Manuscript Resources on The History of Transportation

This guide to manuscript resources on the history of transportation in Louisiana includes a wide variety of materials, among them the records of merchants, factors, commission brokers, planters, attorneys, soldiers, ship owners, captains, steamboats, shipping companies, railroad companies, men, women and children travelers; record books; account books; bills of lading, waybills and receipts; log books of steamers; ship registers; travel diaries; and prints of river scenes and steamboats.

Major topics addressed include steamboats, schooners, the slave trade, shipping, and cotton and sugar (sale, trade, shipment and receipt).

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Peck, Charles. Letters, 1834-1840. 3 items. Location: Misc.: P. Letters to Charles C. Peck of Natchez, Miss., from business associates in New York, N.Y., pertain to their commercial interests, cotton trade, shipping, and the transfer of funds. Letters also comment the possible loss of a steamer in route from Liverpool, England to New York and a fire on board the steamer "Lexington" that killed all but three passengers and destroyed the ship. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3572.

Perlu, A. Letter, 1828 July 3. 1 item. Location: Misc. Physician of New Orleans, Louisiana. Letter discusses shipping activity on the river and the dengue r epidemic in New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2979.

Pharr, John Newton, 1829-1903. Family papers, 1843-1934 (bulk 1908-1931). 85,762 items, 220 ms. vols., 141 printed vols. Location: UU:211-213, X:1-42, Q:15-27. Sugar planter, businessman, politician, and steamboat captain of St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Papers and account books of Captain Pharr and records of the J. N. Pharr and Sons, Limited reflect the operations of all the Pharr family holdings including several plantations, Glenwild Sugar Refinery, the Fairview Dairy, and the Pharr Line. Also contains compilations of primary election returns for Jan. 28, 1908, and January 19, 1932. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 555.

Photograph of steamboat William Garig, circa 1904-1918. 1 photographic print. Location: MISC:P. Hand-colored mounted photographic print of the steamboat William Garig, a shipping vessel that plied between Melville, Baton Rouge, and New Orleans. Photograph shows the steamer docked with passengers aboard. Mss. 5116.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Baton Rouge, Acadiana

Pinkham, A. Letter, 1876. 2 items. Location: Misc: P. Letter written to Capt. P. N. Blanchard by A. Pinkham while docked at Tamarang, West Indies, reporting his progress, replacing worn metal on cargo ships; sugar cargo; and expenses. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Transportation

Pintard, John M. Papers, 1796-1809 (bulk 1808-1810). 0.5 linear ft. (118 items; 5 vols.). Location: UU:67, H:10. Merchant, cotton planter of Laurel Hill Plantation, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Papers include documents related to Pintard's plantation and store, transportation on the Mississippi River, and commerce before and during the War of 1812. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 2, Reel 14. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 887.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Transportation, Business

Plaquemine Lock photographic postcards, circa 1910. 5 photographic postcards. Location: 65:5. Plaquemine Lock, located in Plaquemine, La., is an early example of hydraulic engineering design on Bayou Plaquemine, an important navigable waterway that was once a distributary of the Mississippi River. These five photographic postcards provide different views of Plaquemine Lock during high water. Mss. 3839.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Poche, Louis Aristee, 1896-1990. Tobacco Manufacturer Record Book, 1954. 1 Vol. Location: M:21. Manufacturer of tobacco in Convent, Louisiana. The book was used to track shipments of perique tobacco. The book contains forms created by the Internal Revenue Service to track tobacco and snuff manufacturers shipments. Mss. 5136.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Pointer, John L. Bills of lading, 1840-1844. 1 ms. vol. Location: H:20. Grocer, commission and forwarding merchant of Indian Village, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Volume records shipments of goods on steamboats, mainly traveling between Opelousas, Louisiana, and New Orleans. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2986.

Poole, E. R. (Edward Richardson), b.1820. Business directory, 1846-1903. 1 ms. vol. Location: F:8. New Orleans commission merchant from Maine. Volume includes a directory, newspaper clippings, and ephemera compiled by Poole and probably some member of his family. The directory lists commission and lumber merchants, flatboat traders, ship captains, and others. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1526.

Raoul, W. G. (W. Greene), b. 1843. Letters, 1862-1864. 18 items. Location: Misc:R. Resident of Independence, Louisiana, who enlisted in the Confederate army at nineteen during the Civil War. He served with the Washington Artillery, then was promoted to captain and assigned to the construction and distribution of railroad cars. Raoul's letters to his family comment on camp life and military travel in Virginia, the Battle of Gettysburg, and other Confederate military engagements. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 15. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2949.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Rea, Jesse K. Bell. Notebook, 1890 ca. 2 vols. Location: J:12. Pilot and master of many of the steamboats owned or commanded by his father, Captain George Washington Rea. Personal record of way landings on the Mississippi River, from New Orleans to Bayou Sara, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 900.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-

Reed, A. R. Diary, 1860-1861. 1 vol. Location: M:18. Son of Isaac Reed, who was part owner of the ship Ocean Belle. Diary records incidents and observations during his ocean voyages from Waldoboro, Maine, to New Orleans, Louisiana, on the ship Weston Merritt and from New Orleans to Liverpool, England, then to Nova Scotia aboard the ship Ocean Belle. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1582.

Reed, Isaac. Letter, circa 1800-1860. 1 item. Location: Misc:R. Business letter regarding cargo being sent by ship from New Orleans, Louisiana, to New York. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2112.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Reid, Robt. R. (Robert Raymond), Papers, 1875-1949 (bulk 1875-1900). 381 items. Location: W:14, OS:R. Attorney of Amite, Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana; judge in the 18th and 25th District Courts; member of the Louisiana Constitutional Convention; and associate justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court. Professional and personal papers relate to Reid's legal career, local economic conditions, Illinois Central Railroad, and family matters. Collection includes bills and receipts, printed items, news clippings, and maps. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2887.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, African Americans

Reiff, Anton. Journal, 1856-1857. 1 ms. vol. 1 microfilm reel. Location: Misc.:R, Mss.Mf:R. Musician touring with the Pyne and Harrison Opera Company from New York to New Orleans. Diary records daily activities, comments on theater facilities, musical performances attended, music in churches visited, scenery and social customs, and other matters. Reiff recorded his impressions of steamboat travel and his visits to Memphis, Tennessee; Natchez, Mississippi; Baton Rouge; and other cities. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3274.

Reilly, Robert M. Papers, 1955-1996. 9.3 linear ft. Location: UU:235-244. Native of Chicago who moved to Baton Rouge in 1962. Reilly's career in Baton Rouge centered around an interest in military history. He was also an advocate for historic sites and decommissioned ships such as the U.S.S. Kidd. Photographs, film negatives, drawings, clippings, research notes, correspondence, papers, speeches, newsletters, maps, and brochures document Reilly's research on U.S. firearms, the Civil War, and World War II naval history. The largest portion of the collection consists of research materials, arranged alphabetically by topic. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4662.

Reynaud, John. Papers, 1870-1914. Resident of Washington Parish, Louisiana, lawyer, Louisiana state senator, and Confederate army colonel. Correspondence and legal and business papers pertaining to national and local politics, land administration and sales, and the Grange movement. Included is a broadside soliciting assistance of Grangers to complete construction of the Washington Monument. The collection also contains a U.S. military railroad map; bills, receipts, and tax documents; newspaper clippings; notebooks; photographs; and personal items including recipes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 987, 1098.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Rhode Island slave trade document, 1795-1798. 1 item. Location: Misc. Business account of Samuel Chase, master of the Ascension, and the ship's Rhode Island owners, describes the ship's voyages and business transactions while involved in the slave trade from Africa to Spanish America. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3235.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business, African Americans

Rivet, Bill Lindon, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1992. 1 sound cassette (45 minutes), Index (1 page). Location: L:4700.0054. River lock worker (1931-1961) and resident of Plaquemine, Louisiana. Rivet recalls drownings at the Plaquemine locks on the Mississippi River, the sinking of the steamboat Andes, and his work in the mechanical operation of moving boats through the locks. Rivet describes flood control, high waters, and repair of leaks. Rivet also describes precautions taken to protect the locks during World War II. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0054.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, 20th Century Wars

Robinson, Harai. Papers, 1861-1889 (bulk 1864-1866). 53 items [in 1 bound typescript volume]. Location: H:13. Colonel in the 1st Louisiana Cavalry Volunteers, U.S. Army, under Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, Department of the Gulf, New Orleans. Robinson worked for the Central Pacific and Mexican International railroads after the war. Papers chiefly relate to Robinson's military career, including legal documents and letters concerning the investigation of his order to shoot two soldiers for refusal to obey orders (1864). Included are items related to Robinson's employment with the railroads. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 488.

Robinson, John G. Diary, 1857-1865. 1 diary, 5 items. Location: 1:, MISC:R. President of the Pelican Hook and Fire Company Number Four and cotton factor of New Orleans, Louisiana. Diary contains daily entries for 1864 describing chiefly the weather, business and financial transactions, insurance information, and social life and news. There are also ten entries for 1865. Mss. 4177.

Roosevelt, Henry L. Manuscript, circa 1930-1936. 1 typescript. Location: Misc. Henry Latrobe Roosevelt (1879-1936) was a great-grandson of Nicholas J. Roosevelt and Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Navy (1933-1936). This essay is entitled "Nicholas J. Roosevelt and his pioneer steamboat voyage on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers from Pittsburgh to New Orleans in 1811." For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4401.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Ross, William D. Papers, 1939, 1953. 5 items. Location: UU:165. Dean of the LSU College of Business Administration. Histories of the Louisiana Highway Commission, and letters of transmittal to Dr. Ross. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2348.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, LSU

Roy, John B. Letter, 1836 Mar. 19. 1 item. Location: Misc.:R. New Orleans commission merchant. In his letter to William Gray of Richmond, Va., John B. Roy, a New Orleans commission merchant, writes to about doing business with Gray and tobacco shipments to Richmond. The last page of the letter includes copies of an invoice and bill of lading. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3572.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Russell, Jasper A., b. 1840 or 1. Family collection, 1857-1876. 6 items. Location: Misc. The collection consists of a bill of lading for a river steamer operating in northeast Louisiana (1857), a conveyance for a land sale in Madison Parish, La. (1860), the honorable discharge of Jasper A. Russell from the Confederate States Army and a true copy of the same (1862), a letter from Harrisonburg, La., regarding seized property (1876), and a page from "The Franklin Sun" advertising a tax sale of lands in Franklin Parish, La. (July 18, 1876). For further information see online catalog. Mss. 3897.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Rust, George. Family Papers, 1828, 1849-1958. 11 items. Location: Misc.:R. General and resident of Rockland, Virginia. His nephew, Albert Rust, was a U.S. representative from Arkansas (1855-1857, 1859-1861) and a brigadier general in the Confederate Army. Correspondence from his nephew, Albert, principally concern with business interests in Eldorado, Arkansas, and New Orleans. Included are bills from Baltimore listing charges for ocean passage to New Orleans for slaves. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1419.

S. S. America poster, 1902. 1 item (11 copies). Location: OS:S. Poster advertising celebrations surrounding the arrival at Camden, Arkansas, of 'the biggest boat that ever sailed the Ouachita,' the S. S. America. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2600-73.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Schmidt Receipt, 1841 July 23. 1 item. Location: Misc.: S. A receipt for passage on a steamboat from New Orleans, La. to Mobile, Ala. Mss. 5294.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Shamrock Lumber Company. Account book, 1905-1908. 1 vol. Location: J:17. Lumber Company in Shamrock, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. Journal containing data relative to assets and liabilities of the Brown Lumber Company purchased as stock. Entries in the journal show debits and credits for lumber accounts, freight, logging, and salaries. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 980.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Shelly, William. Diary, 1863 January 1-September 23. 1 vol. Location: Misc:S. Union soldier in the 176th New York Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. Shelly served for nine months and was stationed primarily in Louisiana. Diary entries discuss Shelly's sea voyage from New York to Louisiana; his work in the Quartermaster department; his arrival at Lafourche; guerrilla activity in the area; the sound of fighting at Port Hudson; and the capture and parole of his company. Shelly also discusses his work recruiting for the 16th Regiment of the Corps d'Afrique. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3604.

Sherman, Thomas West. Letter, 1863 April 10. 1 item. Location: Misc. Union army general in command of the defenses of New Orleans in the Civil War. Letter orders Sherman's aide-de-camp, Captain Adam Badeau, to transport Union refugees from New Orleans to Madisonville, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, on the schooner Experiment under a flag of truce. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2263.

Sibley, Mary Lou (Mary Lou Richardson), b. 1880. Papers, 1807-1971. 22 items. Location: Misc:S. Miscellaneous items and notes illustrating Mary Lou Sibley's involvement in Baptist churches, particularly the Gilgal Baptist Church in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana; Richardson family history; and photographs of the First Baptist Church in Shreveport. Included are photographs of engines and trains. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3454.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Transportation, Women

Skipwith, Fulwar, 1765-1839. Records and account book, 1794-1815 (bulk 1794-1799). 3 items, including 1 vol., 1 mf reel. Location: Vault, Mss.Mf:S. Consul to France during the French Revolution and later a planter in Baton Rouge. Account book contains official and personal accounts while Skipwith was consul in Paris, France. Entries report names of American ships, descriptions of cargo, and accounts of individuals including James Monroe and Thomas Pinckney. Two loose items are a record of the import and sale of American cotton in the 1790s and a deposition dealing with the sale of cotton in 1815. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2000.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, Business, Baton Rouge

Slave trader insurance document, undated 1 item. Location: Misc.:S. Unidentified brig out of Newport, Rhode Island, trading to Africa and the West Indies, owned by a Mr. Shearman. Document states terms of insurance coverage, including coverage for a possible slave insurrection aboard the ship. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3213.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business, African Americans

Smith, Annabell, 1862-. Diary, 1873-1874. 1 vol., 1 pamphlet. Location: W:17. Resident of West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Volume contains original poetry and recipes, as well as a diary (1873-1874) which records daily activities, family visits, a trip to New Orleans by steamboat, social life, and life in a girls' school. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2904.

Smyth, Austin W. Receipt, 1850. 1 item. Location: Misc.:S. Transportation receipt signed by Smyth of the steamboat 'Montezuma' for payment made by owners of the schooner 'Segochet'. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1244.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Snyder, H. A. Diary, 1862. 1 ms. vol. Location: V:62. Grocer and a member of the Confederate Guards in Confederate New Orleans, and a private in the Confederate Guards, Louisiana Militia, at Camp Moore under Colonel J. F. Girault. Diary entries for August 10-22 and November 18-December 30, 1862 describe travel from New Orleans to New York State, of which he was a native. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2198.

Southern scenes engravings, 1853-1876. 32 items. Location: OS:S, map case:D:14, S:2. Prints of wood and steel engravings, many from Harper's Weekly, some from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Prints include buildings and scenes of New Orleans, Mississippi River scenes and steamboats, and three maps. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3406.

Spalding, Edward. Letter book, 1820. 1 item. Location: MISC:S. Shipping merchant and slave trader from Bristol, Rhode Island. Letter book contains handwritten copies of letters written by Spalding while in Trinidad, Cuba. Most letters are addressed to Jacob Babbitt & Co. in Bristol, Rhode Island. Letters discuss market conditions for sugar and molasses; the loading of cargo and the shipment of goods and major exports; the arrival of slave ships in the harbor; and the slave trade in the West Indies. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3416.