Manuscript Resources on Women's History

This guide describes manuscript collections documenting women's history in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections at LSU. It includes the papers of women, women's organizations, family papers with significant bodies of women's papers in them, and other collections that document women's history in one way or another.

LSU is fortunate because it collected women's papers very early, perhaps without systematically trying to do so. Women's voices, often buried in plantation collections and Civil War papers, have emerged from obscurity only in recent decades. Researchers coming to LSU can study the letters and diaries of plantation mistresses and teachers, the papers of women writers, and the papers of black women, among other sources. A number of our women's collections have been recently microfilmed by University Publications of America in its series on Southern Women and their Families, making these collections more widely accessible. 

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Gayarré, Charles E. A. Selected Papers, 1883-1940. 7 items. Location: U:123. Louisiana historian, jurist, and statesman. Manuscripts, printed pamphlet, and newspaper clippings pertaining to the story of the Famous Lafittes consisting of three lectures by Charles Gayarré, one manuscript probably by Grace King, two newspaper stories by W.M. Darling and William D. Hays, Jr., and a publication of the Louisiana State Museum. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 769.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Literature

Gebelin-Walsh-Hynes-Frenzel family. Papers, 1860-2007 (bulk 1900-1970). 2.5 cubic feet. Location: 92:69-71, OS:G, AA:, MSS.MF:G. This collection of photographs and a few textual materials provides a largely visual record of the allied Gebelin, Walsh, Hynes, and Frenzel families. Beginning in the 1860s and continuing through the 1980s, portraits and informal photographs document the lives of family members and family friends and acquaintances. A few images, beginning 1900 and continuing until the 1960s, record three family homes in Baton Rouge. The bulk of the material documents the life and times of Elizabeth Gertrude Gebelin Hynes (Feb. 20, 1911-Feb. 9, 1982) including her childhood, marriage, travels, family events, and social life and customs of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4983.

Gendron (Lorraine P.) Papers, 1970-2008 (bulk: 1980-2008). 1 linear foot. Location: U:312. A folk artist from Hahnville, La. Contains business papers, printed items and photographs related to Gendron's artwork and her meetings with political figures. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 5004.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women

Gessner, Jessy Benedict. Letter book, 1909-1913. 1 ms. vol. Location: F:16. William S. Benedict's daughter and successor in his New Orleans law practice. Letter press copy book of Jessy Benedict Gessner. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1351.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-

Gibson, Randall Lee, 1832-1892. Papers, 1848-1891. 164 items. Location: A:56. Confederate general, New Orleans lawyer, U.S. representative and senator from Louisiana. Early papers reflect student life at Yale University. Civil War papers include orders, general reports, and casualty reports. Letters discuss movements of troops at the Battle of Shiloh and Mobile Bay, Ala. Letter from his sister describes New Orleans in 1861. Later papers consist of business record, mortgages and leases for various plantations. Available on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 6. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2402, 2412, 2423.

Gilkison, Helen, 1909-1948. Papers, 1925-1962 (bulk 1925-1948). 218 items, 29 vols. (3 ms. vols., 26 printed vols.). Location: U:167-168, 98:G. Louisiana journalist. Papers include correspondence (1929-1953) from national and local journalistic figures, manuscript writings (1927-1947), newspaper clippings, printed materials, photographs, and scrapbooks relating to Gilkison's activities at LSU and as a journalist. Clippings relate to LSU, local politics, and the death of Huey Long. Collection includes a broadside concerning a bill for a poll tax law signed by O. K. Allen and Huey Long. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1901, 2175.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women, LSU, Long Family

Gilmore, John Young, 1837-1900. Family Papers, 1862, 1900-1910. 121 items, 2 vols. Location: U:133, J:11. Resident of New Orleans, editor of the Sugar Planters' Journal, and major general of the Louisiana Division of the United Confederate Veterans Association. Papers include letters of condolence to Gilmore's wife at the time of his death, correspondence of Mary Gilmore Harnett from officers of the Louisiana Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and a scrapbook containing obituaries. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 798.

Girard, Jeanne F. Letters, 1893-1899. 3 items. Location: Misc.:G. Proprietor of the Hotel La Sarge in Pawhuska, Oklahoma Territory. Transcriptions and translations of two letters of Jeanne F. Girard to her brother, Albin Regnier; and a letter of Joe A. Regnier, son of Albin Reginier, written from Dallas, Texas, to his sister Anne. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 968.

Referenced in Guides: Women, French

Girard, M. D. Account books, 1847-1874. 2 vols. Location: G:8. French teacher in New Orleans. Journal recording pupils and income received for her lessons; record book including lectures contributed by members of her salon in 1865, and questions and answers asked at seances which she conducted. In French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 502.

Gladden, Henrie Sentell, 1898-1983. Memoirs, 1983. 58 leaves. Location: Misc., Mf. Gladden attended Louisiana Industrial Institute in Ruston, La., and taught at schools in Baton Rouge and Plain Dealing, La. She describes her family, education, and social life living in Bunkie, Baton Rouge, Baker, and Collinsburg, La., primarily between her youth and the time of her marriage. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4239.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Education, Baton Rouge

Grace, Lucille May. Scrapbooks, 1908-1956. 127 items and 13 ms. vols. Location: A:27, 84:1-6, OS:G. Register of the State Land Office. Series of eleven scrapbooks (1929-1950) and political campaign items (1956) of Lucille Grace Dent; and two scrapbooks and newspaper clippings (1908-1927) of her father, Fred J. Grace, Register of the State Land Office from 1908 until his death in 1931. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1863, 2145.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women, Baton Rouge, Long Family

Graham, Alice Walworth. Correspondence, 1973-1980. 7 items. MISC:G. Novelist and native of Natchez, Mississippi. Three letters and four Christmas cards written by Graham to James Mitchell, a book collector and Mississippi native living in Massachusetts. Mitchell wrote to authors from his native state, including Graham, asking them to sign copies of their books. He eventually collected hundreds from writers such as Eudora Welty and Shelby Foote. After writing to Graham, the two developed a friendship that is reflected in this correspondence. Mss. 5274.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Literature

Graham, Alice Walworth. Papers, 1884-1992, undated. 5.3 linear feet. Location: 104:2-4; J: 25; and OS:G. Novelist and native of Natchez, Miss., and sometime resident of New Orleans. Professional and personal correspondence includes letters document Graham's literary career. Scrapbooks and printed items contain literary reviews of her books and describe her personal appearances at literary functions. Graham describes Natchez plantations in manuscript drafts for many of her published and unpublished works including Cibola, The Natchez Woman, and Romantic Lady. The letters of Graham's mother, Lela Gordon Walworth, and her sister, Mary Walworth Whitaker of Baton Rouge, are also part of the collection, and pertain to personal and family matters. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4295.

Graham, George Mason, 1807-1891. Letter, 1858 Sept. 30. 1 letter. Location: Misc. George Mason Graham was a planter of Tyrone Plantation, Rapides Parish, La. This letter to Mrs. Curtis (Martha) Grimes concerns the gift of a sewing machine to her, the health of several people, his corn and cotton crop yields, and other family news. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4346.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women

Grahame, John. Oath, 1831 May 24. 1 item. Location: Misc.:G. Oath taken by John Grahame, and sworn before the Justice of the Peace of Frederick County, Maryland, stating that Juliana Gant, a mulatto, was a free born woman. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3666.

Referenced in Guides: Women, African Americans

Grau, Shirley Ann, 1929-. Letter, 1966 December 28. 1 item. Location: Misc.:G. Southern author and recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for fiction (1965). Brief letter refusing a speaking engagement. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2702.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Literature

Gray, Helen. Manuscripts, circa 1912-1915. 3 items. Location: A:56. Southern journalist, resident of New Orleans. Typescripts of an account of Gray's travels in Finland prior to World War I and her views on Southern economy and politics. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1250.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Women

Gray, Lillie Trust. Papers, 1865-1920 (bulk 1886-1890). 178 items, 9 volumes. Location: U:154; F:9. Musician and teacher at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, Convent, St. James Parish, Louisiana. Papers document Gray's teaching of and interest in music, and include a record book (1874-1900, 1902) containing lists of musical compositions and a diary (1900-1905) containing entries on music sung at Roman Catholic masses. Collection also includes household and farm entries; receipts for music lessons; and a payroll book (1865-1867) for Houmas Plantation. The payroll book is available on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 1, Reel 15. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 165, 965, 422, 2070.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Plantations, Performing arts, Women

Grindley, George. Letter: Washington, D.C. to LeGardeur, New Orleans, La., 1891 January 26. 1 item (4 pages). Location: Misc:G. Letter mentions a bill relating to business interests which Grindley and LeGardeur wish to have passed by Congress; dealings with Cusimano and Co.; problems with the Post Office; Grindley's wife and children in New Orleans; and his work in Washington. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4607.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Business

Grisham-Kellogg-Faust family. Papers, 1860-2009 (bulk 1899-1976). 8.5 linear ft. Locations: U:321-329, OS:G, H:12, AA:, 65:. Papers consist of correspondence, photographs, personal papers and printed material. Material reflects the social activities, family life, travel and the genealogy of the Grisham-Kellogg-Faust family of Louisiana and Bolivar, Tenn. Included in the correspondence are World War I letters discussing logging in France, letters of college students, and picture postcards of plantations in Natchez, Miss. and Louisiana. Photographs include African American household employees, 1927 Mississippi River Flood, and portraits of Gov. Sam Jones, Gov. John McKeithen and Senator Russell Long. Mss. 5048.

Grumbach, Doris. Book Review, 1974. 2 items. Location: Misc.:G. Handwritten manuscript of Doris Grumbach's review for The New Republic (February 9, 1974) of Child of God by Cormac McCarthy; also, a typed note by Robert Coles to Grumbach complimenting her on this review. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3347.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Literature

Grunewald, Ella. Journal, 1884-1886. 1v. Location: G:20. Ella Grunewald writes about her family, friends, and neighbors; social life and culture in New Orleans; Mardi Gras; she describes in detail her school lessons in Classical mythology and chemistry experiments; Catholic religious observances; plays, concerts, and other entertainment; and lectures given by Dr. Stanford E. Chaillé. She also describes her visits to the two World\'s Fairs held in New Orleans: the World\'s Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (Dec. 1884-June 1885) and the North, Central and South American Exposition (Nov. 1885-March 1886). Mss. 3858.

Guild of the Holy Cross. Minute book, 1886-1888. 1 ms. vol. Location: M:20. Women's organization of the Church of the Holy Cross, Paris, Texas. Minute book documents fundraising events. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reel 33. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 380.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women

Gumbel, Simon and family. Papers, 1851-1949 (bulk 1922-1933). 2.5 linear ft. Location: P:21-23; OS:G. Jewish New Orleans commission merchant and owner of S. Gumbel & Co. Property tax receipts of the Gumbel family; business correspondence, minutes, financial papers relating to the administration and operation of the Sophie L. Gumbel Home. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1490.

Guyot, Sister Henrietta. Papers, 1921-1965. 23 items, 56 vols. Location: 77:59. Director of the Department of Nursing, LSU School of Medicine (1937-1965). Mimeographed and printed material pertaining to nursing education; and personal items including 15 items referring to the death of Sister Stanislaus Malone, superior of the Sisters of Charity at Charity Hospital (1949). Includes materials from Ruth Ingram, former director of Touro Infirmary School of Nursing, telling of her work as supervisor of nursing education in the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2050.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, Education, Medicine, LSU

Hall, George Otis and family. Papers, 1856-1900, 1990 (bulk 1856-1880). 0.7 linear ft., 1 volume. Location: T:54, J:21. George Otis Hall and his wife Charlotte Emma LeDoux Hall, owners of Magnolia Mound, a sugar and indigo plantation in Baton Rouge. From 1860 on they lived in England and Europe. Papers include correspondence, photographs, social invitations, and newspaper clippings. Topics include the education of the Hall children in Louisiana and Europe, the family's resettlement in Europe, and Magnolia Mound. Partly in French. Available on microfilm 5750: University Publications of America Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries Series E, Reels 12-13. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4320.

Referenced in Guides: Sugar, Plantations, Women, Baton Rouge, French

Hall, Winchester letter, 1842 Nov. 14. 1 letter. Location: Misc. This letter to Winchester Hall in Donaldsonville, La., from his sisters Olivia and Mary Louisa in Shelbyville, Ky., concerns family news, the annulment of Olivia's underage marriage, and social news from Shelbyville and Louisville. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4009.

Referenced in Guides: Women

Hamilton, William S. Papers, 1780-1930 (bulk 1807-1861). 3 linear ft., 14 manuscript volumes, 16 microfilm reels. Locations: T:81-87, H:21, OS:H, MSS.MF:H. United States Army officer under General Wade Hampton; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. While most papers pertain to William S. Hamilton's social, political, and professional life, some papers also pertain to John Hamilton (William S.'s father) and the children of William S. and Eliza C. Hamilton. Papers reflect the administration of United States Army troops in the Territory of Orleans and Mississippi and give an inclusive picture of national and Louisiana politics. Included are descriptions of Southern college facilities and curricula and early medical treatments in hydropathy (hydrotherapy). The papers also document conditions in the United States Army during the Mexican War, land speculation in Texas, and various aspects of plantation life and economy (including purchasing and treatment of slaves). Part of the George M. Lester Collection. Mss. 1209.

Hamilton, William Sutherland. Papers, 1766-1879, 1942. .5 linear ft. Locations: UU:148, OS:H. United States Army officer; slave owner and planter of Holly Grove Plantation, West Feliciana Parish; and politician who served on the first board of trustees for the College of Louisiana and a term in the Louisiana Legislature. Papers consist chiefly of letters received and written by William S. Hamilton but also other Hamilton family members, including John Hamilton and Eliza C. Hamilton, and other friends and relatives. In addition to documenting family news and communications, correspondence reflects aspects of plantation economy; health problems and diseases, including yellow fever; medical treatments; conditions in the United States Army during and after the War of 1812; and the political and economic situation in Texas (1840-1844). Mss. 3167.

Harding, Sidney, b. 1841. Diaries, 1863-1865. 2 vols. Location: U:230. Daughter of W. S. and Elizabeth Harding, Old Brier Plantation, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. During the Civil War, her family fled three times from home, the final time to DeSoto Parish. Three diaries chronicle the family's flight to North Louisiana during the Civil War and the hardships her family dealt with during their exile. Available on microfilm 5322: University Publications of America Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations Series I, Part 1, Reel 4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 721.

Referenced in Guides: Plantations, Women, Civil War

Harwell, James Daniel. Family cashbook, 1894-1897. 1 item, 1 vol. Location: Misc.:H. Tax collector, Civil War veteran. Unbound cashbook pages with a detailed listing of household accounts, interspersed with remarks on social and cultural activities. Also mentions household remedies and medicines, and titles of books read by the Harwells. Probably written by James Harwell's second wife. Frequent mention of trips to Mobile, Ala. and Meridian, Miss. Also includes a photocopy of a biographical sketch of James D. Harwell. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3398.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Medicine

Hawes, Maria Jane Southgate, 1836-1918. Reminiscences, 1914. 1 typescript. Location: Misc. Maria Jane Southgate was the wife of James Morrison Hawes, a brigadier general of cavalry with the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Hawes recalls her childhood and marriage; her husband's army assignments in Washington, D.C., Utah, and Kansas before the Civil War; and her experiences following her husband and living in Kentucky, Mississippi, Arkansas, Shreveport, La., and Galveston, Tex. during the war. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4427.

Referenced in Guides: Women, Civil War

Hayden, Estelle T. Theatre scrapbooks, 1899-1949. 12 manuscript volumes. Location: F:20. Programs of New York City operatic, dramatic, and musical productions, collected by Hayden. Scrapbooks contain pictures of many of the actors and singers involved. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1675.

Referenced in Guides: Performing arts, Women

Heberle, Franziska. Letters, 1872-1986 (bulk 1936-1965). 0.25 linear feet [photocopies]. Location: Y:82. Immigrant from Germany, student of social welfare, employee of the Louisiana State Public Welfare Administration, and wife of LSU Boyd Professor of Sociology Rudolf Heberle. Letters to family and friends describing in detail experiences of the writer, her husband, and their three children while adjusting to life in the U.S. Included are accounts of travels in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3624.

Hebert, Raphael. Family Papers, 1827-1960 (bulk: 1861-1960). Size: 3.5 linear ft. Location: S:137-140, OS:H. Raphael Hebert family of West Baton Rouge and Iberville Parishes (La.). Collection is primarily papers of Raphael Hebert and his children Joseph Guy, Noel, and Marguerite, a school teacher. Correspondence, financial / legal papers, personal papers, printed items. And photographic materials reflect the family's involvement in civic, educational, and religious affairs and includes letters from Melanie Hebert while at student at St. Basil's in Plaquemine in the 1870s, as well as a few Civil War letters. Also included are records from St. John the Baptist Catholic Church in Brusly, La. For further information, see online catalog. Mss 4769.

Referenced in Guides: Religion, Women, Civil War, Education, Baton Rouge, French

Heininey, Anna. My happy trip to New Orleans, Louisiana, 1986. 1 item (21 leaves) [photocopy]. Location: 28:Box 732, folder 39. Resident of New York City. Heininey's handwritten and hand-illustrated account of a trip to New Orleans for the 1986 Mardi Gras. She was 75 years old at the time. The account details planning arrangements, experiences during Mardi Gras, and her return to New York City. Part of the Russell B. Long Papers. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3700.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-, Literature

Hennen-Jennings Family. Papers, 1803-1918 (bulk 1850-1870). 216 items; 25 vols. (1 ms. Vol., 24 printed vols.). Location: U:157, Mss.Mf:H. Alfred Hennen was a civil lawyer, a Presbyterian, a professor of constitutional law in New Orleans, and a director of the old Bank of Louisiana. Daughter, Ann Maria, married Needler Jennings, Confederate officer. Ann Maria Jennings' paprers include letters, an Italian passport, and a pardon signed by Andrew Johnson. Other papers include personal and family correspondence of Alfred Hennen and Needler R. Jennings and Civil War letters. Printed pamphlets include discourses and sermons by Reverend Benjamin M. Palmer, and two stories, 'Dominic You,' and 'Husacar' by Louisiana author Octavius N. Ogden. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reels 6-7. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 748.

Henriques, Albert David. Papers, 1928-1939 (bulk 1936). 81 items, 1 vol. Location: U:175. Criminal Court judge of New Orleans. Papers of Judge Henriques (d. 1936) pertain to his succession. Account book (1928-1935) of Mrs. S. J. Henriques with the Eureka Homestead Society. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2012.

Referenced in Guides: Women, New Orleans 1866-

Henslee, Elizabeth Trowbridge. Collection, 1876-2004, undated (bulk 1899-1960). 1.85 linear ft. Location: 118:1. The granddaughter of Louisiana Governor and U.S. Senator Murphy J. Foster and Rose Routh Ker from Franklin, Louisiana. The collection contains personal papers, family photographs, political campaign ephemera, newspaper clippings, and cookbooks collected by the Henslee, Trowbridge, and Foster families. A significant component of the collection is the papers and correspondence of Elizabeth’s grandfather. Mss. 5154.

Referenced in Guides: Politics, Plantations, Women

Herbert, Susan F. Papers, 1839, 1852-1857. 34 items. Location: C:61. Resident of Woodville, Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Statements from Payne and Harrison, New Orleans factor, for sale of cotton for the estate of T. S. Herbert and for his wife, Susan Herbert. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1209.

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