Manuscript Resources on The History of Transportation

This guide to manuscript resources on the history of transportation in Louisiana includes a wide variety of materials, among them the records of merchants, factors, commission brokers, planters, attorneys, soldiers, ship owners, captains, steamboats, shipping companies, railroad companies, men, women and children travelers; record books; account books; bills of lading, waybills and receipts; log books of steamers; ship registers; travel diaries; and prints of river scenes and steamboats.

Major topics addressed include steamboats, schooners, the slave trade, shipping, and cotton and sugar (sale, trade, shipment and receipt).

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Koch, Christian D. Family Papers, 1829-1912 (bulk 1845-1900). 3,526 items, 24 vols. Location: U:186-195, H:14. Koch family was of Danish descent and settled near Pearlington, Hancock County, Mississippi. Christian Koch was a master of a schooner. Early correspondence describes farm life and operating a schooner on the Pearl River and along the Gulf Coast. Civil War letters describe the privations of war, and later papers detail the family's movements in Montana. H.P.G. Koch, nephew of Christian, discusses how a German Jew passenger was the butt of jokes and fined $5 for smoking on the wharf in Charleston, South Carolina. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 202.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War, Jewish Community

Kowalski, G. Papers, 1839-1841. 5 items. Location: Misc. Resident of Bordeaux, France. Letters from G. Kowalski to Jean and Lubin Garnier, New Orleans, concerning wine shipments and business conditions. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 203.

Krebs, Charles. Letter, 1863. 1 letter. Location: Misc.:K. Letter of recommendation for Aaron W. Smith, previously Chief Engineer of Fremont & Indiana RR, written by Charles Krebs, Fremont, Ohio. Mss. 822.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Labatut, John B. Certificate, 1802. 1 item. Location: Misc. L. New Orleans merchant. Certificate for merchandise shipped on the ship Roebuck by Philadelphia merchants and delivered at the Port of New Orleans for Labatut. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2014.

Landreth, John. Field notes book, 1819. 1 volume. Location: M:19. Surveyor. Volume contains Landreth's field notes (January-April 1819), created during his survey expedition for live oak and red cedar timber lands in Louisiana, for a commission from the United States Navy. Daily field notes include notations of directions and distances traveled, landmarks sighted, and short narrative descriptions of daily events and people met. Locations described include Franklin, St. Martinville, New Orleans, and a variety of bayous, lakes, and waterways. Mss. 5386.

Lant, Norman E. Photograph collection, 1934-1938. 15 aerial photographs. Location: 65:5. Norman E. Lant, originally from Evansville, Ind., was appointed chief engineer of the Louisiana State Highway Department in 1946. The collection consists of five aerial photographic prints of Louisiana bridges, four aerial photographs of highway overpasses, and six aerial photographs of wooded scenes. Mss. 3844.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Laroe, James S. Diary, 1846-1850. 1 vol. [typed transcription]. Location: Misc. Diary of Laroe while on a trip from Newfoundland, New Jersey, to the northeastern part of Texas to purchase land. The early entries of the diary describe Laroe's trip from New York to New Orleans and up the Mississippi River and Red River to Shreveport. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 253.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Larson, Shine, 1903-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1979. 1 sound cassette (50 minutes), Index (2 pages). Location: L:4700.00mss 142334. Resident of Bayou Chene, Louisiana. Larson discusses his family background; picking and ginning Spanish moss; logging; trapping fur animals; fishing; the flood of 1927; local politics and elections; alligator hunting; life in Bayou Chene; and the transport of children to school by boat. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0034.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation

Lawrence, Henry E. Diary, 1837-1842. 1 vol. Location: A:3. Special agent for the Department of State and resident of Queens, New York City. Incomplete accounts of a trip from New York City by steamboat to Quebec, Canada; and a diplomatic mission to Mexico, to obtain the release of Franklin Combs and other Americans taken prisoner with members of the Sante Fe Expedition from Texas. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1540.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation

Leathers, Thomas P. and family. Papers, 1823-1952 (bulk 1823-1898). 1.3 linear ft., 1 volume, 2 microfilm reels. Location: UU:116-117, 65:60, H:1, OS:L, VAULT:23, VAULT:38, MSS.MF:L. Steamboat master and owner, and native of Kentucky. Papers mainly relate to steamboat transportation and commerce on the Mississippi River in Louisiana and Mississippi. Collection also includes a pardon (1865) by President Andrew Johnson for Leathers' arrest as a Confederate spy in the Civil War. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1548.

Leche, Richard W. Papers, 1804, 1889-2008, undated. Approximately 100 linear ft., 155 volumes. Location: 80:-81:, 85:, 98:L, MAP CAGE, OS:L, VAULT:1, VAULT:21, VAULT MRDF 15. Orleans Parish native and 44th governor of Louisiana from 1936-1939. Collection is comprised of Leche's gubernatorial papers, which include chiefly office files of correspondence and a variety of printed materials; pre-gubernatorial and gubernatorial campaign papers; post-gubernatorial papers; and a variety of other materials, in large part photographic items and scrapbooks, spanning the three aforementioned eras. Collection also includes papers of Elton Reynolds Leche and Richard W. Leche, Jr. Mss. 2060.

Lee Line history, 1832-1930. 1 reel microfilm. Location: Mss. Mf.:L. 'Steamboat History of the Lee Line, Illustrated, 1832-1930,' by William H. Tippitt, includes photographs, newspaper clippings, and memorabilia. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2995.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Leigh, Captain. Diary and correspondence, 1795. 1 volume. Location: MISC:L. Quartermaster general for the British Army stationed at Fort Royal in Martinique during the British occupation of French islands. Diary (January 14-March 13, 1795) kept by Leigh while on the islands of Martinique and Grenada. Entries provide information concerning army and navy procedures relative to the handling of prisoners, the opening of ports to American vessels, the state of the militia at Martinique, the customs of the French people, and the destruction of property caused by French patriots on the island. Included with the diary are copies of two letters, one from Leigh to Sir I. Vaughan (March 13, 1795). Part of the West Indies Collection. Mss. 658.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, French

Letter from Augusta of Alexandria, La., 1851. 1 item. Location: Misc:A. Letter written from Augusta of Alexandria, Rapides Parish, Louisiana, to her sister, Mrs. Sarah W. Simpson, Newburyport, Massachusetts. The letter describes the excitement in Alexandria among whites and African-Americans over Jenny Lind's concert in New Orleans, Louisiana; steamboats and fishing on the Red River; and other local news. Alternate title: Anonymous letter. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1008.

Leverich Company. Correspondence, 1839-1848. 5 items. Location: MISC:L. Cotton factors of New York and New Orleans. Letters of J. H., Henry L., and Charles P. Leverich concerning business and family matters. Included is a letter from Charles P. Leverich describing a sea voyage from New York to New Orleans in 1845. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2466.

Leverich Company. Papers, 1830-1851. 149 items. Location: W:11. Cotton factors of New York and New Orleans. Letters pertain to New Orleans business and banking conditions, shipping between New York and New Orleans, and family matters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2998.

Leverich, Charles P. Correspondence, 1834-1847. 81 items. Location: A:56. Factor of New York City associated with J. H. Leverich and Company of New Orleans. Correspondence consists of letters from New Orleans merchants, factors and Louisiana and Mississippi planters discussing the sguar trade. Letters from St. Mary Parish planters refer to shipping sugar and other cargo, a mortgage on Leonidas Polk's plantation, floods, and the parish's health. Letter from William J. Minor of Natchez mentions his interest in horse racing and his son's finances. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1078, 1220, 1352, 1506, 2418.

Leverich, William. Letter, 1841 Oct. 7. 1 item. Location: Misc.:L. Cotton and sugar planter of West Feliciana and Lafourche parishes. Leverich discusses business loans and the repayment of these loans in cotton and sugar, and he mentions the debts owed by the estate of Judge Mathews. He also writes that it would be tiring for \"Fanny\" to travel from Pittsburg to New Orleans by way of railroad and river steamer. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3864.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Transportation, Women

Lieutaud, Albert Louis. Collection, 1650, 1801-1965. 10 linear ft. Location: U:247-250, OS:L, 34:8-14.. Collection consists of letters, Christmas cards, receipts, printed material, sketches, photographic prints, and sheet music concerning various subjects in New Orleans and Louisiana history; the career of R.J. Morgan, a 19th-century English actor in the United States; railroad transportation in the United States; the American Civil War; and Lieutaud's own literary works and his work as an art and manuscript dealer. About two-thirds of the collection consists of about 140 presentation copies of books and pamphlets on Louisiana topics given to Lieutaud. Partly in French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1407, 1700, 1771, 1784, 1853, 1936, 2046, 2211, 2369, 2469.

Lieutenant Colonel L.C. Colburn. Collection, 1862-1895. 11 items. Location:Misc:C. Collection of correspondence, three page diary, orders, and a printed notice relating to Colburn and his operation of Opelousas and Great Western Railroad in New Orleans. Includes a letter by Admiral Farragut requesting a gunboat to protect Colburn's men. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4720.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Lintner, Theodore. Papers, 1835. 2 items. Location: Misc. Resident of Mobile, Alabama. Sale of undivided half of the schooner Santiago, by Lintner to Benjamin Harrod of New Orleans, and certification of recorder of mortgages. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 226.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Lisle, N. Receipt, 1869. 1 item. Location: Misc.:L. Receipt for a chronometer on board the ship Plato at New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-

Little, John. Letter, 1843 Apr. 25. 1 item. Location: Misc.: L. In a letter to Capt. Israel Durrell, Capt. John L. Little reports on the difficulties he encountered in picking up cargo in New Orleans, La. He also comments on the price of cotton. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3572.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Livingston Parish Papers, 1876-1910, undated 11 items [photocopies and photographs]. Location: OS:L. Papers consist of assorted receipts, clippings, and contracts relating primarily to riverboat transportation on the Amite River and Bayou Manchac. A copy of The Port Vincent Triune for May 10, 1877, is also included. Three photographic prints depict a sawmill, a logging operation, and the mail steamboat "Alice" moored at French Settlement, La., particularly the Amite River area. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2898.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Louisiana description, 1791-1803. 1 item (8 pages). Location: E:Imprints. Published general description of Louisiana for the period 1514 to 1798. Included is an unidentified letter from New Orleans (1790) referring to a trip from Baltimore, Maryland, to New Orleans by way of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2325.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Louisiana Railroad Depot Photograph Collection, 1909-1984. 128 items. Location: D:79. Photographic copies of postcards depicting Louisiana railroad depots. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4161.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Lytle Mississippi River steamboat prints, ca. 1900. 15 items (enlargement prints). Location: OS:L. Baton Rouge photographer. Mississippi River steamboat photographs, seven of which are signed by A. D. Lytle. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1995.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Baton Rouge

Lytle, Andrew D. Album photograph collection, circa 1862-1902. 213 items. Location: UU:263. Baton Rouge photographer. Prints made from Lytle's photograph album; the original photographs are dated circa 1862-1902. Includes views of public and domestic architecture in Baton Rouge and other Louisiana towns; steamboats; cadets at LSU; and other local people and settings. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3708.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Baton Rouge, LSU

Machette, William. Letterbook, 1807-1820. 1 ms. vol. Location: U:107. Ship owner of Boston, Massachusetts. Letter book containing handwritten copies of letters to business associates in various parts of the world including several letters addressed to Judah Touro, New Orleans merchant, and other letters referring to Machette's dealings with Touro. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1808.

Mahy Desmontils, Joseph Henry de. Letter, 1792. 1 item. Location: Misc.M. Letter from Orrillard, of Nantes, France, giving instructions for shipment of goods from New Orleans to France, and commenting on political and military events in Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1171.

Maling, M. C. Letter, 1853 January 26. 1 item. Location: MISC:M. Resident of New Orleans, Louisiana. Letter to William Lord, ship owner, of Kennebunk, Maine, concerning shipping problems in the New Orleans-Liverpool cotton trade. For further information,see online catalog. Mss. 1363.

Manson, George. Letter, 1848. 1 item. Location: MISC:M. Captain and resident of Bath, Maine. Letter to Captain Manson from New Orleans describing a new steering apparatus for a ship. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1289.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Marchand Gin Company. Cotton book, 1900. 1 vol. Location: G:18. Cotton book of the Marchand Gin Company recording cotton ginned and shipped from September to December, 1900. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 280.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Transportation, Business

Marcy, Peter. Letter, 1845 May 18. 1 item. Location: Misc.:M. Builder of the first dry dock constructed at Algiers, Louisiana.Letter Daniel Marcy, ship owner of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, reflects trade with France and ship repairs in New Orleans. He comments on damage sustained by the cargo ship, Orozimbo, in the Gulf of Lyons while enroute to New Orleans with a cargo of wine. He also states that staves sold for 33 to 37 dollars per thousand in New Orleans; other news relates to family matters.For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1417.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Marston and Company. Letter, 1849 January 10. 1 item. Location: Misc.:M. Company located in Palermo, Sicily. Letter to R. F. Nichols and Company, New Orleans, informing them of a shipment of citrus fruits. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 951.

Marston, Henry and family. Papers, 1818-1938 (bulk 1850-1890). 2,104 items, 59 volumes. Location: U:220-222, U:267, G:19. Planters of East Feliciana Parish and Red River Parish, Louisiana. Collection includes diaries; plantation records; legal documents; personal correspondence; bank records; and Civil War papers. Diaries comment on public health, yellow fever epidemic, race relations, labor and the political participation of African Americans. Other volumes record activities of the Clinton & Port Hudson Railroad and the Silliman Female Collegiate Institute. Papers of son , Bulow, reflect his activities as planter, steamboat operator, and warehouse owner. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735 and 6061: University Publications of America, Confederate Military Manuscripts, Series B, Reel 13 and Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 2, Reel 14, or For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 624.

Martin, Leonard, 1908-, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1993. 1 sound cassette (1.5 hours), Index (4 pages). Location: L:4700.0281. Sugarcane farmer and great-grandson of a slave, Martin was a resident of Four Corners, Louisiana, an unincorporated community south of Franklin, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Martin's account of the sale of his great-grandfather as a slave along with descriptions of his education; his father's career as the first African American schoolteacher in the area; work in sugarcane farming; and a dance-hall operator, Alice LeBaude. Martin also describes forms of transportation; the marriage of his white maternal grandmother to a Native American; his own marriage; work in Texas; the use of drugs in Four Corners; and his religion. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0281.

MARY AGNES expense account, 1865. 1 item. Location: Misc.:M. Schooner owned by L. S. Babcock and H. Boas and enrolled at New Orleans. Expense account at Tampico, Mexico, of the Mary Agnes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 850.

Maury Brothers. Ledger, 1851-1856. 1 vol. Location: M:20. James and Ruston Maury were New Orleans, Louisiana commission merchants. Ruston Maury conducted company business in Liverpool, New York, Charleston, and Richmond. Ledger records company income, expenses, and accounts of company partners. Accounts of cotton, sugar and corn shipped to England and the northern United States. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4676.

Mayo, William T. Letter, circa 1848. 1 letter. Location: MISC:M. A music publisher in New Orleans. Discusses a steamboat disaster, musicians and music store proprietors in New Orleans, yellow fever in the city, and the presidential election of 1848. Mss. 4985.