Manuscript Resources on The History of Transportation

This guide to manuscript resources on the history of transportation in Louisiana includes a wide variety of materials, among them the records of merchants, factors, commission brokers, planters, attorneys, soldiers, ship owners, captains, steamboats, shipping companies, railroad companies, men, women and children travelers; record books; account books; bills of lading, waybills and receipts; log books of steamers; ship registers; travel diaries; and prints of river scenes and steamboats.

Major topics addressed include steamboats, schooners, the slave trade, shipping, and cotton and sugar (sale, trade, shipment and receipt).

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St. Louis, New Orleans and Atlantic Canal and Transportation Company Prospectus, 1884. 1 item. Location: OS:S. Prospectus promoting a continuous canal route from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean, including Lake Borgne Canal as part of the route. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 965.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-, Business

St. Mary Parish document, 1820. 1 item. Location: Misc.:S. Petition submitted to the Louisiana legislature, signed by residents of the Parish of St. Mary, concerns the proposed bill for improving the navigation of Bayou Plaquemine. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 381.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation

Stanton, Edwin McMasters. Letter, 1832 October 26. 1 item. Location: MISC:S. Secretary of War (1862-1868) under Presidents Lincoln and Johnson. Letter from Stanton written immediately after he left Kenyon College, requesting that his trunk be directed to him in care of Turnbull Booksellers of Columbus, Ohio. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2180.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Stanton, Edwin McMasters. Letter, 1858 Jan. 24. 1 letter. Location: MISC:S. Attorney General under President James Buchanan and Secretary of War under Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. Letter to attorney John B. Knox of Philadelphia, Penn., discusses the case of Erie and North-East Railroad v. Casey that was before the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3775.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation

Stanton, Edwin McMasters. Manuscript, 1840, 1854-1869. 1 volume (68 leaves), 1 microfilm reel. Location: U:104, MSS.MF:S. "Edward M. Stanton: A Personal Portrait" as revealed in letters to his wife, Ellen Hutchinson, and friends, edited with a commentary by his grandson, Gideon Townsend Stanton. Description of a sea voyage from New York to California includes portage across the Isthmus of Panama. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1648.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, Civil War

Steamboat waybills, 1857-1883. 5 items. Location: Misc.:S. Waybills for freight and packages shipped on the steamboats William Jones, Jr. in 1857, the Alice Vivian in 1860, the St. Nicholas in 1861, the Lotus No. 2 in 1877, and the Steamer Mary in 1883. The waybills show the type and amount of freight, the fee charged, and, in the case of the Mobile-bound Wm. Jones, Jr., the destination of the steamboat. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1508.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Steamboat document collection, 1835-1878 (bulk 1835-1858). 10 items. Location: Misc. The collection consists of receipts related to passage on or repair work made to steamboats on the Mississippi River and bills of lading for ships bound to and from New Orleans. Mss. 3626.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Steamboat images, circa 1842-1962 (bulk 1861-1918). 1895. 1 item. Location: E:70. Images of steamboats active in the 19th and 20th centuries. Some steamboats are in New Orleans, Louisiana. Images are arranged alphabetically by the name of the steamboat. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893, 1052, 1297, 1331, 1510, 1516, 1584, 1704, 1776, 1877, and 3057.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-

Steamboat Images. ca. 1842-1962, undated (bulk 1861-1918) 81 images (78 photographic prints, 2 newspaper clippings, 1 pictorial envelope). Location: E:70. With the exception of 4 images, this collection consists of copy prints of mechanical and photographic images of steamboats. There are no restrictions on reproduction of these images for personal use. All but four (4) of the images in this collection are reproductions for which LSU Libraries does not hold originals. When it does not hold originals, the Libraries cannot provide permission to publish. Mss. 0893, 1052, 1297, 1331, 1510, 1516, 1584, 1704, 1776, 1877, 3057, 3547.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Steamer Sioux City. Bills of lading, 1870, undated. 9 items. Location: MISC:S. Bills of lading for merchandise on board the steamer Sioux City to be delivered in Iowa and Nebraska. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1776.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Steele, Oliver Brice. Andrew Lytle photograph collection, 1816-1904. 36 items. Location: D:96. Confederate veteran, Baton Rouge banker, and Louisiana state auditor who collected these photographs by Andrew David Lytle, a Baton Rouge photographer. Collection contains various photographic media. Included are cabinet cards and prints of etchings of Louisiana governors (ca. 1816-1904), cabinet cards of LSU officials and cadets, and 8x10 enlargements of photographs of steamboats. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4028.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Transportation, Civil War, Baton Rouge, LSU

Stewart, Robert H. and family. Account books, 1822-1904. 0.5 linear ft., 57 volumes, 8 microfilm reels. Location: UU:211, H:18-19, J:23, MSS.MF:S. Mortician and furniture dealer of Natchez; and owner of Edler Grove Plantation at Bunch's Bend, Carroll Parish, Louisiana. Collection includes daybooks related to the mortuary business, ledgers and inventories related to the furniture business, and a plantation diary and record books. Of note is a ledger containing a list of African American funeral directors and benevolent societies. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 404, 4732.

Stone Wall Plantation. Cashbook, 1872. 1 ms. Vol. Location: M:21. West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, sugar plantation. Entries are mainly for wages paid to laborers, giving name and type of work performed. Other entries are for freight and plantation supplies. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 483.

Swanton, John B. Circular, 1826 December 20. 1 item. Location: Misc.:S. Resident of Bath, Maine. Circular from the clerk of Marine Records to Swanton stating that proof had been received that the registers, enrollments, and licenses had been taken from the vessels listed on the circular and had been detained abroad, stolen, lost, or mislaid. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1289.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Swift, John. Account books, 1830-1833. 3 vols. Location: G:7. Merchant of Bayou Sara, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Daybooks and ledger include accounts for steamers, plantations, and individuals. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1100.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Transportation, Business

Taussig, Charles William. Collection, 1667-1922. 1 linear foot. Location: 111:22, OS:T. Charles W. Taussig was an author and businessman. He served as the chairman of the board of Sucrest Corporation (formerly the American Molasses Company) of New York, New York. The collection contains manuscripts and printed materials pertaining to the planting, production, and processing of sugarcane; domestic and international trade and commerce in sugar, molasses, and rum; the slave trade and slave labor. Mss. 2220, 2284.

Taylor, John M. Records, 1842-1845. 7 items. Location: Misc.: T. Records relate to the account of Judge John M. Taylor for the sale and shipment of cotton from New Orleans, Louisiana. Mss. 5268.

Thatcher, William. Papers, 1853-1868. 9 items. Location: Misc.:T. Receipts for taxes and assessments for the Shreveport, Vicksburg, and Texas Railroad by Caddo Parish, Louisiana; promissory note issued by Bossier Parish, Louisiana; authorization to pay wages; and a Reconstruction oath and registration certificate. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 893.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Thomas, David. Account books, 1838-1841, 1845. 2 vols. Location: G:1. Resident of East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Record book of David Thomas containing record of account (1838-1841) with the Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company and a list (1845) of donors to the Centenary College Fund; and bank book (1841) of Thomas with the Union Bank of Louisiana, Clinton. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1100.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Education

Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876. Letter, 1875 Sept. 6. 1 item. Location: Misc.:T. Chief State Engineer of Louisiana. Letter discusses plans for levee construction along the Mississippi River and the need for federal funding because poverty reduced tax revenues. He also lists former Confederates active on the Louisiana State Board of Engineers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3013.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Thrasher, Arthur P. Correspondence, 1895-1898. 51 items. Location: U:15. Massachusetts resident, married to Ella V. Burdick of East Hampton, Massachusetts. His brother, Charles Frank Thrasher, and Frank's wife Alice lived on a houseboat on the Mississippi River. Letters from Frank and Alice Thrasher document Frank's work as a tinsmith and life on the houseboat Eureka, including people and places seen during their journey up the Mississippi River from New Orleans. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 31. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2247.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, New Orleans 1866-

Thurston, George N. Family Papers, 1843-1907. 64 items, 3 vols. Location: C:45. Mississippi River steamboat captain for the New Orleans Ice Company, and a sugar planter at Baskerville Plantation, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. Papers include personal and business letters related to Thurston's work, and diaries and account books kept by his wife, Mary Thurston, concerning the household and plantation. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1124.

Toulmin, J. B. Letters, 1833-1844. 12 items. Location: Misc:T. Cotton merchant located in Mobile, Alabama. Correspondence by J. B. Toulmin relating to shipping and the cotton trade. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3635.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Tower, Luther Field. Diary, 1845-1846. 2 vols. Location: H:20. Clerk for a New Orleans. La., cotton exchange. Diary provides a daily account of local weather conditions in New Orleans, the arrival and departure of cargo ships, cotton and sugar prices, the cotton trade, local military and political celebrations, Tower's attendance at Protestant church services, concerts and opera performances, and prominent visitors to New Orleans. Entries for November and December of 1845 describe the trial of Dr. W.A. Scott, minister of the First Presbyterian Church in New Orleans. Entries also note the progress of the Mexican War and the funeral of U.S. President Andrew Jackson. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 765.

Trader (Steamer). Register, 1841-1843. 1 vol. Location: M:19. Steamer operated by Captain J. S. Savory of Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Register contains the names of passengers and charges for passage and for freight transported from Plaquemine and Indian Village to Grosse Tete, St. Martinville, Washington and Opelousas, La. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1041.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Treadway, Frederick W. Journal, 1838. 1 ms. vol. Location: Misc.:T. Resident of New England. Journal records trip from New London, Connecticut, to Mobile, Alabama, and describes conditions of travel, towns visited, passing scenery, and varying social conditions. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2639.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Union refugee transport contract, 1863 Aug. 5. 1 item. Location: Misc.:U. Contract between L. Pierce Jr. and schooner shipmaster Zebina S. Doane for the transport of refugees from Matamoros to the New Orleans, La., area. In exchange for this service, Doane was promised a fee that was to be paid from a charity fund administered by the Chief Quartermaster of the Department of the Gulf, S. B. Holabird. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4007.

Union Refugee Transport Contract, 1863. 1 item. Location: Misc.:U. Contract between Leonard Pierce Jr., U.S. Consul to Mexico, and schooner shipmaster Zebina S. Doane for the transport of Union refugees from Matamoros to the New Orleans, La., area. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4007.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Civil War

Van Lear, Jake. Letters, 1886-1888. 11 items. Location: MISC:V. Farm boy from Virginia working as an apprentice bookkeeper and copy clerk for his uncle, H. K. Cochran, a merchandise broker and dealer in oils, in Little Rock, Arkansas. Letters to Van Lear's brother Charles, a farmer in Virginia. Van Lear describes his journey by train from Virginia to Arkansas; the people, social customs, and climate of Little Rock; his daily office routine and duties in his uncle's business; occasional hunting trips in the area; his relationship with his relatives; and the eyestrain from which he frequently suffers. Mss. 1638.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Business

Varillat, M. Letter, fcirca 1818. 1 item. Location: Misc.:V. Letter from M. Varillat, apparently a child, to her grandmother, describing in detail the size of the steamer Ohio and, in particular, the furnishings for the drawing room and the cabins. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1032.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation, Women, French

Viosca, Percy, Jr. Photograph collection, circa 1920-1960. 904 black and white negatives; 782 gelatin silver prints; 259 resin coated paper prints. Location: 145:56-57. While employed by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Percy Viosca documented the coastal Louisiana landscape between 1921 and 1932. He traveled the state for his work that included mosquito control; riparian and marshland studies; flood control; taxonomic work with native Louisiana irises, newts, and snakes; culture of crawfish; and environmental impact of oil refinery practices. The images in this collection document locations on or near the Louisiana coast and a few sites inland. All images refer to water quality, water control, or environmental conditions affecting water quality. Mss. 4948.

W.P.A. Louisiana Historical Records Survey Police Jury Minutes Transcriptions, 1811-1941 206 linear feet on 581 reels. Typed, printed, and handwritten transcriptions of Police Jury minutes and ordinances for 60 of 64 Louisiana parishes. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2984.

Wallace, James Burns, 1813-1836. Diary, 1835-1836. 1 bound vol. Location: H:23, Misc.:W. Native of Canaan, New Hampshire, printer, and merchant. Diary of travels by horseback through northwest Louisiana, then by steamboat down the Red River to New Orleans. Wallace's diary then recounts his travel homeward by Mississippi River steamer, via Natchez and Vicksburg, Mississippi; Louisville, Kentucky; and Cincinnati and Columbus, Ohio. Typewritten transcription of the text is available. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3476.

Way's Steamboat Directory photographs, 1950. 36 items (48 prints). Location: O:. Photographs of the Mississippi River and Louisiana from Way's Directory of Western Rivers Packets, 1950 edition, and an identification key, which corresponds with numbering system in Way's Directory, appears on reverse side of print. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1158, 1215.

Referenced in Guides: Transportation

Weld Company correspondence, 1833-1851. 96 items. Location: E:62. Commission merchants of Boston, Massachusetts. Correspondence with New Orleans commission and forwarding merchants. Subjects include the controversy following the Compromise of 1850, New Orleans business conditions, the cotton trade, and the death of President William Henry Harrison. Papers also include scattered shipping records. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1194, 1206, 1220, 1232, 1256, 1289.

West, William Hansberry. Document, circa 1945-1955..1 item [photostat]. Location: Misc.:W. Notarized document signed by William Hansberry West's daughter, Lydia Ann West, aged 83. In it she testifies that her father was the pilot of the steamboat Robert E. Lee during its much-publicized race with the steamboat Natchez from St. Louis, Mo., to New Orleans, La., in 1870. The document includes a photograph of a medal presented in 1871 in New Orleans, La., to West by "Daily" Roper (possibly Daniel J. Roper, a steamboat mate) in honor of his service as pilot of the steamer. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1615.

Wharton, Thomas K. Diary, 1853-1859, 1862. 2 vols.(on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf.:W Secretary to the commission for the New Orleans Custom House and assistant to Major P. G. T. Beauregard as superintendent. Wharton was superintendent of construction in 1861 after Beauregard's resignation. Diary and sketch book describing Wharton's journey from New Orleans to Boston (1853) and continuing after his return to New Orleans until December 1854. Diary includes comments on his work on the Custom House. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 807.

Wheeler, Willard. Letter, 1843 March 25. 1 item. Location: Misc.:W. Ship captain. Letter describes his difficult sea voyage from Boston to New Orleans, the intense religious feelings he experienced attending Protestant Sunday services in New Orleans, and his disdain for what he considers the lax and dissipated Sunday customs of New Orleans residents. The letter closes with a description of the cargo. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1334.

Referenced in Guides: New Orleans to 1861, Transportation

Whipple, William. Papers, 1794-1958 (bulk 1920-1958). 2.25 linear ft., 15 volumes. Location: R:3-4, OS:W. Sugar technologist and professor of steam engineering at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Printed material, which comprises the majority of this collection, correspondence, photographs, and records of the Cinclare Center (sugar) Factory of West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Printed items relate to cotton production, sugar manufacturing, the sugar industry, engineering, and the U.S Military. Photographs include images of sugar mills, travel to Cuba, the Panama Canal, and the Mississippi River floods of 1912 and 1927. Of particular interest is a picture postcard of an African-American man hanging from a road sign in West Baton Rouge Parish. Mss. 1899.

White, Sam and Belcher, F. A. Civil War soldiers letters, 1863. 6 items. Location: Misc.C. Sam White and F. A. Belcher, Union soldiers stationed in Louisiana during the Civil War. Letters to their families describe their sea voyage to New Orleans and encampments at Baton Rouge, Algiers, and Brashear City (now Morgan City), Louisiana. Other topics include contraband slaves as laborers and as military recruits; and medical care. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3188.

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