage customs; gambling on the card game 'Kotch'; use of French language; French language work songs; and schooling. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0282.

Jacobs, A. J. (Andrew Jay), 1852-1927. Papers, 1867-1927 (bulk 1867-1897). .3 linear ft. (7 items; 1 vol.). Location: U:238, H:22. Born in Clinton, Louisiana, and raised in Girard, Richland Parish, Louisiana. Jacobs attended LSU, and throughout his adult life he was employed by railroad companies. He married Adelaide Elizabeth Bohne in 1881 and they had five daughters. Two letters written by Jacobs while a student at LSU comment on General Sherman's visit to campus and on political and farming conditions in Richland Parish. Three letters (1897) to his daughter Louise, in Louisville, reflect Jacobs' paternal interest. Included is a 1927 memorium to Jacobs from a Louisville and Nashville Railroad publication providing entries regarding Jacobs' work and trips, and including poems, articles, and anecdotes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2069, 2074.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, LSU, Literature

Jacobs, Wayne Johnson, 1839-1914. Diaries and lists, 1861-1865. 2 items, 2 vols. Location: U:100, OS:J. Union soldier, served in the 30th Ohio. Fragments of Jacobs' Civil War diaries describe his participation in the siege and capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Roster of soldiers in the 30th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co A, shows cause of death or discharge. Included is a typescript giving detailed accounts of military maneuvers, battle engagements, transportation of troops, military operations, and the organization of Company A. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4684.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

John B. Kellogg-Anna Kellogg letters and photograph, 1866-1869. 22 items. Location: T:100 (short shelf). New York bank cashier and his wife. Six detailed letters addressed to Anna Kellogg were written during her mother and sister’s Mississippi steamboat trip to New Orleans, Louisiana. Letters discuss the trip itself and ultimately their stay in New Orleans, including places they visited, people they met, and their impressions. 15 letters addressed to John B. Kellogg discuss in detail the purchase and shipment of Louisiana cattle bound for Chicago. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4955.

Kennon, Robert Floyd. Papers, 1904-1972 (bulk 1948-1956). 11.5 linear ft., 8 volumes. Location: 6:9-15, OS:K. Minden, Louisiana, attorney, judge, Louisiana Supreme Court justice, and Louisiana governor. Papers include office files, personal correspondence, speeches, photographs, scrapbooks, political campaign materials, and newspaper clippings. The collection pertains to politics, the Democratic Party and Robert Kennon's political career, particularly his term as governor (1952-1956). Some material reflects his military service during World War II and his position on segregation. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2719.

Kent-Amacker Family Papers, 1853-1910 (bulk: 1860-1866). 65 items. Location: 1:55. Family correspondence of the Kent and Amacker families of St. Helena and Tangipahoa parishes, La., including financial records and miscellaneous items. Bulk of correspondence written or received by the Kent Family during the Civil War and relates to military operations in southeastern Louisiana, family participation in campaigns in Georgia, presence of Federals, and the imprisonment of James Fluker Kent at Johnson Island, Ohio. Letters written before, during, and after the war also briefly describe news and events of local, business, and familial interest. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4185.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Business

Keyes, Charles L. Letters, 1862-1863. 10 items. Location: Misc:K. Union soldier from Charlemont, Franklin County, Massachusetts, in the 52nd Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. Letters describe his steamship voyage aboard the Illinois; and camp life in Baton Rouge, New Iberia, Camp Stoneman, Barres Landing, and Port Hudson, Louisiana. Letters from Port Hudson, written from the breastworks, describe conditions during the siege. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3604.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Baton Rouge

King, Grace Elizabeth. Papers, 1851-1941 (bulk 1864-1932). 3,800 items, 49 volumes, and 24 microfilm reels. Location: UU:10-18, UU:23-24, UU:27-31, 98:K, N:6, OS:K, Vault:11, MSS.MF:K. New Orleans writer and historian. Correspondence, literary writings in notebooks, photographs, bound manuscript volumes, and printed material concern the literary career of Grace King, historical interests, travels, and personal affairs. Her correspondence and diaries describe her extensive travel throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe. Diary 3 describes her childhood experiences at L'Embarass plantation in St. Martin Parish. Her correspondence also describes yachting in Florida and other Southern states. For further information, see online catalog. Part of the Grace King Collection. Mss. 1282.